Lithuania’s Attractions

Lithuania’s Attractions

The shrine of the Catholic world, the open air church – the Hill of Crosses, situated 12 km from the Lithuanian town of Šiauliai, continues to grow exponentially, because every pilgrim or traveler comes here not with empty hands.

Tyshkevich Palace

The Tyshkevich Palace in Palanga is one of the three surviving residences of this wealthy aristocratic family of Russian-Lithuanian descent in Lithuania. It was built in the neo-Renaissance style with baroque and classicist features at the very end of the 19th century according to the project of Franz Heinrich Schwechten.

Kaunas Castle

Kaunas Castle is one of those sights that are a shame to miss: it is probably the most famous place in the city and its “business card”. And it is preserved, by the Eastern European standards, not so bad: about a third of former constructions survived.

Vilnius Cathedral

The most beautiful cathedral reminds one of the classical temples of Ancient Greece. It is believed that in its place until the 13th century there was a temple of Perkunas, a pagan god of thunderers, on whose altar fire burned round the clock.

Peter and Paul Church in Vilnius

It is hard to understand why St. Peter and Paul’s Church deserves the status of a Baroque gem. After all, its appearance is not that it does not shine, but somehow it does not “catch” straight away. It is moderately pompous, moderately fanciful, and everything in it is somehow in moderation.

St. Anne’s Church in Vilnius

St. Anne’s Church is one of the symbols and main attractions of Vilnius. Its construction was completed in 1500. Earlier in the late 14th century there was a wooden church of St. Ann. Since its construction the church has survived several fires.

St. Mary’s Church in Palanga

The Catholic Church of the Assumption of St. Mary in Palanga can be seen from afar. The 76-meter red-brick building is the tallest in Palanga. The church was built at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries in the Neo-Gothic style next to the wooden church that had been standing in Palanga since 1590.

Lithuanian Maritime Museum

The Lithuanian Maritime Museum is located on the very tip of the Curonian Spit in the building of the old Prussian fortress of the 19th century, Kopgalis. On the approaches to the museum, under the open sky, there is an ethnographic museum – a seaside village with typical houses and buildings of fishermen.

Ostraya brama

The Acute Brahma, a three-storey Renaissance building, is one of the main attractions of Vilnius. It is the only surviving one of the 10 gates of the stone fortress wall that once surrounded Vilnius.

Tyshkevičiai Park and Birutė Mountain

There is a huge botanical park around the Tyshkevičiai Palace in Palanga. It was founded back in 1897 on the order of Earl Felix Tyshkevich. Today it is a great place for walks, ecological tourism and aesthetic pleasure.

Port of Klaipeda

The port of Klaipeda is one of the visiting cards of the city. It was founded in the 13th century at the walls of the fortress of Memel and still remains an important transportation center, the largest in Lithuania. Cargo and passenger ships depart from here all year round for Europe, Asia and America.

Theater Square in Klaipeda

Theater Square has always been the center of social life in Klaipeda, but until the middle of the 20th century the locals were attracted here by the New Market, and therefore the square was called Market Square. Later the emphasis shifted to culture.

Trakai

Gedimin founded this fortress 28 km west of Vilnius, making it his capital in 1320. Later Keistut arranged his court here. We are talking about Trakai and the historic national park of Lithuania, a beautiful small town surrounded by a lake.

Užupis

Connoisseurs of cultural leisure should definitely visit the Užupis district, a small neighborhood considered similar to the Momartre in Paris. In 1997 it declared “independence” with its own constitution and president.

Aquapark in Vilnius

Vilnius, one of the oldest European capitals, has quite modern entertainment. One of them is the Vichy Water Park, the largest in Lithuania: it can hold almost 1,500 visitors at a time.

Druskininkai Water Park

A tropical climate, azure waves, palm trees, relaxation and massage – it is difficult to imagine that all the charms of a beach holiday can be tasted not a thousand miles away, and in the neighboring Baltic States – in the famous Lithuanian resort town Druskininkai.

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Laisweis Alley in Kaunas

This street was built in the middle of the 19th century according to the master plan of the city of Kovno and was then called Nikolayevsky Avenue. It was originally constructed as a boulevard – with two lanes of road and a strip of trees in between. The first theater was built here, the city post-office, and later – the first “kopra” was put into operation.

