Historical sights in Greece

Greek sights

Greece is a country of ruins and stunning landscapes. The land of this incredibly beautiful country keeps the bright imprint of the ancient civilization. The sights of Greece are unique and leave positive emotions in the minds of visitors. The territory of Greece preserves many traces of ancient civilization, incredible gorges, temples and stone castles.

The Palace of the Grand Masters on the island of Rhodes

Palace of the Grand Masters in Rhodes

The palace was built on the site of the temple of Helios. Visiting this remarkable fortress of more than 200 halls, the traveler learns about the times of the Crusaders and interesting facts about the life of people in ancient times. The halls are decorated with objects in the spirit of antiquity.

Petaludes

The Valley of Butterflies in Greece

Petaludes, or the Valley of the Butterflies, is located in Rhodes. Tourists who prefer living nature to stone structures should definitely go there. The traveler will see several thousand colored butterflies. The reserve is also home to lizards and rare birds.

Cave Lake Melissani

Melissani Cave Lake

The cave lake is an inner delight. Lovers should visit this place and dip their hands into the water together. According to legends, this ritual will strengthen the couple’s love bond. In addition, the lake water strikes its purity: the traveler will see what is ten meters deep.

The ancient city of Delphi

The ancient city of Delphi

In ancient times, the city of Delphi was the center of life of the entire civilization. On the territory of the former blooming megalopolis rests the ruins of some sights: this and the famous temple of Apollo, and the temple of Athena, and the theater, and the ancient stadium, and the mountain Parnassus. Each of these sites will bring vivid emotions. Visiting Delphi and the sights that are located in the city will leave an unusual impression in the memory of tourists.

Mount Olympus

The mountain of gods is located in Thessaly. The landmark is one of the most important sights in the world, has the status of a nature reserve and is protected by UNESCO. On the mountain, tourists can watch the life of wild animals, independently conquer the tops of the three mountains.

Mount Olympus in Greece

Olympus includes three mountains: Mitikas, 2917 meters high, Scolio and Stephani. One of the peaks resembles a throne for the gods. It is hard to imagine Greece without Mount Olympus, because it is one of the main treasures of the country.

Vikos Gorge

Vikos Gorge

It is listed in the Guinness Book of Records. Visiting it, travelers will meet with unique and rare plants, diverse animals, numbering about a hundred species. The national park’s river is home to about seven rare fish species. In autumn, the gorge looks unusual, so it is better to visit it at this time of year. The gorge is considered the deepest on Earth. Not far from Vikos is an area called Zagori.

The area of the gods – Plaka

The region of the gods - Plaka

Plaka is the oldest district of Athens and one of the main attractions in Greece. This small area has preserved its ancient image and clearly shows the life of the people in those distant times. Most of the buildings in the district of the gods were erected on the foundations of ancient structures in the 18th century. There are various stores with souvenirs, clothes, jewelry in the area.

Mount Athos

Mount Athos

The most famous place for Orthodox Christians on the planet is Mount Athos. It is very important for every Christian to visit this complex of twenty monasteries. Christian women are forbidden to enter the temple. For the pilgrims of Mount Athos have their own rules, a special way of life and habits, so visit the holy place can only 110 people in one day. The brothers of Mount Athos live by Byzantine time. Even in different monasteries the time is different, which causes tourists’ interest and surprise. The inhabitants of the mountain live according to the ancient rules of the monastic order.

Volcano Santorin

Volcano Santorin

The peculiarity of this volcano is that it left behind a giant lagoon. The view of the remains of the once great volcano is mesmerizing. Beaches with colorful sand and extraordinary scenery – this is what every nature lover needs. The site itself is located on the island of Santorini and is considered one of the most beautiful in the entire world. The volcano was located in the heart of the city.

Mycenae

The landmark of Greece - Mycenae

A living monument of the Bronze Age is Mycenae. It is the ruins of a settlement that testifies to the greatest turn of civilization. There is a palace, various tombs and foundations of ancient buildings. Every architect and lover of architecture will be interested to see the plan of the ancient ancient city or its ruins live. Mycenae in the history of ancient Greece is considered one of the most important centers of culture and history. Mycenae is situated about 90 kilometers from Athens.

