10 must-see places to visit in Germany
10 must-see places to visit in Germany. The geographical highlight from Deutsch Online! What castles to see first? Which German cities are the coziest? And which urbanites are definitely worth seeing? Read our article!
In the meantime we’ve prepared a new challenge for our hosts and our viewers! Watch the video on the Deutsch Online YouTube channel and try to guess the city or the place in Germany from a picture of it or a picture of a well-known German landmark!
1. Schloss Neuschwanstein
Замок Нойшванштайн — романтический замок баварского короля Людвига II около городка Фюссен и замка Хоэншвангау в юго-западной Баварии, недалеко от австрийской границы. Подробнее >>
2. Kölner Dom.
Cologne Cathedral is a Roman Catholic Gothic cathedral in Cologne. Takes third place in the list of the world’s tallest churches and is listed as World Heritage Site.
3. the Brandenburger Tor
The Brandenburger Tor is the most famous symbol of Berlin and Germany and has celebrated its 225th anniversary. For many years it symbolized the separation of Germany and Berlin and after 1989 it stands for the reunification of the country.
4. the Frauenkirche
Frauenkirche is a church in Dresden, one of the most important Lutheran churches in the city. It was built in the Baroque style on the orders of the Saxon Elector and King Augustus the Strong of Poland in 1726-1743.
5. Altstadt Heidelberg
Heidelberg is located in the northwestern part of Baden-Württemberg and is among the few large German cities with preserved old buildings that were not affected by bombing during World War II. Most of the sights are in the Old Town, which has one of the largest pedestrian zones in Europe.
6. Hamburger Hafen / Fischmarkt
Hamburg is one of the largest port cities in Europe and is situated at the confluence of the Elbe river into the North Sea. The air there has a mysterious air of freedom and faraway lands. And on Sundays from 5 to 9:30 am (7 am in winter) Hamburg’s oldest market sells everything your heart desires. From an old porcelain teapot to a quacking duck family, everything is on sale here in the 100-year-old fish auction house.
Цугшпитце — самая высокая точка на территории Германии, высота — 2962 м. Расположена на границе с Австрией, в посёлке Грайнау. Вэб-камера с Zugspitze >>
8. Schloss Sanssouci
Сан-Суси — самый известный дворец Фридриха Великого, расположенный в восточной части одноимённого парка в Потсдаме. Дворец был возведён в 1745—1747 годах по проекту самого короля. Подробнее >>
The Holstentor is the medieval city gate of Lübeck on the northwest side of the inner city. A monument to the Northern European architectural style of “brick Gothic”.
Museum Island is the name given to the northern tip of Spreeinsel Island on the river Spree in Berlin, where the whole constellation of Berlin’s famous museums are located. Museum Island is a center of attraction for tourists and art lovers from all over the world. Since 1999 the unique architectural and cultural ensemble is part of the UNESCO World Heritage List.
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Germany’s most beautiful cities – Top 12
Germany is not only one of the most scientifically and technologically advanced countries in the world, it is a country with a rich historical and cultural heritage. Each of its cities is different and has its own centuries-old history, customs and traditions, different from other cities. This is understandable, since Germany for a long time was fragmented into a number of independent states, each of which developed in its own way. In this article we will talk about the most beautiful cities in Germany, about their culture, sights, nature and also try to answer the question of why they deserve to be here. So, the most beautiful cities in Germany .
1. Munich .
Our review of the most picturesque German cities start with Munich. This city, located in the south of Germany on the Isar River, is the capital of Bavaria. The first mention of it dates back to the mid-12th century. The city has a large number of museums and art galleries, which hold the masterpieces of the greatest painters: Rembrandt, Leonardo da Vinci, Dürer, Rubens. In the 19th century, King Louis I of Bavaria, who wanted to make Munich the second Athens, founded here the most beautiful museums – the old and new Pinakothek and the Glyptothek. The city has a High School of Music and hosts various music festivals.
The symbol of Munich is the cathedral of Our Lady of the 16th century, built in the strict Gothic style and almost 100 meters high, as well as St. Peter’s Church, which is the oldest church in the city.