Botanical Garden of Klaipeda University

The Botanical Garden of Klaipeda University is located on the northern outskirts of the city, in a valley on both banks of the Dange River. The picturesque park was laid out in the place of the historic royal garden Tauralaukis, where the Prussian king Friedrich Wilhelm II once met.

Vilnius TV Tower

The most modern attraction in Vilnius is the TV Tower with the Milky Way Restaurant at a height of 165 meters. From this height you can enjoy a magnificent view of the city.

Vilnius Street in Kaunas

In general, no one knows how old Vilnius Street actually is. Once upon a time there was a tract that connected the first and the most important building of the city – the princely castle of Kaunas and the city of Kaunas, which grew around it, with Vilnius, the capital of the country.

A trip to Lithuania, one of the countries on the European coast of the Baltic Sea, is always a holiday. Wonderful vacation awaits tourists in this state, which, by the way, is one of the top ten most inexpensive European countries. History and antiquity lovers will have time during her visit to enjoy the delicate lace of baroque and gothic, charming churches, grand cathedrals, solid palaces, sad castles, the River Vilija. Tangled crooked streets and quarters of old courtyards and buildings, cosy cellars and coffee houses, delicious Lithuanian cuisine (zeppelins, cheeses, rustic bread with cumin, smoked pork – delicious), sincere hospitality and friendliness, excellent service of European level – all this proves that Lithuanian people like and always welcome guests.

Vilnius, the capital of the Republic of Lithuania, one of the most beautiful cities in Europe, is the country’s cultural center and a major tourist attraction, added to the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage List in 1994.

This fabulously charming country is famous for its sights, silent witnesses to centuries of Lithuanian history, transporting tourists, like a time machine, back many centuries. The historic, toy-like parts of Vilnius, Klaipeda, Kaunas, Šiauliai, Kėdainiai, and Marijampolė, which bear the imprint of Polish and German influence, are easily accessible for independent exploration.

It’s easy to get here by bus, train or your own car, especially since the tracks are comfortable, modern and cross the whole country from edge to edge.

Visiting Lithuanian castles, as if you find yourself in the era of knights and beautiful ladies.

The very capital of the Republic of Lithuania, Vilnius, one of the most beautiful cities in Europe, is a cultural center and the main attraction of the state, which was included in the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage List in 1994. Vilnius is a city of Baroque style, which has had a strong influence on Lithuanian culture. Many cities also have magnificent buildings of this style. The great number of churches in this city and in the whole country encapsulate Lithuania’s artistic and historical heritage.

The many lush parks embodying the principles of landscape art, magnificent glacial lakes, medieval architecture, museums, art galleries and theaters will delight the eye, warm the soul and nourish the mind of travelers who choose to explore the attractions of Lithuania.

The Old Town of Vilnius has an abundance of historic and architectural monuments. The Gediminas’ Tower (the main symbol of Vilnius) alone is on Zamkova Mountain. The square with the majestic Cathedral of St. Stanislaus and St. Wladyslaus, the Church of St. Anna, the Cathedral of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary, the architecture of Vilnius University, the Church of St. Theresa and many other things that tourists simply must see with their own eyes when they come to Vilnius. And be sure to visit one of the theaters that this wonderful city is famous for.

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In the beautiful green city of Kaunas you can experience the ancient traditions and the special charm of the most interesting places: Kaunas Castle, the Annunciation Cathedral, St. Peter and Paul’s Cathedral, the Town Hall, the Museum of the Ninth Fort and many others.

Visiting any city in Lithuania and seeing its attractions will bring joy, unforgettable impressions, and relaxation to your soul.

First of all, you should visit Vilnius, the capital of Lithuania. Secondly, you should visit Kaunas or Trakai. Kaunas, Lithuania’s second largest and most important city, is notable for its Kaunas Castle, the House of Pärkunas, the Palace of the Masalskys and the Camaldoli Monastery in Pažaislis.

Trakai, the famous ancient capital of Lithuania that in the Middle Ages was the residence of the rulers of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, is notable for the Trakai castle, the Dominican monastery, the Church of the Apparition of the Blessed Virgin Mary and the Church of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary. It is also worth visiting Kernavė, the oldest known capital of Lithuania, which was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2004.

There are five national parks in Lithuania: Aukstaitija, Dzukija, Žemaitija (all three are created in the original ethnic regions), Curonian Spit and Trakai National Historical Park. Plus – 30 regional parks.