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Mistra and Sparta

One of the outstanding sights of Greece are the ruins of two ancient cities, Sparta and Mystra. When arriving at one of the former settlements, the traveler will note the combination of stone buildings and wildlife. In addition, the cities have the remains of houses, ancient churches, castles.

Sparta in Greece

Sparta left practically no architectural structures. But on the territory of the former city now grows a variety of fruit trees.

Mistra in Greece

Few people have heard about Mistra, but to visit this ancient city is worthwhile. First of all, Mistra is an extension of Sparta. And secondly, the remains of the city are included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites and they are magnificent. The frescoes are a distinctive feature of the city.

Krithinia Castle

The castle of Krithinia

Located on a rock on the island of Rhodes. Only the outer walls and a small part of the chapel remain of the majestic castle. Above the entrance to the castle visitors will see the family coats of arms of the two rulers who were in power in ancient times. Each year the castle is visited by about a thousand tourists.

Lefka-Ori Mountains, Samaria Gorge

The Samaria Gorge in Greece

The Samaria Gorge National Park is one of the classic attractions in Greece that every traveler visits. Nature in these places is inaccessible to man. The tour program is designed for a 4-, 6-hour journey, so tourists will have enough time to enjoy nature.

The Acropolis of Lindos

The Acropolis of Lindos

Lindos is a city on the island of Rhodes. On one of the tops of Lindos is located the ancient acropolis. The city itself is located on several levels. Attractions in Greece are images of a ship, a knight’s fortress and the temple of Athena of Lindos. Acropolis combines several cultures: ancient Greek, Roman, Byzantine and medieval. From November to April you can visit this attraction for free.

Olympia in the Peloponnese

Olympia in the Peloponnese

A visit to Olympia is worth it for everyone. It visually shows the customs of the Olympic Games. In addition to the arena, there are also several temples where the main gods – Zeus, Hera – were worshipped. The Olympic flame is lit during the Games and in modern times.

Parthenon Temple

Parthenon Temple

The Parthenon Temple is one of the most popular attractions in Greece and around the world. It is located in the historic district of Athens. The excursion program includes visiting, along with the temple, the ancient gate, the theater of Dionysus, the temple of Nike and the museum.

Lake Plastiras

Lake Plastira

In recent years, the lake has earned the attention of most visitors to Greece. The crystal clear water against the background of green vegetation looks special. The waters of the lake serve as a source for nearby settlements. Located at an altitude of 800 meters above sea level.

Chalkis Castle

Chalkis Castle in Greece

The castle of Halkis, or Halkida, is a trace of ancient civilization. At the top of Furka Hill there are walls and buildings of the former castle. From the ruins of the building you have stunning views of the island of Evia.

Venetian harbor of Chania

Venetian harbor of Chania

Venetian harbor of Chania is situated near the island of Crete. Now only the lighthouse, the bastion of Firkas and other technical details of the harbor remain. Along the shores, the owners of bars and cafes have opened their establishments. Thus, you can have lunch and enjoy the beautiful scenery of the sea. In the city of Chania tourists can walk through the ancient streets. They are made in the Venetian style. There are stores with souvenirs, various restaurants and supermarkets.

Paleokastritsa

Paleokastritsa

Beach lovers should visit the picturesque cape of Paleokastritsa, located 25 kilometers from Corfu town. The beach is one of the attractions of Greece. During the vacation, the tourist will be able to explore the rock caves. Every lover of caves should visit the beach.

This is not all the sights of Greece, but the above mentioned will allow you to enjoy the atmosphere of this wonderful country.

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Greek sights

One of the wonders of the world without which the panorama of Athens is unthinkable. This Acropolis, the main landmark of Greece, was one of the first listed by UNESCO as of great cultural and historical value. The first stone in the foundations of this significant temple was laid 700 years before our era. There was once a majestic statue of Athena, but it was taken to Istanbul, where it perished in a fire. Not far from Parthenon there is Erechtheinon, which according to legend was built on the site of an old dispute between the gods Poseidon and Athena. When the god of the seas became angry and struck the ground with his trident, a spring started up next to the temple. At the entrance are statues of the Caryatids, decorated with ancient mosaics. Their age is more than two thousand years.

