Hungarian city of Györ.
Györ is the most important city in northwestern Hungary, located halfway between Budapest and Vienna. The city stands at the confluence of the Raba River into the Danube. Administrative center of the county of Győr-Moszczon-Sopron. Population 129,372 (2015). Győr is the sixth largest city in Hungary.
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Geography and transportation
The city is located about 130 kilometers west of Budapest. The Budapest – Vienna railroad and highway pass through the city, moreover Győr is connected by transport lines with Bratislava and the southern regions of Hungary. Travel time by train to Budapest is 1.5-2 hours.
The settlement on the site of the city has existed since ancient times. In the V century BC there was a Celtic settlement, and in the Roman period it became a fortified town, known as Arabonna. An abbreviated version of the name Arabonna, Raab or Rab, gave the city its modern name in German and Slovak.
The Roman fortress successfully repelled barbarian raids until about the 4th century, but with the decline of the empire it was gradually abandoned. In the 5th century, after a brief period of Slavic and Lombard domination, the lands around Raab were conquered by the Avars. After the defeat of the Avars by the armies of Charlemagne in the early 9th century, Raab was controlled by the Frankish power and for a short time (880-894) by Great Moravia.
In 900, after the invasion of the Danube by the Hungarians, the Hungarian period of the city’s history began. The Hungarians rebuilt the dilapidated fortress at the mouth of Raba, and soon a significant city grew up around it. During the time of Istvan the Holy, the city became the bishop’s residence and took the name of Győr.
In 1242 Győr was attacked by the Mongols, and in 1271 it was attacked by the Czech army. During the Turkish invasion of Hungary in the 16th century, the city was briefly occupied by the Turks in 1594, but in 1598 it came under the control of the Hungarian and Austrian armies. In 1683 the city again survived the Turkish siege, which was lifted after the defeat of the Turks at the Battle of Vienna.
The 18th century was a time of prosperity for Gyor, many churches and palaces were built in the city, mainly in the Baroque style, in 1743 it received the status of free royal town.
At the beginning of the 19th century the town became a battlefield during the Napoleonic wars. On June 14, 1809, the French army under the command of Eugene Bogarne defeated the Austrian army of Archduke John by the walls of Gyor. The battle went down in history as the Battle of Raab. After the battle, the French destroyed the fortifications of the city.
During World War II, the historical structures of Győr suffered damage, which, however, was much less severe than the damage done to Székesfehérvár and many other cities in Hungary. After the war the historic center of Gyor was completely restored.
Since the 19th century Györ was one of the largest industrial centers in Hungary. After World War II, several more large factories were built in the city. The locomotive of the city’s economy was the Raba factory, founded back in 1896, which produces a wide range of engineering products, carriages and car components. In 1995 a car factory of Audi was built in Győr.
Also in the economy of the city plays a big role food, construction and chemical industries.
- The historic center of Gyor is a well-preserved monument of urban planning of the 18th century. Many beautiful churches, palaces and buildings can serve as an example of Austrian Baroque. A distinctive feature of Győr’s architecture is a large number of enclosed balconies of various shapes, so Győr is called the “city of balconies”.
- Cathedral. Located on Kaptalan Hill, in the oldest part of Győr. The first cathedral on this site was built in the 11th century in the Romanesque style, but was destroyed by the Turks. The modern baroque building was built in the early 18th century. On the square south of the cathedral is a figure of the Archangel Michael with a sword.
- Bishop’s castle. It is located in the center of the former fortress on Kaptalan hill. Built in 1575, rebuilt in 1783.
- The Church of the Carmelites. Stands on the bank of the Raba south of the castle hill. Built in 1725, the Loreto chapel with the revered statue of the Virgin Mary is attached to the church.
- The ensemble of Szechenyi Square. Szechenyi Square is the central square of the Old Town, surrounded by magnificent Baroque buildings. The most notable ones are the Jesuit Church (1641), the Abbot’s House (no. 5), Váštuškos House (no. 4), the Old Town Hall and the pillar with the statue of the Virgin Mary in the center of the square.
One of the strongest Hungarian soccer teams is based in the city – FK Győr ETO (formerly known as Raba ETO). The team became the national champion three times (the last time in 1983), in the season 2006/2007 it took 13th place. Handball is also very popular in the city. Both the men’s and women’s handball teams of Győr occupy a leading position in the country, and have repeatedly participated in European cups.
Hungarian city of Györ.
Györ (Hungary) – detailed information about the city with photos in the travel guide. The main sights of Györ with descriptions and maps.
Györ City (Hungary).
Györ is a city in north-west Hungary, 130 km from Budapest. Situated near the border with Austria and Slovakia and it is considered a real gem of the baroque. Győr is one of the most interesting and beautiful historical cities in Hungary, which has a whole bunch of magnificent sights and monuments of culture, as well as remarkable ancient architecture.
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Geography and climate
Győr is located in the West Danube region between Budapest and Vienna, at the confluence of the Raba River and the Moszony-Danube. The city has a moderate continental climate characterized by warm summers and cool, dry and windy winters.
