Himalayan Hindu shrines

Himalayan Hindu shrines

Pushkar is a town in Ajmer district in the state of Rajasthan, India. It is located 14 km northwest of the city of Ajmer. Pushkar is one of the sacred pilgrimage sites in Hinduism. It is often referred to as “tirtharaj”, the king of all pilgrimage sites. Pushkar is also very popular among western tourists. The Padma Purana says that Brahma, the Creator of the World, threw a lotus flower on the ground to kill a demon.

VISHNU

Allahabad (Prayag) is a city in India in the state of Uttar Pradesh, at the confluence of the Ganges and Yamuna rivers. As of 2001, it has a population of 1 million. Food industry. Production of religious articles. University (1887). Homeland of Jawaharlal Nehru. According to legend, for the Prakrishta Yagya, Brahma chose the place on earth where the three sacred rivers Ganga, Yamuna, and the mystical Saraswati merge. The land surrounded by these three rivers became the altar and was called Prayag.

Badrinath is a town in Chamoli district in the state of Uttaranchal, India. It is situated in the Garhwal Hills on the banks of the Alaknanda River. The town lies between the Nar and Narayan mountain spurs in the shadow of Mount Nilkantha. Badrinath is situated at an altitude of 3125 meters, spread out on a small plateau of Narayana Parbat, on the Alakananda River. The peaks of the Nara and Narayana mountains rise above Badrinath. The town is located 301 kilometers north of Rishikesh, and the road to Gaurikund (Kedarnath) takes about 233 kilometers. It is located 301 kilometers north of Rishikesh.

Guruvayur is a town in Thrissur district of the Indian state of Kerala. It is located 29 km from the district center of Thrissur. Guruvayur is home to the famous Krishna Temple, which is one of the important pilgrimage sites in Hinduism and one of the richest temples in India. Several million pilgrims visit this temple every year. Guruvayur is first mentioned in the fourteenth-century Tamil poem Kokasandesham.

Muktinath (anciently Shalagrama), a sacred place for practitioners of Hinduism and Buddhism, is located in Mustang District at an altitude of 3,710 meters. The valley of Muktinath is one of the most religious places in Nepal, both for Hindus and Buddhists. Hindus call this place Muktikshetra (Place of Salvation). Many Shaligrams found here are regarded by Hindus as the incarnation of Lord Vishnu and worshipped by him. Buddhists call this valley Chuming Gyatsa (108 holy springs).

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Tirupati is a town in Chittoor district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is located at the foot of the Eastern Ghats at a distance of 550 km south of the state capital of Andhra Pradesh Hyderabad and 100 km north of Chennai. The population of Tirupati is one million. The city’s name in the Tamil language means “consort of the goddess Lakshmi”. The first mention of Tirupati is contained in the epics of Tamil literature – “Shilappadikaram” and “Manimehaley”, which are dated by scholars from V-IV centuries AD.

Haridwar is a city in the Indian state of Uttaranchal and the administrative center of Haridwar district. Haridwar is one of the seven major sacred cities of Hinduism, situated on the banks of the Ganges. Its name in Sanskrit means “Divine Gate”. In the region of Haridwar, the Ganges, descends from the Himalayas to the Indo-Gangetic plain. This is why the city got its ancient name Gangadwara, the place where the Ganga descends from the mountains to the plain.

Srirangam is a holy place of pilgrimage in Hinduism, an island on the Kaveri River in the city of Tiruchirapalli in Tamil Nadu, South India. Srirangam is bounded on one side by the Kaveri River and on the other by its Collidam arm. Srirangam is home to one of the largest Hindu temple complexes in the world, the Ranganathaswamy Temple. This temple dedicated to Vishnu is generally regarded as the largest Hindu temple in the world.

Srirangapatnam – a city of Hindu temples and palaces on an island of the same name in the river Kaveri, 13 km north of Mysore, Karnataka state, India. It has important religious, cultural, and historical significance. During the British rule it was called Seringapatam. The city was named by the temple of Sri Ranganathaswami, built in the IX century and dedicated to Vishnu. The town was fortified in the 15th century and later served as the residence of Mysore rulers Haidar Ali and Tipu Sultan.

SHRI RAMA.

