Karachi, Pakistan is one of the largest metropolitan cities in the world
Karachi is the largest city in Pakistan with a population of about 25 million people. It is often referred to as Pakistan’s Los Angeles, and is full of clubs, theme parks, beaches, cinemas, museums, and major shopping malls. If you want to visit Pakistan, you will not regret choosing Karachi.
What you need to know
Karachi is undoubtedly one of the largest metropolitan cities and the capital of Sindh. Its heyday came only in the middle of the 19th century, after the settlement was captured by the British. It took only a dozen or so years for it to “surpass” the largest city and capital of the region of Sindh – Hyderabad. Today Karachi is the largest port of Pakistan and the largest industrial city. People from four provinces and expatriates from India live in the area. Karachi was erected on coastal landscapes with ubiquitous rock formations, hilly ledges, and coastal wetlands.
What’s worth knowing
The mangrove forests found in the area grow in the brackish waters around the port of Karachi and further southeast to the Indus River. The city is the center of the national textile industry (half of the state’s industry). Leather, footwear, machinery, and chemical industries are well developed. There are two oil refineries and iron works. Pleasantly, the largest airport in the country and the headquarters of Pakistan International Airlines is located here. Pakistan’s first nuclear power plant with a capacity of 125 MW was built near the city.
Saddar Commercial District
This area of the city is located in the center of Karachi and has the largest concentration of hotels, bazaars, restaurants, and shopping centers. In addition, there are so-called bazaars or shopping malls, which can only be seen in this part of the world. What are their characteristics? In them, there is a chance to buy clothes of famous brands that have never been in circulation. This is because they have minor defects, such as a badly sewn tag or button . Manufacturers do not choose to send such products to the world, so they usually end up in malla.
Saddar Commercial District.
Saddar is also home to a collection of historic buildings of many different architectural styles. From 1858 to 1947, the British built a number of private and public structures in Karachi, many of which are colonial and monuments have survived to this day.
At Saddar is the Empress Market, which is actually the Karachi Bazaar. It was laid out between 1884 and 1889 and named in memory of Queen Victoria, Empress of India. It is built in a specially chosen, highly visible place so that it can be seen even from a great distance. You can buy all kinds of goods such as spices, fruits, vegetables, meat and even pets there. Unfortunately it has a rather uninteresting history because Empress Market is one of the places in Karachi where exotic and endangered species like arias, falcons and other birds are sold without an approved license.
One of the most exclusive neighborhoods of Karachi is Defence. Its full name is Defense Housing Authority. It was founded by retired soldiers of the armed forces in the mid-1950s as a cooperative housing society. The main purpose was to provide an exceptional standard of living to officers who had served the government for years. Today, the DHA is an entire complex of luxury homes and villas where married Karachi residents live. Defens can be compared to Pakistan’s Baverly Hills, with a minimum home size of 300 square meters. It is also standard to have a minimum of two servants. In addition, the DHA has an extensive road network of more than 466 kilometers, a water main of 605 kilometers and a sewer system of 470 kilometers. The governing body of the district is headed by the Secretary of the Ministry of Defense, Government of Pakistan.
Map of tourist attractions
Besides beaches and shopping malls, Karachi has plenty of other interesting places to visit. It turns out that it has been hosting a music festival – Solis Music & Arts Festival – since 2004. It is organized by the Music Conference of Pakistan and is a major community event. More than 3,000 Karachi residents take part in it, as well as people from other cities. Karachi also has several museums including the Mohatta Palace Museum and the National Museum of Pakistan where exhibitions on the performing arts are regularly held. Karachi also hosts the annual Karachi Film Festival, which is one of the largest film festivals in Pakistan and showcases independent Pakistani, international cinema and documentaries.
Tourist Attractions Map
There is also a fine collection of Anglo-Saxon architecture, the legacy of the British Raj, which is sure to interest history buffs. If you are an art lover, you will surely enjoy the numerous art galleries, which feature a wide range of works from Asia, as well as “new age” works from emerging Pakistani artists. Karachi is also home to one of Pakistan’s rather famous art galleries.
This place is recognized as the most recognizable. If someone writes about Karachi, he usually touches the image of Quaid-e-Azam Mausoleum, a very important place not only for the locals but also for all Pakistanis. Mohammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan, is buried in the mausoleum.
In Defens there is the said mosque , whose low overhanging dome is the largest structure of its kind in the world. It has a diameter of 72 meters. Because of the unusual acoustics of the place it is better not to talk there at all or whisper in a whisper. Even the most insignificant noises are heard throughout the building. The religious edifice is made of white marble and the minaret is about 70 meters high. The main prayer hall can accommodate about 5,000 people. The mosque was designed by Pakistani architect Babar Hamid Chauhan and engineer Zahir Haider Naqvi.
One of the most distinctive buildings in Karachi is Frere Hall. Built during the British colonial era, in 1863, it was erected in honor of Henry Bartle Edward Frere. He was a Briton who was credited at the time with promoting the economic development of the Sindh region and translating Persian into Sindhi in schools. Originally Frere Hall was to serve as mayor of Karachi. However, when the British withdrew from India, Frere Hall was transformed into a national library. Today it is the largest book collection of its kind in Karachi, containing about 70,000 books.
