History of the most beautiful bridges of Budapest, Hungary

Popular bridges of Budapest

The most beautiful and most visited bridges of Budapest. Which ones are worth a walk on to see how beautiful this city and the Danube embankments are.

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The majestic Danube flows through 10 European countries. In Budapest it is the former border between Buda and Pest. In the capital of Hungary there are a total of 8 bridges over the Danube River, the most popular and beautiful are 4 of them. For a full view of these attractions Budapest is recommended to walk across each of these bridges during the day, and after dark to take a boat ride on the river. The magically illuminated buildings and bridges will not leave anyone indifferent. Budapest’s bridges are a vital part of the city’s transport infrastructure and irresistible style.

Excursions in Budapest in Russian

The most interesting excursions are routes from locals on Tripster . It is best to start with a tour of Budapest (to get oriented in the city and to identify routes for future walks). Continue with an unusual tour “Jozsef City: No Tourists allowed” (a walk through the former ghetto, which an independent traveler can rarely get to).

Top 8 most beautiful bridges of Budapest

Bridges of Budapest – #1 Chain Bridge

Chain Bridge, Budapest, Hungary

The most beautiful and most visited bridge in Budapest!

The Széchenyi Chain Bridge is the most visited of all bridges in Budapest. The idea to create this architectural masterpiece belonged to the Hungarian politician Count Istvan Szechenyi. The author of the project was the English architect William Clark, while the construction was supervised by his namesake Adam Clark from Scotland. In short 10 years (from 1839 to 1849), the bridge was rebuilt and connected Buda and Pest. At that time it was considered a wonder of the world, one of the largest on the planet, as it was 375 meters long. During its existence the Szechenyi Bridge has been rebuilt several times.

Large-scale reconstruction was carried out after its destruction by the Nazi troops during World War II. For the celebration of the 100th anniversary of the Chain Bridge in 1949, the restoration was completed and the carriageway was slightly enlarged. The Chain Bridge is the oldest and undoubtedly the most beautiful and most visited bridge in Budapest.

Today the Széchenyi Bridge is a symbol of Budapest, and its image is one of the most common on souvenirs.

Bridges of Budapest – #2 The Erzsébet Bridge

Budapest Bridges - #2 The Erzsébet Bridge

The Erzsébet Bridge in Budapest is named after Empress Sissy

The Erzsébet Bridge was named after Empress Sissy (Elisabeth), a favorite of her subjects. The complexity of its creation was the fact that on the Buda side it rested against the Gellert mountain, which made it almost impossible to create a traffic interchange in this place. A competition was announced, to which 54 proposals for the bridge were received from architects all over the world. And although the German Juliusz Kübler won, the construction began according to the drawings of Hungarian engineers Kendl and Zikelius. Construction work was completed in 1903. The Erzsébet Suspension Bridge, like some other bridges in Budapest, was blown up by retreating German troops in 1945, and was rebuilt only in 1964. It could not be completely rebuilt, so engineer Szavos slightly simplified and expanded the bridge.

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It is now a bridge with 4 lanes for vehicles and 2 walkways, one of the most popular places to walk in Budapest.

Budapest Bridges – #3 Freedom Bridge

Budapest Bridges - #3 Freedom Bridge

After seeing this bridge of Budapest, you start to doubt – which one is more beautiful? The Chain Bridge or the Freedom Bridge?

The Freedom Bridge was built in 2 years by the Hungarian architect Janos Feketehazy. The solemn opening was timed to coincide with the 1000th anniversary of the Hungarians finding their homeland. Emperor Franz Joseph I himself was present at the celebration, in honor of him the third most important bridge of Budapest got its first name. The structure looks openwork and weightless, although it has impressive dimensions: the length of the bridge is 333 m, width – 20, and the weight of metal parts reaches 5 tons. Like most bridges in Budapest, the Freedom Bridge suffered a bombing during the war with Nazi Germany. Soviet builders and engineers took part in its restoration and the work was completed in 15 months. The Liberty Bridge was already opened under its new name in 1946. Sometimes, on major holidays, the traffic on the bridge is closed and parades and merrymaking are held here.

On top of each pillar on this Budapest bridge is a “turul,” a mythical Hungarian bird standing on a golden ball. Architects consider the Freedom Bridge one of the most beautiful in the world.

Most bridges in Budapest were named after famous people, and the Freedom Bridge was named after Emperor Franz Josef.

