Macau is a Chinese peninsula in the South China Sea

A traveler’s note: where is Macau on the map?

In the south of China there is a special administrative area called Macau. The territory with its own currency and legislation is even geographically separated from Chinese mainland provinces.

Where Macau is located in what country, we’ll tell you further.

Where can I find it on the world map?

Macau is a peninsula in the South China Sea at the confluence of the Pearl River or Zhujiang River into the ocean. On a map of Southeast Asia, the wide estuary of this river is not difficult to find.

First, you need to find the large island of Hainan, located east of Vietnam. The second notable landmark is the well-known island of Taiwan.

The mouth of the Pearl River – a strip of water cut into the coast of mainland China – is located between these islands. Thus, Macau is not Taiwan, but the territory of China.

On the eastern shore of the Pearl River Delta is Hong Kong SAR, on the western shore is Macau (or Aomyn City in other words).

In addition to the territory connected to the mainland, the Taipa Islands and Coloan Islands belong to the Special Administrative Region. In the past, these areas of land were separated by a tributary of the Zhujiang River, but now there is a Cotai area connecting the two islands in place of the water surface.

The area of the special administrative region is constantly increasing due to land drainage projects and sediments brought in by water currents.

To the north, the Macau Peninsula is bordered by China’s Guangdong Province: a narrow isthmus of land only about a kilometer long. To the south, beyond another tributary of the Pearl River, lie the islands of Taipa and Coloan.

Is it China, Taiwan, or a separate country?

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Macau is part of the PRC, but retains wide autonomy from the center . The Special Administrative Region (SAR) became part of China only recently, on December 20, 1999.

The city was a Portuguese colony for 442 years. The transfer of sovereignty over the territory occurred peacefully when the authorities of the PRC and the Portuguese Republic decided to establish diplomatic relations.

The SAR now has its own flag, coat of arms and anthem and is even a full member of the WTO.

On the territory of the SAR:

  • has two state languages (Chinese and Portuguese);
  • It has its own laws and rules of entry;
  • There is its own currency (pataca).

Geographic coordinates

The most populous part of the SAR (the city of Aomyn) is 22°11′52″N. 113°32′50″ E.

The entire area (the peninsula and two islands) is located between:

  • 22°06′ and 22°14′ N;
  • 113°31′ and 113°36′ E.

In what country and province?

To unite with the former foreign colonies (Macao and Hong Kong), the Communist Chinese authorities developed the “one country, two systems” principle.

After joining the PRC, the territories were given a special status and do not belong to any of the provinces . The area of Macau Special Administrative Region is 32.9 km2, and its population is 683.1 thousand people.

Macau on the map of China in Russian

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Map of districts of ATS:

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Location Advantages

In the past, Macau was one of the most important trading centers in Southeast Asia. Now the city’s importance for international trade has diminished because of nearby Hong Kong. The seaport of Aomagne is equipped with a terminal for receiving container ships and oil tankers.

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Macau is a center of attraction for tourists from all over the world. The entertainment industry is well-developed on the territory of the ATS; casinos and gambling houses operate there. Gambling is forbidden in mainland China, but its own legislation allowed the special administrative area to become the world’s largest gaming zone.

Another reason to come to Macau is the spas and resorts. Tourists are attracted by the warm South China Sea and the mild Southeast Asian climate.

There is an international airport in the SAR, and the area is connected to neighboring metropolitan areas by a unique engineering structure. The Pearl River Delta is crossed by the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge, which, despite its name, consists of several separate bridges and underwater tunnels.

What time zone is the district and the city in?

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The Special Administrative Region together with the rest of China and Taiwan Island are in the UTC +8 time zone.

The same time zone is used by:

  • in the Irkutsk region of the Russian Federation,
  • Malaysia,
  • the Philippines and the west of Australia.

In what climatic zone, what topography prevails in the ATS?

Located in the subtropics, Macau has long, hot summers. The average temperature in July (the warmest month) is +31℃.

The climate in the Pearl River Delta is strongly influenced by the seasonal monsoon winds, which bring in 2,100mm of rainfall annually.

