Melbourne is the second largest city in Australia

Melbourne

Melbourne main

The city of Melbourne, Australia is the second largest population center in this country. Recognised as one of the nation’s hubs, it’s home to a range of industrial, cultural, sporting and social facilities that are important to all of Australia.

If you’re interested in what to see in Melbourne, among the variety of attractions stands out the architecture that combines Victorian and modern styles.

In 1956, different parts of Melbourne were filled with tourists from all over the world – it was the site of the Summer Olympic Games. However, the city is interesting to visit without such large-scale events.

A few facts about Melbourne

  1. Melbourne is quite a peculiar city and it’s not just because of its architecture, but because of its special atmosphere. Here very unusual and at the same time a harmonious combination of historical past and modernity.
  2. If we talk about where Melbourne is located, it is the capital of Victoria. The city, located on the picturesque bay of Port Phillip, was founded in 1835. From a small village during the gold rush, Melbourne developed into a wealthy city of the British Empire.
  3. Because of Australia’s special history, Melbourne’s population, like the rest of the country, is multicultural thanks to immigrants from all over the planet. By the way, there are natives from more than 230 countries among the 4 million inhabitants. Now here is a multicultural and multireligious community.

Attractions in Melbourne

Melbourne is famous primarily for its buildings. Not without reason it counts as a world center of Victorian architecture, because here in the central part still rises a building constructed in this style in the second half of XIX century (Flinders Street Station, Royal Exhibition Center).

There are a lot of unique buildings in the city in different styles of the XX century – Art Nouveau, Colonial style, Art Deco. By the way, old buildings perfectly coexist with modern skyscrapers: the famous Eureka Tower Melbourne height of 297 meters with a magnificent observation deck, Rialto Towers, a height of 251 meters.

It is recommended to start a walk in Melbourne from Federation Square, where there are many cultural objects, buildings in unusual shape, as well as stores, restaurants and cafes.

Walk to Melbourne’s landmarks such as St. Patrick’s Cathedral and St. Paul’s Cathedral, both built in neo-Gothic style in the late 19th century.

Among other cathedrals, St. Trinity Cathedral in Melbourne, which is Orthodox Church, deserves attention of Russian tourists.

Point your hiking footsteps to Queen Victoria Market, or Wick Market, which covers an area of about 7 hectares. Visitors and locals alike stock up on shoes, clothing, gold ware, and souvenirs at this Victorian-era landmark.

Be sure to visit the Cottage of Captain James Cook, who discovered the mainland to the Old World. Remarkably, the ancestral nest, built in an English village by order of Australia, was dismantled, transported to the mainland and reassembled.

Drown the hunger of the inquiring mind at the Melbourne Museum Galleries, and the National Gallery of Victoria, which features paintings by famous artists. Have fun at the largest entertainment center, Casino Crown.

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The Melbourne Aquarium deserves a special mention – opened only in 2000, today it is known in many parts of the world, because it presents the unique underwater world of the entire southern hemisphere, including Antarctica. The aquarium has created special tunnels under the pools, which tourists walk through to enjoy floating overhead:

The University of Melbourne also deserves tourists’ attention for its architecture – it’s quite unusual externally and internally. But remarkably, it is considered one of the most prestigious in the whole world and unequivocally the best in the region of Australia and Oceania.

The Memorial Monument in Melbourne is a military monument, originally erected in memory of those killed in World War I, today is a memorial dedicated to all fallen soldiers of the Australian army. Construction of the Monument took seven years, from 1927 to 1934. A special feature of the memorial is the Sanctuary, in which the Stone of Remembrance is placed. The uniqueness of the stone lies in the fact that it is located at a special angle – so that at exactly 11 o’clock on November 11 every year, the sunlight illuminates the word “love” of the phrase “Greater love hath no man”, carved on this peculiar pedestal.

Sports and Melbourne

The city’s sports scene is full and sports have been around for a long time. Just held, albeit long ago, the Olympics.

