How to rest in the Czech Republic: information for tourists

Czech Republic

Anthem of the Czech Republic

The Czech Republic is a small country in the heart of Europe, surrounded by Germany, Poland, Austria and Slovakia. Due to its favorable geographical location at the crossroads of trade routes of Eurasia, a mild climate and an abundance of mineral springs Czech Republic has a great chance to flourish. The country attracts tourists from all over the world with its unique architecture, spa resorts, ancient castles and a high level of service.

Czechs are highly cultured and educated nation who after the collapse of the socialist camp managed to bring their economy to the second place among the countries of Eastern Europe. The inhabitants of the country are very careful about their past and traditions, blessed with fairy tales and medieval traditions. The Czech Republic is a harmonious blend of medieval architecture and modernity, conservative rural life and vibrant urban life.

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Video: Czech Republic

Cities of the Czech Republic

What is remarkable about the Czech Republic?

Thousands of travelers from around the world come to the Czech Republic, their number reaches 50 million people a year, making the country one of the ten most visited countries in the world. Czech Republic is a beautiful country, preserving more than 2500 medieval castles, the unique architecture of which attracts artists and romantics, connoisseurs and lovers of the beautiful and ancient times.

Incredible number of attractions makes you return here again and again, because it is impossible to cover all the tourist gems of the country during a single trip.

It’s a paradise for gourmands – the delicious and authentic Czech national cuisine leaves no one indifferent making people forget about their diet and waistline thickness for a while. For beer lovers this is heavenly paradise – carefully preserved traditions and recipes of brewing allow you to enjoy the excellent quality of the heady beverage and taste a huge number of varieties of beer.

After having paid tribute to Czech gastronomy, the balneological resorts with excellent service and modern medical facilities will help you to rejuvenate. Traditions of resort recovery came into being here as early as in the 14th century. The first spring was founded by Emperor Charles IV, who built a hunting lodge on the site of today’s Karlovy Vary and named it after himself. And today, travelers can still enjoy the restaurant located in the tower of the fortress on the site of that same house.

Swans and the Charles Bridge Czech Paradise Karlovy Vary

The most popular and most visited spas are Karlovy Vary, Poděbrady, Mariánské Lázně, Jáchymov, Teplice, and Františkové Lázně. The water in the springs differs by its composition, which allows treating various diseases. All spas are situated in the midst of historical sites and picturesque landscapes. It is said that even the air in the Czech Republic has healing powers. Spa House Marienbad has long been a favorite place for rest and treatment of many aristocrats, writers, musicians. At one time it was visited by Paganini, Gogol, Bach, Goethe, Lenin, Turgenev and Mozart.

In the north of the country the resort Krkonoše will please the adherents of active recreation with paragliding flights, as well as opportunities for mountain biking, horseback riding and mountain skiing.

Water lovers will enjoy the water park 20 kilometers from Karlovy Vary in Klášterec nad Ohře. There are 7 swimming pools with great attractions, paddling pools for children, water slides and whirlpools, a great area for recreation is created on the Slapska reservoir, 50 kilometers from Prague. You can stay at one of the many hotels or campsites, or rent a boat or sailboat.

The ski resorts of the Czech Republic offer services on a par with those of their Alpine competitors at quite reasonable prices. It has an excellent development of all necessary infrastructure. The most famous and popular ski resorts are Jablonec nad Jizerou, Liberec, Špindlerův Mlýn, Harrachov, Pec pod Sněžkou. Thanks to the abundant snowfall, skiing is available here from December to April. But do not drive off the specially equipped slopes, as there is a possibility of avalanches.

Recently in Czech Republic agritourism for those who want to live in the countryside is rapidly developing.

Czech Republic in winter Czech Republic – a paradise for gourmets

Attractions

A pearl among the Czech cities is the capital city of Prague, one of the most beautiful cities in Europe and in the world. For centuries Prague has been full of architectural masterpieces and medieval legends. The combination of austere Gothic and elegant Baroque, Renaissance and Classicism give the city a unique atmosphere. The historic center of the Czech capital is a UNESCO-protected monument. Prague is a big collection of unique sights, you can see the Singing Fountains, Charles Bridge, decorated with 30 statues, one of the most beautiful Gothic cathedrals in the world – St. Vitus Cathedral. You can’t miss the Prague Botanical Garden and magnificent park of the Wallenstein Palace. Always lively on the Old Town Square in Prague. Here crowds of tourists and Prague citizens flock to see the mechanical figures on the City Hall, giving a performance at the beginning of each hour on the clock chime. This clock has been on the town hall since 1410 and is the oldest in Europe. Every building on the square is a monument of history and architecture. Traditional place of pilgrimage of tourists is Prague Zoo.