The rainy season with frequent thunderstorms and typhoons lasts in the region from mid-spring to mid-autumn. The second half of the year, on the other hand, is dry. In January, the average temperature is +12℃.

The relief of the ATS is mostly flat: there are hills, but lowlands predominate. The highest point of the peninsula and the islands rises only 174 m above sea level.

Cities near

The Pearl River Delta region is one of the most densely populated areas on Earth . The closest megalopolis to Macau is Zhuhai City District in Guangdong Province. The city-county area closely borders the SAR to the north and west.

The distance from Aomun to Guangzhou (capital of Guangdong Province) is more than 130 km. Hong Kong is located on the opposite side of the Pearl River Delta at a distance of about 60 km from Aomyn.

A ferry crossing operates between the cities, and as of 2018, traffic has been open on a road bridge.

Video on the topic of the article

A video will tell you about Macau:

Conclusion

Macau covers a small area, but is of particular importance to the PRC. Its historical heritage, mild climate and ATS status have shaped the development of this city . Aomagne is famous for its bustling nightlife, casinos, and colonial-era landmarks.

Where is Macau?

Macau is not a country, it is a special administrative region of China. There are 2 in total in the PRC: Hong Kong and Macau. Being part of the country, these areas have a certain autonomy. They have their own legislation, currency and customs and visa regulations. If Hong Kong is well-known and popular among tourists and travelers. However, Macau is undeservedly overshadowed by its flamboyant neighbor. And for good reason.

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Where is the country of Macau?

Macau is located on a small peninsula in the southern part of China. Advantageous coastal location allows the city with a population of half a million people to develop rapidly in the economic sphere. To locate Macau on the map, one must find the South China Sea and, starting from the Vietnamese border with China, move eastward along the coast. It is adjacent to major cities such as Guangzhou and Hong Kong. Getting to know this eastern city will amaze you with its unusual architecture, abundance of attractions and interesting history.

What is another name for it?

Before the Portuguese colonizers arrived on the coast, Macau used to bear the Chinese name Jinghai (Haojing), which means “sea of mirrors”. According to historians, the widely known name Macau was derived from the Mazzu Temple (built in 1448) and dedicated to the goddess who was the patron of sailors and fishermen. The first Portuguese arrived and heard the name “Mage” from the natives, and since then, the mini-country in the south of China became known as Macau. After the territory was returned to China, it was renamed Macau – Aomun, which means “entrance gate” in Chinese.

History

The history of the city starts in 221-206 BC. That was the time when the peninsula became part of China. During the Song Dynasty, the first inhabitants were refugees fleeing from the Mongols. During the Ming Dynasty sailors from neighboring provinces began to settle in Macau.

Macau, now the capital of the gambling industry, was in ancient times a small village until the Portuguese got to it. Merchants from Portugal were allowed to stop in the harbor and trade, but they were not allowed to go ashore. Later they were allowed to build warehouses to dry their goods. Soon the Portuguese were firmly established as settlers and began paying rent to the treasury. This continued until 1863.

macau

As the settlement grew, the Portuguese began to demand self-government, and the Chinese government allowed them to establish their own senate, but strictly controlled its activities. This body of self-government dealt only with public and economic matters.

In the 17th century, 2,000 Portuguese, 20,000 Chinese, and 5,000 black slaves coexisted peacefully on the peninsula.

Interesting: In 1622, the Dutch attempted to take Aomyn, but were defeated by a small band of Negro and white-skinned slave settlers.

The Opium War ended and the Portuguese managed to seize 2 islands from the Qing dynasty: Taipa and Coloan, expanding the territory. In 1887, Portugal obtained the right to occupy the territory indefinitely and to administer the peninsula under a treaty of friendship and commerce. During the revolution, the Kuomintang party came to power and replaced the existing treaty with a new one, which regulated trade and set customs tariffs in the region.

During World War II in the summer of 1943, Macau is established as a protectorate of Japan. Aviation fuel was shipped to Japan through this neutral port. Upon learning of this, the U.S. bombed Macau with aircraft carriers for 2 days. The Portuguese government protested, and in 1950, five years after the raid, the United States compensated over $20 million in damages.

