History and attractions of the Yucatan Peninsula


Yucatan .

Finding the Yucatan Peninsula on a map of North America is not difficult: it is highly visible and separates the Gulf of Mexico from the Caribbean Sea. Yucatan is notable for its wealth of flora and fauna, as well as for the large number of monuments of the Mayan civilization. The peninsula is one of the most interesting places in Mexico. In Yucatan you can plan a great vacation, because the wonderful beaches here are adjacent to the ancient pyramids.

General Information

The Yucatan Peninsula is located in Central America. It is washed by the waters of the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea. A large part of its territory belongs to Mexico, with three states: the Yucatan, Campeche and Quintana Roo. They all occupy the northern part of the peninsula. The southern part belongs partly to Guatemala and partly to Belize.

Yucatan was the main stronghold of the Maya civilization until the Spanish conquests of the 16th century. For a long time, the peninsula was significantly different from mainland Mexico. Nowadays, these differences are not so noticeable, globalization takes its toll, but Yucatan still preserves its ancient customs and culture. Many inhabitants of the peninsula are descendants of the Maya and do not consider themselves Mexicans. It should also be noted that the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico is one of the most popular resorts.

Yucatan on the map

The climate of the Yucatan

The peninsula has a hot and humid tropical climate. It rains less in the winter and much more in the summer. Autumn on the Yucatan is often quite windy. When planning a trip here, you should definitely take care to protect yourself from the sun.

Yucatan Climate

Nature of Yucatan

The peninsula attracts many with its rich and unique flora. Nature lovers really should come here at least for the long impressive walks.

Nature of Yucatan

The topography of the Yucatan Peninsula is mostly flat limestone plateaus. In the northern part of the climate is drier, there are savannas, and along the coast stretches coastal forests. In the south of the Yucatan Peninsula there is jungle and rainforest. In the northwestern part of the peninsula is the Yucatan meteorite crater, Chicxulub. According to scientists, it was formed about 65 million years ago by a meteorite fall. It is believed that it was the fall of the celestial body and destroyed the dinosaurs at one time.

Jakarta National Museums.

Yucatan meteorite crater

Due to the peculiarities of its geographical position and the fact that for a long time the Yucatan developed in isolation, unique conditions were created here, which contributed to the appearance of really rich and diverse flora and fauna. The peninsula has about 8,000 species of flowering plants, about 1,200 species of butterflies and about 700 varieties of birds. There are no major rivers in the Yucatan, as abundant rainfall and loose soil cause water to seep underground. But there are many underground reservoirs on the peninsula.

Beaches of the Yucatan

The coast of the Caribbean Sea in the Yucatan is one of the most beautiful places in the world. The photos from here look like pictures from glossy magazines even without processing.

White sandy beaches stretch along the coastline from Tulum to Cancun. This coast is also called the Riviera Maya. The beaches here are the most popular among tourists because they are very beautiful and comfortable. The water is always a pleasant temperature and light turquoise hue, a lot of coral reefs, some of them stretching along the coast hundreds of kilometers.

The most popular beach resort is Playa del Carmen. Diving enthusiasts most often go to the island of Cozumel.

Yucatan Beaches

What to see in Yucatan?

This peninsula can definitely be called an ideal place for recreation, because you will not be bored here. There are wonderful beaches, park areas, and even jungles. In addition to the natural attractions, Yucatan in Mexico is also a lot of attractions, which should definitely be visited. Among others, especially noteworthy are:

  1. Cenotes in the Yucatan Peninsula. These are natural sinkholes that appear when the vaults of a limestone cave collapse into which groundwater flows. Cenotes are unique formations found only in the Yucatan Peninsula and some of the surrounding islands. The Maya used these places for sacrifices as well as drinking springs, so they often settled around them. One of the most famous cenotes of the Yucatan in Mexico is located near the famous monument of Chichen Itza. Also worth checking out are the Grand Cenote, Dzitnup, Ik Quil, Sasi and Saamal. These caves of the Yucatan are much loved by divers, as you can swim in their waters and dive deep.
  2. The Pyramid of Kukulcan in Yucatan, Mexico. It is also called El Castillo, which means “castle.” It is a four-sided, 24-meter stepped pyramid. It is especially eye-catching for its optical illusion: during the autumn and spring equinoxes, the sun’s rays are refracted in such a way that it appears as if snakes carved at the base are crawling upward.
  3. Ushmal . These are the ancient ruins of one of the once large and prosperous cities. Parts of them still rest in the jungle, but much of it is available for tourist visits. On the territory of the city there are many remarkable ancient buildings, such as the pyramid of the Screamer, which reaches a height of 40 m.
  4. Shel-Ha Reserve. This is a unique ecological water park, where a high level of service and a large number of entertainment adjacent to wildlife. Here you can swim with dolphins, get ecological cosmetics, and taste honey from the bees.
  5. Shkaret Reserve . An amazing natural place where you can visit a turtle farm and a butterfly park.
  6. City of Merida in the Yucatan . This is the administrative center of the peninsula and a city that is definitely worth a visit. Merida is called the white city because there are so many buildings of this color. The city has a great historical significance, it was the first settlement in the Yucatan, which was founded by the Spanish invaders. It is also worth noting that Merida will be a convenient starting point for travels in the Yucatan.
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Where is the Yucatan Peninsula and how to get there?

The peninsula is located in the southern part of North America. Yucatan’s most popular airport, which cooperates with the largest number of air carriers worldwide, is located in the resort town of Cancun. The flight from Moscow takes about 13 hours.

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