List of Turtle Species in Virginia 2024 (ID + Pics) | Virginia Turtle Species Catalog

Welcome to the Virginia Turtle Species Catalog, a comprehensive guide to the turtles that can be found in the beautiful state of Virginia. Here you will find a diverse array of turtle species, each with their own unique characteristics and habitat preferences. Whether you are a nature enthusiast, a wildlife researcher, or simply interested in learning more about these fascinating creatures, this catalog is the perfect resource for you.

Virginia is home to a wide variety of turtle species, ranging from small freshwater turtles to large sea turtles. Some of the most common species found in Virginia include the Eastern box turtle, the painted turtle, the snapping turtle, and the common musk turtle. Each of these species has its own distinct physical features and behavior patterns, making them a delight to observe in their natural habitats.

Throughout this catalog, you will find detailed information on each turtle species, including their scientific name, physical description, habitat preferences, diet, and conservation status. In addition, we have included high-quality photographs to help you visualize each species and appreciate their unique beauty.

Whether you are a resident of Virginia or planning a visit to the state, we hope that this catalog will inspire you to explore and appreciate the rich diversity of turtle species that call Virginia home. So grab your camera, put on your hiking boots, and embark on an adventure to discover the incredible turtles of Virginia!

List of Turtle Species in Virginia 2024 (ID + Pics)

List of Turtle Species in Virginia 2024 (ID + Pics)

Virginia is home to a diverse range of turtle species. These fascinating creatures can be found in a variety of habitats, from ponds and rivers to forests and wetlands. Here is a list of the turtle species that can be found in Virginia in 2024, along with their identification and pictures:

  • Eastern Box Turtle (Terrapene carolina): The Eastern Box Turtle is a terrestrial species with a domed shell. It is easily recognized by its colorful markings and the ability to completely close its shell.
  • Common Snapping Turtle (Chelydra serpentina): The Common Snapping Turtle is a large aquatic turtle with a powerful bite. It has a rough shell and a long neck that it can extend quickly to catch prey.
  • Painted Turtle (Chrysemys picta): The Painted Turtle is a small to medium-sized turtle with a shell that is usually adorned with colorful markings. It is often found basking on logs or rocks.
  • Eastern Mud Turtle (Kinosternon subrubrum): The Eastern Mud Turtle is a small turtle with a dark shell. It can often be found in muddy habitats and is known for its ability to emit a foul smelling odor when threatened.
  • Eastern Musk Turtle (Sternotherus odoratus): The Eastern Musk Turtle is a small turtle with a black or dark brown shell. It is named for the musky odor it emits when handled or threatened.
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These are just a few examples of the turtle species that inhabit Virginia. Each species has its own unique characteristics and adaptations that allow it to thrive in the diverse ecosystems of the state. Observing and learning about these turtles is not only educational but also a great way to appreciate the natural beauty of Virginia’s wildlife.

Eastern Box Turtle

Eastern Box Turtle

The Eastern Box Turtle (Terrapene carolina carolina) is a species of turtle native to the eastern United States, including Virginia. It is known for its unique appearance and behavior.

The Eastern Box Turtle has a dome-shaped shell, which can range in color from dark brown to black. Each shell is also adorned with intricate patterns and markings, making every turtle unique. The shell can measure up to six inches long and is hinged, allowing the turtle to completely close itself inside for protection.

One distinguishing feature of the Eastern Box Turtle is its ability to retract its head and limbs completely inside its shell. This defensive mechanism helps protect the turtle from predators. It also has bright orange or yellow eyes and a beak-like mouth.

The diet of the Eastern Box Turtle consists mainly of insects, worms, fruits, and mushrooms. It is a slow-moving terrestrial turtle that spends much of its time on land, although it is capable of swimming when necessary.

Female Eastern Box Turtles lay their eggs in a shallow nest dug in the ground, typically between May and July. The eggs hatch after several months, and the young turtles are left to fend for themselves.

The Eastern Box Turtle has a long lifespan, with some individuals living for more than 100 years. However, their population numbers have been declining due to habitat loss, fragmentation, and road mortality. They are considered a species of concern in many states, including Virginia.

If you encounter an Eastern Box Turtle in the wild, it is important to observe from a distance and avoid handling or disturbing the turtle. They should be allowed to go about their activities undisturbed to ensure their survival in the wild.

