Milan (Milano) is the second largest city in Italy, the largest city in the northern part of the country, the administrative center of Lombardy. Milan is one of the most famous cities in the world in Italy. The city is known as an important industrial, commercial and financial center of Italy. Milan is famous as one of the world centers of fashion and design industry. Milan also has one of the world’s most famous opera houses – La Scala. Milan is annually visited by more than 2 million tourists.
Milan was founded in the 6th century B.C. It is located in northern Italy, in the Po River valley. The city covers an area of 181.76 km ² and has a population of approximately 1.3 million people. The distance from Milan to the capital of Italy (the city of Rome) is about kilometers. Milan usually has quite hot and humid summer and relatively cold and wet winter. Milan’s air temperature ranges from -1 to +5°C in January and +19 ÷ +30°C in July. The average number of rainy days per month ranges from 6 to 10 during the year.
Distance from Milan to some cities in Italy (distance when traveling by car):
- Milan – Rome: 580 km.
- Milan – Venice: 270 km.
- Milan – Florence: 306 km.
- Milan – Genoa: 150 km.
- Milan – Turin: 155 km.
What is Milan famous for?
- Milan is one of the four capitals of world fashion, along with London, Paris and New York. Milan Fashion Week, one of the most important events in the world fashion industry, takes place twice a year in Milan. In the fashion industry in Milan there are 12,000 companies. Many famous brands (eg Valentino, Gucci, Versace, Prada, Armani and Dolce & Gabbana) have their offices in Milan. Milan will be open in the Fashion Museum.
- Milan is one of the most famous design centers in the world. Each year the Salone Internazionale del Mobile exhibition is held here – one of the most important design-related events. Milan hosts many world famous designers. Industrial Design Association (ADI) in Milan awards the most important Design Award in the world “Compasso d’Oro”.
- Most of the major companies operating in Italy have their offices in Milan. There are head offices of many banks (eg Unicredit), telecommunications and Internet companies (Altavista, Google, Lycos, Yahoo), newspapers, advertising companies, the exhibition center.
- Milan has many museums and art galleries. There is also one of the world’s most famous opera houses – La Scala.
- Milan is an important center of education in Italy. There are several universities, as well as conservatory. In Milan there are about 174 thousand students (about 10% of all Italian students).
Milan Cathedral (Duomo di Milano) is a symbol of the city. This is the fifth largest cathedral in the world and the second largest in Italy (after St. Peter’s Cathedral in the Vatican). The Cathedral was built of white marble in the period from 1386 to 1577 (building work continued until the 19th century). It is the most famous example of Gothic architecture in Italy. Milan Cathedral is located in the main square of the city (Piazza Duomo). The nearest subway station is Duomo.
Castello Sforzesco is one of the most famous attractions of Milan. The Sforza Castle was built in the mid-15th century on the site of the ruined fortifications of the 14th century. Leonardo da Vinci took part in the decoration of the castle. In the 16th and 17th centuries it was one of the largest fortresses in Europe. Nowadays there are several museums in Sforza Castle, for which there is a single entrance ticket (admission is free on Fridays in the afternoon). It is believed that the appearance of the Sforza Castle was used as a model for Italian architects during the construction of the Moscow Kremlin. Address: Piazza Castello, 3, Milano (MI). The castle is open from 7:00 to 19:00 (until 18:00 in winter). Nearest metro station: Cairoli Castello. Closed on Mondays, December 25, January 1 and May 1.
The Church of Santa Maria delle Grazie (Chiesa e Convento Domenicano di Santa Maria delle Grazie) is located in the western part of Milan. It is the main church of the Dominican monastery. This church is famous primarily because it houses one of Leonardo da Vinci’s frescoes, The Last Supper. The monastery was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The church was built in the period from 1463 to 1497.
