Labrador region, Canada

Newfoundland and Labrador

Newfoundland and Labrador is Canada’s tenth province, the youngest province in the country, having been incorporated 60 years ago.

Newfoundland and Labrador are two peninsulas and one province in Canada with its rich history and natural beauty.

These lands were taken over many years ago by people who came there in search of experiences and experiences, and stayed for life.

The Vikings (Scandinavians) were the first visitors to the islands, and early settlers came from England, Ireland and Scotland.

Newfoundland and Labrador is the easternmost Canadian province, which is located in the northeastern corner of North America. It also includes thousands of small islands.

Symbols of the province are the caribou reindeer, the deadstock bird and the black spruce tree.

The word “Newfoundland” means “new land,” and the Labrador Peninsula got its name from the scientist with the same last name who discovered it.

Newfoundland Peninsula is separated from Labrador by the Bell Isle Strait. Newfoundland has a rocky, deeply rugged coastline.

Much of the peninsula is a plateau with many lakes and marshes, and much of the Labrador Peninsula is covered by dense forests.

The climate in the province is subarctic. Strong winds and storms are common here. Researchers also call it the foggiest place on earth.

Summers in the province are cool and the growing season is short, so agriculture develops slowly here, growing only potatoes and a few types of vegetables.

Most of the inhabitants live on the Newfoundland Peninsula and only 5% live on the Labrador Peninsula. Most are British, French, Indians, and in the north of Labrador you can see Eskimos.

People live in fishing villages along the coast, in small rural communities, and in towns.

The capital of the province is St. John’s. Approximately 100,000 people live there, and the total population on the peninsulas is about 600,000.

Fish processing is one of the main industries in the province. Fishermen catch cod, herring, salmon, flounder, and tuna, as well as lobster, shrimp, and crabs. Major exports are oil, iron ore, and electricity.

Churchill Falls, which is located on the Labrador Peninsula, is the second largest underground hydroelectric power plant in the world.

Facts about Newfoundland and Labrador

Newfoundland and Labrador is the only province that has four flags, its own time zone, its own “encyclopedia”, its own “dictionary” and even its own “dog”.

It was here that the first transatlantic flight was made, wireless communication was invented and an artificial ice arena was built. The active people who inhabit this province give it a natural beauty, developing a culture and an extensive heritage that goes back more than 5 thousand years.

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The province of Newfoundland and Labrador has special places, as if from paradise, where people come every summer. The tent cities offer picturesque views of the mountains. There you can enjoy the healthy northern air and discover truly wild places.

The diverse nature makes this mysterious province unforgettable. You can find turquoise, lime green, and raspberry on every corner. It is very easy to forget that this place is as real as the sea that surrounds it.

The climate of the island is temperate maritime, but rather harsh; the northern tip of the island and all of Labrador belong to the Subarctic zone.

Temperatures of the warmest month – August – range from +15 °С on the island to +10 °С on Labrador, temperatures of January – respectively from -4 °С to -20 °С.

St. John’s – the average temperature in July +15.3 ° C, January -3.8 ° C, the absolute maximum of +30.6 ° C, minimum -23.3 ° C.

Newfoundland and Labrador – a province with “its own atmosphere”.

A peculiar language, isolated life, but very friendly people – all this about the province of Newfoundland and Labrador.

In this article we will cover the following topics:

  • geographic location;
  • climate;
  • where to live;
  • crime;
  • education;
  • jobs and wages;
  • professions in demand;
  • prices and taxes;
  • medicine;
  • population;
  • what to see;
  • immigration programs.


Newfoundland and Labrador is the easternmost province of Canada and the largest of the Atlantic provinces. It consists of the island of Newfoundland and the continental part, the Labrador Peninsula. In addition, it includes more than 7,000 small islands. Approximately 528,000 people live on an area of more than 400,000 square kilometers. The capital is St. John’s, located on Newfoundland Island.