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Central Square in Prague Dancing House in Prague Brno

Modern buildings strive to rival historical ones, one of the new trademarks of the Czech Republic is the Dancing House, a building of extravagant architecture dedicated to the famous American dancers of the last century, Ginger Rogers and Dred Astor.

The second most important city in the Czech Republic is Brno. Despite its rather large size, Brno is a neat and cozy city, surrounded by picturesque forests. Here tourists can see two famous castles – Austerlitz and Špilberk, visit the Moravian Gallery, the Old Town Hall, the Cathedral of St. Peter and Paul, the Capuchin Monastery. In Nicolaus Copernicus Observatory you can observe stars and planets.

Kutna Hora is one of the iconic cities of the country. The Late Gothic Church of St. Barbara, the Mint, the Stone House are a part of the world cultural heritage. The Church of All Saints is also an ossuary; even chandeliers and family coats of arms are made of human bones here.

Punkva Cave in the Moravian Karst

The Czech Republic has about 2500 castles and many buildings of different ages and styles, of which the most famous are Konopiste, Karlstein, Melnik, Zvikov Fortress, Český Krumlov, the Castle Hluboka nad Vltavou and the Castle Červen Lhota. On the territory of castles are annually held various festivals, historical reconstructions, knights’ tournaments. Here tourists can learn an ancient craft, taste dishes cooked according to traditional recipes, listen to old music.

Lovers of mysterious caves can wander through them in the Moravian Karst Nature Reserve, where there are more than 1000 caves and gorges.

Czech Republic

The Czech Republic, or Czech Republic, is a central European country, bordering with Poland in the north, Germany – in the west, Austria in the south and Slovakia in the east. The capital of the Czech Republic is Prague, which is one big open-air attraction. The country covers an area of 78,866 km² and has a population of 10,610,947 (2016). The largest cities are Prague, Brno, Pilsen, and Ostrava.

According to legend, the ancestors of the current Czechs, led by their leader Czech, settled on the territory of modern Bohemia, which has been inhabited since the Stone Age. The first annalistic references to settlements on the Bohemian land date back to the end of the ninth century, when these lands were united by the Przemyslovich princes. In the Middle Ages, the Czech kingdom had considerable influence, but the resulting religious conflicts (the Hussite wars in the 15th century and the Thirty Years’ War in the 17th century) weakened it considerably. Soon the kingdom fell under the rule of the Habsburgs and became part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.

After the end of World War I and the fall of Austria-Hungary in 1918, Czechoslovakia, Slovakia, and Subcarpathian Rus united to form the independent republic of Czechoslovakia. The country was occupied by Germany in 1939. At the end of World War II, the Czech Republic found itself in the Soviet camp, which predetermined its history until 1989. January 1, 1993 from the Czech Republic broke away from Slovakia, and both countries gained their independence. Today’s Czech Republic – a member of NATO since 1999, it is a member of the European Union since 2004.

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The Czech Republic is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Europe. Each year, regardless of the season, the country is visited by about 50 million people. The choice of tourist routes in the Czech Republic is so vast that it is worth deciding in advance which direction of tourism you are interested in at the moment and what should be left for your next visits. The most attractive historical routes, as the country has a huge number of objects that will be of interest to fans of antiquity: castles, fortresses, castles. Some cities in Czech Republic are included in the list of UNESCO World Cultural Heritage.

Capital city: Prague Area: 78 866 km 2 Population: 10 610 947 (2016) Language: Czech Official website: http://visitczechrepublic.com

Flight time: from Moscow – from 2 hours 55 min. from Saint-Petersburg – from 2 hours 35 min. from Kazan – from 3 hours 40 min. from Ekaterinburg – from 4 hours 55 min. from Novosibirsk – from 6 hours 35 min.

Nature lovers will find something to their liking – ecotourism and skiing are well developed in the country. Those who want to admire the natural beauty in the Czech Republic – there is free rein: wooded mountains, caves, lakes and waterfalls. Czech Republic also attracts tourists who need to improve their health: they are waiting for a lot of popular thermal spas.