Lithuania’s most beautiful places

Lithuania is an amazing and unique country, located on the coast of the Baltic Sea. It is rich in beautiful landscapes, beautiful historical sites and architecture. Coming here you want to enjoy every street, house, hill and sand dune.

Top 15 attractions in Lithuania

Once in Lithuania without prior preparation, you may be confused what exactly is worth visiting, where to go, what to see. But there are some of the most famous places you should pay your attention to.

Vilnius Old Town

The Old Town is inferior in size to Riga or Tallinn, and all of its attractions can be visited in a day. Here you can see the complex of Vilnius University, which occupies an entire block, which includes 4 streets: University, Castle, St. John’s and Scapo.

Vilnius Old Town

Thirteen university courtyards with names after famous teachers and students are considered to be an interesting place. In front of the entrance to St. John’s Street is the Great Courtyard, surrounded on three sides by 16th and 18th century university buildings.

On St. John Street is the church and bell tower of the same name, on top of which there is an observation deck overlooking the Old Town. Also in the Old Town you can see the Gediminas Tower, Holy Gate, Monastery and Church of the Holy Spirit, Vilnius Town Hall.

Neringa Spa City

Founded in 1961, the city of Neringa, washed by the waves of the Curonian Bay and the Baltic Sea, is located on the Curonian Spit. At the end of the 19th century, German expressionist painters who created their works of art here began to advertise the town. From 1939 to 1945 the town belonged to Germany, but after the war a part of the peninsula was returned to Lithuania.

Neringa Resort Town

Vacationers can rent a yacht or an ancient kurenas. You can ride gliders, play basketball or lawn tennis. Tourists like to visit the sand dunes, which are up to 70 meters high.

Trakai castle

The castle was built in the first half of the 15th century and is still in good condition. Because of the impending battle of Grunwald the Duke decided to reconstruct and strengthen the fortress by adding one wall and two towers. At the foot of the hill a 12-meter wide moat was dug.

Trakai Castle

The building was executed in Gothic style, the front halls are decorated with various stained-glass windows and frescos. The premises were connected with each other by inner wooden galleries. The castle was equipped with an air heating system.

In the middle of the 17th century the castle became a battlefield between Lithuania and Russia, and as a result in the 19th century it was a solid ruin, which was restored in the 20th century.

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The princely residence has an exhibition devoted to the death of Prince Vitovt. There is a separate hall devoted to the Battle of Grunwald, where you can see knight’s armor and one of the first mortars. There are also exhibits about the restoration of the castle.

Kaunas Castle

This fortress was built in the middle of the 14th century at the confluence of the rivers Nemunas and Neriss. It was Lithuania’s first defense point.

Kaunas Castle

The castle withstood many sieges during the Battle of Grunwald, but in 1665 it was completely destroyed by the Russian army. Water damage was quite destructive, so only one third of the building has survived. The most impressive is the Round Tower, a cylindrical construction with narrow windows and pointed conical roof.

Two fragments of the wall depart from the Round Tower – one encircles the Round Tower at the bottom of the hill, and the other runs at the same level as the tower. The remains of the fire bastion are also preserved; the embankment and foundations are preserved.

In the Round Tower is organized small exhibition hall of the City Museum. Many events are held in the castle – medieval games, concerts, costume shows, seasonal festivals.

Gedimin’s Tower

The tower is located near the cathedral square, in the historic center of Vilnius on Zamkova Mountain. Its height was 48 m from the base of the mountain (142 m above sea level). The tower is part of the fortified Upper Castle, built in the late 14th and early 15th centuries.

Gediminas Tower

By the 19th century, the tower had two floors, which housed a coffee house, and on top there was a wooden superstructure, which served as a fireplace. Later, the observation tower was demolished and the third floor was rebuilt, but during World War II the tower was again damaged.

Today Gedimin’s Tower is a three-storey octagonal building, 20 meters high. Above the tower is the national flag of Lithuania. The tower has a cultural and historical significance for its country – it is its symbol and emblem. Most souvenirs have a picture of the tower.

Since 1960 the tower houses a branch of the Lithuanian National Museum with an exhibition devoted to the history of the city. You can reach Gedimin’s Tower by funicular railway or on foot from the Cathedral Square.

Hill of Crosses

Located 12 km from the Lithuanian city of Siauliai. The place was named after the belief that good luck will follow whoever leaves a cross on the mountain. Here you can find all sorts of crosses – from huge wooden ones, a couple of meters high, to personal crosses. Their total number is about 55 thousand.

