The project : “Graffiti: art or vandalism?
In today’s world the young generation has many opportunities. One can notice a great variety of hobbies and interests among the youth. But the question arises: are all hobbies useful for the person and society?
Walking through the streets of our city, on a building, garage or fence you can notice something bright and not always understandable. You stop and struggle to make these letters and signs out. Such creativity is called – graffiti.
Many people consider graffiti only as hooliganism. However, there are those who argue that graffiti is art.
We think that this controversy should be resolved. To find out what graffiti really is: art or vandalism!
We chose this topic because it is one of the most pressing problems of the 21st century.
The relevance of our research work lies in the contradictory attitude to graffiti.
Objective: to find out the attitude of the society to graffiti, to determine whether graffiti is an art form or vandalism.
1. to define the basic concepts of the topic
2.to explore the history of graffiti
3.To define the specificities of graffiti as a direction of fine art
The object of the study is graffiti on the walls of the native city.
Hypothesis – graffiti is art if it serves to achieve noble goals, otherwise it is vandalism.
First of all let’s define the concepts of vandalism, art and graffiti.
Vandalism is vandalism, deviant behavior that harms cultural and moral values.
Art – the creation of drawings or inscriptions in designated places, respecting a special code.
Graffiti – images, drawings or inscriptions written or drawn with paint on walls and other surfaces.
Graffiti can include any kind of street painting of walls, on which you can find everything from simple written words to exquisite drawings.
History of origins and development of graffiti
The history of the term Graffiti takes us back to prehistoric man painting on a cave wall. The rock drawings of ancient people can tell us a lot about what was going on in their lives. In ancient Egypt, the tombs and pyramids are full of petroglyphs. In the tombs of the pharaohs, for example, it was customary to depict their entire life journey from birth to death.
Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome, too, left a lot of rock evidence to remind us of their existence. The Greeks loved to record wise sayings, the Romans noted in drawings the valor of soldiers, the beauty of women.
The Eastern Slavs have a long and rich history of graffiti. In Novgorod, there are 10 surviving graffiti from the 11th century. Most of the Old Russian graffiti is records on the walls of temples, so their most frequent content is prayer requests.
Thus, we can conclude that the rock paintings can be called the very first graffiti on earth.
The birth of modern graffiti
Graffiti as we know it today originated in New York. One of the first was a New York boy named Demetrios. He began to paint his pseudonym (TAKI) and his street number (183) in different parts of the city. Other teenagers followed his example and began to paint their names.
People who do graffiti are called RITERS. They have their own code or law:
1) don’t paint houses of cultural value and don’t draw on residential buildings at all;
2) do not impose your opinion on people;
3) do not write on the names of other writers,
3) do not write on other people’s names and all the more on other people’s drawings;
4) do not write on gravestones
There are four major styles of graffiti:
1. Writing – this is the main type of graffiti, this is graffiti itself, or rather what is drawn on the walls by graffers.
2.Bombing – is an extreme type of graffiti, usually drawn on different types of vehicles.
3 . Street Art – one of the types of graffiti – the application of drawings and inscriptions on buildings and other objects of the urban landscape with aerosol paint.
4. Tagging is an application of graffiti, although it is where the history of this subculture began.
Tagging is the signature of the rider, his nickname, performed in one color very quickly, but with taste.
After seeing many illustrations on the internet, as well as on the streets of our city we have come to the conclusion that GRAFFITI is not always hooliganism, but really – it’s beautiful, it’s an attempt to express the artist.
But not everyone perceives painted walls as a way of self-expression. Many people call it vandalism.
In Russia today prevails a negative attitude towards this direction of creativity. This can easily be explained by the multitude of obscene drawings and inscriptions on the streets of our cities, among which rare masterpieces go unnoticed.
Those who are involved in GRAFFITI ART should think about where and when to use their “self-expression”, as graffiti on buildings without the permission of the owners is vandalism.
Teenage vandalism is one of the major problems existing in society. It is a variety of destructive behavior.
The main type of vandalism is “animal instinctive”: marking territory and making a statement.
On the screen you can see what punishments are possible for desecrating buildings and other objects, starting with a fine and ending with imprisonment.
