Montenegro: a country with a twist with its own surprising facts

Montenegro

Montenegro – the most detailed information about the country with photos. Attractions, cities of Montenegro, climate, geography, population and culture.

Montenegro (Crna Gora)

Montenegro is a small country located in the western part of the Balkan Peninsula. It is washed by the Adriatic Sea, and borders on Croatia in the west, Bosnia and Herzegovina in the northwest, Serbia in the north and Albania in the east. Montenegro is one of the youngest states of Europe. Until 2006, the country was part of Yugoslavia and later union with Serbia. Now this parliamentary republic is an official candidate for EU membership.

Montenegro is picturesque nature and comfortable climate, warm and clean sea, and excellent beaches. All this creates excellent conditions for active and beach holidays. Montenegro is ideal for those who love the history and architecture, old cities and beautiful natural landscapes. This is a country with Slavic coloring and typical southern European appearance, which attracts tourists with its inexpensive hotels and excellent gastronomy.

Flag of Montenegro

Flag of Montenegro

Useful information about Montenegro

  1. Population is more than 620 thousand people.
  2. Area – 13 812 km².
  3. Currency is Euro.
  4. The language is Montenegrin.
  5. Visa – not required if the stay does not exceed 90 days.
  6. Traffic is on the right.
  7. Time – UTC +1.
  8. The capital – Podgorica.
  9. The length of the coastline – 294 km.
  10. The number of beaches is 117 (their length is more than 70 km).

Geography and nature

Despite its modest size, Montenegro has an amazing geographical diversity. There is the sea coast, plains and high mountains. Montenegro is located in the heart of the Balkan Mountains, and is famous for its picturesque untouched nature. Forests occupy about 40% of its territory. The largest rivers of Montenegro are Tara, Lim, Cheotina, Moraca and Boyana. Here is the largest lake of the Balkan Peninsula – Skadar. Also in the mountains of Montenegro are located several dozen picturesque lakes.

Mountain lake in Montenegro

Mountain Lake in Montenegro

Climate

The Montenegrin coast has a warm Mediterranean climate, characterized by dry and hot summers and mild and rainy winters. The central and northern regions of the country have a continental climate, the nature of which is determined by the altitude zonality.

The sea near the resort of Petrovac

The Sea around the resort of Petrovac

Best time to visit

The best time to visit Montenegro depends on the purpose of the visit. For a beach holiday here is better to go in July – September. In other cases, April – May and September – October are excellent.

History

In ancient times, the territory of Montenegro was inhabited by Illyrian tribes. From the 1st century BC, these lands were part of the Roman Empire. After the collapse of the Roman Empire in the 7th century these territories were occupied by the Slavs. In the 11th century the kingdom of Duklja, later called Zeta, was formed. Montenegro was a direct part of it.

An independent Montenegrin state emerged in the late 15th century. It was founded by Prince Ivan Chernojevic. It did not exist for long. Then the coast was occupied by the Venetian Republic, and in 1499 Montenegro became part of the Ottoman Empire (Turkey).

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Budva

Budva

Montenegro gained its independence at the end of the 18th century. During World War I, the state was occupied by Austria-Hungary. During World War II, Montenegro was under the protectorate of Italy. After World War II and until 2003, the country was part of Yugoslavia. From 2003 to 2006, it was part of the confederative union of Serbia and Montenegro. Since 2006, Montenegro is an independent state.

Cetinje - the historic capital of Montenegro

Cetinje – the historic capital of Montenegro

Administrative division

Administrative division of Montenegro

Administrative division of Montenegro

Montenegro is divided into communities, which are named according to their administrative centers: Andrievica, Bar, Berane, Bijelo Polje, Budva, Danilovgrad, Zabljak, Kolasin, Kotor, Mojkovac, Niksic, Plav, Pluzine, Plevlja, Podgorica (including Zeta and Tuzi), Rozaje, Tivat, Ulcinj, Herceg Novi, Cetinje, and Šavnik.

