Island nations of Oceania, a vast area in the Pacific Ocean

Island States of the Pacific Ocean

island-states

I will try here to break down all the island nations of tropical and equatorial climates through the eyes not of a tourist, but of a potential Robinson, but I will not choose any particular ones. I will not include such island countries as Australia, New Zealand, Japan, Taiwan, Madagascar, Sri Lanka, the Caribbean, or single-populated island countries because of my skepticism about robo-islands. Why is it important to know the form of government in a state? Because some island states are overseas territories of other large countries such as Great Britain, France, New Zealand, the United States, India. It follows that control in such countries is much more serious than in independent island states.

Vanuatu

83 islands (mainly volcanic). It’s a parliamentary republic. Languages: Bislama, English, French. Population: 215 thousand people. Entry visa-free travel for Russian citizens for up to 30 days. Standard rules for entry. Importation of seeds, plants, fish, seafood, meat and dairy products (including frozen and canned) requires permission of the Ministry of Agriculture of Vanuatu. The climate is tropical, close to equatorial. Rainfall from 2000 to 5000 mm per year, depending on the area. High humidity: from 70% in the dry season and up to 100% in the rainy season. Soils are favorable for planting, a variety of vegetation. Flight from Moscow to Port Vila costs about 38,000 rubles. Absence of large mammals. Presence of malaria.

Papua New Guinea

Hut one of the tribes of New Guinea at an altitude of about 50 m.

Papua New Guinea.

Consists of a large number of islands, many of which are uninhabited. Constitutional monarchy. Languages are local and English. Population: 6 million people. For Russian citizens visa is necessary. Climate is tropical, humid. Territory is covered by tropical rain forest. Presence of malaria and other diseases. Presence of large mammals.

Solomon Islands

Solomon Islands

An island nation. Consists of 992 volcanic (mostly) islands. Constitutional monarchy. The language is English. Located in a seismically dangerous region where earthquakes are frequent. The population is 478 thousand people. Visas are necessary for entry. Climate is tropical, humid. The soil is favorable for vegetation.

Fiji

Monoriki Island, where they filmed the movie “The Outcast”.

Fiji

It consists of 332 islands of volcanic and coral origin. Republic. Languages are English and local. The population is 849 thousand people. visa-free entry up to 4 months for Russian citizens. Importation of vegetables, seeds, meat and dairy products requires a special permission of the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forests of Fiji. Climate is tropical. Rainfall ranges from 2000 to 5000 mm. On many islands, the soil is favorable for planting. Through Fiji pass through transit routes to other countries in Oceania. Most visited island country of all. Flights from Moscow to Nadi (Fiji) usually go through Hong Kong or Seoul, the ticket costs about 32 000 rubles.

kiribati

Kiribati

Consists of 33 atolls, 20 of which are uninhabited. A presidential republic. The language is English and Kiribati. The population of 98 thousand people. A visa is necessary for Russian citizens. Climate is equatorial, oceanic. The hottest month is September-November, the coldest is January-March. Amount of precipitation varies from 800 to 4000 mm. The soil is not favorable for planting. Vegetation is scarce. Flight from Moscow will cost approximately 57,000 rubles.

atoll landscape

The classic landscape of the atolls

Marshall Islands.

Consists of 29 atolls and 5 islands. Republic. Languages are Marshallese and English. Population 56 thousand people. A visa is necessary for Russian citizens. Climate is predominantly tropical, arid in the north and equatorial in the south. Rainfall from 300 to 4300 mm. The soil is not suitable for farming.

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Palau

Famous islands in Palau

Palau

Consists of 328 islands (mostly small coral islands). Presidential republic. Language is English, Palauan. Population 20 thousand people. For Russian citizens visa is issued on arrival (stamped into passport) for a period of 30 days. The importation of seeds, plants, meat, and dairy products requires permission from the Ministry of Agriculture of Palau. The climate is tropical, rainy season from May to November. Flight will cost about 30,000 rubles.

Saipan

Northern Mariana Islands.

It consists of 14 volcanic islands. It is a territory of the United States. Languages are English and local. Population 86 thousand people. Russian citizens need a visa to the United States. Climate is tropical, of the trade monsoon type. The dry season is from December to June, the rainy season is from July to October. From August to November there are typhoons. Soil is suitable for farming.

Pohnpei Island

Federated States of Micronesia

Consists of 607 small islands and atolls, of which 65 are inhabited. Republic, free association with the United States. The language is English. Population 107 thousand people. For Russian citizens visa-free entry up to 30 days. The climate is equatorial. Rainfall ranges from 2,250 mm to 3,000-6,000 mm. Typhoon season is from August to December. Soil is suitable for farming, but not everywhere.

