The most beautiful cities of Italy
Italy is located in the south of Europe, in the center of the Mediterranean. The state occupies the territory of the Balkan Peninsula, the Southern Alps, the Padana Plain, several small, large islands in the Mediterranean Sea, including Sicily, Sardinia. Italy borders with states:
The country is known for its greatest cultural heritage, is the site of one of the greatest Renaissance empires in the history of mankind. Italy is amazing, strikingly unique, it has beautiful landscapes, one of the most diverse, beautiful landscapes in Europe. There is a huge treasury of art, culture, history. The country is still popular for its authentic, delicious cuisine, warm, favorable climate.
Top 10 the most beautiful cities in Italy
- Rome is the city on seven hills.
- Venice is the historical and tourist center.
- Naples is the interesting capital of Southern Italy.
- Florence – home to the greatest talents of art and thought.
- Genoa is the guardian of magnificent architecture.
- Siena is a medieval city.
- Bologna is the intellectual center of Italy.
- Palermo is the beautiful capital of Sicily.
- Arezzo – Italy’s oldest city.
- Perugia – a town among the hills of the Tiber Valley.
Rome – the famous capital
The capital of Italy has always attracted attention, back in the days of the Roman Empire. This eternal city occupies the territory of the legendary seven hills on the Tiber River, near the Tyrrhenian Sea. Almost every street here has a landmark that is often several thousand years old. It’s impossible to explore the city in just a few days. The historic center is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
You can visit the city all year round, but in the summer it is very hot. Some places close in July and August. While walking you can eat in one of the many establishments, the tastiest food is in the Trastevere area and Campo de’ Fiori square. Wine in Italy is very tasty, even in restaurants is not very expensive.
There are a lot of places of interest here. The most famous in the world is the Colosseum, or the Flavius Amphitheatre, which is visited by 6 million tourists every year. This is the largest ancient amphitheater, which housed 50,000 spectators. Executions, gladiatorial fights, exhibitions of exotic animals were held in the Colosseum. To this day the building still makes an incredible impression, in spite of the looting, earthquakes, and bombing it has endured. The fact that it has survived can truly be called a miracle.
The following places in Italy are definitely worth a visit:
- Roman Forum;
- Trevi fountain;
- Palatine Hill;
- Arch of Constantine;
- Piazza Navona;
- Spanish Square;
- Spanish Steps;
- Altar of the Fatherland;
- Hadrian’s Mausoleum, or Castel Sant’Angelo;
- St. Peter’s Square – Vatican City;
- Villa Borghese;
- Piazza Santa Maria in Trastevere;
- Catacombs (underground cemeteries);
- Trajan’s market;
- Caracalla Thermae;
- Piazza del Popolo;
- Basilica of Santa Maria in Cosmedina;
- The “Mouth of Truth” slab;
- Great Circus;
- Janicul Hill;
- Aqua Paola fountain.
Venice – fabulous and romantic
A UNESCO World Heritage Site, it is one of the most famous and unique cities on the planet, a historical center based on the 118 islands of the Venice Lagoon. Tens of millions of tourists visit Venice to see the stunning sites, attractions of this fabulous place. Remarkable, but there are no cars, the town itself has not changed much in 6 centuries. Most of the historical monuments of Venice are built on stilts of alpine larch, which does not rot in the water. Unfortunately, the city is gradually sinking into the water, annually by 4-5 mm, the local government is trying to save it by implementing a special project MOSE.
Venice itself is a sight to see. Everything is fascinating here: bridges, squares, churches, historic buildings. The heart of Venice is Piazza San Marco. Here are concentrated the oldest cafes, expensive stores, famous notable objects. Important places to visit in the city:
- San Marco Bell Tower;
- San Marco Basilica;
- Doge’s Palace;
- Clock Tower;
- Grand Canal;
- Rialto Bridge;
- Salute Church;
- Murano Island;
- Burano Island with colorful houses;
- Bridge of Sighs in white marble;
- Academic Bridge;
- Ca Rezzonico Palace;
- Campo Santa Margherita;
- the Church of Il Redentore;
- San Giorgio Maggiore Island;
- San Sebastiano church.