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In 1949, the PRC was formed and the treaty of friendship and commerce was abolished. The question of ownership of the territory remained unresolved. It was not until 1974, when Portugal changed governments, believing that they did not need colonies across the sea, that Macau was recognized as Chinese territory, but under Portuguese rule.

On December 20, 1999 Macau officially became a special administrative region within the People’s Republic of China, which it still is.

Climate

The climatic conditions of the area are due to the fact that Aomun lies between the tropical and subtropical belts. Meteorologists tend to consider the local climate a subtropical maritime climate, influenced by the South China Sea. The area is characterized by hot summers with rain and mild winters. While the East China is exposed to the cold north winds, Macau is seldom affected by them, so there are no severe cold spells. The average winter temperature is around +12 C.

During the summer months Macau is in the rainy season, it pours with thunderstorms almost every day. Air humidity is unreal, because of it washed things do not dry. The average air temperature ranges between +26 – +29C.

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On a side note. In summer the South China Sea is dominated by the typhoon season, so tourists during this period should not plan a trip to the exotic Macau.

Favorable conditions for travel are in autumn and early winter. The humidity in the air drops, and the weather is pleasantly warm and sunny.

Administrative divisions

Aomyn included 2 municipalities, each divided into districts.

  • The mainland was the municipality of Macau, with 5 districts comprising
  • The island municipality consisted of 3 districts

Since 2002, there has been no official administrative division in Macao. But the number of districts preserved were Catholic parishes, which still have great cultural significance for the residents today.

Interesting. Taipa and Coloan, part of Macao, are connected to the main part by long bridges. The isthmus between the islands of Macao has been dried up, so they become one. Only on the island of Macao Taipeh are corners of pristine nature preserved.

Executive and Legislative Branch

The Territory is governed by an Executive Council, governed by a head elected by a special committee of 300 members. The committee is appointed by organizations and companies. The head must then be approved by the government of the People’s Republic of China. Having broad powers, the head must report to the government in the capital Beijing on the work done. The head is appointed for a term of 5 years, he can be elected for no more than 2 terms.

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The executive council under the head includes 5 cabinets.

There are also two commissions:

  1. Anti-Corruption.
  2. Audit .

There is also a prosecutor’s office. Each structure is headed by a secretary. There are representatives of the Legislative Assembly (4 deputies), four representatives from the business area and a labor union nominee in the Executive Board. Every four years a 29-member Legislative Assembly is elected. It is in charge of the local budget, passing laws, and setting taxes and levies. All Aomyn laws are sent to the Beijing government for review, and the government can repeal them if it sees fit.

Aomyn has its own supreme court, which is based on Portuguese legal foundations. The judiciary is elected by the Head and the Committee. The judicial system has three levels:

  1. First Instance.
  2. Second instance
  3. Court of appeals.
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Population

Macau is one of the top five most densely populated cities. About 21,000 people live on each km².

Synopsis. According to the latest data, the city of Macau is home to 568,700 people

Taiwan

The percentage of people who live here is:

  • Chinese -95% (one half of them were born on the peninsula, and the other half moved from nearby provinces)
  • Portuguese – minor part (only 2%)
  • Chinese-Portuguese mestizos -2%

The population increase is not due to the birth of children, but to migrants from other parts of China. In terms of low birth rate, the city takes a place of honor among other countries in the world. But there are positive moments – the mortality rate among adults and among newborns is also very low. Macao boasts long-livers, with a life expectancy of about 85 years. Only Monaco is ahead of Aomagne.

Portuguese is the official language on a par with Chinese, but that is only according to the Constitution. In reality, almost 90% of the population speaks a Cantonese dialect of Chinese. While mainland China switched to a simplified hieroglyphic system, Macau retains the tradition and writes in the old manner. Portuguese is only used in documents and names, and you’re unlikely to find anyone on the street speaking pure Portuguese.

hong kong macao

Economy

The main income to the region’s economy comes from tourism and casinos. The Macau treasury receives 70% of all revenues from the gambling business. The production of textiles for export also contributes greatly. Fishing is flourishing in the port of Macau. The bank services (currency exchange and other operations) are in demand because of the growing tourism. Macau is a member of the World Trade Organization and actively cooperates with more than 100 countries. It produces clothes and shoes, toys and electronic equipment for export. They import raw materials for production, consumer goods, food, drinking water and fuel.