Cook Islands

Cook Islands

Consists of 15 islands and atolls, 3 of which are uninhabited. Constitutional monarchy. Free association with New Zealand. Languages are local and English. Population 19 thousand people. For Russian citizens visa-free entry up to 31 days. The climate is tropical maritime with a distinct rainy season from November to April and the dry season from May to October. The average annual rainfall is about 2000 mm. Flight from Moscow will cost about 40 000 roubles.

savaii

Samoa

Samoa consists of several islands. It is a parliamentary republic. Languages are Samoan and English. The population of 188 thousand people. Visa-free entry up to 60 days for citizens of the Russian Federation. Climate is damp, tropical. Rainfall ranges from 2000 mm on the plains and up to 7000 mm in the mountains. The relative humidity is 80%. Flight from Moscow will cost approximately 45,000 rubles.

Kao Tonga island

Kao extinct volcano, view from Tofua island

Tonga

Consists of 172 islands and atolls. Constitutional monarchy. Languages are Tongan and English. Population: 120 thousand people. For Russian citizens, visas are issued on arrival (stamp) up to 31 days. The climate is tropical. Rainfall is about 2500 mm. Soils on many islands are suitable for agriculture. Flight costs approximately 42,000 rubles.

Tuvalu

Tuvalu

Consists of 5 atolls and 4 islands. Monarchy. Languages are Tuvalu and English. Population 12 thousand people. For Russian citizens visa is issued on arrival for 1 month. Tropical climate. Rainfall is about 3000 mm per year. Wet season is from November till April, dry season is from May till October. Flight from Moscow will cost about 44 000 roubles.

boro

French Polynesia

Consists of a large number of islands and atolls. Overseas society of France. The language is French. The population of 287 thousand people. Russian citizens require a visa to enter France. The climate is tropical. Flight from Moscow will cost about 50,000 rubles.

Philippines

A large island state. It consists of 7100 islands. Unitary presidential constitutional republic. Languages are Pilipino and English. The population of 101 million people. For citizens of Russia visa-free entry valid for 21 days. Climate is tropical, monsoonal. North of the country is often hit by typhoons, tsunamis are possible. Amount of precipitation fluctuates from 1000 to 4000 mm per year. The soil is suitable for farming. Flight from Moscow will cost about 16 000 roubles.

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Island countries of Oceania

Island nations of Oceania

Oceania is the largest cluster of islands in the world, so it is not surprising that in this Pacific there are many independent island states, the way to the independence of many of which was not easy at all. Most of these countries have, first of all, excellent opportunities for eco-tourism and not bad beaches, each offers a first-class diving, but in view of poor infrastructure and poor transport links, the industry is underdeveloped here. These countries are distinctive, they have a unique, unique flavor, and are best suited as a vacation destination for lovers of the exotic and fans of cultural tourism, because living here, the people have a lot of interesting features. However, this does not apply to such a major tourist destination as Fiji and such a developed country as New Zealand. But first things first.

Vanuatu – a country located on 83 islands of the New Hebrides archipelago in Melanesia. The state is one of the poorest in Oceania, and as often happens in such cases, to the rescue comes tourism, which in recent years has been the fastest growing industry in the country.

Thanks to the romantic atmosphere, pristine nature and small picturesque secluded beaches Vanuatu is quite a popular destination for wedding tourists, who are offered all kinds of options for the wedding ceremony and excellent conditions for the honeymoon. Besides water tourism, diving, fishing in the open sea, sailing are also popular. A number of interesting tours to natural attractions, including volcanoes, of which there are many.

Kiribati is a state washed by the waters of the Pacific Ocean, located at once in Micronesia and Polynesia, and has 33 atolls. Tourism is very underdeveloped, however, it continues to grow, and if a few years ago there were only five hotels in the country, now there are about a dozen. In addition to traditional Oceania beach tourism, Kiribati also offers fishing, diving and eco-tourism, including hiking in the rainforest and bird watching. Alas, the local tourist industry is severely stunted by the lack of good air links, and most international tourists get here by water from Australia or other Oceania countries.

The Marshall Islands is a neighboring state of Kiribati, with five islands and 29 atolls in Micronesia. As in the case of many other small countries in Oceania, tourism is rather underdeveloped, and the annual tourist flow does not usually exceed ten thousand people. There are many reasons for this – in addition to the high duration (and cost) of the flight, the islands have no quality infrastructure, and eco-tourism, despite the good natural conditions, is inhibited by the lack of nature reserves in the country. The range of activities for tourists coming here is very limited – in addition to lying on the beach you can go yachting, fishing, scuba diving, watching birds and sea turtles, and learning about the culture of the locals.