Ancient fortress walls. In the city of Milan there are fragments of ancient fortress walls. Fortress walls were built in different periods of the history of the city. The oldest parts of city walls were built during the Roman Empire. In the 12th century (after the destruction of the city by the troops of Frederick Barbarossa (Frederick I Barbarossa)) in Milan were built fortifications, fragments of which survive today. The later remains of the fortress walls date back to the 16th century, when the city was under Spanish rule.
Distances (walking route:
- Central Station – Piazza del Duomo (Piazza del Duomo): 3.2 km.
- Piazza del Duomo – Sforza Castle: 0.85 km.
- Piazza Duomo – Fashion District (Via Monte Napoleone): 700 meters.
- Piazza Duomo – Church of Santa Maria delle Grazie: 1.5 km.
- Piazza Duomo – La Scala Theater: 500 meters.
- Central Station – La Scala Theater: 2.4 km.
Milan is the city of design, fashion and shopping
Milan – city of fashion
Milan is one of the four fashion capitals of the world, along with London, Paris and New York. Milan and its immediate surroundings are home to 12,000 companies in the fashion industry designing, manufacturing and selling clothes, shoes accessories and related products. There are 850 showrooms and 6000 outlets, 14 fashion schools with more than 6000 students. Milan is home to some of Italy’s most famous fashion houses, such as Gucci, Versace, Dolce & Gabbana, Trussardi, Armani, Valentino, Prada, Bulgari, Missoni, Moschino and Salvatore Ferragamo. Most of the stores of these companies are located in the so-called fashion district of Milan, in Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II, Via Corso Buenos Aires and Piazza Duomo.
Milan Fashion Week (Settimana della moda). Milan Fashion Week is one of the most important fashion events in the world (among the most prestigious are New York, London and Paris fashion shows). Milan Fashion Week is held twice a year. The Spring and Summer collections are shown in February and March, the Fall-Winter collection – in the beginning of Autumn (September-October). Milan Fashion Week is held since 1958 by Camera Nazionale della Moda Italiana.
By 2015 there are plans to open a “Fashion City” in Milan, which will have more than 110,000 square meters of space for service industries, stores, residences and a fashion museum MOdAM. MOdAM – Fashion Museum and School will be built in Milan, in Porta Nuova (in Garibaldi Repubblica).
Milan is the city of design.
Milan is considered one of the world centers of design. Here work a lot of world famous designers. The Salone Internazionale del Mobile is one of the most prestigious exhibitions on the topic of furniture and interior design.
Salone Internazionale del Mobile (Milan Furniture Fair) is one of the world’s most famous exhibitions of furniture design and interior products. The exhibition is held annually in Milan (usually in April) since 1961. The exhibition offers novelties of furniture design from around the world. The furniture show is held at the FieraMilano exhibition center in Milan suburb of Rho.
The company FieraMilano SpA is based in Milan and is engaged in organization of exhibitions, conferences and other events. The company owns and manages the necessary infrastructure for such events: : Fieramilanocity, MiCo and Fieramilano.
- Fieramilano. Fieramilano is a large Exhibition Center that is located west of Milan, near the A4 freeway and the city of Rho. The Exhibition Center opened in 2005. Fieramilano Exhibition Center has 8 pavilions and an outdoor area of 60,000 m2. The nearest metro station is Rho Fiera (line 1). The Fairgrounds will host the World Expo 2015. Address: Strada Statale del Sempione, 28 – 20017
- Fieramilanocity is the oldest fairgrounds in Milan. The exhibition center is located near the city center and is used to organize smaller events than Fieramilano. The nearest metro stations are Amendola Fiera and Lotto Fiera-2.
- MiCo (Milano Congressi) is a convention and conference venue. The convention center has 70 rooms with a total area of 18,000 m2. It is one of the largest convention centers in Europe.