Munich’s most interesting natural attraction is the Englischer Garten, located in the city center, with its shady trees and numerous ponds. This place is perfect for anyone who loves outdoor activities, including surfers, as one of the ponds in the park creates a wave, which is ideal for fans of this sport.
This is an ancient and very beautiful city in Saxony-Anhalt, in the valley of the river Bode. Quedlinburg is mentioned in chronicles since the 10th century, its founder was the first German King Henry I.
Quedlinburg is a very romantic city, a trip to which is compared with a trip to a fairy tale. Nowhere else in the world is half-timbered construction on such a grand scale as here. More than 1,500 houses in the city are considered architectural monuments. The oldest half-timbered house in East Germany, built in the 14th century, is also in Quedlinburg. It now houses the Fachwerk Museum.
The city has many luxury villas from the 19th century, built during its highest economic prosperity. Other famous attractions in Quedlinburg include the statue of Roland the stone giant, with which the history of the city is closely linked, and the Grunhagen House, built in the Baroque style in 1701.
Hamburg is the second largest city in Germany and is situated on the River Elbe. The main attraction is the Port of Hamburg, the largest port in Germany and third largest in Europe. It is called the “Gateway of Germany to the World. The city has about 2,500 bridges, and that’s a lot more than in Venice! It is no coincidence that the locals gave Hamburg the name “Venice of the North.
Another popular attraction and at the same time the pride of Hamburg is the Alster Lake, which stretches over a huge area of more than 150 hectares and is surrounded on all sides by trees, shady alleys and beautiful parks. Thanks to the efforts of the city authorities, the lake still remains untouched by civilization.
Another natural attraction of Hamburg is the magnificent Botanical Garden, whose history began in the 19th century with a simple apothecary’s garden. Over time, the garden has grown and filled with exotic plants from all over the world. Now it covers a huge area of 24 hectares! All of these sites made Hamburg one of the most beautiful cities in Germany.
Stuttgart is a stunningly beautiful German city, surrounded by hills and situated in a picturesque valley on the banks of the Neckar River, with numerous orchards and parks, as well as its own vineyards. Stuttgart is also considered one of the most musical cities in all of Europe. It often hosts various music festivals, the Bach Academy, the Philharmonic, chamber and symphony orchestra.
In the center of the city there is an entire museum complex “Old Castle”, Fruchtkasten with a huge variety of musical instruments, and the “New Castle”.
Not only connoisseurs of architecture, but also ordinary tourists will appreciate the majestic and luxurious palaces of the city. Thus, on the Palace Square is located New Palace, in former times it was the residence of the rulers of Wurttemberg. The palace was built in the Neoclassical style, and its magnificent facade is decorated in the Baroque style.
The beautiful port city Bremen, situated on the Weser River, is one of the oldest state institutions in Germany – it was founded in the 8th century by Charlemagne. In the Old Town of Bremen lies the famous Market Square with its 15th-century Town Hall. Right opposite the Town Hall stands a 10-meter-high stone statue of Roland, representing the knight of epic poetry and a symbol of Bremen. Next to the Town Hall there is another sculpture that is of great interest to many visitors to the city. It is dedicated to the famous “four” Bremen musicians.
All tourists who come to this beautiful city, should not miss the old quarter Schnor with its narrow streets, winding among the brick and half-timbered houses. Its main attraction is the house of bells. Every day at certain times one can hear magic melodies played by 30 porcelain bells.
The Bremen Theater, located in a white building with high columns, offers its guests a multifaceted repertoire: opera and ballet, musicals, dramas and jazz concerts. In the fall, Bremen hosts Germany’s largest festival, the Bremen Freimarkt.
The city of Heidelberg stretches along the banks of the Neckar River and has a historical reputation since the late 12th century. It was in Heidelberg that the oldest university in Germany, named after Karl-Ruprecht I, was founded in 1386 and continues its activities to this day.