Nauru is a tiny equatorial state, adjacent to the Marshall Islands in the South Pacific. This country is the world’s smallest independent island nation, with an area of about 21 square kilometers. Due to the fact that to get here is not easy, and to do here in the absence of at least minimal infrastructure is almost nothing, tourism is not developed at all. Moreover, unlike its Micronesian neighbors, Nauru is of no interest for fans of eco-tourism, as the country has been mined for a long period of time with phosphates, which led to a significant deterioration of the ecological situation. Nevertheless, there are still two hotels on the island, and there are a number of attractions that can be visited on foot in a day or two.

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New Zealand is a country that attracts hundreds of thousands and millions of tourists every year with its incomparably beautiful nature. Located in Polynesia, in the southwestern Pacific Ocean, New Zealand has two large islands and over 700 small ones. Thanks to the actively supported by the government ecology, which allowed to keep the local nature in its almost untouched state, New Zealand attracts fans of eco-tourism. There is a lot to see – mountains and lakes, geysers and waterfalls, thick impassable forests and wide valleys, glaciers and caves, dozens of kilometers of beaches. Basically, there is no need to describe the local nature, because the beauty of New Zealand is often caught in the frame, and you can see them in many Hollywood movies, from “Lord of the Rings” by Peter Jackson to “Avatar” by James Cameron. Along with ecotourism in the country, thanks again to its natural features, actively developing sports and extreme tourism, which is represented here by almost all of its existing varieties.

Palau is a fairly small island nation located in the Philippine Sea of the Pacific Ocean, occupying 328 beautiful emerald islands, of which only one is large (it accounts for 367 square kilometers of the 458 square kilometers of the total area of the country). Alas, due to its remoteness and inaccessibility, the country is not very popular with tourists, although it offers good natural conditions, great beaches and a wealth of underwater life, which is the main local attraction, attracting far more tourists than all the beaches put together. And no wonder – the gentle turquoise coastal waters of Palau have about 700 species of anemones and corals, which is home to countless colorful tropical fish – more than a thousand and a half species, including several species of sharks (there are both dangerous and safe). In addition, there are five species of sea turtles. It is also noteworthy that in addition to seawater divers will certainly be interested in the local lake – Lake Jellyfish, which once communicated with the ocean, and then was cut off from it. Living in the lake numerous jellyfish weakly salted waters over the millennia, and scientists say that the lake had separated from the ocean about 12 thousand years ago, have evolved and are markedly different from their sea counterparts.

Papua New Guinea is a large enough state for Oceania. Located in the southwestern part of the Pacific Ocean, the state is a true kingdom of nature. In addition to the many animals and birds, among which there are many endemic species, the local jungle is home to many tribes, which rarely encounter civilization. However, tourists have nothing to fear them (at least, do not give the impression) – most of the “savages” are in relation to the “palefaces” are very good-natured, and even allow tourists to spend some time with them, having plunged into the local color. Of course, you should not try to contact the painted natives in the jungle, especially since the country is one of the least studied in the world, and in theory, you can stumble on anything. However, local guides in a more civilized part of the country can easily arrange a very interesting ethnographic tour of the nearest village, where you can see the daily life of the Papuans and feel like one of them. Unspoiled nature of the country, probably, will interest fans of eco-tourism and outdoor activities, while fans of civilized recreation, trips to restaurants and rich nightlife here, alas, nothing to do.

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Samoa is a small country in the South Pacific with ten islands, of which two are large and eight are small. Because much of the coastline is narrow and rocky, good beaches are not everywhere, but there are plenty of them. Besides beach activities tourists are attracted to Samoa by the abundance of coral reefs and shallow lagoons, as if created for diving and snorkeling. The tourism sector is growing fast – now accounting for over 25 percent of the country’s GDP – and with it the quality of local infrastructure, which in turn attracts even more tourists. The country has many historical sites, several interesting museums, a large number of natural tourist attractions, such as, for example, numerous waterfalls and geysers Taga. The opportunities of ecological tourism are widely represented, and fishing is in great demand among foreign guests.

