Great people of Russia from the list: 100 great people who changed the world.
Russian Prince Svyatoslav, who ruled in Kiev, had three sons – Yaropolk, Oleg and Vladimir. Immediately after Svyatoslav’s death the brothers went to war against each other, each wanted to rule in Kiev, to become the one-man prince. Vladimir in this war showed great foresight and was the winner. He converted to Christianity, baptized Russia, and helped in every way to educate the common people.
Prince Ivan III of Russia (1440-1505) – the Unifier of the Russian Land
Grand Duke Vasily II of Moscow, nicknamed the Dark, during his lifetime involved his son Ivan in the management of state affairs. Thereby he confirmed his legitimate rights to the succession to the throne. All business papers were signed by both of them. Ivan entered into full rights after the death of his father, when he was 22 years old. Ivan III began to unite the Russian lands around Moscow, turning it into the capital of the all-Russian state. Under him, the Moscow principality was rid of the Mongol-Tatar yoke. He was able to listen carefully to the advice of his boyars. At a mature age, Prince Ivan 3 did not like to take part in military campaigns, believing that the battle should be fought by commanders, and the sovereign at home should solve important issues.
During 43 years of his reign, the Moscow principality was freed from the power of the Horde khans, significantly expanded and strengthened. Under his reign the code of laws “Code of Laws” was adopted, the land tenure system appeared.
Peter I (1672-1725) – “Whatever I want should be.
Peter the Great was truly great. Peter had everything great – growth, troops, battles, territories, designs. He sought not only to expand the borders of the Russian state, but to make life in it like what he saw in Europe. He learned much himself and taught others. However, in his desire to quickly implement the new order often went to extremes, bloody reprisals in his time were not uncommon. He was in a hurry in everything, as if he felt that fate had given him not a very long life.
Catherine II (1729-1796 ) – Enlightened Monarchess
On June 28, 1762, a bloodless palace coup took place in St. Petersburg. The wife of Emperor Peter III, Catherine Alexeyevna, with the help of the Guards, removed her husband from power and declared herself autocratic empress. Once on the Russian throne, Catherine II tried to win the loyalty and love of her subjects. She carried out many economic transformations, promoted the development of trade in every possible way, torture and executions were abolished in Russia, elected courts appeared. The period of her reign was called the “Golden Age,” and the Empress herself was called the Great.
Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin (1799-1837) – The Sun of Russian Poetry
Time inexorably removes us from Pushkin, a poet, playwright, novelist, but his creative genius from this manifests itself more clearly. His poems, poems and novels showed different sides of Russian reality, secular life and peasant life, they reflected the poet’s restless soul, deep feelings and experiences. His poetry and prose were enthusiastically received by the readers of the nineteenth century. It was then that an aura of his greatness was created, he came to be regarded as the ancestor of Russian literature, the creator of the modern literary language. It is no coincidence that the time in which he lived is called the “Pushkin era.”
Nikolai Ivanovich Pirogov (1810-1881) – Surgeon by God
Nikolai Ivanovich Pirogov worked for hours in the anatomical theater, cutting soft tissues, examining diseased organs, sawing bones, and looking for replacements for damaged joints. Anatomy became a practical school for him, laying the foundation for his later successful surgical work. Pirogov was the first to put forward the idea of plastic operations, applied anesthesia in the military field surgery, first to apply plaster bandages in the field conditions, suggested the existence of pathogenic microorganisms causing suppuration of wounds. His works and various medical atlases had brought the Russian surgery to one of the first places in the world.
Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoyevsky (1821- 1881) – Defender of the Poor
Despite Fyodor Dostoyevsky’s widespread popularity in Russia, worldwide recognition and interest in his work came only after his death. Everyone noted his deep psychologism and passionate portrayal of the “humiliated and insulted. The German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche wrote that Dostoyevsky was the only psychologist from whom he learned something. The works of Fyodor Mikhailovich had a marked influence on writers: the Austrian Stefan Zweig, the Frenchman Marcel Proust, the Englishman Oscar Wilde, the Germans Thomas and Heinrich Mann.
Leo Tolstoy (1828-1910) – A preacher of morality
Konstantin Stanislavsky, the famous Russian theater director and creator of acting, wrote in his book “My Life in Art” that in the difficult years of the first revolutions, when despair seized people, many people remembered that at the same time together with them lived Leo Tolstoy. And it became easier on the soul. He was the conscience of humanity. At the end of the XIX and at the beginning of the XX century, Tolstoy became the spokesman for the thoughts and hopes of millions of people. He was a moral support for many. He was read and listened to, not only in Russia, but also in Europe, America and Asia.
Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleev (1834-1907) – Lawmaker in Chemistry
Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleev was a versatile scientist: in the laboratory he examined the new properties of materials, at plants and factories he analyzed the results of their use, and at his desk he carefully summarized the information. Each year he traveled to different regions of the country, went abroad. He created the Periodic system of chemical elements – an ingenious discovery – established the dependence of various properties of the elements on the charge of the atomic nucleus and was adopted throughout the world. The collection of his scientific works amounts to 25 volumes.