How to get there

The Czech Republic and Russia are connected by many flights. For example, you can fly to Brno from Moscow, and to Karlovy Vary from Moscow, St. Petersburg and Yekaterinburg. But the most popular destination is Prague. In addition, since October 28, 2012 Transaero opened flights between Moscow and Pardubice.

From the Czech capital there are flights to Moscow (Aeroflot and Czech Airlines), St. Petersburg (Rossiya and Czech Airlines) and Voronezh (Polet), Ekaterinburg (Ural Airlines and Czech Airlines), Rostov-on-Don (Aeroflot-Don and Czech Airlines), Samara (Aeroflot and Czech Airlines), Novosibirsk (S7) and Tyumen (Yamal).

The Czech sky has opened! The Czech Republic has become closer for travelers since October 4, 2020. Czech Airlines launches flights to Prague on Wednesdays and Sundays.

  • Flight Prague – Moscow, OK-894, departure from Prague at 12:40.
  • Flight Moscow – Prague, OK-895, departs Moscow at 17:05.

Tickets can be purchased at czechairlines.com. Please note that entry of Russian citizens into the Czech Republic and EU countries is still limited. Make sure that you meet the conditions for entry into the Czech Republic.

In addition, you can travel to Prague from cities in Russia, Ukraine and Moldova by train, and even by bus. More information about how to get to the Czech capital, you can read in section “How to get to Prague. If you are interested in water treatment, you should see the section “How to get to Karlovy Vary”.

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Climate and weather in the Czech Republic

The climate of the Czech Republic is temperate continental with maritime features. Summers in the region are warm, with daytime temperatures of +23 … +25 ° C, with large amounts of precipitation. Winter is cloudy and cool, with daytime temperatures around 0 … +3 ° C and nighttime temperatures of -5 … -2 ° C, often snow falls. In winter, ski resorts start operating in the mountains.

The minimum of precipitations accounts for spring and autumn, this time is most comfortable for excursions and travels in the country.

Weather in the Czech Republic rarely surprises: in summer is usually not hot, and winter is moderately cool, so tourists visit the country all year round.

See more information about the weather and climate of the Czech Republic by months and regions and the latest weather forecast on the service Weather.Tourister.Ru.

Weather in Czech Republic

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Weather in Czech Republic by month

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Czech Republic Photos

Regions

This section is developed with the support of the National Tourist Office of the Czech Republic – CzechTourism.

Vysočina is a land of glassblowers and pure unspoilt nature. A great place to retreat and relax from the pace of city life.

The Karlovy Vary Region is probably the most beautiful and most popular tourist destination in the Czech Republic, which is inherently linked with the spa treatment in the famous spa centers.

The Moravian-Silesian Region is known not only for its technical and industrial monuments in the territory of former factories, but also for the untouched nature and picturesque Beskydy Mountains. Here you can go down into an abandoned mine and learn about the history of coal mining in Bohemia.

  • Pilsen region – this region attracts tourists with its ancient Baroque buildings, nature reserves, folklore and delicious food. The local beer is considered one of the tastiest in the Czech Republic and beyond.
  • South Bohemia is the greenest and most picturesque region of the Czech Republic, rich in history and unique architectural sights. One third of its area is covered by forests and seven thousand ponds.

Read more about all the regions of the Czech Republic at visitczechrepublic.com

What to see

Castles of the Czech Republic

The pride of the Czech Republic is its castles, of which there are about 2500. Almost every corner of the Czech Republic has its own castle – an ancient one with an interesting ancient history. Castles – fortified dwellings of feudal lords – were built according to a certain structure: the castle (grad) with a church, surrounded by one or more fiefdoms, attached gradually and used for household purposes. During the Renaissance, castles lost the meaning of military fortresses and turned into comfortable dwellings. In the 19th century many Czech castles were rebuilt in the spirit of Romanticism and got neo-Gothic elements and a certain “English accent”. At the end of the twentieth century, as part of the restitution, some castles were returned to the historical families, some became hotels, some – museums. Many castles today offer magnificent staged performances – excursions into the history of Bohemia, holding jousting tournaments, costume shows, concerts of old music, tasting dishes of Czech cuisine. Below is the list of the most famous castles of the Czech Republic. Read more about the Czech castles in the article “Castles of the Czech Republic. Fabulous atmosphere of the Middle Ages.

Old Towns of Bohemia

Apart from castles in Czech Republic it is worth visiting historic towns that offer a great number of historic and architectural monuments.