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It is possible to buy a ticket for 20 euros. Students and schoolchildren have a discount. The Acropolis is closed on weekends and national holidays. To get there you can take the metro – the station “Acropolis.

Mount Olympus

What to see in Greece, if not the abode of the legendary gods? Known to everyone by ancient Greek myths, Mount Olympus continues to attract thousands of travelers and pilgrims from all over the world. According to ancient legends, the ancient gods headed by Zeus lived on top of this mountain. Now it is a popular tourist attraction. It is not too high – just over 2900 meters above sea level. There are toll elevators, as well as roads for tourist transport. Those who want to get to the top on foot, but you must first get permission from the directorate of the reserve.

Archaeological Museum of Olympia

It is here that the ruins of the Temple of Zeus, which was once one of the Seven Wonders of the World, are preserved. It was so enormous for the ancient world that gradually it came to be regarded as an uncreated building – supposedly erected by the gods themselves. Unfortunately, the divine intervention did not save the majestic temple from destruction – in 402 AD the emperor Theodosius ordered to destroy all pagan structures, including the temple of Zeus. What people did not destroy, finally finished the earthquake, which happened about 100 years later. Now from the Temple of Zeus is only a few fragments. Nevertheless, every year thousands of tourists come to look at these wrecks and see with their own eyes the real history of the Ancient World.

Monasteries of Meteora

Incredible structure – religious buildings that are located at the very top of a steep cliff. On foggy days they seem to float directly in the sky. Until the middle of XX century there was no road connection with the monastery: any traveler and a pilgrim had to climb a very steep staircase of several thousand steps, and baskets with food were raised on special ropes.

The monasteries are open to pilgrims from April to September, including weekends. Inside you can see ancient frescoes, some of which were created as early as the tenth century AD. Admission costs 3 euros.

Santorini Island

A fabulous white island called the pearl of the Ionian Sea. In addition to the main island, Santorini includes four smaller islets that lie nearby. It is a true pearl of the Aegean Sea. Nicknamed the pearl for a reason – a series of dazzling white houses arranged very closely, literally on top of each other, creating an incredible contrast with the turquoise sea and the mountains in the distance. Beach holidays here is not worse than on the famous Cote d’Azur. In addition, for lovers of antiquity there is plenty to do – the first settlements on Santorini date back to the 3rd century BC. There are remnants of primitive settlements in the village of Pyrgos, which intricately combines ancient culture with the achievements of modern science.

Knossos Palace

Answering the question, “What can I see in Greece?”, it is impossible to ignore this architectural masterpiece. According to legends, the palace of Knossos is the most probable place of residence of the mythical Minotaur, which once terrified the whole island of Crete. The palace of Knossos is very different from the others with its interior. Inside you can see the colorful frescoes that are more than 2 thousand years old. In the 20th century, it was extensively reconstructed by Arthur Evans, so looking at the remains of the palace, you can imagine how majestic it used to be.

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Cave Lake Melissani

Greece is known not only for its architectural and historical monuments. The islands impress with their amazing nature. The lake, located inside a karst cave on the island of Kefalonia, is known all over the world, although it was discovered only recently. In 1963 a local shepherd got lost and accidentally opened the cave entrance, where he saw an incredible spectacle – a turquoise lake illuminated from above with the purest spring water. Further excavations showed that the lake was once known to people – it was the place where the fertility god Pan was worshipped, but then the magical place was forgotten for centuries.

Panathinaikos

The famous ancient stadium, built entirely of white marble, was used for the first Olympic Games in 1870. It was also used again during the 2004 Olympics – archery competitions were held here. And the very first competitions in the stadium took place before the birth of Christ – in 333 BC. This perfectly preserved stadium continues to be visited by fans of antiquity, because it perfectly conveys the spirit of ancient Greece.

Valley of the Butterflies, Rhodes

Mentioning the natural attractions of Greece, it is impossible not to think of this reserve, which for decades has been forcing tourists to stand in huge lines to enter. This small valley – only a few square kilometers – is home to several hundred species of rare butterflies. Some are no longer found in the wild. Most insects can be seen between May and September. In the park it is forbidden to make noise, break trees, etc., so as not to disturb the beauties.