Population

About 620 thousand people live in Montenegro. However, Montenegrins are only a small majority (about 43%). The remaining ethnic groups are Serbs (32%), Bosnians (8%), Albanians (5%). The official language is Montenegrin. Although more than 60% of the population speaks Serbian. The dominant religion is Orthodox Christianity. Also about 20% of the population is Muslim.

Adriatic Sea

Adriatic Sea

Transport

Montenegro has only two international airports – Podgorica and Tivat. Also nearby is the airport of Dubrovnik in Croatia. By train you can get here from Belgrade. By bus – from most neighboring and nearby countries. Also Montenegro has a ferry connection with Bari, Italy.

Montenegrin Adriatic

Montenegrin Adriatic

Cities of Montenegro

Kotor

Kotor

The most interesting cities in Montenegro:

    – Montenegro’s capital and the country’s largest city. It is an interesting mix of history and modernity with a touch of Mediterranean flavor. – It is the main port of the country, whose old town is famous for its many cultural and historical monuments. – Montenegro’s most popular resort, known for its excellent beaches and vibrant nightlife, as well as a small but pretty historic center. – the first capital of Montenegro with many museums and ancient monasteries. – an ancient city known for its beautiful architecture and picturesque bay. Its historic center (the Old Castle) is surrounded by walls and is included in the list of World Heritage Sites.
  • Niksic is the second largest city in Montenegro and a major economic center. – A small seaside town, which is becoming a major resort. – The southernmost city of the Montenegrin coast, which was a pirate base in the past. Several ancient monuments have survived here, and the city is surrounded by a 12-kilometer-long sandy beach.

Budva

Budva

Attractions of Montenegro

Our Lady of the Rocks

Our Lady of the Rock

Our Lady of the Rocks is a picturesque church on an artificial island in the Bay of Kotor. The island was created from rock debris and sunken ships laden with rocks. The current church dates back to the 18th century and contains many paintings by Tripo Kokol, a famous baroque painter of the 17th century. According to legend, the island was created over the centuries by local sailors who in the 15th century found a miraculous icon on a rock in the sea. Since that time there has been a custom to throw stones into the sea here.

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St. Stefan Island

St. Stephen Island

St. Stephen Island is an old 15th-century fishing village, now a prestigious resort. The island is connected to the mainland by a narrow isthmus. It is surrounded by pink pebble beaches and the azure waters of the Adriatic Sea.

Old Town of Budva

Old Town of Budva

Old Town of Budva – atmospheric narrow streets and ancient monuments that tell about the ancient history of the main resort of Montenegro.

Kotor from the heights of San Jovanni

Kotor from the heights of San Giovanni

Kotor is a city with Venetian charm and a beautiful historic center that is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is still surrounded by walls and contains several ancient churches.

In Kotor we recommend climbing to the top of the medieval fortress of San Giovanni, dating back to the 9th century. To enjoy the best panorama of Kotor you have to walk 1355 steps.

Tara River Canyon

Tara River Canyon

Tara River Canyon is one of the most striking sights in Montenegro. It is the second deepest canyon in the world after the Grand Canyon in the USA. The best way to see it is to come to the Djurdjevic Bridge, which was once the largest vehicular concrete arch bridge in Europe.

Lake Skadar

Lake Skadar

Lake Skadar is a huge body of water surrounded by picturesque karst mountains, traditional fishing villages, island monasteries and pristine beaches. Lake Skadar is the largest lake in the Balkan Peninsula.

Ostrog Monastery

Ostroga Monastery

Ostrog Monastery is one of the most valuable cultural, historical and religious attractions of Montenegro. The monastery was built in the 17th century and is literally cut into the rock.

Cetinje Monastery

The Cetinje Monastery

The Cetinje monastery is the main center of Montenegrin education and culture in the last centuries. The monastery was founded in the 15th century and was the residence of all Montenegrin bishops.

Huseyn Pasha Mosque

Huseyn-Pasha mosque

Huseyn Pasha Mosque is an ancient mosque in the city of Pljevlja, in the north of Montenegro. It was built in the 16th century and has rich interior ornaments.

Sava Monastery

Savina Monastery

The Savin Monastery is a medieval monastery near the town of Herceg Novi. Includes three ancient churches with frescoes that are a magnificent example of the mix of Byzantine iconography and Gothic.