Ayodhya is an ancient city in India with 80 thousand inhabitants. It was once the capital of Auda and is located in Faizabad district in Uttar Pradesh. It is situated on the river Saraiyu, 555 km to the east of Delhi, is considered one of the seven major sacred sites of Hinduism (Ayodhya, Varanasi, Rameswaram, Kurukshetra, Mathura, Dwaraka, Kanchipuram). According to legend, Prince Rama (Ramachandra), the hero of the Ramayana and an incarnation of the god Vishnu, was born and spent a lot of time here.

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Panchavati is a religious and pilgrimage site in the city of Nasik, located on the banks of the holy river Godavari, in western India. In Sanskrit, Panchavati means the place of the five banyan trees. Panchavati is associated with the heroes of the Ramayana. Here is the cave of Sita Gupta, where Sita, Rama and Lakshman prayed to Shiva. The ancient shivalingam created at that time is still in a small temple in the cave and is visited by pilgrims.

Rameswaram – one of the seven sacred cities of India (Ayodhya, Varanasi, Rameswaram, Kurukshetra, Mathura, Dwaraka, Kanchipuram) and the most important center of pilgrimage in southern India, is located 163 km south-east of Madurai. The name of the city translates from Sanskrit as “The place of God Rama”. This city is located on the island of the same name in the Gulf of Mannar. The island is connected to the mainland by the Indira Gandhi Bridge.

Chitrakut, a town in Satna district of Madhya Pradesh, lies on the banks of the river Mandakini, 128 km southwest of Allahabad. It is a pilgrimage site for Hindus and is of great cultural and archaeological importance. The Chitrakut area contains important Hindu temples as well as sites mentioned in the sacred texts of Hinduism. On the days of major Hindu festivals, Chitrakut attracts large numbers of pilgrims.

SHRI KRISHNA.

Vrindavan is a town in the Mathura district of Uttar Pradesh. It was the site of a forest where, according to the Puranic literature of Hinduism, Krishna spent his lillas (games) over 5,000 years ago during his earthly incarnation. Vrindavan is situated on the bank of the sacred river Yamuna, 150 km south of Delhi and 15 km from the city of Mathura, which is commonly regarded as the birthplace of Krishna.

Dwaraka is situated at the confluence of the Gomati River with the Arabian Sea. Over the centuries it has acquired a number of names: Dwaraka, the gateway to eternal happiness, Dwaravati, Swarnapuri, the golden city, and Svarnadvarika, the golden gate. The last three names are explained by the fact that Dwarka, being the western gateway of India through which the country traded with the outside world, was always prosperous and wealthy.

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Kurukshetra is one of the seven holy cities of India (Ayodhya, Varanasi, Rameswaram, Kurukshetra, Mathura, Dwaraka, Kanchipuram) where, according to the Mahabharata, a battle took place between the Pandavas and the Kauravas, two clans of the same royal family. Kurukshetra (Sanskrit kshetra – field) takes its name from King Kuru who ploughed it with a golden plow for the spiritual good of all the living.

Mayapur – a city located at the confluence of the river Jalanga in the Ganges, near the town of Navadipa, 130 kilometers north of Kolkata. Mayapur is a holy place of pilgrimage for the Hare Krishnas because Chaitanya Mahaprabhu was born here in 1486. By March, many pilgrims from all over the world come here and fill the city to capacity. At this time, on average, about a hundred thousand people a week visit Mayapur, and during the religious festivals the spiritual capital receives up to half a million guests.

Mathura – a city in India, situated on the western bank of the river Yamuna, approximately 50 km north of Agra and 145 km south of Delhi, one of the seven holy cities of India (Ayodhya, Varanasi, Rameswaram, Kurukshetra, Mathura, Dvaraka, Kanchipuram). Administrative center of the district of the same name. In ancient times the city was at the crossroads of the most important caravan routes and played a central role in the economic life of India.

Pandharpur is an important pilgrimage city in the Solapur district of Maharashtra state. The Bhima River, on the banks of which the city is located, is also known as Chandrabhaga, because of its crescent-like shape. Pandharpur hosts four annual pilgrimages. The pilgrimage in June-July is the most massive, with about half a million people. There are also large numbers of pilgrims in October and November.