Interesting. Macau has its own currency unit – pataku. There are 100 Avos in one Pataca. The local currency exchange rate is slightly higher than the Hong Kong dollar and is closely related to it. The local currency is in circulation on a par with the Hong Kong dollar and the Chinese yuan.

Hong Kong dollar

How to get there?

The colorful region of Macau in China can only be reached from Russia by plane with a connection in a large Asian city. Flights from Moscow and St. Petersburg transit through Beijing, Shanghai, and Bangkok. The cheapest flight through Beijing takes just over 13 hours. It is advantageous to fly to Hong Kong and there you can choose how to get to your destination by land. From Hong Kong, there are high-speed ferries to Macau four times an hour. The delivery system is fine-tuned and you can go straight from the airport to the ferry. The only disadvantage is that there are no ferries from the airport after 10 a.m. Therefore, travelers arriving at night will have to get to the port. There you can catch a ferry 24 hours a day. The trip by sea takes approximately 1 hour.

Information. Russians need a valid passport to enter Macau visa-free.

What to see in Macau

For those who want to get in touch with the history of the ancient city, and not just come to play gambling, Macau has prepared a rich selection of attractions. The atmosphere is incredible on the Senate Square (Largo Senado), where the historic center is conditionally located. The architecture of the ancient square breathes Portugal. The Church of St. Dominic and the Holy House of Mercy showcase the European architecture of the 16th and 17th centuries, unusual for an Asian country.

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St. Paul’s Cathedral is protected by UNESCO and is the city’s landmark. It was once an island of Christianity in East Asia.

St. Paul's Church ruins

The local TV tower deserves tourists’ attention. For the bravest, there is an observation deck on the tower from which you can enjoy a bird’s-eye view of Macau. The most reckless can jump from it on a bungee jump, though for that will have to pay about $ 1000.

TV Tower

Walking the streets with Portuguese colorful houses you can visit the exhibition center, a copy of the Roman amphitheater. And then there are the Fishermen’s Wharf, with its spectacular views of the sea.

Casino

Gambling became legal in Macau in the second half of the 19th century. Since then, 33 casinos have been built in the region. Macau has earned the title of the Asian Las Vegas, and its profits exceed those of its American namesake. Luxurious modern high-rise casino buildings dazzle with their brilliance and are visible from almost anywhere in Macau.

In addition to casinos, 23 of which are located on the peninsula, and the rest on the island part of Macau Taipa, deserve attention hippodrome, located there, but not in Macau itself. Guests will find the canidrome on the mainland, a place where dog races are held, to be a curiosity.

casino

Cuisine

Over the centuries Macau has amassed the cuisines of Europe, Asia, and even Africa. This is why local cuisine is amazingly diverse, allowing the most sophisticated gourmets to find something new and unexplored.

Restaurants offer local dishes spiced with spices.

When visiting the mysterious Oriental city, travelers should definitely try the local dish bacalao. It came with the Portuguese settlers, and is a dried codfish, cooked in the most original ways, it is served in the form of balls with different sauces.

Meat dishes of pork, original seafood with spices and local Portuguese wine will not leave anyone indifferent.

Pork in Aomagne is cooked in a special way, it is cured in the form of plates, this delicacy is flavored with honey, sesame, hot pepper, and is a delicacy on a par with sweets.

The chain of stores specializes in selling cookies and other goodies, and you can buy everything from pork cubes to waffles to ginger candy.

cuisine

Conclusion

When planning your vacation, in pursuit of new experiences, settle on the wonderful Macau. It is an exotic mini-country, located on the map between Maoming and Hong Kong. A place where European and Oriental motifs are closely linked is so impressive that you want to go back there again. Macau may not be easy to get to, but the effort will be rewarded with an unforgettable vacation. More useful and informative than lying on a Turkish beach.

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