- The population of the city is 129 thousand people. It is the sixth largest city in Hungary.
- The area is 174.62 km².
- Currency is the forint. Do not change currency in the streets. For this purpose specialized exchange offices or ATMs are used.
- The language is Hungarian.
- Time – UTC +1.
- Győr is known as Raab (in German) and Rab (in Slovak).
Baross Gábor út – beautiful paved pedestrian street in the heart of the baroque center. There are many cafes, restaurants, stores and bars. It is easily accessible from the bus and train stations.
Gyor was first mentioned at the beginning of the 11th century. Although the first settlement here was founded by the Celts in the 5th century BC. In the Roman period the fortified city of Arabonna was built here. In the 4th century AD the fortress and city were abandoned. In the 5th century the area was conquered successively by the Slavs, Lombards and Avars. In the 9th century the city was subjugated by the Franks.
Hungarians came to this land in the 10th century. They rebuilt the fortress, around which soon grew a large city. In the 13th century Győr was attacked by the Mongols and then by the Czech army. In the 16th century the city was for a time occupied by the Turks. The 18th century is the heyday of Győr, when numerous Baroque buildings were built here. During this period it also received the status of a free royal town.
In the early 19th century the surroundings of Gyor became the scene of a battle between Napoleon’s troops and the Austrians. After that, the French destroyed the medieval fortifications of the city.
Győri Árkád is a wonderful place for shopping. It is a square with many modern stores, the Interspar supermarket, and the restaurant courtyard near the Szechenyi Bridge.
How to get there
Győr is located between Budapest, Bratislava and Vienna, and is connected to the three capital cities by rail and bus. All of these cities have international airports, so it’s easy to get to Győr from most European cities.
Gyor is one of the most interesting Hungarian cities. It has a beautiful historic center with ancient cobblestone streets, majestic squares and colorful buildings (mainly 18th-19th centuries) in the classical and baroque style. The oldest, most intricate and most compact quarter of Győr is Kaptalan Hill, the bishopric district at the confluence of the Raba and Mošony-Dunaj rivers.
The Cathedral is a medieval basilica founded in the 11th century. The church has a predominantly Baroque appearance mixed with Gothic, Neoclassical and Romanesque elements. Inside the cathedral are valuable relics such as the bishop’s throne, the elaborate altar and 18th-century frescoes by Viennese craftsmen, and the revered icon of the Virgin Mary on the north side of the nave.
The Gothic-style Héderváry Chapel, part of the basilica itself, contains an impressive collection of gold art from the Middle Ages.
The town hall is one of the most recognizable buildings in Győr. It is an imposing neo-Baroque building from the end of the 19th century. The building has more than 200 rooms. Its length is 85 meters, and the central tower has a height of 59 meters.
Church of Saint Ignatius of Loyola
The Church of Saint Ignatius of Loyola is an Italian Baroque church built in the first half of the 17th century. It is the earliest example of Baroque religious architecture in Hungary. The church and the adjacent monastery were founded by the Jesuits in 1634.
Bishop’s Castle (Püspökvár)
The Bishop’s Castle (Püspökvár) is the fortified residence of the bishops of Győr, which combines Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque architecture. The castle is located on the top of Kaptalan hill and is considered one of the most interesting historical monuments of the city. At the heart of the complex is a powerful Gothic fortress, built after the Mongol invasion in the 13th century. The castle also includes a Baroque-style bishop’s palace.
Vienna Gate Square
Vienna Gate Square is one of the most beautiful baroque squares in Hungary, located south of Kaptalan Hill. The west side of the square overlooks the Raba River, where a mighty Renaissance gate once stood. On the waterfront there are sections of 16th-century defensive fortifications, most of which were demolished in the 19th century.
Church of the Carmelites
The Carmelite Church is one of the main attractions of Vienna Gate Square. This religious structure in the Baroque style was built in the 18th century. Nearby is a tiny chapel with an elegant baroque image of the Virgin Mary from 1717 by the Italian sculptor Giovanni Giuliani. To the east of the Carmelite church is a historic building built in 1620 with delightful bay windows and a strong wooden gate.
The façade of the church has characteristic Baroque curls and pilasters. In the niche at the top is an image of the Virgin Mary by Italian sculptor Diego Carlone. In the niches on either side of the portal are statues of the famous Carmelites.
The Marian Column
The Marian column is a Baroque sculptural composition from the 18th century, made to commemorate Buda’s deliverance from Turkish domination.
The Esterházy is an elegant late 18th-century Baroque mansion with an art museum within its walls.
National Museum of Ethnography
The National Museum of Ethnography, one of Hungary’s oldest state collections, is housed within the walls of an early 17th-century Baroque house.
The synagogue is a neo-Romanesque Jewish religious structure built in the second half of the 19th century.
Not far from Győr (a 20-minute drive south of the city) is the ancient Benedictine abbey of Pannonhalma, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. This historic hilltop complex is considered one of the oldest monasteries in Hungary, with roots dating back to the late 10th century.
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