The Solomon Islands is a country located in Melanesia in the southwestern Pacific, with 992 islands. Like other countries of Oceania, the Solomon Islands are poorly explored, but in its most civilized regions can be found and a good modern hotels, and more than tolerable restaurants. Of course, fans of comfort and lovers of entertainment such a holiday is unlikely to taste, and if we consider that before the trip to require a lot of vaccinations, because staying in the country, especially in some regions, may be fraught with the risk of infectious diseases, and they do not come here very much. At the same time Solomon Islands is a very bright and diverse country, with magnificent nature, original ancient culture, beautiful beaches. So if you don’t mind the potential danger, which, again, you’ll expose yourself to just wandering into the heart of the jungle, the lack of shopping centers, nightclubs and cinemas, you can safely go to the Solomon Islands. There are many natural attractions – the world’s largest salt lagoon, which measures approximately 100 by 150 kilometers, the beautiful Lake Tengano, which is the largest freshwater lake in all of Oceania, the UNESCO-listed coral island Rennell and much more.

Tonga is a small Pacific state located in Polynesia with 172 islands, which are visited by about 50 thousand tourists every year. Despite the fact that it is difficult to call the country developed, it is home-like, and the locals are friendly and welcoming. First of all, the country attracts many fans of sports and recreation, from diving and fishing to surfing and sailing. Beach tourism is poorly developed because of the virtual absence of beaches. Sufficiently in demand among foreign visitors to Tonga camping, which involves and hiking, and barbecues, and sports games in the fresh air. However, it is worth noting that tourism is developing every year more and more actively, so who knows, maybe in a few years there will be luxurious hotels and casinos for fans of civilized recreation and numerous villas and bungalows for lovers of solitude with nature, which is very beautiful on the islands. At the moment, however, few tourists visiting Tonga go here purposefully. Typically, tourists go to Tonga as part of a yacht cruise off the coast of New Zealand.

Tuvalu is a very small Pacific country, located in Polynesia – the total area of its territory is about 26 square kilometers. Communication with the outside world is very poor in the country – the plane arrives here only twice a week, and that, as a rule, not for tourists. Nevertheless, the atolls of Tuvalu – very narrow, elongated islands, which offer an amazing view of the ocean, wherever you look – have all the prerequisites for the development of ecological tourism. There are excellent beaches (on small uninhabited islands) and excellent opportunities for diving (in the nearby waters are many picturesque reefs, rich in all kinds of animals). It is worth bearing in mind that the country has no its own sources of fresh water, so if you are going to visit Tuvalu for a short time (and tourists usually do), you should keep this in mind, and either take drinking water with you or buy it in the local mini-market. It is also noteworthy that there is only one hotel in the country at the moment, and it has internet. Although there are problems with water here – even tourists have to feel the economy of life-giving moisture, which is given only twice a day. Moreover, the moisture is really life-giving – in the early morning the temperature rises to 30 degrees Celsius, turning into an intolerable heat by lunch, and so for most of the year.

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The Federated States of Micronesia is a Micronesian country of 607 islets, only 40 of which are quite large, and 65 of which are inhabited. The Federated States of Micronesia offers tourists a very diverse vacation, especially since each of the islands (meaning inhabited) has something unique to offer unlike the others. You can see many historical sites – for example, the ancient city of Nan Madol on Pohnpei, or the abundance of huge stone coins on the island of Yap, each of which has its own story, or Chukk, which is primarily interesting because of the lost military equipment – in the local jungle are still lying down the planes shot down during World War II. It is noteworthy that you can see the wreckage of military equipment not only on the island itself, but also in the waters of the nearby lagoon – Chukk is rightly considered one of the best places in the world for diving to sunken ships – almost the entire Japanese fleet is sunk not far from the state coast, but there are also airplanes. Of course, all this abundance of islands and islets is not without a large number of beaches – of course, not landscaped, stacked with sun beds and umbrellas, but really nice, with soft clean sand and gentle entrance to the water.

Fiji is a country that is associated with the word “beach” in almost all Western countries. It is Oceania’s most popular tourist destination and has the most developed infrastructure in the region. Located in the southwestern Pacific Ocean, the country has 332 beautiful islands, which have excellent beaches, lagoons with crystal clear water, stunning nature. At the same time not more than a third of the islands are inhabited, some occupied by secluded villas and hotels, many completely uninhabited, which gives tourists the opportunity to take a boat and privacy, immerse themselves in a heavenly nature and fence off civilization. Fiji is quite an expensive destination – there are a huge number of fashionable hotels, offering any form of accommodation. Tourists can be accommodated in rooms or suites, suites and penthouses, bungalows and villas, including on the water. Available as huge resorts with spas and golf courses, and small comfortable bungalows, aimed at lovers of secluded and relatively “wild leisure”. In addition to beach lovers, the country also attracts diving enthusiasts, surfers, sailing enthusiasts. Fishing, water-skiing, kayaking and excursions are very popular. Amazing nature itself implies a wide range of eco-tourism, which can be a self-guided visit to the natural attractions of numerous islands, as well as visits to protected areas of Fiji.

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