Milan – the city of shopping
Milan is a city that not only creates fashionable things, but also sells them. Many people consider Milan as one of the best places for shopping. Here you can buy the most fashionable, the best works of the best designers in the world. Milan has stores of most major manufacturers of fashionable clothes, shoes and accessories. Not everyone can afford to buy the most famous brands. There are also stores in Milan, selling goods for the less wealthy customers. In addition, as a rule, twice a year are sold out (Saldi) (from early July to mid-September are sold summer items, from January to early March – winter).
- The Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II is considered one of the first shopping centers (passages) in Europe. At the end of the 19th century, the street connecting the square in front of the city’s cathedral (Piazza Duomo) with the square in front of the La Scala theater (Piazza della Scala) were covered with a roof of glass and steel. This is how one of Europe’s first shopping malls appeared. The passageway also includes sections of Via Silvio Pellico and Via Hugo Foscolo. There are many famous stores, cafes and restaurants and a hotel. Nowadays the Galleria Victor Emmanuel II is not only a place for shopping, but also one of the tourist attractions of Milan. The gallery also hosts concerts and exhibitions. The nearest metro station is Duomo. The streets around Piazza del Duomo are home to many stores, including the department store La Rinascente.
- Milan’s fashion district. A little northeast of Milan Cathedral is one of the most famous shopping districts in the world – “Quadrilatero della moda”. Here are the most fashionable and most expensive stores in Milan. Here you can buy the most famous fashion designers. The area is located south of Porta Nuova and is bounded by Via Montenapoleone (southwest), Via Manzoni (northwest), Via della Spiga (northeast) and Corso Venezia (southeast). The neighborhood also has Via Borgospesso, Via Santo Spirito, Via Gesù, Via Sant’Andrea and Via Bagutta. The most famous street is Via Montenapoleone, which is one of the most expensive and luxurious streets in the world. The nearest metro stations are San Babila and Montenapoleone. Corso Venezia street in the northeast turns into Corso Buenos Aires street.
- Corso Buenos Aires is one of the most famous shopping streets in Milan. There are more than 350 stores that serve an average of one hundred thousand people a day. Street has a length of about 1600 meters and is one of the longest shopping streets in Europe. It is believed that there is the largest concentration of clothing and footwear stores in Europe. Street Corso Buenos Aires is located north-east of the city center. The street runs from the Porta Venezia (one of the historical entrances to the city and the name of the neighborhood) in Piazzale Oberdan in a northeastern direction to the square in Piazzale Loreto. Near the street there are three stations of the Milan Metro (at Porta Venezia, Piazza Lima, and Piazzale Loreto). Located on Via Corso Buenos Aires stores offer mainly relatively cheap ready-to-wear and footwear for the mass consumer.
In Milan there are quite a few stores that sell goods that are not intended for the most wealthy customers. Many of them are located at a distance from the center. Fans of shopping recommend to pay attention to Via Marghera, Via Statuto, Corso Vittorio Emanuele II, Coin and Upim department stores (Piazza San Babila 5), Pittarello shoes store (Angolo Via Benadir 5, next to Via Palmanova). There are several outlets (e.g. Foxtown, Serravalle, Francia corta outlet, Vico Lungo outlet) at a considerable distance from the city.
Milano Centrale railway station is one of the largest (by the number of passengers) railway stations in Europe. The station serves more than 300 thousand passengers a day. The station was opened in 1931. From the railway station go trains to the cities of Rome, Naples, Bologna, Venice, Turin. Station also serves international destinations: Bern, Lugano, Geneva, Zurich, Paris, Vienna, Barcelona and Munich. From the station you can also get to the Milan-Malpensa Airport by train Malpensa Express. The address is Piazza Duca d’Aosta, 20124 Milano. The nearest metro stop is Centrale F.S.
Malpensa Airport (Aeroporto di Milano-Malpensa) is the largest of the three airports of Milan, Italy. The airport is located about 45 kilometers from the center of Milan. The airport is linked to Milan by Milano-Varese highway and by rail, on which the train Malpensa Express goes to Milan Cadorna station and the central station.