Theater of Dionysus

Among the main sights of Greece, the theater of Dionysus should definitely be attributed. It is included in the list of the most ancient theaters in the world and is located at the walls of the famous Acropolis. The first mention of this place dates back to the V century BC. Originally there was a wooden stage, which was soon replaced by a marble one. In the front rows there are armchairs with names – emperors and viceroys of Athens used to sit on them. This is also where Nero’s famous speech was delivered. On weekends blood was spilled here – gladiatorial fights were held, and on weekdays the actors of the local theater performed. A large-scale reconstruction in 2010 breathed new life into the building.

Achillion Palace (Corfu)

Achillion is not too ancient construction, but certainly very unusual for Greece. This palace was built for the Empress of Austria – Elisabeth, who was well known to all under the name of Sissi. Unfortunately, the woman was very unhappy in her personal life. Only the move to Corfu helped her find the long-awaited peace. Numerous alleys and palisades still preserve the spirit of the legendary Bavarian princess.

Delphi

The historical city is situated in the heart of Greece and its center has been declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. This is where, according to ancient Greek legends, the oracles were located, which foretold man’s fate. Now from the legendary city remains the temple of Apollo (V-IV century BC), theater, stadiums, and even the treasury of Sifnos. And the first settlements on the site of Delphi were formed 1600 years BC.

Plaka

If you want to see Athens exactly as it was hundreds of years ago, it is worth visiting its historic center, which is called Plaka. The buildings here have hardly changed since they were built. Many of them are more than 400 years old. And almost every one of them was built on the foundations of ancient times. This quiet urban center is free of intrusive advertising and crowds of tourists, so it will appeal to those who are looking for solitude and silence. It is in Plaka that the main sights of Athens are found, including the Hadrian’s Library, the Roman Forum, and the Tower of the Winds.

Medieval Rhodes

It was once a Turkish settlement, and the ancient fortress on the hill, founded in the 14th century, reminds us of those times. It was here that the Colossus of Rhodes once stood, a huge structure, rightly ranked among the wonders of the world of antiquity. Now here you can see the old market, buying from Turkish merchants some homemade souvenirs, as well as numerous ancient mosques. This town is a true fusion of Greek and Turkish culture, the only place where they peacefully coexist side by side. It is this symbiosis that attracts tourists.

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Holy Mount Athos

One of the most sacred places for Christians, Mount Athos, is located in the southern part of Crete. The first legends about the religious buildings on the very top of it date back to the 4th century AD. There is even a legend that right at the foot of Mount Athos docked ship with John the Theologian, who brought the news of the resurrection of Jesus Christ to the Cretans. In the VI century the Byzantine emperor Constantine gave the monks all the land of this hill, where they live to this day.

Now it is a full-fledged monastic republic within Crete. The monasteries are accessible to pilgrims, but only to males. According to the legend, it goes back to the times when the emperor’s daughter Plakidia wanted to climb the mountain, but the icon suddenly came to life and did not allow the woman to enter the holy land. In addition, even men have to get special permission from the abbot before visiting the monasteries.

Mistra

Ancient city that lies just 8 kilometers from the legendary Sparta. Of course, Sparta is much better known to travelers. But Mistra once rivaled its neighbor for influence. After all, it was founded at the very beginning of the second millennium by crusaders who marched through these lands to Constantinople. The architecture and the layout of the buildings are interesting. Around the main fortress all the houses are arranged in a semicircle, in the form of a Roman amphitheater. Almost immediately after the founding of the city became one of the most famous and richest in Greece. It was home to many philosophers, scientists and political figures who left a significant mark on history – George Plifon, Emperor John, Nicephorus Moschopulus. After 300 years it was Mistra that became the last refuge of Byzantine culture before its demise. For many years the city remained the capital of the Ottoman Empire. But from the beginning of XVIII century it gradually began to decline. The last straw was the Greek Revolution of 1821 when much of the old city was destroyed and almost all the inhabitants left their homes. After 100 years the beautiful capital city was completely deserted, and now it is called a ghost town. A kind of Greek Chernobyl. Tourists will be very interesting to walk through the ancient winding streets, where time has stopped forever.

