Ljubljana (Slovenia) – the most detailed information about the city with photos. The main sights of Ljubljana with descriptions, travel guides and maps.
City of Ljubljana (Slovenia)
Ljubljana is the capital and largest city of Slovenia, located on the banks of the Ljubljanica River in a picturesque valley. It is the main cultural, transport and economic center of the country with a population of almost 300,000 people. Ljubljana is one of the smallest and coziest European capitals. There are no world-famous sights, but there are interesting monuments of history and architecture: the old castle (Grad), ancient and medieval buildings, baroque ensembles of the 17-18th centuries.
Ljubljana is a charming green city, one of the most comfortable and comfortable places to live in Europe. Through the center of the Slovenian capital by the Baroque buildings and under the ramparts of the ancient castle the Ljubljanica river with emerald water flows. The historic core of the city is on the eastern side of the river, the new town is on the western side. The river is crossed by many picturesque small bridges.
The first settlements on the territory of the present-day Ljubljana existed some 4,000 years ago. In the 10th century the territory of the city was inhabited by the Venetians, later came the Celts.
In antiquity the Roman settlement Emona was founded here. Because of its favorable location at the crossroads of routes linking the Danube and the Adriatic, the settlement grew and developed quickly. The Roman town was situated at the foot of the castle mountain on the right bank of the Ljubljanica River. The settlement was surrounded by a six-meter high wall with 29 towers. The Romans also brought all the benefits of the antique civilization to Ljubljana: stone houses, public baths, running water and sewage. In the 4th-6th centuries, after the collapse of the Roman Empire, the city fell into decline. It was invaded by barbarians, the Lombards. It got to the point that the city was practically depopulated, and only ruins reminded about the once large enough settlement.
At the beginning of the Middle Ages the territory of Ljubljana fell first to the Avars, and later to the Franks.
The first written records of Ljubljana date back to the early 12th century. Around this time, an ancient castle, Grad, was built on a hill. Medieval Ljubljana developed under the castle on the east bank of the Ljubljanica River. In the second half of the 13th century the city came under the rule of Bohemia, and in the early 14th century, the Habsburgs. At this time, Ljubljana was given a German name – Laibach.
In the early 16th century after the earthquake, the city began to be rebuilt in the Renaissance style, and a new city wall was built.
At the end of the 19th century another major earthquake seriously damaged Ljubljana. After it the city received a new, modern look.
Climate and weather
The climate of Ljubljana is moderately continental, with warm summers and mild winters. The weather in the summer is usually very warm, the average temperature is about 20 degrees. In winter the temperature stays around 0, with possible slight frosts and snowfalls. Excellent weather prevails in late spring and early autumn. At this time, it is warm and dry.
Ljubljana in winter
Best time to visit
Ljubljana can be visited all year round. But the best time to visit is considered April-May and September-October.
How to get there
There is an international airport 27 km from Ljubljana, which receives flights from Moscow, Paris, Munich, Frankfurt, Prague, Warsaw, Istanbul and other major European cities. You can get to Ljubljana from the airport by bus (price €4,1) or by cab for €30-40.
Ljubljana is the largest railway hub of Slovenia. The railroads connect it not only with the cities of the country, but also with Zagreb, Budapest, Pula, Vienna and Salzburg.
You can get to Ljubljana by bus from Trieste, Bologna, Florence, Belgrade, Munich and other cities. Timetables and bus tickets are available here – http://www.ap-ljubljana.si/en/
Shopping and shopping
Shopping is not what people come to Ljubljana for. Although there are options for shopping here as well. The largest shopping center in Ljubljana is BTC City Shopping District, located in the northeastern part of the city. You can get there by bus 27. Many stores are concentrated on Čopova Street in the Old Town. On Sundays there is a flea market on Gallusovo nabrezje Street. Ljubljana Central Market is on Vodnikov Square.
The old center of Ljubljana is full of cozy restaurants and cafes. Here you can taste dishes of Slovenian, Italian and Austrian cuisine.
Here you can find Austrian schnitzel and strudel, Italian pasta, risotto and pizza, Hungarian goulash. The local dishes are similar to our dumplings štruklji with different fillings, dried pork (prsut), potato dumplings, bean soup, a variant of Italian polenta, ribs with garlic, traditional Slovenian pie potica.