Naples – popular home of pizza
Located on the coast with the same name, in the bay of the Bay of Naples at the foot of Vesuvius. It is the capital of southern Italy, a very ancient city founded by the Greeks. The historic center of Naples is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Not only is it the largest of all the historic cities in the world, but it is also home to 448 monumental, historic churches.
Naples is famous for markets, a very large number of stores. The most interesting, major shopping districts:
- Antiques Market.
- La Torretta Market
- Via San Gregorio Armeno
- Poggioreale Market
The city is famous as the gastronomic capital of Southern Italy. The first pizza is said to have been made here. Neapolitan pizza is characterized by thicker dough.
The city’s attractions are closely linked to the history of the city. Naples sought to conquer many: the French, the Greeks, the Spaniards, and each left their mark. The streets reflect a whole history. Every tourist who comes to Naples seeks to visit all the interesting places and sites:
- The ancient legendary city of Pompeii;
- Vesuvius destroyed the ancient city of Herculaneum;
- the catacombs of Naples;
- the huge castle of Castel Nuovo;
- the medieval castle of Castel del Ovo;
- Piazza del Plebiscita;
- Duomo Cathedral;
- the church of San Domenico Maggiore;
- the 16th-century chapel of San Severo;
- Palazzo Reale royal palace;
- Santa Lucia district.
Florence – a picturesque city of museums
The city is located in the province of Tuscany, on the banks of the Arno River. It is one of the main European tourist centers. Florence is also called the “cradle of the Renaissance”. Such world talents like Leonardo da Vinci, Donatello, Michelangelo, Galileo, Dante were born here. The city has made an invaluable contribution to the development of European science and art. It will never cease to amaze with legends of the past, masterpieces of art, architecture, marble churches.
For shopping lovers it is worth visiting one of the main shopping areas of Florence – Oltarno, the flea market in Piazza dei Ciompi, the central market of San Lorenzo, where you can buy souvenirs, leather goods, ceramics, food and much more. There are many stores in Via dei Fossi, Via della Vigna Nuova, Via Tornabuoni and Via Maggio. In the district of Santa Croce there are stores of leather goods, for which the city is famous. At 30 km from Florence is Designer Outlet Barberino, where there are more than 100 brand stores with discounts from 30 to 70%.
There are a lot of museums in the city, where the original treasures of art, culture, science are kept. In addition to museums, it is worth seeing the rest of the attractions of Florence:
- The Uffizi Gallery, the oldest in the city;
- Galleria della Accademia;
- Palantine Gallery;
- Santa Maria del Fiore Cathedral and Giotto’s bell tower;
- Santa Maria Novella Basilica;
- San Giovanni Baptistery;
- Santa Croce Basilica;
- Church of Santa Trinita;
- Medici Chapel;
- Palazzo Vecchio and Arnolfo Tower;
- Ponte Vecchio;
- Piazza della Signoria;
- the bell tower of the Florentine Abbey;
- Piazza della Repubblica;
- Palazzo Pitti and Boboli Gardens.
Genoa – the largest port in the country
Located in northwestern Italy, the city is the capital of Liguria and one of the largest ports in the country. It was once a rich maritime republic with the largest historical center in Europe. Legendary figures like Paganini and Columbus were born here.
The city is striking for its charm, which is created by the old port, the sea, a large number of beautiful sights, old rich palaces. Everyone who comes here should definitely see:
- the cathedral;
- Garibaldi street;
- the church of Santi Ambrogio;
- Church of San Matteo;
- the church of Santa Maria di Castello;
- the Church of Jesus;
- the monumental cemetery of Staleno;
- Genoese Aquarium;
- the Nenuezian harbor;
- Porta Soprano Gate;
- royal palace (Palazzo Reale);
- Piazza Ferrari;
- Embriacci Tower;
- Palazzo Ducale;
- Piazza Vittoria;
- Palazzo San Giorgio;
- the lighthouse of La Lanterna;
- fishing village.