It was Britain’s first overseas colony and is still the most “English-speaking” province in Canada with only 2.4% of the population speaking French, less than any other province. English here, however, is not simple. Many people hear an Irish accent, and some settlements even speak the language of Shakespeare’s time.

But do not jump to conclusions and write off Newfoundland and Labrador. It’s an amazing land with a rich history, beautiful nature, unusual architecture in the cities and very friendly people. And also there rather low prices, and the province authorities actively attract immigrants with relatively easy conditions of immigration programs.

Interesting fact: long before Columbus, the Vikings, who sailed from Greenland, established a settlement on the territory of the province.

Newfoundland and Labrador

The climate is harsh, but not everywhere.

Without embellishment, the climate in Newfoundland and Labrador is quite harsh. This is partly why not everyone wants to live in the province. The north of Newfoundland and the entire Labrador Peninsula belong to the Subarctic zone. Much of the province is covered with taiga, and in Labrador part of the territory is tundra. Harsh conditions make farming difficult.

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Temperatures average from -4 to -20 degrees Celsius in winter, and rise to only 15 or even less in summer. Newfoundland is warmer than Labrador.

The climate is most pleasant on the Avalon Peninsula, which is part of the island of Newfoundland. Avalon is home to about half of the province’s population and is home to its capital, St. John’s. The average temperature in July on the peninsula is 15, and in January -4.

Of course, you’re unlikely to get a tan in most towns of the province. But Newfoundland and Labrador is not the coldest province in Canada, and those who can’t stand the heat will even like the local climate. Moreover, there is quite warm Quebec and Prince Edward Island in the neighborhood. By the way, the province also has its own “resort” town, where you can feel the real summer, but about that a little later.

On the edge of North America

Clean air, mountains, forests within walking distance, and endless ocean all around – that’s just about the way life in the province can be briefly described in terms of the environment. Newfoundland and Labrador is without exaggeration one of the best places to admire the beauty of nature.

Newfoundland and Labrador

The province has as many as three national parks, one reserve park, 18 ecological wildlife refuges and wonderful botanical gardens.

The highlight of the province! Whales, seabirds and icebergs can be seen from the coastline, which stretches for 29,000 kilometers.

Where to live in Newfoundland and Labrador?

The population of the Labrador Peninsula is only 30,000 people. 95% of the people live on Newfoundland. Labrador is mostly settled by those who work in the mining industry. Newfoundland and Labrador – definitely for those who do not like big cities, and prefers a quiet measured life.

St. John’s

Approximately 200,000 locals have settled in and around St. John’s, with the rest mostly living in smaller towns and settlements along the coastline. Other than St. Johns, there are no major cities in the province.

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St. Johns is notable for its memorable brightly colored homes. Modern condominiums can be found along the coast. Heritage preservation laws prohibit overly high buildings here and provide for certain building styles. So you don’t have to worry that a high-rise will one day “grow” in front of your house and block your view.

There is an airport 6 kilometers from the city, which serves both domestic and international flights.

Newfoundland and Labrador

Perhaps St. Johns is one of the best options in the province for moving with children. It has plenty of kindergartens, schools and colleges with instruction in both English and French. The city is also home to Memorial University of Newfoundland. The province has an immigration program for its graduates.

Corner Brook

It is the second largest city after St. John’s and the center of northern Newfoundland. It is slightly warmer in summer, averaging 17 degrees, and somewhat cooler in winter, usually around -7.

The town is quite lively. There are good high schools and schools and hospitals, and there is a ski resort. In terms of moving with his family Corner Brook will suit those who prefer private schools – there are plenty. But most children in this city and others attend public schools near home.

Corner Brook is home to a pulp and paper mill that employs a large portion of the population.

Mount Pearl

This is that resort town of the province. Here you can bask in the sun: temperatures average 23 degrees in summer and the same in winter as in other towns on the Avalon Peninsula. The pleasant climate attracts people, and this leads to residential and industrial development.

Call it a densely populated city, though – there are only a little over 20,000 people. Many people come to the city only for the summer.