Puri is a city in India, in the state of Orissa, 60 kilometers south of Bhubaneshwar. The population is 50 thousand inhabitants according to the data of 2001. The city is known as an ancient center of pilgrimage. The main shrine is the Jagannatha Temple, built, according to legend, by King Indradyumna at the site of the cremation of the body of Krishna about 4,000 years ago. The temple has been rebuilt many times, and has existed in its present form since the 8th century.

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Vaishno Devi Mandir – a cave temple, located 60 kilometers from Jammu – the winter capital of Jammu and Kashmir and 12 km from the town of Katra. It is one of the sacred Hindu temples dedicated to Shakti, the divine feminine. The cave is located in the hill Vaishno Devi, at an altitude of 1700 meters. It is 30 meters deep and 1.5 meters high. In the cave you can see three Deities, Maha Kali, Maha Lakshmi and Maha Saraswati.

Gangotri is a village in Uttarkashi district of the Indian state of Uttaranchal. It is located on the banks of the Bhagirathi River, within the Great Range of the Himalayas. The village is an important Hindu pilgrimage center. Gangotri is the source of the Ganges River and the seat of the goddess Ganga, who is associated with the river. Gangotri, along with Badrinath, Kedarnath and Yamunotri, is one of the four Himalayan shrines called Chardham.

Gauhati (Guwahati) is a city in the Indian state of Assam on the southern bank of the Brahmaputra River. It is the largest city in northeastern India. The suburb of Guwahati, Dispur, 10 km from the city center, is the administrative center of the state of Assam. Guwahati is the fifth fastest growing city in India. It is one of the 100 fastest growing cities in the world.

Girnar is a sacred mountain located 6 km from the city of Junagarh in Gujarat. The mountain is 945 meters high and is the highest in Gujarat. It is believed that Mount Girnar was once a flying mountain. The plateau is home to a group of Jain temples built between 1128 and 1500. Neminath, the twenty-second tirthankara, died on Mount Girnar after living here for 700 years. A temple dedicated to this saint stands on the plateau.

Kangra, the administrative center of Kangra province, is located 18 kilometers from Dharamsala. The altitude is 700 meters above sea level. Over the centuries Kangra was invaded by the Sikhs and the Muslims until in 1847 it was taken over by the British who restored the rule of the rajas of the Catoch dynasty, who founded the town in the 10th century. Above the square, lined like a chess board with squares of white and black marble, rises the temple of Bajeshwari Devi.

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Kanchipuram or simply Kanchi, the ancient religious and cultural center of South India, nicknamed the “City of a Thousand Gopur”, is situated 70 km from Chennai. In 2001 it had a population of 153,000. The time of foundation of Kanchipuram is lost in the darkness of centuries. Ancient Kanchipuram was mentioned with great enthusiasm by Calidas and Xuanzang. It was the largest center of Buddhist and Jainist scholarship.

Kanyakumari is a city in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu located at the southernmost point of the Indian Peninsula, at Cape Comorin. The nearby cities are Nagercoil, the administrative center of the Kanyakumari district (22 km), and Tiruvananthapuram, the capital of Kerala (85 km). Kanyakumari is one of the most popular tourist spots in South India. About 2 million tourists visit the city every year.

Madurai is the oldest existing city on the Indian Peninsula and the administrative center of Madurai District, the third largest city in Tamil Nadu. The population of Madurai is 2.5 million. The city was built by the Pandya Raja of Kulashekhara and was the capital of the Pandya rulers of South India. The main attraction of the city is the Hindu revered Minaksha Temple. Madurai is the real India: merchants, pilgrims, exotic smells, and many temple towers above the gates (gopuras).

Mysore is a city in India, in the state of Karnataka, the center of the district of the same name. Population 1 million as of 2001. Located in the spurs of the Western Ghats, at an altitude of 770 m above sea level. The city is 135 km from Bangalore. The first written mention of the city dates back to 1499. It was a part of the Vidzhayyanagar Empire until its dissolution; later – one of the most important cities of the same name of the sultanate.

Mangalore is a major port on the Malabar coast of the Arabian Sea, at the foot of the Western Ghats. It is one of the largest cities in Karnataka with a population of 398,745 inhabitants in 2001. The city was first mentioned in the early 8th century A.D. as Managalapuram. In Kannada the name means City of Mangaladevi. Another name, in the Tulu language, Kudla, means “confluence of rivers” – Mangalore is located on the Netharavathi and Phalguni rivers.

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