The center of modern sports life is Melbourne Park, an array of sports structures in the park district of the city. The complex includes:

  • tennis courts – this is where one of the world’s most important Australian Open tournaments is held;
  • indoor arena;
  • swimming pool, etc.

The most famous teams of the city are soccer clubs Melbourne City and Melbourne Victory?

Where to stay?

Melbourne and tourism are inextricably linked, so hotels in the city dazzle with its variety. There are some things to consider when choosing a hotel – you’ll find all the fun in the center but there’s a lot of noise going on almost round the clock. On the outskirts – much quieter and quieter.

The peak of tourist activity is from December to February, which is when hotels in Melbourne fill with tourists who came to the summer coast of Australia. It is difficult to find a good and inexpensive room and during various events, such as:

  • Australian Open;
  • Formula 1 races;
  • Melbourne Cup races, etc.

One of the city’s most famous hotels is The Olsen, which has over 200 rooms. It is located at the intersection of Chapel Street and Turek Road. The cost of a double room exceeds $200.

There are also many other hotels, inns. For fans of budget travel suit hostels – they are also quite a lot and in different price categories. On average – from 25 Australian dollars per place, but with breakfast.

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You can also rent an apartment – such pleasure will cost from 70 Australian dollars a day.

Do you know the sights in Melbourne, Australia, but don’t know where to eat? We’re about to fix that. There’s a plethora of eating establishments, from simple cafes to posh, upscale restaurants. But you can’t get a decent meal for less than AUD$15 anyhow, even in a typical fast-food place.

In good restaurants the average bill is from 100 to 130 Australian dollars. Noteworthy are:

  • Attica;
  • Meat and Wine Co;
  • James Squire and others.

They serve traditional Australian cuisine, which includes kangaroo dishes, fish, etc. There are also many restaurants of other cuisines – Italian, Chinese, French, and even Russian. This is due to the large number of immigrants from different countries of the world.

A kind of culinary symbol of Melbourne is a streetcar Normanby Road – a restaurant on wheels. During the meal tourists admire the beauty of the central part of town.

The city of Melbourne scares the unprepared tourist with frequent changes of weather, which is due to the influence of the sea. Throughout the year, the temperature is above zero, but the coldest months are July and August, and the warmest are January and February.

So, in Australian winter (from July to August) the thermometer columns balance at around +10 … +12 degrees. In January it’s really summer here. The average temperature is +23 degrees, but there are days, when the thermometer is literally going over the scale, surely aiming at +40 degrees. Note that Melbourne’s climate clearly separates one season from another.

Population of Melbourne

The population of Melbourne as of 2013 exceeds 4 million people. The city is cosmopolitan, with over two hundred countries permanently settled there! The most distinctive community is Asian, with people from Vietnam, India and Sri Lanka at its core.

Of Europeans, the British and Irish are the most numerous, but after World War II they were greatly diluted by Turks, Italians, Greeks and Cypriots.

The population of Melbourne professes many religions. Most of the population are Catholics – about 27%, almost as many atheists, over 10% Anglicans, 5.5% are Orthodox. There are Buddhists, Muslims and Jews.

Public Transport

The system of urban transport is quite developed. To save money, it is recommended to purchase a special pass Myki, which allows to attend Melbourne subway and bus. The cost of the card is 6 Australian dollars, but the fare is different:

  • A two-hour “ride” will cost A$3.5;
  • A daily pass costs A$7;
  • The weekly pass costs A$36.

Be sure to scan your card when boarding transport. If you don’t do this you won’t get away with saying “Sorry!” or “Forgot!” and you’ll have to pay a fine of AUD$180.

If you’re coming to Melbourne for a holiday, don’t miss the beaches. There are a lot of them and for all tastes. All of them are landscaped and suitable for comfortable bathing and outdoor activities. The beaches worth mentioning are Jehosaphat Creek, Plenty River, Blackburn Lake, Woori Yallock Creek, Lake Carramar and many others.