Caravaggio International Airport (Milan-Bergamo Airport) is located about 45 kilometers from the center of Milan, near the city of Bergamo. It is one of the three airports that serve the city of Milan. Airport, among other things, serves low cost airlines (eg Ryanair).
Check the flight prices to Milan from here.
Distances from Milan to some European cities (distance if traveling by car):
Milan is the most modern city in Italy, located in the region of Lombardy. The whole business life of the country is concentrated here, businessmen and career people prefer this city, saturated with a chic atmosphere of wealth and stylish surroundings.
The most famous fashion designers and countless trendy boutiques and stores draw thousands of shoppers to Milan every year.
But in this city not only bankers, entrepreneurs and designers reign. Milan is a historical city that has preserved architectural masterpieces such as the Basilica of Sant’Ambrogio, built in the 4th century AD, the famous Gothic Duomo Cathedral and numerous monuments from the Renaissance.
Photo: Picturereflex / Shutterstock.com
Today, as the financial and economic center of Italy, Milan is an amazingly beautiful Italian city that combines the dynamism and style of modern life with the elegance of ancient cultural monuments.
Atmosphere of the city is really unique and does not leave indifferent any tourist coming here. It doesn’t matter if you come here to buy fashionable clothes, see the most beautiful sights or maybe have your honeymoon here!
Location and Population
Milan is located in northern Italy, in the Po Valley. The city is the capital of the largest Italian region – Lombardy. In addition to the province of Milan, the region includes 11 other provinces.
The area of the city is 182 square kilometers, making this administrative center the second largest Italian city. Milan is divided into 9 urban areas.
There live here about 1.3 million people, but in general the population of Greater Milan (the agglomeration, which also includes the suburbs) is about 4.5 million people.
Milan has a rather humid subtropical climate, combined with the characteristic features of a continental climate, typical of the northern areas of Italy in general. Thus, summers are very hot and humid, and winters are quite cold with a lot of precipitation.
Thus, in winter the temperature in Milan can reach -10 degrees, and in July and August it rises to +33 degrees. In the hottest months most residents prefer to spend time on the coast, avoiding the debilitating heat.
For tourists is also the most comfortable time is spring or autumn. While there is a chance of rain and fog, the temperatures are mild and most days are sunny.
How to get to Milan
There are a variety of ways to get to such a major city. You can take a plane, bus or train.
There are daily flights from most European capitals. Learn the latest information about flights, as well as buy a ticket at a bargain price can be found on the Aviasales.ru website.
Photo: Elisa Locci / Shutterstock.com
Travelling to Milan by train is also quite a popular option. Rail passenger services are organized from different cities in Italy and Europe, including transfers.
Airports in Milan
Given the economic importance of this city it is not surprising that Milan is served by three airports. They are located at varying distances from the city center.
International flights flights are made to airport Malpensa in Varese, located 45 kilometers from Milan. For details on how to get from this airport to the city, read the Malpensa Airport page.
Flights from European countries and local flights land at Linate airport, while flights of low-cost airlines land at Bergamo Orio al Serio airport, located 55 kilometers from Milan.
For more information on how to get to the city from these airports, please visit the Linate airport and Bergamo Orio al Serio airport pages.
How to travel from Milan to other cities
See our articles on how to reach other cities from Milan:
As the financial and economic center of Italy and the second largest city in the country, Milan has a well-developed transportation system. You can move around the city by subway, bus, streetcar, cab, suburban trains.
Since all transport in the city belongs to one Italian company ATM, the traffic is organized in the best way. By taking a free public transport card, for example at the Duomo subway station, you can easily plan your optimal route to all the sights and districts of the city.
Routes, schedules, and ticket prices are current as of 2022. Check the official websites of the carriers.
The subway in Milan has three branches as well as an additional branch of commuter trains. It is noteworthy that it is considered the best in the country.