Czech Krumlov

Český Krumlov is the most famous historical region in South Bohemia situated in the foothills of Sumava, which is famous for its amazing ensemble of Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque buildings. Český Krumlov Castle is the most extensive castle in Bohemia after Prague Castle, and it is also listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The castle ensemble consists of 40 palace buildings, 5 courtyards and gardens.

The castle on an ancient trade route was founded in the first half of the 13th century by representatives of the Vitkovic family. Architecture and name of the castle was determined by its geographical location: the castle is located in a loop, formed by a bend of the Vltava River (die krumme Au – crooked meadow). The sub-land was called Latran (latus – side, side), and it was planned also taking into account the bends of the river. The vast complex of the castle, originally built in the Gothic style, underwent changes first in the Baroque and then in the Rococo style. In the castle tourists will be interested in gardens and parks, theater, galleries and cellars. The dominant feature of the old town is the church of St. Vitus which rises on the steep bank of the river. Krumlov has a special charm and style with sgraffito buildings, red-tiled roofs and gilded towers.

Not far from Krumlov, only 32 kilometers away, there is a new landmark (opened in 2012) – the wooden observation tower on the top of Kramolín, above Lipno Lake. The tower is unique among similar structures in its pedestrian zone – the wooden suspended structure starts on the ground and gradually rises to the top of the tower. It was voted the best new Czech landmark in 2012.

Telč Telč is a city on water, the Moravian Venice, whose layout is conditioned by three artificial water reservoirs and a bypass canal – the former castle moat. The historic core of the town is an ancient fortress that has preserved its appearance since the Middle Ages. The Gothic castle on the water was founded in the XIII century, and the modern look of the structure acquired during the reconstruction in the XVI century. The main building of the old town is the palace with rich interiors: the Golden Hall, the Blue Hall, the Theatre and the Knight’s Hall, All Saints Chapel, the Treasury and the Sgraffito hall for feasts.

Jindřichuv Hradec

The town of Jindřichův Hradec has the third largest castle complex in Bohemia, built in the 13th century on the historic border between Bohemia, Moravia and Austria. The Gothic palace with valuable paintings, the church of St. John the Baptist with rare frescos and the former Minorite monastery are the main buildings of the complex. The city is famous for its annual festivals of classical music (Concertino Praga) and folklore music (Folková růže).

Brno

Brno is the capital of Moravia and the second largest city in the Czech Republic. The most recognizable symbol of Brno is Gothic castle Špilberk, silhouette of which is pictured on Czech coins. The castle was founded in the 13th century on top of Špilberk Mountain. Read more about Špilberk here.

When in Brno, take time to see the Moravian Gallery, the second largest museum on the territory of the Czech Republic, famous for the richness of its collection. Founded in 1961, the gallery houses free art – not only paintings, drawings and plastic arts from ancient times to the present day, but also photography, applied arts, and graphic design.

Also worth seeing in Brno are the Cathedral of St. Peter and Paul, the Basilica of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary, the Church of St. Jakub, the Town Hall, and the Church of St. Michael.

Kutna Hora

The historic town of Kutná Hora, which was the second largest after Prague in the 14th century, became famous for its silver mines. After the decline of silver mining in the 16th century its importance declined, but the town has maintained its charm and become one of the most famous tourist centers in the country. Tourists may be interested in the Chapel of All Saints, which was built around 1400 in the Gothic cathedral in the cemetery of the Cistercian monastery in Sedlec. As a result of the cholera epidemic of 1318 and during the Hussite wars in the early 15th century, the cemetery grew enormously, and the arriving bones began to be stacked in pyramids. In 1870, on the orders of the Schwarzenbergs, wood carver František Rint decorated the interior of the chapel with bones from the available 40,000 skeletons, from the altar to the chandelier.

It is worth visiting Vlašský Dvor – Kutná Hora, a complex of buildings of XIII-XIV centuries which used to be a residence of Bohemian kings, with an old mint; Hradek stone palace, which now has a silver museum with an interesting exposition; St. Barbara’s cathedral – Czech Notre Dame de Paris.

Plzen

Plzen, the fourth largest city in the Czech Republic, located in the west of the country, spreads at the confluence of four rivers – Uslava, Uglava, Radbuza and Mží. Plzen is famous for the following sights: the highest church tower in Bohemia (103 m) – the tower of St. Bartholomew’s Cathedral, the cathedral itself with the late Gothic Sternberg Chapel, Town Hall, dungeons, Museum of West Bohemia, the third largest synagogue in the world in Moorish-Romanesque style.