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How to get there?

From Russia – only by plane. Melbourne has more than one airport that accepts international flights – there are three:

  1. Tullamarine.
  2. Avalon.
  3. Essendon.

The first of them is considered the main one. Flight time is more than 24 hours with compulsory change in one of the Asian airports.

From the airport of Melbourne, Australia the easiest way to get to the city is by bus in red. The fare is $17 Australian dollars, and if you buy immediately and in the opposite direction, it will cost you $26. This ticket is valid for three months, as you can see, the savings are substantial, especially if you’re not traveling alone.

The second largest city in Australia, Melbourne

Melbourne is the largest city in Australia after Sydney, with a population of more than 4 million. It is located in the southeast of the Australian continent and is the capital of the state of Victoria.

Melbourne was founded in the middle of the 19th century. Due to the large amount of gold mined in the state, the small settlement quickly became a metropolis. However in the beginning of 20 centuries the city nevertheless conceded the status of the capital of Australia to Sydney.

Nevertheless, Melbourne is the cultural center of the country, where various film festivals, major sporting events, art exhibitions and performances by famous bands are regularly held.

Weather and climate

The city enjoys a temperate maritime climate with frequent swings in temperature. This is due to Melbourne’s location, flat terrain encompassed by the Dandedong Mountains to the north and the Pacific Ocean to the south. Thus, mountain and ocean air masses systematically alternate with each other, making the local weather a rather unpredictable phenomenon.

The average annual temperature in Melbourne ranges from +15° to +30° Celsius. During the summer (October to March included), the air can get as warm as +35° to 40° degrees Celsius or even higher. In winter months, too, it is quite warm – about +15 ° – 20 ° Celsius. The water temperature in the bay is +19° – 21° degrees Celsius throughout the year.

The time in Melbourne is +10 hours GMT. In other words, when it is midnight in Moscow (GMT +3), it is 7 am in Melbourne.

How to get there

The city’s only international airport is called Melbourne Airport, or Tullamarine Airport. Alas, there are no direct flights from Russia to Melbourne (as well as to Sydney), so tourists have to fly to Australia with connections in the largest cities in Europe and Asia. Most of the world’s airlines fly from Moscow and St. Petersburg: British Airways, Emirates Airlines, Turkish Airlines, Lufthansa, Aeroflot, etc.

The airport is about twenty kilometers from the city. You can reach it by special buses Skybus just fifteen minutes.

Attractions

The main attractions of the city, which you can visit yourself. A list of the city’s highlights:

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Federation Square.

Probably the first of a number of local attractions visited by tourists from all over the world. The square is located in the center of the city and is almost four hectares in size. In addition to the indispensable stores and catering establishments, there is the National Gallery, where almost 70 thousand different exhibits are kept and an exhibition of international fine art is arranged.

Melbourne Museum

The city’s main museum is located in Carlton Gardens. This is the name of the park, which is a landmark in itself because it is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The museum exhibition is housed in nine galleries and is dedicated to the history of Australia, the state of Victoria and Melbourne itself.

The same building houses a research center and an IMAX cinema showing popular science films.

Museum of Gold

This museum opened in the mid-twentieth century in the former Victorian Ministry of Finance building, interesting for its neo-Renaissance architecture. The main theme of the museum is the Gold Rush of the mid-nineteenth century, which caused the rapid economic development of Melbourne. The museum displays a variety of gold nuggets discovered during those years, as well as collections of silver and goldware. The museum is open to the public every day and the ticket price is 9 AUD for adults and 4 for children.

Old Melbourne Jail

A kind of museum complex has been opened in the former prison on Russell Street. You can visit the grimy casemates every day for 10 AUD during daylight hours and at night for 15 AUD.