Budapest Bridges – #4 Margit Bridge

Budapest Bridges - #4 Margaret Bridge

This bridge connects the banks of the Danube and Margaret Island

The Margaret Bridge or Margit Bridge (Margit híd) was the second permanent bridge of Budapest. It was built between 1872 and 1876 by the company of French engineer Ernest Guin. The central part of the bridge has a branch line to Margit Island. It was named in honor of Princess Margit, daughter of Bela IV.

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Bridges of Budapest – #5 Arpad Bridge

Budapest Bridges - #5 Arpad Bridge

Árpada also captures part of Margaret Island

Arpad’s Bridge (Árpád híd) was named after the leader of the seven Hungarian tribes who came to the Carpathian Basin in the 9th century. It is not only the northernmost but also the longest and busiest of Budapest’s bridges. In 1939 the authorities decided that workers from Obuda should have easy access to all parts of the city, which was the reason for the need to build the bridge. However, work was delayed because of the Second World War, and the bridge was not completed until 1950. The bridge was named Stalin Bridge when it was opened.

Bridges of Budapest – #6 Petőfi Bridge

Budapest Bridges - #6 Petőfi Bridge

Continuing our look at Budapest’s bridges – the Pétőfi Bridge

The Petőfi Bridge (Petőfi híd), named after the revolutionary poet Sándor Petőfi, is perhaps the least inspiring of all Budapest bridges. It is located in the southern part of the city and is an important part of the transport infrastructure of Budapest. Until 1945, the bridge was named after Miklós Horthy, leader of the Hungarian right wing and “admiral without the sea”.

Budapest Bridges – #7 Rakoczi Bridge

Budapest Bridges - #7 Rakoczy Bridge

Rakoczi is a striking, modern bridge on the outskirts of Budapest

The Rakoczi Bridge (before 2011 it was called Ládmányosi) looks like a sort of red post. It is the southernmost of all Budapest bridges. The bridge was opened in 1995 and has special giant mirrors, which illuminate the road evenly from a height of 35 meters. On the Pest side of the bridge is the National Theater, which was built in 2001-2002.

Budapest Bridges – #8 Medieri Bridge

How many bridges in Budapest over the Danube - Medieri Bridge

Medieri is a beautiful bridge from the city’s recent history

The Medieri Bridge, a 21st century bridge, was opened only in 2008. Becoming part of the Budapest ring road, it made the city’s infrastructure even more convenient. However, travelers are unlikely to remember its name, you can not see it in the city center. But on the whole it is a modern cable-stayed bridge of Budapest, which cost Hungary about 300 million dollars. Even the choice of name for the Medieri Bridge was affected by the advent of a new era: it was tried to be determined by online voting. You won’t believe it, but American comedian Steven Colbert was in the lead – it was in honor of him that the citizens wanted to name the eighth bridge of Budapest.

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The fate of the bridge was decided by the Hungarian legislation. According to the constitution, the object can be named only in honor of a worthy person, who speaks Hungarian. He was also dead.

Such fascinating stories keep in their solid construction bridges of Budapest. Some of them are beautiful and pathos, others are tragic, and some are comical! Choose one you like and admire one of the most beautiful cities in Europe from the middle of the Danube. And don’t forget to take a night boat trip to make a wish under each of the bridges.

Flight Schedule from Moscow to Budapest

Direct flights to Budapest by Ferenc Liszt Airport are available daily. Aeroflot (2-3 flights per day) and four times a week lowcoster Wizz Air fly directly to Budapest Airport. Ticket prices from Moscow to Budapest start from 6500 rubles. It takes more than two and a half hours to fly.

Bridges of Budapest

Budapest Bridges

Budapest is a place of interest for tourists in any city. Even the smallest bridge over the creek in a small town draws attention of travelers who happened to stroll there. What to say about the big bridges of the big cities? The grandiose structures in the capital, spanning the great Danube and dividing Budapest in two. And if there are dozens of them? ….

It’s not that easy to figure out. But we did. And we did. And we are happy to share with you the results of our investigation.

Building a bridge is always a huge expense. Financial, raw materials, physical … And in the case of Budapest, it is also historical. Often historical neighborhoods had to be rebuilt, old buildings had to be torn down or moved, to build a bridge. For example, during the construction of the Freedom Bridge, it was necessary to close the therapeutic mud baths on the Gellert Square, which had been faithfully serving the citizens for many decades. For the construction of the Erzsébet Bridge, the old Pest Town Hall had to be dismantled.