Siena – city on three hills
Siena is located between the Chianti hills and the valleys of the rivers Merze and Arbia. The first settlements belonged to the Etruscans and existed here as early as the 4th or 5th century BC.
Of the sights worth mentioning are:
- Piazza del Campo;
- The Gothic town hall of Palazzo Poglico;
- the cathedral of Santa Maria Assunta;
- the baptistery;
- national gallery;
- San Domenico, a 13th-century building;
- the Gothic church of San Francesco;
- the church and ancient hospital of Santa Maria della Scala;
- St. Catherine’s Monastery;
- the Romanesque-Gothic church of Santa Maria degli Selvi;
- Salimbeni Palace.
Bologna is a city with a high standard of living
Located in the north of the country, its fortunate location and developed industry have made it one of the richest in Italy. Bologna embodies the flavor of an ancient city, represented by the crooked, narrow streets, old fortress walls, ancient buildings, arcades and porticos. The architecture of the historic center dates back to the 13th-14th century. Interesting historical monuments are located in Bologna’s two main squares: Piazza Nettuno and Piazza Maggiore. Other interesting sites are the tall towers, the pride of the city’s wealthy families. There used to be more than a hundred of them, today there are far fewer. Bologna has the oldest University in Europe, founded in the 11th century. Today it educates 90,000 students.
- Basilica of San Petronio;
- San Domenico Basilica;
- Arengo Tower;
- Prediparte Tower;
- Zaragoza Gate;
- Molin Canal “little Venice”;
- San Pietro Cathedral;
- the tumbling towers of Garizenda and Asinelli;
- the sanctuary of the Madonna di San Luca;
- Galuzzi Tower;
- Piazza San Stefano.
Palermo is a cozy tourist city
The capital of Sicily, located on the shores of the Tyrrhenian Sea, where you can see the locals, the fishermen, in the early morning. Attractions:
- The archaeological museum;
- Palermo Cathedral;
- The Royal Norman Palace;
- Catacombs of the Capuchins;
- Massimo Theater;
- botanical garden;
- astronomical observatory;
- architecture museum;
- marionette museum.
Arezzo – City of Poets
The city occupies an area on a hilly plain, at the head of the Arno River, is the capital of the province with the same name. Arezzo is an ancient city, older even than Egyptian Alexandria. Art has always flourished here, it is the birthplace of Petrarch and the workshop of Vasari.
In the old city there are a lot of stores, including famous brands, every first Sunday of the month on the Piazza Grande held a big flea market, which attracts tens of thousands of people. The city is famous for its cuisine, which can be tasted in local restaurants.
Attractions in Arezzo:
- Santa Maria della Pieve Church;
- San Domenico;
- San Francesco;
- Vasari’s house;
- Pretorio Palace;
- Roman Amphitheater;
- Museum of Medieval and Modern Art;
- archaeological museum.
Perugia – a beautiful city in central Italy
Situated among the hills of the Tiber Valley, the ancient city is famous for its medieval historic center, which has remained virtually unchanged since the 14th century and remains one of the most beautiful in the country. West of Perugia is the largest lake of Trasimeno in Italy.
There are many different stores here and there are good bookstores. The main shopping street is Corso Vannucci. The main attractions are in the old town. In Perugia there are sections of the city’s medieval gates, fortifications. Historical monuments and places deserve attention:
The most beautiful cities in Italy – TOP 12
Distant and beautiful Italy has always fascinated and beckoned people. Center of education, enlightenment and the development of the arts in Europe, which has influenced all neighboring states. In addition to beautiful landscapes, each of the Italian cities keeps a piece of common heritage in the form of magnificent buildings and monuments. Here are the most beautiful cities in Italy, which should visit the traveler!