Queen Victoria Market

Australia’s largest market is seven hectares in size and has been in the heart of Melbourne since its inception in the nineteenth century. Thus the market not only fulfills its primary trading function, but also preserves the historical image of the city. In this place you can buy almost everything: clothes, jewelry and jewelry, agricultural products and, of course, unique Australian souvenirs.

Captain James Cook’s House

The stone cottage formerly owned by the sailor and explorer James Cook, was built in the mid-eighteenth century in England but was later miraculously moved to Australia. In the 1970s, the house was restored and a small museum opened in it, preserving the heritage of a bygone era. The cottage is open to visitors every day for about 8 AUD.

Eureka Tower

The tallest structure in the city (297 meters), the 88th floor of which has an observation deck with a great view.

An interesting feature: the floor on the platform is transparent because it is made of durable glass.

Rialto Towers.

Another skyscraper, but slightly lower – its height is only 235 meters. Nevertheless, from the 55th floor of this building you can also enjoy the panorama of Melbourne, and at the same time have a delicious meal, because instead of an observation deck on this floor the restaurant Vue De Monde is built.

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Zoo

Four kilometers from the city center is Melbourne’s very first zoo. In addition to displaying more than three hundred species of animals brought into the zoo from around the world, children and their parents are offered special tours-lectures about conservation. The entrance fee is approximately 40 AUD per person, but children have the opportunity to visit the zoo for free during the vacations.

Luna Park

Melbourne Luna Park is located a few kilometers from the city center, on the shores of Port Phillip Bay. Despite the respectable age of the park, which is over a hundred years old, all of its rides are technologically advanced and absolutely safe. Among the many attractions especially stand out a roller coaster that can surprise even the most experienced person. Ticket prices per ride range from 7 AUD to 15 AUD, unlimited tickets cost from 20 AUD to 65 AUD. There are also special unlimited deals for families of up to four people for 200 AUD.

St. Patrick’s Cathedral and St. Paul’s Cathedral

The city’s major religious landmarks. St Patrick’s Cathedral was built in the nineteenth century in the “neo-Gothic” style, and since then has been the largest Catholic cathedral in the city. St. Paul’s Cathedral, on the other hand, belongs to the Anglican Church and boasts the tallest spire of any church of its kind outside Britain.

What it costs in the city

A full meal in an inexpensive cafe costs about 15 AUD per person. Dinner for two in a restaurant with alcohol costs about 70 AUD – 80 AUD. McDonald’s is the cheapest way to satisfy your hunger – a classic set of “Big Mac, chips, coke” costs about 9 – 10 AUD.

A 0.33 liter bottle of Pepsi or Coca-Cola costs about 3 AUD. A half-liter of local draft beer costs 7-8 AUD, imported beer in a 0.33 liter bottle or can – 5 AUD – 6 AUD. A cup of fresh cappuccino in a cafeteria costs around 3 AUD – 4 AUD.

Approximate supermarket prices are: one liter of milk 2 AUD, a pack of chicken eggs 4 AUD, one kilo of apples 5 AUD, one kilo of local cheese 11 AUD -12 AUD, half a pound of fresh white bread 3, a pack of Marlboros 20 AUD -22 AUD, a bottle of wine 16 AUD -18 AUD.

A room in a modest hostel or one or two-star hotel costs 35 AUD to 40 AUD. This category includes, for example, City Center Budget Hotel, King Street Backpackers Melbourne and Landing Pads Richmond.

Three-star hotels – Barkley Apartments, Mooney Valley, Birches Serviced Apartments, etc. – costs 100 AUD -120 AUD per night.

A room in a four star hotel costs about 170 AUD – 200 AUD per night. Popular choices are the Travelodge Hotel, Metropole Central, and the Tolarno Hotel.

Finally, luxury hotels – Park Hyatt, Crown Towers, The Langham Melbourne, and others – cost 280 AUD to 300 AUD a night.

A cab ride costs on average 12 AUD – 15 AUD, any form of public transport – 3 AUD – 5 AUD.

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