Mexico in numbers and facts
Mexico is a unique country.
The Spanish conquistadors who came to this land once stubbornly imposed their traditions and customs on the local Indians, but despite this, the Mexicans managed to preserve their culture. Nowadays Mexico is a wonderful blend of European and American cultures, making it one of the most remarkable and original places to live in the world.
1.Mexico City is the oldest city in North America and one of the largest cities in the world.
2. Mexico ranks 14th in the world among the countries with the largest land area.
3. The first humans appeared in what is now Mexico by at least the 20th millennium B.C.
4. The Mayan city of Chichen Itza, one of the “7 New Wonders of the World”, is located on the Yucatan Peninsula.
Mexico is one of the world’s largest exporters of oil, though the country itself has very poorly developed oil refining.
6. Nowadays a large number of Indian tribes live in Mexico. Because of this, languages and dialects predominant in Europe are spoken in the country.
7. Iguanas of different colors and sizes are very common in villages and small towns in Mexico.
8.In the city of Guanajuato there is a mummy museum with 111 exhibits. All the bodies displayed there were mummified naturally because of the peculiarities of the local climate.
9. The word “Mexico” (“Mexico” in Spanish pronunciation) means “in the belly of the moon” from the Aztec Nahuatl words “Metztli” for “moon” and “xictli” for “belly”. The inhabitants of these lands pronounced the word as “meshiko.
10.The Mexican national sport is bullfighting. Most likely, it was at one time brought here by the Spaniards.
11. The official name of Mexico is Estados Únidos Mexicanos (United Mexican States).
12. In ancient times, Mexico was populated by powerful tribes, the most prominent of which were the Aztecs and the Maya.
13. Mexico is the fourth most biodiverse country in the world. Five types of climate and 9 of 11 types of ecosystems are represented here.
14. Health care for the people of Mexico is free, but of very poor quality.
15. Heavy things, especially basins, are often carried by women on their heads.
16.The two most famous volcanoes in Mexico that surround Mexico City are Popocatepetl and Istaxihuatl.
17. Mexico City is the city with the largest number of museums in the world.
18. Mexico has the second highest number of mammals with 491 species.
19. the Aztecs sacrificed from 10,000 to 50,000 people a year. During the reign of Montezuma II, 12,000 people were sacrificed in one day.
20. Only ten countries in the world have a larger population than Mexico, which has 109,955,400 people.
21. Tequila (full name Santiago de Tequila) is the name of the Mexican city where the main production of the drink of the same name is located.
22. The beaches of Cancun and Tulum are among the ten best beaches in the world according to TripAdvisor.
23. Double names are the norm for locals (e.g., Addy Maria or Carlos Antonio). It has nothing to do with the parents, just at birth they give not one name, but two.
24.In Mexico, the tricycle is the most common mode of transport in small villages. One wheel is on the back and two are on the front and they have a big basket in which they carry everything from firewood to people.
25.The Mexican capital, Mexico City, is the largest Hispanic city in the world.
26.Mexico is home to the only volcano on the planet whose emergence and end of growth has been recorded by scientists. In 8 years the volcano Paricutin, which emerged in the middle of the field of a local resident, reached a height of 424 meters.
27. When the Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortez arrived on Mexican shores, he was received as a god and presented with his sacred drink, cocoa.
28.More than 200,000 different species can be found in Mexico, which, according to various data, represents between 10% and 12% of the living things known to the world.
29. The capital of Mexico, Mexico City, is located in a basin surrounded by volcanoes.
30. Mexico is the largest producer of silver.
31.In Mexico, the inhabitants of very poor villages live in thatched huts. Often the only “piece of furniture” inside such a hut is a hammock.
32.There are ten archaeological parks in Mexico City. One of them was arranged around the Aztec pyramid, built in the 14th century.
33.Mexico holds the first place for the number of reptiles living on its territory – 707 species.
34. The part of Mexico known as the Yucatan Peninsula has been described since the time of the Conquista. A Spaniard asked an Indian what the place was called, and the answer he heard was “Yucatán.” But he had no idea what the native answered him, “I don’t understand you.”
35. The drink most consumed by Mexicans is… No, not tequila. It’s Coca-Cola.
36. Mexican cuisine is also recognized as World Heritage. Mexico gave the world chocolate, chili, and corn.
37. Mexico has the second longest coral reef, which is located 200 meters from the island of Cozumel, in the state of Quintana Roo.
38. Mexico hosted the Olympic Games, so it was the only country in Latin America where such a significant sporting event took place, and even twice.
39.In Mexico, corn is a universal product – it is eaten raw, boiled and grilled, tortillas, chowder, yoghurt and even corn ice cream with pieces of corn are made from it.