Do not forget that when entering the car, as well as in a bus or streetcar, you must compost the ticket in a special device in yellow to avoid fines.
The cost of tickets for public transport
Purchased tickets are valid for all forms of public transport, which is very convenient. The cost of tickets within the three fare zones Mi1 – Mi3:
- single ticket valid for 90 minutes ( Biglietto ordinario) – 2 Euro ;
- For one day (Biglietto giornaliero): 7 Euro;
- For 3 days (Biglietto 3 giorni) – 12 Euros;
- For 10 Euros (Carnet 10 biglietti) 18 Euros.
Tickets can be purchased at newspaper and tobacconist’s shops, from vending machines at train and metro stations. Do not forget to validate your ticket on every trip!
For more information, please visit the official website of the carrier ATM www.atm.it/it/Pagine/default.aspx.
Rent a car in Milan
If you prefer not to adjust to the schedule of public transport, it is better to rent a car. This way you can see all the sights on your own, make your own route around the city and easily get from one part of Milan to another.
This is especially convenient if you are traveling with family or friends. If you rent a car, you will not have to study the bus schedule, look for stops and buy tickets.
You can compare prices and rent a car at Discovercars.com.
Attractions in Milan
The most popular tourist spots to visit:
If you are planning to stay in this city for a short time, read in a separate article what to see in Milan in 1 day.
Cafes and Restaurants
Milan has a large number of restaurants and cafes for all tastes. The special attraction for those who like to spend an evening enjoying delicious drinks and the atmosphere of the city, have “happy hours” at 7 to 9 pm, when all drinks are served for a fixed price.
Any meal in Milan usually begins with an aperitif, to which much attention is paid. The most common Milanese aperitif includes a mix of gin, Campari, red Martini and ice – the famous Negroni.
Of traditional dishes you should try the meat broth ossobuco with saffron, Cassaola of pork ribs, very tasty Salame di Milano, made of pork and several kinds of cheese, Tagliatelle with rucola. It is also in Milan where Panettone Christmas Cake was first cooked.
You can try traditional Italian pizza in Via Marghera, Navigli and Vercelli. Here are the most appetizing pizzerias at affordable prices.
Remember that, as in any other cities in Italy, for a tasty lunch is better to choose cafes and restaurants located not in the central square (unless, of course, you want to drink a cup of coffee admiring the Duomo), but a little further from the massive tourist spots, where people of Milan themselves have a meal.
Photo: Olgysha / Shutterstock.com
The quality-price ratio in places away from the square is always better, plus you don’t have to pay the service charge that is often added to the check in a cafe in a central tourist spot. Sometimes, though, it’s hard to deny yourself the pleasure of dining while admiring the beautiful Duomo.
Shopping in Milan
Milan is famous for its fashion boutiques, where you can buy authentic clothes, shoes and bags from the world’s most famous designers. Perhaps here you’ll see collections of all the major fashion designers of the day.
The most expensive boutiques – Gucci, Armani, Cavalli, Versace, Hermes, Louis Vuitton, Prada – are located in Quadrilatero della Moda, walking directly from the central Duomo Square along the streets of Manzoni, Vittorio Emanuele, Sant’Andrea, Spiga, Montenapole, Porta Venezia.
If these boutiques are more for aesthetic pleasure, the boutiques and stores on Corso Buenos Aires are more reasonably priced.
There are a large number of not only fashion boutiques, but also antique stores and even second hand shops where you can often find something interesting.
Do not miss out on the malls of various brands of famous designers located outside the city – these are Serravalle Outlet and Fidenza Village.
How to save on a hotel in Milan
Booking a hotel in advance at a low price is easy on the Russian-speaking site Ostrovok.ru. The system contains more than 900 thousand hotels, as well as there are hostels, apartments, guest houses and others.
The service works with many accommodation facilities directly, so it offers great deals. Choose a hotel on the map and use filters to easily find the suitable hotel.