Accommodation

Montenegro offers a wide range of accommodation: from expensive hotels to budget hotels and apartments. The price for accommodation depends on the city and season. The cost of housing in the resorts in the high season can be several times higher. Although if you book a hotel in advance, you can find good options on the coast for 3000 – 4000 rubles per day for two people.

Ispod sača - traditional Montenegrin dish

Ispod sača is a traditional Montenegrin dish.

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Cuisine

Montenegrin cuisine combines features of Serbian, Mediterranean and Turkish gastronomy. The coast is famous for its fish and seafood dishes and salads seasoned with olive oil. Here we recommend to try risotto with seafood, grilled fish and traditional fish soup. In the central part of the country and in the mountains lamb with vegetables ispod sača is popular. Other traditional dishes and products include buttered corn porridge, cachamak (polenta counterpart – potato, cheese, and cream), prsut (smoked ham), cheese, and local wine.

Interesting excursions

Fall in love in Montenegro

€295 for an excursion

Fall in love with Montenegro

Wild landscapes, architectural beauty and traditions of the country: tour from Tivat

Mini Montenegro tour

€190 per tour

Mini Montenegro Tour

Cetinje, Lovcen, Bay of Kotor, Negushi and Old Kotor: the history and beauty of the country on a driving tour

Montenegro: a country with a twist with its own surprising facts

1.Montenegro is a state located in the south-east of Europe.

2. the original name of the country – “Montenegro” means “black mountain”, which is reflected in the Russian name of this state.

3. Montenegro is the most pleasant part of the world, where you can find many natural beauties at once, such as mountains, seas, forests and lakes.

4. Montenegro is a very popular tourist destination, including the inhabitants of the former Soviet Union.

5. Montenegro became a sovereign state on June 3, 2006 after the referendum of May 21, 2006, when 55.5% of the voters of Montenegro voted for its independence and its withdrawal from the union with Serbia. On June 28, 2006, Montenegro became the 192nd member of the United Nations. Independence Day is considered a national holiday and is the official holiday.

PODGORICA .

6. The official and business capital of Montenegro is Podgorica. The city occupies 225 km² with a population of more than 135 thousand people and is actively developing construction and tourism.

7. Montenegro is not only a piece of land, which lies between the mountains and the Adriatic Sea coast, but also 14 islands.

8. In terms of area Montenegro is a small country in the Balkans, it is 155th in the world (13.8 thousand km²).

9. The population of the country is about 622, 5 thousand people, with a population density of 45 people/km². According to this indicator the country is on the 167th place in the world.

10. The shortest street in the world, 30 meters long and with only one building on it, is located in Montenegro, in Podgorica.

CITY OF CETINJE

11. According to the Constitution, the historic capital of the state is the city of Cetinje, which currently has a population of only about 16 thousand people. Also it is the cultural capital of Montenegro, as here are still located the most institutional buildings and cultural heritage sites.

12. In Montenegro, in the monastery of Cetinje there are two important relics for the whole Orthodox world – the right hand of John the Baptist, a Part of the Holy Cross, on which Jesus Christ was crucified.

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13. 13. The official language of Montenegro is Montenegrin, but the native language for more than two-thirds of the population is Serbo-Croatian.

14. Montenegro is not a member of the European Union, but the national currency is also the euro.

15. In the Montenegrin city of Bar, a local landmark is an olive tree, which is almost two thousand years old.

MONTENEGRIN CANYON

16. Montenegro has the second deepest canyon in the world (and the first in Europe).

17. The water in one of the largest Montenegrin rivers, Tara, is so clean that you can drink it without fear.

18. At the end of the 15th century (1494) in the southern Slavs, exactly in the place of the present Montenegro, appeared the first printing house and the first printed book was “Octoechos (eightvoices)”. At the moment, this book is in the monastery of Morača.

19. In the Church of St. Nicholas you can see the largest bell, 55 meters high, on the entire Adriatic coast.

20. The warmest cities of the former Yugoslavia remain Mostar (Bosnia and Herzegovina) and Podgorica, the capital of Montenegro.