Budget and inexpensive places:
- Falafel, Trubarjeva 40
- Nobel Burek, Miklošičeva 30
- Cafe Romeo, Stari trg 6
- Casa del Papa, Celovska 54a
- Emonska Klet, Plecnikov Trg 1
- Gostilna Pod Rožnikom, Cesta na Roznik 18
- Ljubljanski Dvor, Dvorni trg 1
- Vodnikov Hram, Vodnikov trg 2
- Stara Mačka, Krojaška ulica 8
The main attractions of Ljubljana are concentrated in the Old Town. The historic core of the city is located between the castle hill and the river. The Old Town consists of ancient medieval streets and squares, historic buildings and constructions of different periods, baroque ensembles.
A short walk west of the historic center are the remains of Roman fortress walls, including a number of pillars with entrance gates.
The Triple Bridge
The Triple Bridge is an architectural ensemble of three pedestrian bridges, built on the site of a medieval wooden bridge designed by Jože Plečnik in 1842. It is one of the symbols of Ljubljana.
Zmajski or Dragon Bridge is one of the symbols of Ljubljana, the bridge was built in 1901. This Art Nouveau masterpiece is guarded by four dragon sculptures.
The Robba Fountain, also known as the Fountain of Three Rivers, is an outstanding monument of the Slovenian Baroque style, built by the Venetian sculptor Francesco Robba between 1743 and 1751. It is based on the images of the famous fountains of Rome.
Next to the fountain is the town hall, built in the 15th century. Town Hall was rebuilt in the 18th century. The facade of the building is made in Venetian style with Gothic elements.
Ljubljana Castle is a landmark of the city. An ancient castle whose history goes back 900 years. This old medieval fortress is situated on a high hill, which you can climb by a cable car. From here you can enjoy the best views of Ljubljana. Entrance to the castle courtyard is free. Only the funicular and the entrance to the observation tower are paid.
Mode of operation of the castle and cable car:
- January-March, November: 10:00-20:00, daily
- April, May, October: 9:00-21:00, daily
- June-September: 9:00-23:00, daily
- December: 10:00-22:00, daily.
Tivoli Park is a huge green space almost in the center of the city. This is the main city park of Ljubljana and one of the favorite places for walks among the citizens and guests of the city.
The Franciscan Monastery and Church of the Annunciation is an old monastery from the 17th century, formerly an Augustinian monastery until the end of the 18th century. It was rebuilt in the Baroque style in the 19th century. The church has a monumental altar designed by Robb and beautiful frescoes.
View of Ljubljana Castle
The Cathedral of St. Nicholas is one of the oldest churches in the city, built in Baroque style in the early 18th century. It has the shape of a Latin cross. The first Romanesque church was built on this site in the 13th century.
On the outskirts of Ljubljana’s historic center is the parish church of St. Peter. It is one of the most striking examples of Slovenian Baroque, built in the first half of the 18th century by architect Giovanni Fasconi. In the 13th century, there was a Romanesque church on the site, which was burned by the Turks in the 15th century.
Detailed tourist map of Ljubljana with marked sights.
The City of Ljubljana: details about Slovenia’s capital
Between the Mediterranean Sea and the Alps lies the beautiful city of Ljubljana, Slovenia. It is the capital of the country, located on the banks of the river Ljubljanica. The first records about the city date back to the 12th century. However, this area is much older. The first settlements, historians say, date back to the II millennium BC.
Ljubljana was a part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire up to 1918, after which it became the heart of the Kingdom that existed then. However, this status was unofficial, only after the Second World War the city received the official “authority”. It became the capital of the Republic of Slovenia.
Basic information about Ljubljana
The beautiful but very small city of Ljubljana lies on the banks of a river. The heart of this miniature capital was the castle of the local feudal lords of Ljubljana Grad, located on the right bank. Today this place is a must on any tourist program. And no wonder – it is from here you get a view of the whole of Ljubljana.
The city which is the main economic and cultural center of Slovenia, has only about 280 thousand inhabitants. It is spread over an area of 163.8 square kilometers, but even this small space is relatively sufficient for holding many of Ljubljana’s historical sights, monuments and places of interest in one place.
Ljubljana is often visited by Europeans, while our compatriots are only discovering the beauties of Slovenia. Those who choose to vacation here do not need to know the Slovenian language. Many people speak English fluently, and people who live near Italy and Austria, also speak German and Italian.