Venice Harbor

Venice is most famous for its many canals and bridges. But in Greece and has its own Italian corner. The Greek city of Chania has its own harbor, which belongs to the national monuments. The first buildings for mooring ships here date back to the XII century. Next to the harbor is located Maritime Museum, where you can see the ancient galleys and accessories for the nautical business. Chania in its long history has been in the hands of the Byzantines, Greeks, Italians and even Egyptians. Each nation has left its mark on the harbor and made it truly unique and unforgettable.

Thessaloniki

The second largest city in Greece, which is definitely worth visiting not only for beach lovers, but also for those who are interested in the history of the ancient world. In addition, Thessaloniki is located in continental Greece, so it has its own distinctive history, different from the island one. According to the legend, the city was founded by the Byzantine King Cassander. On its territory there are numerous ancient religious buildings: the basilica of St. Demetrius, the Church of St. Sophia, the triumphal arch of Emperor Galerius. The symbol of the city is the famous White Tower, standing by the sea. It is over 600 years old, and the foundation on which it stands belongs to the early Greek culture.

Athens Archaeological Museum

Not everyone is tempted to wander through the ruins of ancient cities under the scorching southern sun. That is why there is a great opportunity to see the exposition in the comfortable building of the Archaeological Museum. First of all, it is a permanent exhibit with exhibits ranging from the earliest times of the founding of the Greek civilization to the present. Children under 18 years of age pass free of charge, and adults have to pay about 10 euros. On official holidays the museum is closed.

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Athens Art Gallery

A veritable collection of valuable paintings whose history began more than 100 years ago. Here you can see works by artists such as El Greco, Albrecht Dürer, Luca Giordano and many others. In addition, there are ancient frescoes and paintings found during excavations. Other interesting sights in Greece are described in detail. Children and students can visit the gallery for half price, while adults have to pay 10 euros. The museum is not open on official Greek holidays.

Vouliagmeni Resort.

One of the best places for holidays in Greece, is located very close to the historic center of Athens. The history of the resort begins a few thousand years ago, when the favorable location of the area was occupied by several ancient tribes. It has preserved the historical center of the small town, where the foundations of almost every building are centuries old. A little closer to the sea there are luxurious villas of the wealthy, including famous media persons: artists and artists. The coastline is amazing with the purity and transparency of water, and the beaches are on par with the famous French Cote d’Azur.

Rethymnon

The picturesque town, the second largest on the island of Crete, boasts a historical center, which attracts hundreds of tourists every year. In addition, it regularly hosts music festivals that bring together famous bands and groups from all over the world. The most famous building in the city is the fortress Fortezza, which was built by the Venetians and is over 600 years old. The construction was so imposing for its time that more than 100 thousand people were involved in its construction at one time. Inside is an exhibition devoted to the influence of Italian culture in Greece at that time. The monastery of Preveli near the town is also noteworthy. Its library has several thousand ancient manuscripts dating back to the days of the Venetian Republic. The monastery is open to visitors all year round.

City of Festus

It was once an important part of Greek political life, but now only the remains of the foundations of houses and rare found items of everyday use such as vases, amphorae and stone furniture are left of it. It is hard to believe, but the city was founded 4 thousand years before our era and existed for 20 centuries. The archaeologists found it again only in the XX century. The ruins of the main palace of Phaistos are inferior in size only to the palace of Knossos. There is a paid entrance fee of about 10 euros.

Monistiraki

Centuries ago there was a monastery here, after which the area got its name. Now it is a favorite place for tourists to buy souvenirs. In this ancient area of Athens there is an old flea market where you can buy for next to nothing antique books, ancient coins, real olive oil, or Greek wine. And it’s open most of the day and night, which is unusual for local stores. You must visit it to get a feel for the Greek mentality, to feel the atmosphere and to haggle with the locals.

Palace of St. Michael and St. George

A beautiful building in a neo-classical style, atypical for Greece, that was used to represent the British government in Corfu. It was built in the very early 19th century, when the Republic of the Ionian Islands was under the protectorate of the British Empire. The palace has two covered galleries that house the Museum of Oriental Art. Admission there is a fee of 8 euros for adults and 4 euros for children. Inside, the original interior has been fully restored, including crystal chandeliers, rich panels and frescoes.

Thus, it is impossible to fit all the attractions of Greece into one list. This country has such a rich history that it is impossible to visit everything at once. We can only hope that everyone can see at least part of the cultural heritage of the ancient world.

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