Other towns

Happy Valley Hook Bay is an important transportation hub on the Labrador Peninsula. It is at the intersection of road, sea, and air routes. Accordingly, the residents there are mainly those whose work is related to the transport industry. The city has beautiful nature, but it is one of the coldest in the province: the average temperature in January – about -17 degrees, and in July – only 15 degrees.

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Stevenville is a small town on the west coast of Newfoundland. It has a modern hospital, schools, a movie theater, banks, an international airport, and a seaport and colleges.

St. Albans is the center of aquaculture and hydropower in the province. There is a hydroelectric power plant, a fish health laboratory, a large hatchery, a factory for the production of fishing nets and cages. This city is worth considering for relocation if your profession is related to the above areas.


Newfoundland and Labrador ranks sixth among all Canadian provinces and territories in terms of safety. The number of crimes per 100,000 residents is 6,478. The crime severity index is 71.56.


Memorial University of Newfoundland (MUN)

Newfoundland and Labrador

Memorial University of Newfoundland, the only university in the province but one of the largest in Canada, is located in St. John’s. It has more than 17,000 students, including about 3,000 international students. Tuition at Memorial University costs $11,460 Canadian dollars per year for international students. Living on the campus of the university will cost an average of $4,500 Canadian dollars per year, the price may be higher or lower, depending on which campus and which room the student chooses.

College of the North Atlantic

This is a large public college that offers a huge number of programs of study: about 100 full-time courses and more than 300 part-time courses. It has more than 25,000 students. The College of the North Atlantic has 17 campuses across the province, including Corner Brook, and the main campus is located in Stevenville. Tuition at the College of the North Atlantic is considerably lower than at Memorial University. For international students, it is $6,600 Canadian dollars per year. Correspondence courses cost $825 each.

Private colleges and institutes

Newfoundland and Labrador students have the opportunity to study not only at a public university or college, but also at a private one. Most of these colleges are in St. John’s, which proves that from an educational standpoint, the provincial capital is the best place to live.

Keyin College is the leading private institution in Newfoundland and Labrador. Its campuses are located throughout the province. “The “chip” of the college is not only to give students knowledge, but also to teach them how to compete in a job market that is constantly changing. The college’s programs abound, from hairdressing to business management.

Academy Canada is the largest private college in the province. Each year it enrolls more than 1,000 students who study in 35 different areas. The college has three campuses, including St. John’s and Corner Brook, and has distance learning.

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Carpenters Millwrights College of Carpentry and Locksmithing – This institution focuses on teaching practical skills with which students can work in the construction industry. It trains carpenters, builders, decorators, industrial mechanics, installers, etc. The “cool thing” about this college is that it offers scholarships and grants, especially for those who do well in school, volunteer or have financial difficulties. Located in Paradise, it’s near St. John’s and Mount Pearl.

Where to work and how much do they pay?

For a long time, Newfoundland and Labrador had the highest unemployment rate in Canada, and in some towns unemployment is still at 18-20%. Recently, however, the province has been facing an acute shortage of professionals due to the fact that the indigenous population is seeking to leave for other provinces of Canada.

Newfoundland and Labrador

Newfoundland and Labrador have several particularly strong economic sectors: pulp and paper, mining, hydroelectric power, fishing, and farming. It is quite possible to find a job in the food sector, forestry and mines.

The minimum wage per hour is $12.15 CAD. On average, people make just over $26 an hour. If you look at average wages per hour by industry, management personnel can expect to make $44. Education and legal professionals and health care workers make $31. Transportation, equipment operators, etc. get $27, as do those in natural resources and agriculture. Wages in trade and services are much lower at about $16 an hour.

Salaries per year can range from $27,000 to $481,000. Depends, of course, on qualifications and position. But if we talk about the majority of residents, based on the average wage per hour, we can calculate that with a schedule of 40 hours a week, an employee for a month will get $4,160 Canadian dollars. The minimum wage per month for a full-time schedule, on the other hand, is $1,944. Compared to other Canadian provinces, wages in Newfoundland and Labrador are low, but this is compensated by the corresponding prices.

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