I have outlined for you the basic concepts of the topic, problems and controversies. And now Vanya will tell you
How to fight with vandalism and direct the creative forces of young people into another direction to prove to the society that graffiti is art.
So, how to struggle against vandalism:
1. fight with yourself and your emotions
2. participation in graffiti festivals and contests
3. Involvement of writers in the design of the city
Yulia and I took a poll in class and asked your opinion on graffiti. After calculating the results, we saw the following.
In total 28 people were polled
Art – 15 people
Vandalism – 9 people
No opinion – 4 people
Opinions were divided, and I myself have not yet began to analyze this subject, considered graffiti a negative manifestation, but now I will try to prove a different opinion.
I suggest you to make an excursion through the Smolensk streets, where you can meet as examples of vandalism, and highly artistic works of graffiti masters.
1. Smolensk Drama Theatre named after Griboedov
2. The building of the former Tenisheva Gallery in Smolensk 2. Tenisheva
3. Children’s hospital 3.
And many other objects have been desecrated by vandals.
But at the same time very often there are objects that can not fail to please the eyes of Smolensk, as well as visitors.
Let’s get acquainted with such objects of art on the facades of buildings.
1. In one of the courtyards on Bolshaya Sovetskaya street is a huge picture, which tells about the hero of the Great Patriotic War. And it is called “Victory” graffiti.
2.Walking through the center of Smolensk, many will notice the wonderful graffiti on the wall of house number 1 on Dokuchaeva Street. This is the Molokhov Gates, they were once part of the Smolensk fortress wall.
3. Prince Grigory Potemkin-Tavrichesky, a native of Chizhevo village in Smolensk region; we can see this graffiti picture on the Dnieper embankment.
Famous traveler and native of Smolensk region Nikolai Przhevalsky.
5. Another graffito is located on the main pedestrian street of Smolensk, it depicts Smolensk’s voivode Shein.
6. 6. Isaac Asimov, an American science-fiction writer, is also our countryman. He was born in Smolensk region, in the village of Petrovichi, and then moved with his parents to the United States.
7.Our famous countryman, everyone’s favorite actor Anatoly Papanov. The 100th anniversary of his birth will be in 2022.
The Sovremennik Cinema was transformed after Smolensk hosted the International Street Art Festival ‘Meeting of Styles’ with street artists from Russia, Mexico, Brazil, Peru, Panama, Germany, Switzerland and other countries.
Many good and different paintings on various themes can be seen on the streets of our city!
On December 2, a new art-object appeared in Smolensk, which decorated the wall of a house on Zhelyabova Street.
10. But we won’t see the portrait of Yury Gagarin any more – this graffiti was ruined by vandals. But we hope that artists will create it again!
Many paintings of various themes can be seen on the streets of our city and other cities!
So we believe that graffiti is really art, the art of self-expression, the art of painting your own self.
So, let’s summarize. As you have understood the concept of graffiti is perceived in different ways. For some it is art, for others it is vandalism.
In the process of conducting this research work, it was found that students in our class, in general, have a positive attitude towards graffiti, but in addition there is a percentage of those who treat it with dislike or indifference; most respondents believe that graffiti is, above all, art.
The hypothesis we set at the beginning of the research was fully confirmed: graffiti really is art of the 21st century. Graffiti is art in the case when it is not harmful to the city and personal property of the city dwellers.
In conclusion of our presentation we suggest you to listen to the poem “Magic paints”.
I am the lord of colors, I am the lord of flowers, I am the graffiti artist, the creator of cities. With one swipe of my finger I’ll paint, I’ll make sure the whole world is safe. I’m a graffiti artist, I’m an artist Who can make miracles happen, Even with ordinary paints, I can create a piece of art. Look, the sky is brightening, The clouds are clearing And the night is winking with stars in the city. Look, cats laughing, sparrows chirping, Tears drying, All my graffiti. ♪ You’ll say it’s impossible ♪ And I’ll say nonsense. Will pave these paints.
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Smolensk State Griboyedov Drama Theater
Former church building on Lenin St.
Former church on Lenin St., now the Phoenix Chess Club
Building on Victory Square (Smirnov St.)
Children’s Polyclinic #3
Building on Dzerzhinskogo St.