Plzen, as it is known, is the capital of Czech brewing, here is brewed Plzen beer of brands “Prazdroj” and “Gambrinus”. Beer is made by the old technology, unchanged since the last century and the inimitable taste of the drink, according to the Czechs, gives Pilsen water, its own malt and unique conditions of storage in the cellars. You can learn more about the history of Pilsen Prazdroj brewery at the Brewery Museum.

Terezín Memorial

The Terezín Fortress was founded at the end of the 18th century at the confluence of the Labe and Ohře rivers, 5 kilometres south of Litoměřice. During World War II, the German occupiers established a concentration camp for Jews in the fortress, the so-called “Terezín Ghetto”, in which almost 140,000 people were held (33,000 of whom died in the ghetto). Some Jews (88,000) were deported to Auschwitz and other death camps. By the end of the war, 17,247 had survived in the ghetto. Terezín was liberated by Soviet troops on May 9, 1945. Today there is a Memorial to the victims of the concentration camp in Terezín.

Czech healing spas

The Czech Republic is a renowned destination for recovery tourism. The country is famed for its thermal and mineral resorts, the most renowned of which is Karlovy Vary. The city, founded by the Emperor Charles IV in 1358, appeared at the place where 132 mineral springs rise to the surface, 12 of which have curative water. The spa has a glorious history and all the world’s elite came here to improve their health: monarchs, prominent politicians, famous people of art. The city streets follow the curves formed by the Teplaya river, over which openwork bridges are thrown. The city is decorated with picturesque buildings of different eras, parks, squares. In addition to the therapeutic procedures for a wide range of ailments and walks in natural surroundings, it is always worth spending some time in the town, e.g. the Karlovy Vary Film Festival, second only to the Cannes Film Festival in Europe.

The history of Mariánské Lázně begins in 1528 with the discovery of the Ferdinand Spring, which is the second most famous spa town in the Czech Republic after Karlovy Vary. To date, there are about 40 mineral springs here.

Another Czech town with spa tradition is Františkovy Lázně, which is very popular mostly among women, as the local muds successfully cure infertility.

Learn more about the spas of the country in our article “Healing spas of the Czech Republic. You can read more in our article “Czech Healing Spas”, which describes the most popular places for spa treatment.

Czech amusement parks

Czech Switzerland National Park

This nature reserve, which is unparalleled in Europe, stretches from the town of Tisza in the Ustecký district to the Šluknovský ledge in the Decín district. The park was founded on January 1, 2000, and was the Czech extension of the German Sächsische Schweiz (Saxon Switzerland) National Park, founded 10 years earlier (1990). The Czech Switzerland Park is part of the extensive natural complex Labské pyskovice (Labské pyskovce) and its main subject of protection is the characteristic sandstone phenomenon – the “rock sandstone town” of Jetršichovice and Dečinské stena and the biodiversity associated with them. Tourists love to visit the viewing platforms with unique views of sandstone cliffs, bridges and castles created by nature. The park is popular with fans of active sports: climbers, cyclists, rafters and hikers.

Water Parks

Water park Babylon is located in Liberec and is part of Babylon, the largest in the Czech Republic. Its interiors remind of antique baths; the most popular attractions are the “wild river” and the adrenaline-inducing “spacebowl”.

AquaPalace Waterpark is located in Čestlice near Prague – it’s the biggest water park in Central Europe. The complex consists of the Palace of Waves, the Palace of Adventures and the Palace of Relaxation. For fans of deep diving there is a diving tunnel, sauna lovers can visit the classic Finnish saunas, Roman thermae and Russian baths.

Aqua-Olomouc Aquapark is located in Olomouc and is famous for its adrenaline rides. Visitors are also offered massages, solarium and tepidarium (dry heat zone).

Ski resorts in Czech Republic

Speaking about winter holidays, first of all ski resorts in Austria, Andorra, Italy or France come to mind. Their advantages are undeniable, but it is worth paying attention to the new trends of winter tourism. An example is the Czech Republic, ski resorts which are becoming more and more popular. The season here begins in mid-December and ends in mid-April. Slopes of Czech resorts are well-groomed and very comfortable, and rest in this area is affordable.

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