A unique feature of Ljubljana is its popularity among students. About 60 thousand of them live here. It is not surprising, because here is the best University of Slovenia – University of Ljubljana (UL). It is among the top 3% of academic rankings in the world. Foreigners are also trained here in different professions, but only 4% of the total number of students. The cost of tuition, by European standards, is not high – 1,800 euros per year.
Tourists are interested not only in photos of Ljubljana, but also in the level of safety of the city. Travelers can rest easy – according to Reader’s Digest magazine the capital of Slovenia is at the top of the list of safest places on the planet.
Tourist map of Ljubljana
The capital of Slovenia, Ljubljana, is a very interesting city. You can book a lot of different excursions and spend a decent amount of money on it. However, there is a better suggestion – to use a special tourist card. This is a kind of a single ticket, which allows you to get acquainted with various sights of Ljubljana on favorable terms.
The electronic smart card is supplemented with a validation chip, which will allow the user to pass in certain places without paying. The E-card can be purchased at special information centers, via the Internet or at hotels. Some services offer it with a 10% discount.
Among the features and advantages of the card:
- The period of use – it is possible to purchase a card for 24, 48, 72 hours. The countdown starts after the first use.
- You can use the card on city buses for the entire validity period of the card. Card can be used once for sightseeing and other privileges.
- Provides access to 19 museums, the Zoo, galleries, etc.
- Allows 24 hours of free wireless Internet access.
- Free use of the network at STIC.
- Free travel by bicycle (4 hours), tourist boat, cable car.
- Digital guide rental and free regular guided tour of the city.
- The full price of the card for 24 hours is 31,00€ (for children from 6 to 14 years old – 18,00€),
- 48 hours – 39,00 € (children – 23,00 €),
- 78 hours – 45,00 € (children – 27,00 €).
When you buy at www.visitljubljana.com all types of cards are offered a 10% discount.
Every active tourist visiting places of interest, museums and monuments, as well as moving around the city by bus, can save up to 100 euros every day.
Transportation in Ljubljana
Numerous photos of Ljubljana, Slovenia encourage newly arrived tourists to explore the many sights. This means that it will be necessary to use different modes of transport in order to catch everywhere and explore everything thoroughly.
The city has a good location – it is located at a kind of a crossroads of tourist roads.
It is near the Adriatic Sea, on the way to Venice and Vienna, which is why it often makes tourists stop by for a couple of days, looking around and getting to know the city. Ljubljana has all reasons to boast of its excellent roads and transport interchanges. Voyagers will have no difficulty in choosing a way to get around.
This is where many tourists begin their acquaintance with this region. Only 20 minutes drive separates the main airport of Slovenia (Jože Pučnik) from Ljubljana. The most frequent flight connections around the world are provided by Adria Airways, a Slovenian airline and a member of the Star Alliance network. The official website of the airport is www.fraport-slovenija.si.
You can get to the city from Ljubljana Airport on bus no. 28, which takes passengers to the bus station. Buses run approximately once an hour from 5 am to 8 pm, and less frequently at weekends. The fare is 4,1 €. A cab ride will cost 40€.
This is the most affordable and easy way to travel, on which you can also save money if you buy a tourist card, which we wrote about above. You can also use transport cards, which are offered in the so-called “urbanomats” in green. You can also buy them at tobacconists, newsstands, tourist kiosks, post offices and information centers.
The card itself costs 2,00€. The card can be topped up to the sum of 50€ for a fare of 1,30€. The advantage of these cards is that they allow you to make free transfers within the first 90 minutes of paying the fare.
You can travel both long and short distances from Ljubljana. It is especially advantageous to travel within Slovenia, because in this case, transportation costs will be low and the trips themselves will be short. From the capital you can travel to other states: Austria and Germany, Czech Republic and Croatia, Italy and Serbia. There are also trains to Hungary and Switzerland.
In Slovenia there are the following types of trains:
- Electric – Primestni and Regionalni.
- International – Mednarodni.
- Intercity, which can also run between countries.
- Express trains – Intercity Slovenija.
- International express trains – Eurocity.
- International night trains – EuroNight.
Fares will vary depending on the destination and travel time. For example:
- To youth Maribor in second class you can get there for 10-11€.