St. Patrick’s Cathedral
IM000374.JPG St. Patrick’s Cathedral
There is a church in Karachi that is the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Karachi. St. Patrick’s Cathedral is located next to the Empress Market in the center of the city. It was founded in 1881 and can accommodate up to 1,500 people. In the very front corner of the cathedral is a statue of Jesus Christ, erected in 1931 to commemorate the Jesuit mission to Sindh . The cathedral is in neo-Gothic style and is 52 meters high and 22 meters wide. On the occasion of the cathedral’s centennial, Pope John Paul I sent special greetings and blessings, and the Pakistan Post Office issued commemorative stamps for the occasion.
Burns Road, one of the city’s oldest streets, is a treasure trove of authentic Pakistani cuisine. There are more than a dozen restaurants and patisseries. The most popular dishes Burns Road is famous for are nihari and biryani. The former is a spicy stew of slow-cooked meat, usually served with hot naan bread and a pitcher of cold water. Biryani, on the other hand, is a dish of rice with chunks of meat seasoned with garam masala.
Cities in Pakistan. Karachi
Karachi, located on the shores of the Arabian Sea, is the largest port city of Pakistan and one of the most populated metropolitan areas in the world. With a population of around 13 million people, it covers an area of more than 3.5 thousand square kilometers. It is the most important industrial, economic and cultural center of the country, which had the status of the state capital until 1958. Karachi has a well developed transport infrastructure, which connects the city with other regions of the republic and the countries on the Indian Ocean coast. The shipping industry as well as automobile and textile industries have been actively developing here for a long time.
Locals call the former capital the “City of Lights”, in honor of the founder of independent Pakistan – Jinn Ali Muhammad, who was born in Karachi and was buried here. Despite the fact that the country gained independence only in the first half of the twentieth century, the republic has developed rapidly and is now considered, along with Iran, the most developed country in the Middle East. All the more important is the role played by Karachi in the destiny of the state.
Beginning in the 1980s, an influx of immigrants from Central Asia and poor southeastern countries flooded the city. Crime, which had been almost non-existent for thirty years, increased dramatically. Outlaw gangs appeared, and drugs were sold in the country. Today, Karachi is considered the center of the international drug trade in hashish and heroin. The almost instantaneous population growth affected the economy and well-being of the locals. Previously well-functioning infrastructure began to falter. Because of the housing shortage, people settled in slums and built houses on the outskirts of the city. In Pakistan, such areas are called Katchi Abadis. There is no electricity, no garbage disposal, no sewage system, no running water. There are regular incidents of looting and murder. Unofficially, Karachi is divided into an affluent region and a “slum. In the early 1990s, the unrest intensified and the situation got so out of control that the Pakistani government decided to introduce national troops into the city. At the moment, the situation in the former capital of the republic has stabilized, but the possibility of recurrence of military conflicts or even terrorist attacks cannot be ruled out.
As one of the leading educational centers of the Islamic world, Karachi has a multilevel education system and several renowned institutions, including the University of Karachi and the oldest institution in the country, the School of Literacy. The general education system itself consists of five levels. The first is elementary education, with grades one through six; the second is general education, grades six through eight; and the third, grades nine through ten, where graduates receive a certificate commensurate with their knowledge. The student then enters a university and attains first a bachelor’s degree and then a master’s degree. As in many Muslim states, Pakistan has a “gender-based” education, where students are segregated by gender or educational status. At one time, many prominent Arab politicians graduated from Karachi University.
Cricket is officially recognized as the most popular sporting activity in the city. The Karachi National Stadium is considered to be the only facility here for the sport. The first international cricket match Pakistan’s national team played against India in February 1955. However, subsequently, due to the deteriorating situation within the republic and increased likelihood of terrorist attacks, many world powers for a long time did not send their national teams to this country. Because of this the level of Pakistan’s team has declined markedly and for a long time it has not shown the results that were characteristic of it in the early second half of the twentieth century. Besides cricket, such sports as field hockey, polo and squash are well developed in the city. On the Arabian Sea coast, water-skiing and surfing enthusiasts train all year round.
The main attractions of Karachi are the City Hall, built in 1930, and the tallest building in Pakistan, MCB Tower, which has a helipad on its roof. The municipality is a modern building, the main element of which is a majestic tower with a huge clock, by which the citizens check the time. The MCB Tower rises 116 meters above the city. Its top floors offer fantastic views of Karachi, culminating in the blue Arabian Sea in the distance, with its soft azure hues against the bright sun. Apart from these structures, the city is home to many Muslim mosques, Catholic and Orthodox churches, museums, palaces, picturesque walking parks and other interesting buildings and squares.
Karachi has a warm tropical climate. In the winter rainfall is almost never, and the temperature ranges from +15 to +23. The summer months are the hottest. As a rule, the temperature exceeds +35 degrees, often reaching up to +40, while maintaining high humidity. However, the sea breeze makes itself felt and the heat is not so hard to endure. Precipitation falls here in the rainy season, from May to October, but nevertheless the drought is not uncommon. After one of these dry spells, in August 1953, the traditional downpour hit the city, pouring relentlessly for two days. Streets and avenues were flooded with water as a result of the raging elements. The best time of the year to visit these places is between November and April when the hot sun doesn’t melt the pavement of the city and the warm waters of Arabian Sea are friendly and helpful to the visitors of Karachi.