Hill of Crosses

The mountain consists of two peaks, one of which is a sculpture of the Virgin Mary. You can climb the mountain by ladders. The origin of this place is not exactly known, but it has nothing to do with the cemetery.

National Park “Curonian Spit

The Lithuanian part of the Curonian Spit is a narrow strip of land, stretching 50 km from north to south, which is a national park. This piece of land has everything – cultural and historical monuments, natural attractions, several museums, settlements and more.

You can get to the spit only by ferry. It takes only 15-20 minutes and the ferry mooring in the northernmost settlement of the Curonian Spit – Smiltene. When you arrive in Smiltene, you can visit the Maritime Museum and Dolphinarium, and ethnographic fisherman’s house.

The main attraction of the spit are the dunes. Walking around them gives the impression of unreality of what is happening – the farther you go, the stronger the feeling of loneliness in the desert. Now the movement of the dunes is limited because the spit is safely protected by pine forests, bushes and grass, but in two places they move freely across the whole spit.

Laisves Alley.

Translated from Lithuanian, it means freedom alley. This is a pedestrian boulevard, which runs from the west to the east. It is 1621 m long and 24 m wide. The alley is located in the Naujamiestis district of Kaunas.

Laisves Avenue

Freedom Alley connects Nepriklausomibes and Venibes squares, and the square near the City Hall. The Church of St. Michael the Archangel divides the alley into two unequal parts. Along the entire street stretches a bicycle lane, there are strange-looking sculptures and a monument to the Lithuanian Prince Vitovt.

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This is the most popular street in Kaunas, with many trees and flowerbeds and stores. On both sides of the alley there are cafes, bars and restaurants. No smoking is allowed here as there is a ban on air pollution by nicotine smoke and as a result – tourists and residents have 2 km of clean air.

Kernavé .

It is an ancient town, which appeared in 1279, during the reign of Prince Trojden. A characteristic feature of such settlements is the presence of small wooden fortresses called pilyakalnisy. During the heyday of Kernavé, the city had 5 pilakalnis, of which 4 were on the neighboring hills and the fifth in the distance.

Kernavė

In 1390, the metropolitan history of the city came to an end, as the castle was burned by the Teutonic Order during its siege. The city did not disappear, but it was removed from the political map forever. The surviving inhabitants moved from the river valley to the high ground, and the untouched cultural layer of Kernavė was covered with silt during the river floods, which subsequently made it an ideal place for excavations.

Today, the entire area of the ancient city is an archaeological reserve listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. All finds and reconstructions can be viewed at Kernavé Cultural Reserve Museum.

Witches Mountain

A hill covered with a pine forest and forming part of the sand dune of the Curonian Spit near the village of Juodkrante is the Witches’ Mountain. Ancient tribes held rituals here, which is why the mountain was called the Witch’s Mountain. Even in the 19th and 20th centuries on the mountain jumping over campfires and looking for ferns.

Witch Mountain

Since 1979, the mountain unofficially belongs to the blacksmiths and carvers, as they have created a unique museum of oak and iron sculptures in the open air. Today, more than 80 sculptures of positive and negative characters inhabit the mountain.

According to legend, if you whisper your heartfelt wish to one of the sculptures, it will surely come true, and a rest on one of the benches will help to get rid of chronic diseases. From the top of the mountain you can enjoy a beautiful panoramic view of the Baltic Sea and the Curonian Spit.

Palanga Amber Park and Museum

Amber is a Lithuanian stone and the best gift you can take from this country. It is a cult object and a source of pride, as with pearls, amber has a long “life” – under water it is eternal, but on the surface, under the influence of oxygen, begins to decay. Amber is a Lithuanian landmark and there is a whole museum devoted to it.

Amber Park and Museum in Palanga

Amber Museum was founded in 1963 in the spacious palace of Earl Tyshkevicha, the palace itself is a historical landmark, built in the Renaissance style in the 19th century.

The Amber Museum has 15 exhibition halls with a total area of 750 thousand square meters. There are the largest specimens of the mineral, interior items, jewelry and decorative panels made of amber. The total number of unique displays of amber is 4.5 thousand, 28,000 items. There is also an exhibition and sale, where you can buy products made of honey stone.