Conservation Status: Species of concern

Painted Turtle

Painted Turtle

Scientific name: Chrysemys picta

Identification: The painted turtle is a medium-sized freshwater turtle that has a smooth, oval-shaped carapace (upper shell) with colorful patterns that resemble brushstrokes. The carapace can range in color from dark green to black, and it typically has bright red and orange markings along the edges. The plastron (lower shell) is yellow with dark patches. The head, neck, and limbs are striped with yellow and black. Adult painted turtles can reach a carapace length of up to 6 inches.

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Habitat: Painted turtles are commonly found in freshwater habitats such as ponds, lakes, marshes, and slow-moving rivers. They prefer areas with abundant aquatic vegetation, submerged logs, and rocks where they can bask and sunbathe. Painted turtles are known to be tolerant of polluted waters, and can often be observed basking on logs or rocks near the water’s edge.

Behavior and Diet: Painted turtles are diurnal and are most active during the day. They are primarily herbivorous, feeding on a variety of aquatic plants, algae, and insects. Painted turtles are also opportunistic feeders and can consume small fish and carrion when available. During the summer, they can often be seen basking on logs or rocks to regulate their body temperature.

Reproduction: Painted turtles mate in the spring and early summer. Female turtles dig nests in sandy soil or loose vegetation near the water’s edge, where they lay clutches of 5 to 12 eggs. The eggs incubate for approximately 60 to 80 days before hatching. The gender of the hatchlings is determined by the temperature at which the eggs are incubated, with higher temperatures producing more females.

Conservation: The painted turtle is a common species and is not currently considered threatened or endangered. However, habitat loss, pollution, and the illegal pet trade can have negative impacts on populations. It is important to protect their natural habitats and refrain from collecting them as pets.

Eastern Mud Turtle

Eastern Mud Turtle

The Eastern Mud Turtle (Kinosternon subrubrum) is a small semi-aquatic turtle species that is native to Virginia. It is also commonly known as the Common Mud Turtle.

Eastern Mud Turtles have a smooth, olive or brown-colored carapace, or shell, that reaches lengths of about 4 to 5 inches. Their plastron, or lower shell, is yellowish and hinged, allowing them to completely close up their shell for protection.

These turtles are typically found in slow-moving, shallow bodies of water such as ponds, marshes, and streams. They are adaptable to both freshwater and brackish water habitats. Eastern Mud Turtles are known for spending a lot of time buried in mud or vegetation along the water’s edge.

Eastern Mud Turtles are omnivorous, feeding on a variety of invertebrates, small fish, plants, and carrion. They are known to scavenge for food on the bottom of aquatic habitats and using their powerful jaws to crush snails and other hard-shelled prey.

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Females typically lay 1 to 6 eggs in a nest dug in sandy or muddy soil. The eggs hatch in late summer or early fall, and the hatchlings emerge the following spring. The Eastern Mud Turtle has a relatively long lifespan for a small turtle, with individuals living up to 50 years in the wild.

The Eastern Mud Turtle is considered a species of least concern in terms of conservation status, as it has a wide distribution throughout the eastern United States. However, habitat loss, pollution, and collection for the pet trade remain potential threats to its population.

Wood Turtle

Wood Turtle

The Wood Turtle (Glyptemys insculpta) is a medium-sized freshwater turtle native to the eastern United States and southern Canada. It is known for its beautiful shell, which has a high-domed shape and deep, curved grooves. Wood Turtles are highly terrestrial and can be found in forested areas near streams, rivers, and wetlands.

Physical Description

Physical Description

  • The shell of the Wood Turtle is typically brown or black, with distinct yellow or orange markings.
  • Adults can reach a carapace length of around 5 to 8 inches.
  • The head and limbs of the Wood Turtle are typically dark brown or olive, with yellow or orange markings.

Habitat and Range

Habitat and Range

Wood Turtles prefer forested areas near water sources such as streams, rivers, and wetlands. They can be found in both deciduous and coniferous forests, as well as in meadows and agricultural fields.

The range of Wood Turtles extends from southern Canada, through the eastern United States, and reaches as far south as northern Georgia. In Virginia, they are found primarily in the western part of the state.

Diet and Behavior

Diet and Behavior

Wood Turtles are omnivorous and have a diverse diet. They feed on a variety of vegetation, including leaves, fruits, flowers, and mushrooms. They also eat insects, worms, and other small invertebrates.

During the warm months, Wood Turtles are active during the day and spend their time foraging for food. They are excellent climbers and are often found basking on logs or rocks. In the winter, they hibernate in underground burrows or in the leaf litter.