40.Believers from all over the world come to Mexico City to see the main shrine of Latin America, the cloak with the image of St. Mary of Guadalupe.
41. Mexico ranks fourth in amphibians with 282 species and plants with 26,000 species.
42. Mexico has 26 sites recognized by UNESCO as World Heritage Sites. This is more than in other countries – Egypt, Greece, Peru and the United States.
43. Mexico City is built on the ruins of the great Aztec city, Tenochtitlan.
44.One of the oldest trees, the Arbol de Tul, grows in Mexico. Its history began 2 thousand years ago, the tree reaches a height of about 40 feet.
45.There are about 60,000 cabs in Mexico. This is a world record.
46. Mexico is home to the very rare tailless rabbit (or “volcano rabbit”), which lives near Mexican volcanoes.
47.Tequilero is the name of a tequila specialist.
48.Dogs of the Chihuahua breed are named after the Mexican state of Chihuahua, where the species was first discovered in the mid-19th century.
49. Just over 77% of the cactus species growing in Mexico are endemic, meaning they cannot be found anywhere else in the world.
50. In Mexico, many cars do not have license plates – instead they have a “data sheet” hanging on the back window.
Mexico in numbers and facts
It has been 12 years since the Institutional Revolutionary Party lost power after nearly 70 years of uninterrupted rule in Mexico. In the country’s presidential elections on Sunday, preliminary data show that the IRP candidate, Enrique Peña Nieto, is in the lead and has a Herculean task ahead: to govern for six years a vast country with a wide income gap between the rich and the poor.
It has been 12 years since the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) lost power after nearly 70 years of uninterrupted rule in Mexico. In this country’s presidential elections on Sunday, preliminary data show that the IRP candidate, Enrique Peña Nieto, has a titanic job: to govern for six years a huge country with a wide income gap between the rich and the poor. Below are the statistics describing the situation in Mexico.
Mexico is a demographic giant. According to the latest data provided by the National Institute of Statistics and Geography of Mexico, the country’s permanent population in 2010 was 112,336,538 people. Its annual growth rate is about 1.4%. With this data, Mexico is the eleventh most populous country in the world and the third most populous in the Americas after the United States and Brazil. In the last twenty years (1990-2010), the Mexican population grew by 31 million people.
After the premiere of the documentary “De panzazo” (De panzazo), which took place in the middle of the presidential election campaign, many Mexicans wondered why the country’s education system left much to be desired. The statistics speak for themselves. In tests conducted by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) as part of an international program to measure student achievement, Mexico ranks 48th on a list of 65 countries. According to Mexico’s National Institute of Statistics and Geography, 6.88 percent of Mexicans are illiterate and only 46 percent complete high school.
Mexico’s gross domestic product (GDP) grew 4.1% in 2011 and is projected to grow 3.8% in 2012, according to the Center for Economic Research and Education of Mexico.
According to Mexico’s National Institute of Statistics and Geography, the per capita income in 2011 was $10,107 and annual inflation in May 2012 was 3.85%, according to the Bank of Mexico.
Mexico is a country of contrasts in many ways, particularly in the economy. According to the OECD, the wealthiest 10 percent of the country’s citizens account for 41 percent of national annual income. The list of the richest people on the planet, published by Forbes magazine in 2012, includes 11 Mexicans. At the same time, in January this year, the OECD reported that between 2006 and 2010 the number of Mexicans living in extreme and moderate poverty rose from 35% to 46%, an increase of 52 million people.
According to the Gini index, a measure of income inequality among the population, Mexico, with a coefficient of 0.48 in 2008, ranked 56th among the countries with the largest gap between rich and poor, while the average for OECD member countries is 0.31.
One often hears on the streets of Mexico that there are no unemployed people in the country. According to official data from the National Institute of Statistics and Geography, the unemployment rate in Mexico was 4.9% (about 2.5 million people) in the first quarter of 2012.
Informal employment plays a large role in Mexico’s labor market. Approximately 14 million people (nearly 30% of the working-age population) work without official registration.
The average wage is 59-62 pesos (about 3.6 euros) per day.
The level of violence
Although reports of violent deaths frequently appear in the Mexican press, official data do not place Mexico among the countries with the highest levels of violence.
According to the Global Burden of Armed Violence report presented last October in Geneva, there were 18.4 violent deaths per 100,000 people in Mexico in 2009, placing the country 51st in the global rankings, far enough from El Salvador (1st), which has 60 deaths for every 100,000 people.
According to statistics, the prevalence of violence in Mexico is highly uneven. For example, the city of Ciudad Juárez had 170.4 violent deaths per 100,000 people, 20 times the global average.
According to Reporters Without Borders, Mexico ranked second in the world after Somalia in the number of journalists killed (5) between January and June 2012.