For a long time, tolls were required to pass over the bridges to recoup the costs of their construction. And as soon as they paid for themselves, the authorities immediately began to build a new one. There are 9 bridges over the Danube in Budapest, not counting the railway bridges. Also in this article you will see a bridge that is not included in this list of 9, although it is a Budapest bridge. Why? You will find out below.

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Also below is a list of bridges by location from north to south and a map of Budapest bridges.

For now, let’s walk through the bridges of Budapest in the order in which they came into being.

The first four of them are too significant to cram into this article – they rightfully deserve their own. In addition, they are located in the central part of Budapest and are spoiled by the attention of tourists. You are welcome to visit them too – they are definitely worth seeing!

Széchenyi Chain Bridge

Absolutely no 1 by any criterion. The bridge is the symbol, the bridge is the hero, the bridge older than the city itself.

Budapest Szechenyi Chain Bridge

Margaret Bridge

The most unusual bridge in Budapest in terms of architecture. And it is not the frame, but the geometry.

Budapest Margaret Bridge

Freedom Bridge

Perhaps the most beautiful bridge in Budapest. The massive metal structures are amazingly graceful in their symbolic images.

Erzsébet Bridge

The youngest and lightest bridge of the center of Budapest, dramatically changed its appearance after World War II.

Budapest Erzsébet Bridge

The Petőfi Bridge. It was built in 1937. The original name of the bridge was Horthy Bridge, in honor of the ruler of Hungary between World Wars I and II. After reconstruction in 1952, the bridge and got its new name, in honor of the Hungarian poet.

Arpad’s Bridge. It connects the northern part of the island of Magritte with the banks of the Danube. It was laid already in 1939, but the beginning of the Second World War delayed the construction till 1950. It was called Stalin’s Bridge until 1958, when it got its present name in honor of the leader of the Hungarian tribes, who led the Hungarian tribes to the banks of the Danube more than a thousand years ago.

Ferenc Deák Bridge. Built on the southern tip of the city in 1990. Externally, the bridge is nothing special, which is not typical of Budapest bridges, but it has a huge transport value for the city and country.

Medieri Bridge. Year of construction 2008. The northernmost and the newest bridge of Budapest. It is located on the legal border of the city, 25 km from the Ferenc Deák Bridge, together with which it is part of the M0 highway, encircling Budapest (Budapest ring road, so to speak). The name comes from the two districts of Budapest connected by a bridge. Related to this bridge was a cautionary tale: even before its construction there was an internet voting for the name of the bridge, in which such names as “Chuck Norris Bridge” and “Stephen Colbert Bridge” (American satirist) took turns in the lead. Luckily, the Budapest authorities were quick to react in time. Otherwise we would have been walking on the Chuck Norris Bridge…

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Rakoczy Bridge. (until 2011 – the Ladhmanyosi Bridge) was opened in 1995 for the World Expo, which was never held. The highlight of the bridge are the lanterns of a very unusual appearance. Today’s name is in honor of Ferenc II Rakoczi, the last prince of Transylvania, who fought for the independence of the Romanian and Hungarian lands from Austria in the early 17th century.

Budapest Rakoczy Bridge

Promised list of Budapest bridges from north to south: 1. Medieri Bridge 2. Arpad’s Bridge 3. Margit Bridge 4. Erzsébet Bridge 5. Szechenyi Chain Bridge 6. Freedom Bridge 7. Petyofi Bridge 8. Rakoczy Bridge 9. Ferenc Deac Bridge

Budapest bridges on the map

In the history of Budapest there is another bridge. Kossuth Bridge. On the map you can not find it and walk on it.

During World War II, while retreating in 1945, the German army destroyed all five of Budapest’s bridges that existed at that time. When it became clear that the restoration of bridges would take a very long time, it was decided to build a new bridge “as a rush job”. And at the beginning of 1946, it was ready. The Kossuth Bridge crossed the Danube, connecting Battiani Square in Buda and Lajos Kossuth Square in Pest (i.e., exactly above where the M2 Red Line now passes). It was made as simply as possible and with minimal use of building materials, which were extremely valuable in the post-war period. Therefore, the load was very small and worked with limitations, but it was better than nothing.

After the restoration of historical bridges, the Kossuth Bridge was closed (in 1956) and dismantled (in 1960), leaving behind only photographs and commemorative plaques placed at its former ends.

If you have read this article from beginning to end and if you have read our articles on the first four (and most popular) bridges, you have a wealth of information about Budapest’s bridges. Now it’s time to arm your camera (or whatever you usually shoot with) and get great pictures of magnificent bridges of magnificent Budapest. Or just take a walk on them:)

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