Conservation Status

Conservation Status

The Wood Turtle is currently listed as a Species of Special Concern in Virginia. Habitat loss, road mortality, and collection for the pet trade are some of the threats facing this species. Efforts are being made to protect and conserve Wood Turtle populations through habitat preservation and management.

If you spot a Wood Turtle in Virginia, it is important to appreciate it from a distance and avoid disturbing its habitat. Remember, these turtles are an important part of the ecosystem and should be protected.

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What types of turtles can be found in Virginia?

In Virginia, you can find a variety of turtle species including the Eastern box turtle, painted turtle, snapping turtle, red-eared slider, and many more.

Are there any endangered turtle species in Virginia?

Yes, there are several endangered turtle species in Virginia. Some of them include the bog turtle, the spotted turtle, and the wood turtle.


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Eddie Ross

Wow, this article on the “List of Turtle Species in Virginia 2024” is absolutely fascinating! As a nature enthusiast and proud resident of Virginia, I am always eager to learn more about the unique wildlife that can be found in my state. The inclusion of identification numbers and pictures for each turtle species makes it incredibly informative and visually appealing. The diversity of turtle species in Virginia never ceases to amaze me. From the Common Snapping Turtle to the Eastern Box Turtle, it’s truly remarkable to see the various sizes, shapes, and colors these reptiles come in. The pictures provided in the article capture the essence of each species, allowing readers like myself to better understand their physical characteristics and appreciate their natural beauty. I particularly enjoyed learning about the different habitats and behaviors of these turtles. It’s fascinating to know that some species prefer freshwater environments, while others thrive in salt marshes or swamps. This information not only enhances our knowledge but also helps us to better appreciate the delicate balance of nature and the importance of preserving these habitats for future generations. Overall, this article has left me with a renewed appreciation for the incredible biodiversity that can be found right here in Virginia. I am now eager to explore the outdoors, armed with the knowledge gained from this article, in the hopes of catching a glimpse of these magnificent creatures in their natural habitats. Thank you for providing such an enlightening and visually stunning resource!


I loved this article on the “List of Turtle Species in Virginia 2024 (ID + Pics) Virginia Turtle Species Catalog”! As a nature enthusiast, I find it fascinating to learn about the diverse wildlife in my own state. The inclusion of ID and pictures makes it so much easier for me to identify the different turtle species I might come across while exploring Virginia’s natural beauty. What I particularly enjoyed about this article was how comprehensive it was. It covered a wide range of turtle species, providing descriptions and key identification features for each. The pictures were also incredibly helpful, allowing me to visually compare the turtles I might encounter. I was thrilled to discover that Virginia is home to such a rich variety of turtle species. From the iconic Eastern Box Turtle and Snapping Turtle to the Lesser-known Wood Turtle and Red-bellied Turtle, it’s exciting to know that these creatures are thriving in our local ecosystems. Reading this article has inspired me to delve further into the world of turtles and their role in maintaining a balanced ecosystem. I’m now motivated to learn more about each species’ habitat, behavior, and conservation status. It’s great to see that efforts are being made to protect these unique creatures and their habitats. Overall, this article has not only provided me with valuable information about the turtle species in Virginia but has also fueled my passion for nature and wildlife conservation. I can’t wait to get out there and try to spot these amazing turtles myself!

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William Harris

I had no idea that Virginia had such a diverse range of turtle species! The “List of Turtle Species in Virginia 2024” is an amazing catalog that provides identification and pictures of each turtle species found in the state. As a nature enthusiast, I found this article to be incredibly informative and well-written. The pictures accompanying each turtle species entry were particularly helpful in visually identifying the different turtles. It was fascinating to learn about the various sizes, colors, and patterns that these turtles possess. I especially enjoyed seeing the Eastern Box Turtle and the Painted Turtle, as they are such iconic turtle species. The extensive list of turtle species in Virginia showcased the richness of the state’s ecosystem and made me appreciate the importance of conservation efforts. It’s remarkable to think that all these different turtle species coexist in Virginia’s diverse habitats, from forests and wetlands to rivers and lakes. I appreciate the effort put into creating this catalog, as it provides a valuable resource for anyone interested in Virginia’s wildlife. The detailed descriptions, including information on habitat, diet, and behavior, further enhanced my understanding of these amazing creatures. Overall, the “List of Turtle Species in Virginia 2024” is an impressive compilation of information and visuals that truly captured my attention. I highly recommend it to fellow nature enthusiasts and those wanting to learn more about the turtles found in Virginia’s beautiful landscapes.

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