CATHEDRAL OF ST. TRIFON

21. The oldest cathedral in Europe – the Cathedral of St. Trifon is located in the old town of Kotor, being its main attraction. This church building is 69 years older than the world-famous Notre Dame de Paris.

CITY OF KOTOR

22. In Montenegro, the entire city of Kotor is inscribed in the UNESCO World Heritage List. It is a kind of open-air museum.

23. During World War II Podgorica was bombed 90 times. Only Pearl Harbor, Stalingrad and Dresden suffered more massive destruction.

24. Montenegro has 2,833 different species of plants, 22 of which are found only in Montenegro and nowhere else in the world.

25. More than 40% of the country is covered by unspoiled forests.

BIOGRADSKA GORA NATIONAL PARK

26. Montenegro has one of only three intact virgin forests in Europe. It is located in the Biogradska Gora National Park.

27. The narrowest street in the world is located in the Montenegrin city of Kotor. Two people can barely make it apart.

28. In Montenegro there is a whole village of convinced bachelors who refused to marry.

29. The world’s first private nautical school was opened by Marko Martinovic (1663-1716) in the Montenegrin city of Perast.

30. In the early twentieth century, Helena of Savoy, daughter of King Nikola of Montenegro, was Queen of Italy.

ZHABLJAK SKI RESORT

31. The Zabljak ski resort is the highest winter resort in the Balkans.

32. For the first time in Europe, it was in Montenegro that the automobile was used for the transmission of mail (05.07.1903).

33. Near the village of Stabno there are still remains of the milk pipeline, through which milk was delivered to the city from the tops of the mountains. Such a peculiar system of supply is the only one that has survived in all of Europe and, according to some reports, in the world.

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34. In 1796 the Ottoman Turks were defeated at the battle of Krusima (between Montenegro and the Ottoman Empire), although their army was composed of 30 thousand soldiers, while the Montenegrin army was composed of only 7 thousand soldiers.

35. There is practically no theft in Montenegro. Even in the supermarkets the lockers are not equipped with keys.

JALOVIC CAVE

36. Djalovic Cave is the longest (12 kilometers) and most picturesque cave in Montenegro.

37. The pride of the country are handmade carpets, as well as tapestries, jewelry and pottery.

38.Also the most popular among the tourists are the processed and artistically decorated wooden items and of course the local honey, olives and wine.

39. Montenegrins are one of the tallest nations in the world, and the tallest in Europe. The average height of the stronger sex is about 185 centimeters.

40. The most famous monastery of Montenegro, the Pivsky Monastery, was moved stone by stone to another place in the 80s of the last century.

DJURDJEVIC BRIDGE IN MONTENEGRO

41. The bridge on the Mala River is the highest railway bridge (212 meters) on the entire Balkan Peninsula. It is located on the railroad track between the cities of Belgrade (Serbia) and Bar (Montenegro).

42. Montenegrins can look completely different. This is due to the historical mix of many nationalities and cultures.

43. Montenegro, as an ally of the Russian Empire, took part in the Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905), thus expressing great gratitude for Russia’s assistance in the war against Turkey.

44. Because of its territorial remoteness from the battlefields, the country from the Balkan Peninsula helped only symbolically. After the war ended, Montenegro and Japan never signed a peace agreement.

45. Dušan Vukotić is the first and only director from Montenegro to win an Oscar. He won the award in 1961 for his animated short film Surrogate.

SKADAR LAKE

46. Skadar Lake is the largest lake in the Balkans. Its area is 475 km². There are even 2 species of fish that are found nowhere else on earth.

47. The rainiest place in Europe is Mount Orjen. More precisely, the Montenegrin village located on its slope.

48. Strangely enough, in this country by the sea, meat products are more common and cheaper than fish or seafood. There is simply no industrial catching of fish here, and fish comes from private fishermen to stores, restaurants, and markets.

49. The city of Bar is considered the sunniest place in Europe with an average of 270 sunny days a year.

50. According to a study by the International Council of Tourism and Travel a small state from the Balkan Peninsula is one of the three fastest growing countries in the tourist segment! One of the main factors of success is the absence of compulsory visas for vacationers.

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