- From Ljubljana to the seaside Koper an Intercity ticket (second class) will not cost more than 10€;
- And from Maribor to Koper you will have to pay 12-18 € for a 4-hour trip.
All travelers can rent a vehicle if they contact AMZS branches of the Slovenian company or foreign car rental stations.
Motorists who decide to travel by car must buy a special vignette for the right to travel on the freeway, which connects Slovenia with other countries. You can buy such permits at any gas stations and newsstands. To allow the driver to freely navigate the roads, special highways are marked with certain road signs.
Another type of transport, which is convenient to use and does not harm the environment. You can choose a suitable “iron horse” in the club “Ljubljansko kolo”. Tourist card will give the opportunity to use a bicycle for 4 hours, additional time will have to buy separately. The fee for a day on a normal bicycle is 10€, for 2 hours it’s 4€, on an electric bike 16€ and 8€ respectively.
Ljubljana is a real cultural center, which can boast the oldest philharmonic orchestra, as well as a jazz festival. But this is not the only event of the year. Here during this time there are more than ten thousand events of cultural significance. Festivals occupy a special place.
In March it is time for the Classical Music Festival, which features numerous contemporary composers. Famous compositions are heard from the stage.
In April comes the turn of Exodos, a festival of theatrical art, which brings together cultural figures from all over the world. May welcomes the event, which will play ethnic motifs, and a little later it will be time for the graduation parade.
In early summer, the center of the Slovenian capital Ljubljana becomes a real stage for performances and performances. They are all free of charge, so tourists who are in town at this time of year can take part and watch the performances.
The Ljubljana Jazz Music Festival opens in July. Another important event is Kino Dvorišće – a huge cinema located in the atrium of the railroad.
In July and August a puppet festival will start, aimed not only at attracting the interest of children, but also to initiate all interested adults into the world of childhood.
In September the International Biennial, the biggest graphic event of the year, will be inaugurated.In October there is a festival dedicated to women’s art.
Film buffs wait until November to experience new films. Equally impressive is the wine festival, which is also held in November. During this month, various wines are displayed in front of restaurants and tastings are held.
In December, there are performances and performances for all tastes in Ljubljana. The culmination of the cultural year comes during the Catholic Christmas and New Year’s Eve celebrations. But the real extravaganza doesn’t happen until February, when a carnival procession passes through the streets. There will be an interesting entertainment program, designed for children and adults.
Accommodation and catering in Ljubljana
Hostel England Pub
Several dozen hotels offer their services to guests and travelers who need to rest in Ljubljana. Sophisticated travelers choose for themselves hotels with 4 and 5 star ratings. The average traveler will be comfortable in a three-star hotel, where room rates start at €40 per night. Often three-star hotels also have a small restaurant where you can enjoy national and European cuisine.
Apartments in Ljubljana can be rented for €35-40, while the average night price is €70-90.
Tasting seafood and fish, meat, enjoying a nut roll “potica” as well as pancakes with nut paste “palacinka” is a real gourmet’s dream. Travelers prefer to choose a place to eat according to the price level:
- Lunch at a mid-level restaurant will cost 35-45€ for two people.
- A lunch for one person at a cheap place will cost 9-11 €.
- Fast food will cost 6-7€.
- A pint of locally brewed beer for 0,5 on average costs 2,5 €.
All prices on this page are for March 2021.
Weather in Ljubljana
The warmest month of the year is July. It’s when sunny days are the most, and the average monthly temperature reaches 27°C. The weather is pleasantly warm from April to the end of September, with temperatures ranging from +15 to +25 ° C.
It begins to rain often in October. February is considered the coldest month with an average daily temperature of -3°C. However, at any time of the year in the heart of Slovenia it is pleasant to relax and see the sights.
How to reach Ljubljana?
The trip can be arranged by air (or by land, but in this case the trip will take a few days). The best way to get to the country is by air. It does not take long to get to the city – only 40-50 minutes. The airport is situated 25 km from Ljubljana.
Holders of tourist cards can use the wireless network free of charge for the first day after the activation. Wi-Fi is available in every hotel and can be used by the guests. Some hotels offer free services for their guests to use the network.
The euro is used in the country. It is best to exchange your currency at the train station in Ljubljana (Slovenia), where travelers are not charged commission. Exchange in banks is expensive – for such a pleasure will have to pay 5%, in the post office – only 1%.
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