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (1840-1893) – Composer for All Times
Foreign performers of piano music, violinists, cellists and vocalists are well aware of the Tchaikovsky International Music Competition, which is held every four years in Moscow. The Russian composer’s symphonic works have long been performed in the concert halls of many of the world’s leading capitals, and his operas and ballets are featured in the repertoires of the world’s leading opera houses. Tchaikovsky has left a huge musical legacy that has become part of world culture.
Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936) – Teacher of Reflex Theory
Winner of the Nobel Prize in Medicine and Physiology in 1904, the Russian scientist Ivan Pavlov, creator of the science of higher nervous activity, has been recognized as the foremost physiologist of the world.
Vladimir Ivanovich Vernadsky (1863-1945) – Discoverer of the Biosphere
Vladimir Vernadsky has entered the history of Russian and world science as an outstanding naturalist, thinker, and social activist. He studied such special areas of knowledge about the Earth as geology, crystallography, mineralogy, geochemistry, biology. And he defined the path of the general evolution of the Earth, introduced the concepts of “biosphere” and “noosphere” – the area of life on Earth as a result of the evolutionary impact on it by man. He was the forerunner of a new branch of science – ecology.
Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov (Lenin) (1870-1924) – Practitioner of building communism
Vladimir Ilyich Lenin is the most famous political figure of the 20th century. For over 70 years in the Soviet Union, he was considered the consummate genius who set out to build communism in Russia. In 1917, Lenin undertook the impossible task of making backward, agrarian Russia socialist and then communist. He dreamed that the workers would receive everything according to their needs. The idea proved untenable. True, after Lenin the country gradually moved to an industrial path of development. Communism was not achieved, but at the cost of enormous effort, including the millions of human sacrifices, the USSR moved closer to the forefront on the world stage.
Joseph Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili (Stalin) (1878-1953) – Inspirer of all victories
Joseph Stalin, General Secretary of the Central Committee of the All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks), head of the Soviet government, led the country to industrial development, with his name the Soviet people won the Great Patriotic War, he caused a massive heroism of labor, with him the country became a superpower. But he also imposed a totalitarian, dictatorial regime in the country, conducted forced collectivization, under him the country experienced famine, massive repression, the world community was divided into two camps – the socialist and capitalist. In history, Stalin remained a dual personality: a victor in the war and a tyrant of his own people.
Sergei Pavlovich Korolev (1906-1966) – Chief Designer
Sergei Pavlovich Korolev was an outstanding design engineer who dreamed of conquering space. He greatly contributed to the organization of production of rocket and space technology and rocket weapons in the Soviet Union. He was the first in the world to launch satellites, scientific stations, and spacecraft into earth orbit. The reports about it shocked the whole world. He dreamed of exploring the vastness of the universe with automatic machines and began to prepare a flight to Mars, but he did not have time to carry out his plans.
Land of great men and great history
Spring is a beautiful time, the sun is warming up, everything is reviving and blooming. Unfortunately in Russia in most cities we have to wade through snow drifts in early spring. And even in Europe , many cities are still cold. But, nevertheless, there are plenty of options for a great spring break. France is one of them.
Country France – a country of great people, great creations, great history . This country will always be at the forefront of the world tourism scene. There is something to see: the first movie was made here, color movies and television as well gave us the country, the most popular trendsetters of fashion, style and beauty are also in France . Everyone knows how good holiday in this country. The most romantic city in the world – Paris, the most fun city in the world – Nice, the most elegant – Cannes. All of this is France!
Paris is a city whose visit will keep memories of a vacation for a long time, if not your whole life. This wonderful and beautiful city is divided by the beautiful river Seine. The main attraction, which come to see from all over the world is, of course, the Eiffel Tower . Also famous are the Champs Elysees, the Arc de Triomphe, the Louvre, and Disneyland Paris . Paris is a beautiful city, which is considered the largest museum in the open air. There are more than one thousand two hundred exhibits, which during the city visited by thirty-five million tourists.
The port city of Nice is the tourist center of the Mediterranean. The city is on the Mediterranean bay (Baie des Anges), close to the Italian border. Surrounded by green hills, Nice is considered one of the best resorts on the French Riviera. Nice is a great seaside resort, with pebbly beaches, well equipped with sun loungers and bars. It’s also home to the Carnival of Flowers, with costume parades and colorful fireworks. This city is considered a sophisticated resort that charms everyone.
Set on the Mediterranean coast, Cannes is the most beautiful city in France. Lovers of elite vacation flock here every year, and they know what they’re doing. Here is an annual film festival, which bears the proud name “Cannes Film Festival”. Besides a film festival Cannes is famous for its attractions. It is worth to visit the old town, in the center of which is a hill Suquet – the ancient Castrum Canois. In the old town, it is considered the main historical monument. The three museums of the city are all worth a visit: the Museum of the Mediterranean Antiquities Collection, the Museum of the Sea, and the Museum of Modern Art. Of course, the number one reason to visit Cannes is the azure shores of the Mediterranean Sea, with sunshine and silky sand.
France is the best place for lovers of good rest. But whichever city you choose, a piece of France will always remain in your heart.