1. Rome .
No one would argue that Rome is the most beautiful city in Italy. The capital of the once powerful Roman Empire and to this day attracts tourists from all over the world. “The City on Seven Hills has many unique cultural heritage sites. Over the centuries Rome has been transformed many times. Here you can see the famous Colosseum amphitheater, in the arena of which gladiators and wild beasts fought; the luxurious Pantheon temple, the abode of the ancient Roman gods; and many medieval cathedrals and churches, which show the development of Catholicism. St. Peter’s Cathedral, for example, is the largest Catholic church in Europe. In addition, visitors can admire the majestic fountains: the Trevi Fountain, the Four Rivers Fountain and the Fountain of the Turtles, which are incredibly beautiful.
It would be inexcusable not to include Venice in the list of the most beautiful cities in Italy, which has always been an amazing and unusually romantic place. The city on the islands of the Venetian Lagoon is familiar to all with its canals, houses on stilts and leisurely gondoliers that move along the canals. The main “street” of the city is the Grand Canal, depicted in most images of the city on the water. Venice is famous not only for its seasonal floods, but also for its gorgeous, exquisite architecture. One only has to look at the Doge’s Palace or St. Mark’s Basilica to see how different and interesting styles have blended into Venice’s culture. From the many beautiful bridges of Venice want to single out Rialto Bridge and Bridge of Sighs, which are not only ancient but also the most important monuments of the city. Burano Island with its brightly colored houses is a great tourist attraction.
The port of Naples, at the foot of the famous volcano Vesuvius, is not only the most beautiful city in Italy but also one of the most famous and popular among tourists. This location has made Naples one of the most popular motifs of many Italian artists. Apart from the beautiful natural panoramas, Naples also boasts some remarkable architectural monuments. The National Museum and National Art Gallery with works by Caravaggio, El Greco or Raphael and the National Archaeological Museum of Naples with pieces from Pompeii excavations are extremely important cultural centers. Widely known Castel del Ovo or egg castle, which is a very unusual fortress. In addition, the city has a huge number of Gothic cathedrals, churches and Christian monasteries.
Florence can be safely called the cultural capital of the past. This is an incredibly picturesque Italian city on the Arno River, which showed the world the talents of Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci, Dante and Donatello and many other prominent personalities. Strolling through the local streets, you can sense its rich past. The city’s architectural treasures include the cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore, which is striking in its scope and detail, the church of Santa Maria Novella, as well as numerous palaces. Architectural ensembles such as Palazzo Strozzi, Palazzo Pitti or Bargello simply cannot fail to make a strong impression. This is where the residences of aristocrats and monarchs were located. Florence is rich in various museums. So in the Uffizi gallery collected outstanding works of art from paintings and icons to frescoes and sculptures.
Genoa is the largest seaport and one of the most beautiful cities in Italy, famous for its incredible scenery and rich cultural heritage. Every year thousands of travelers come here to stroll through Piazza Ferrari, climb the famous Lantern lighthouse or visit the huge St. Lawrence Cathedral. These are indeed unique sights, but beautiful Genoa contains many more interesting sites! Lovers of luxury architecture will be impressed by the ensemble of Palazzi dei Rolli palaces, formerly home to members of the ruling dynasties. Genoa, being a port city, also has a maritime attraction. In the bay of San Fruttuoso there is a two-meter statue of Christ of the Abyss, which stands directly on the bottom. Installed in honor of the dead divers, it has been one of the visiting cards of Genoa for half a century.
Speaking of historical monuments, it is impossible not to mention the beautiful Italian city of Siena. This city, whose name dates back to the tribes of the Etruscans or Gauls, contains a huge number of magnificent buildings. Not for nothing UNESCO included Siena in the list of world heritage, because there really is a lot to admire! It’s a fantastic country of medieval castles and cathedrals! Just look at the Church of St. Clement and the Cathedral of Siena! These are magnificent examples of Gothic architecture, which is permeated with the spirit of Catholicism. The whole Old Town area is one of the most important tourist attractions in Italy. Siena is the city of students: many universities and cultural monuments make the city a haven for students and tourists.