Old Town of Klaipeda

Located on the left bank of the Dana River. The narrow streets preserve the history of Lithuania. Since its founding in 1252, the city has belonged to the Germans, so there are German fachtwork buildings.

Old Town of Klaipeda

Lithuanians were forbidden to live in the city, so they settled in the surrounding area. But during World War II, Soviet troops occupied the city, and all Germans were sent back to their historic homeland. For a time the town was abandoned, but a little later it began to be inhabited by Lithuanians, Russians and Belarusians.

A part of the fort on the Curonian Spit, some fragments of Melbourne Castle and narrow medieval streets have survived to our time.

Kaunas Old Town

The Old Town begins at the confluence of the Neris and Neman Rivers. Kaunas has a lot of stark brick Gothic and Renaissance, little Baroque. It is a brighter and more colorful, but less well-maintained city – many houses are in very poor condition.

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Kaunas Old Town

Here you can visit the museums of Kaunas Castle, Town Hall and Kaunas Pharmacy, where the tour is led by a guide who tells a lot of interesting information concerning the history of pharmacy. You can also visit the observation decks, which offer a stunning view of the city.

Aukstaitija National Park

Located in northeastern Lithuania, 100 km north of Vilnius. The park was founded in 1974 and got its current name in 1991. The park covers more than 400 square kilometers, or 1% of the territory of Lithuania.

Aukstaitija National Park

The main attraction of the park is Ladakalnis Hill. The name literally translates as “ice mountain,” but it is associated with the name of the Slavic goddess mother Lada. In ancient times, ceremonies and rituals dedicated to the goddess were held on this hill.

The hill offers an amazing view of Lake Baluošas. There are seven islands, one of which has its own small lake. In total, there are about 126 lakes in the national park.

The park is home to birds and plants listed in the Red Book – 64 species of plants, 8 species of mushrooms, and 48 species of birds. On the territory of the national park are placed Lithuanian villages, where you can see the work of windmills, visit wooden churches and the “Museum of ancient beekeeping.

St. Anne’s Church and the Bernardine Church

Located in the Old Town on Maironyo Street. It is a Roman Catholic church built in the 13th century in the style of classical Gothic architecture and forms a single ensemble with the monastery and the Church of St. Bernard and St. Francis.

St. Anne Church and Bernardine Church

Originally the church was wooden, but in 1495 it was dismantled and a stone church was built, which was consecrated in 1501. In 1564 there was a fire and the building was deserted, but in 1581 Prince Nicholas Radziwill restored it and re-consecrated it, after which the church acquired the appearance that survived until our days. In the 19th century, a new Gothic bell tower was added, which has survived until nowadays.

Today, there are 14 altars with wooden figures of saints, several dozen beautiful tombstones and the oldest crucifix in Lithuania. The ensemble of the church and church is a unique blend of Gothic and Classicism, and is very popular with locals and tourists.

What to see in Nida?

Nida is located 4 km from the Russian border. It is the largest settlement on the Curonian Spit. Here you can visit the following attractions:

  • Thomas Mann Museum – located in the house-museum on the Nida hill. The writer himself thought this place was magnificent, and in 1930 he bought a plot of land here, on which he built his house. Over time, the house was turned into a museum.
  • Historical Museum of Neringa – was founded in 1966. The basis of the museum are expositions about the craft of the inhabitants of the spit, about the Stone Age settlement, about the everyday life and daily life of Nida.
  • The sculpture of the goddess Jurata is installed on the territory of the national park. Made of bronze, in the form of an image of a grieving naked woman sitting at the edge of the pool.
  • Nida cemetery – this place keeps the ethnographic traditions of the 19th and 20th centuries of Nida. The tombstones are made of wood in the shape of animals, birds, plants.

Attractions in Palanga

Coming to this city is definitely worth a visit:

Interesting places in Druskininkai

Druskininkai is an ancient city in southern Lithuania with many historical and cultural monuments. Popular places among tourists are:

About what to see in Lithuania and what cities are the most unusual – learn from the video:

Attractions of Lithuania on the map

On this map, you can see the most popular and main attractions of Lithuania. This map will help you to orientate yourself and plan your route:

Lithuanian sights on the map

Given the wide range of beautiful and ancient places, you will find something to entertain yourself in Lithuania. You can visit museums, nature reserves or small villages. If you want to take a break from history and architecture, you can visit cozy coffee houses and restaurants serving delicious local cuisine.

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