Our “picturesque” streets
Ways of solving the problem
On the topic: methodical developments, presentations and outlines
Collective social project of the students of the classes “Choral conducting” and “Vocal arts” “We are different, but we are together”. Supervisor – teacher of Balashov Music College (Technical School) Izosimova Svetlana Alekseevna
Collective social project of the students of the classes “Choral conducting” and “Vocal arts” “We are different, but we are together. Supervisor – teacher of State Educational Institution of Higher Professional Education “Balashovsky musical art.
Music supplement to the project “Song Art in the history of Russia and Moscow Region”.
Notes of the popular songs about Russia, Moscow and Moscow region.
Project of a graffiti festival “The Power of Life”.
The aim of the festival is to draw public attention to the problem of environmental pollution, with the help of modern “street” art. The organizers of the project seek not only to improve the view.
Project “Maurice Escher – art or math?”
The project presents information about the artist Maurice Escher and his paintings. The work helps to understand: the artist’s paintings were art or embodiment of mathematical laws. In the project also presents the art of mathematics.
Regional socially significant project of Ulyanovsk College of Culture and Art: “Give a smile to children”, operating in the Ulyanovsk region, with the participation of students of Ulyanovsk College of Culture and Art “.
Despite the difficult demographic situation and the problem of having children, the number of children in social orphanages has not decreased. Currently, orphanages and social shelters are not deprived of children.
Master class “From Lettering to Street Art: Graffiti”
The master class gives methodological recommendations on how to perform graffiti drawing in composition classes.
Bombing refers to one of the most extreme types of graffiti. This is due to the fact that bombers prefer to paint prohibited or protected objects, deliberately violating the established norms. Actually, the picture itself, made in a hurry in a hurry, and is called a “bomb”. It is very important for bombers to create their creations in front of an astonished and shocked public, thus forming their obsessive fame. Often authors try to impress the imagination with the scale of their drawings, preferring to paint surfaces of large dimensions.
The origins of bombing have their roots in the New York subway in the early 70s, when local writers finally took a fancy to the subway rolling stock as objects for painting. The real expansion began on the subway cars, which at once turned out to be full of defiant inscriptions.
Conditions in which there is a drawing bomber, dictate their peculiarities of the image. These include a minimum of elements, large details and the use of only 1-2 colors. The most popular among them are silver, black, yellow and red. Representatives of bombing simply do not have time to pay attention to small details, as they are often forced to quickly hide from the police or representatives of the angry public. Quality also suffers from such haste, but everyone is sympathetic to this point and discounts it.
Bombing has become a separate graffiti trend and has acquired its own fonts. One of them, “Blockbuster,” is a large rectangular or somewhat slanted lettering. Not surprisingly, they are used to create gigantic lettering. During the process, the letters are painted inside, giving the composition its final volume and size. Another typeface “Bubble” has rounded shapes, so it is quite versatile. Most often it is executed in black and silver, using it to outline the details. In the past, “Babble” could be found on many surfaces, but today it is increasingly losing popularity.
As Bombing became more widespread, special types of drawings gradually began to appear, reflecting the specifics of this trend. To them it is possible to refer Throw-up – created in a quick pace image, inside not painted at all or filled in only with a quick shading. During the heyday of graffiti in the mid-70s, Throw-up gained enormous popularity. Subway cars were literally strewn with the two-letter names of heroes of the invisible front.
Quikpiese are also well known – hastily drawn pictures with poor detail and significant flaws. As a rule they are letter symbols drawn in a loose manner. Indeed, speed and number of elements are a priority for the bombers, rather than aesthetic or even more so for the art value.
The most desperate members of the trend sometimes expose themselves to mortal danger for the sake of a dose of adrenaline from a forbidden drawing or inscription. This, for example, is what happens when painting the subway cars in Paris at a station during a short stop of the train. A group of young men rushes swiftly toward the carriages and within a minute, to the utter amazement of the passengers, leaves a series of inscriptions on the side and then promptly disappears. No one seems to think about the deadly tension beneath their feet.
Society has not yet had time to give an unequivocal assessment of graffiti bombing. Some consider it hooliganism, worthy of severe punishment, while others see it as a kind of art and a way of self-expression. One thing is certain. Today more and more often we can meet the creations in the style of Bombing, which allows us to confidently assert the continued existence of the extreme movement.