Bologna is the oldest university center in Europe. The first university appeared here back in 1088, turning the course of life and development to education and enlightenment. Bologna can be called without exaggeration the most prosperous city in Italy, because the level of income and quality of life here is high. Cultural traditions and values are another of the city’s riches. The main squares of Bologna are Piazza Nettuno and Piazza Maggiore. Opera lovers will be delighted, because here is the famous all over the country opera theater “Teatro Comunale di Bologna”. Immortal works by Italian and other classics come to life on its stage. While visiting this beautiful city tourists can also admire the Gothic palazzo di Re Enzo and palazzo del Podestà, the unfinished San Petronio Basilica or the ensemble of churches in Santo Stefano.
Palermo, the main city of Sicily, certainly appeals to the eye for its beauty. It sits on the shore of a vast sea with quiet bays and high hills. A place worthy of a painter’s brush. Palermo is home to nearly three hundred different Catholic churches! Many of them are Gothic, others a version of the Baroque, once very popular in Europe. Some buildings, like the Royal Palace, are decades old and incorporate many features of different styles. There are many beautiful squares in the city, such as Piazza Pretoria with its magnificent fountain. It’s a perfect place for a stroll both during the day and in the evening. Palermo has a local underground cemetery called the Catacombs of the Capuchins, which receives considerable attention from tourists.
The beautiful city of Arezzo is nestled in a picturesque area of Italy: at the head of the Arno River and surrounded by rugged mountains. The central square of Arezzo is the heart of the old town, which preserves the memory of a solid past. Its architectural heritage includes the Cathedral, which was built on the site of a small early Christian church. It’s a huge structure that’s been under construction for several centuries, and it’s over 500 years old since it was completed! The city also has museums of the painter Vasari and the famous poet Petrarch, which once served as homes to these prominent figures. Of modern attractions, the UnoAErre Jewelry Museum is worth mentioning, with a rich collection of precious metal and stone exhibits.
Perugia is a very beautiful city in Italy, where different cultures and styles of art merge. Here you can easily find buildings from the time of the first Etruscans, as well as many magnificent Gothic cathedrals and even works from the Baroque period. Walking through this small but pleasant town, you can see the powerful church of the Knights Templar, the Church of San Bevignate, pass by the ancient fountain of Maggiore and admire the ornate Church of San Bernardino. In the Chapel of San Severo, lovers of painting and the fine arts will find a fresco that was worked on alternately by Raphael and Perugino. This quiet and picturesque Italian town annually attracts a huge number of guests wishing to join the local history.
Sunny Sicily has always attracted tourists with its friendly weather and beautiful views. It is worth noting that the nature on this island has really tried its best, creating a unique place. The beautiful green hills, the river terraces and the harmonious stone buildings in the “Sicilian Baroque” style make Ragusa one of the most beautiful cities in Italy. Most of the local cultural and historical monuments are various churches. The most important are the Cathedral of San Giorgio, the Cathedral of San Giovanni Battista and the Church of San Francesco all’Immacolata. These are truly majestic structures that are steeped in the spirit of antiquity and inspire respect for all who approach them. Despite the rapid industrial development, this small town carefully preserves and protects its rich past.
I couldn’t complete the list of the most beautiful cities in Italy without mentioning Urbino. It’s nestled among beautiful green hills and mountains. The city dates back to the Renaissance, so its cultural heritage is nothing short of impressive. The city’s churches were painted by such great masters as Raphael and Uccello, and are a great source of inspiration for lovers of painting and sculpture. In this respect, the local Cathedral, which boasts a rich collection of works by great painters, is particularly notable. The mastery of ancient architects and painters can also be seen in the churches of San Domenico and San Spirito. The Castle of the Dukes of Urbino, a monumental structure that now houses the National Gallery of the Marche, is the crowning jewel of Renaissance architecture. It is no coincidence that this building was included in the list of world cultural heritage of UNESCO.