Heidelberg is one of the most picturesque cities in Germany. Heidelberg’s beautiful squares and cozy side streets, richly decorated Renaissance-style buildings, numerous statues and majestic churches, of which the largest and most important is the old Gothic church – the Church of the Holy Spirit, built in 1398 from the red sandstone of Neckar.
Since Heidelberg is located in one of the warmest areas of the country, it is home to trees not commonly found in Central Europe: date trees, almond trees and even olive trees. Among the fauna, these places are home to the fun-loving neckloving parrots, as well as a rare population of drybills.
Dresden is Germany’s most beautiful city, located in Saxony, which has another name: Florence on the Elbe. It is also considered the cultural capital of Germany, and the history of the city begins in the 13th century.
Almost 2/3 of Dresden is occupied by forests. There are 3 nature reserves, 11 landscape preserves and numerous parks and squares in the city. The landscape around Dresden recalls the Alpine countries, not for nothing these places were called the Saxon Switzerland.
The city is famous for its numerous monuments, attracting tourists from all over the world. One of its main attractions – the palace complex of the 18th century Zwinger, which is an excellent example of Saxon Baroque. The palace houses the famous Dresden Gallery. There are paintings of the greatest painters: Raphael, Michelangelo, Titian, Rembrandt and other famous artists. The most important exhibit in this stunning collection is Raphael’s “Sistine Madonna”.
Another Dresden landmark and symbol is the Semper Opera, known for its stunning architecture and acoustics. Dresden has many beautiful cathedrals and churches, with the Hofkirche, Kreuzkirche and Frauenkirche standing out. A favorite place of tourists from different countries is the Brühl’s Terrace – the city promenade, which offers a stunning view of the opposite bank of the River Elbe.
If you dream of a trip to a fairy tale, you should visit the beautiful German city of Marburg. The famous Grimm brothers, who studied at the University of Marburg, wrote their fairy tales here. Many little houses in the city can serve as beautiful illustrations of their fairy tales.
The main architectural monument of the city is Marburg Castle, which was built in the 11th century and is situated on a hill at a height of almost 300 meters. A special delight in this castle is the Great Hall, one of the most beautiful Gothic halls in Central Europe. Concerts, theatrical performances and fairs stylized as the Middle Ages take place on the territory of the castle.
Another important landmark is the beautiful Church of St. Elizabeth, built in a strict Gothic style and which was the model for the Cologne Cathedral and the Church of St. Paul in Strasbourg. Both towers of the church reach up to 80 meters in height and are visible from all points of the city. On top of one of them is a star, the other a knight.
On the market square of the town is the Town Hall, built in late Gothic style in the first half of the 16th century. On the spire of the Town Hall there is a bronze cockerel, which has been crowing hourly for several centuries.
Lübeck is an ancient and incredibly beautiful city in Germany on the River Trave. In the old city of Lübeck you can see the narrow streets and unusual houses with red brick walls and roofs with pointed tops, built of burnt bricks.
The Holstein Gate with its two pointed towers is a symbol of the city and a preserved part of the city’s fortification. Nearby is the church of St. Peter, built in Gothic style, from the observation deck which offers an amazing panorama of the city.
The City Hall of Lübeck with its five elegant towers is the oldest surviving city hall in Germany, and one of the most beautiful. Its architectural appearance embodies elements of Renaissance and Gothic.
10. Rothenburg am Tauber
Rothenburg an der Tauber is another old and fabulously beautiful German city, a trip to which can be compared to a journey into a fairy tale. It is located in Bavaria. The city’s name is translated as “a fortress above the river.
Travelers who first found themselves in Rothenburg, it seems that they got into the Middle Ages, so well this city has preserved its original appearance: the narrow streets, quaint half-timbered houses with red roofs and neat facades, a powerful fortress wall.
On the Market Square is the City Hall, built in the Middle Ages, the height of 60 meters. If you climb to the observation deck, you can admire a stunning view of Rothenburg. When you look at the city from above, it looks as if it towers over the river Tauber.
Another local landmark is the 14th-century Church of St. James, with its carved wooden altar and fascinating stained-glass windows that turn the interior of the church into a masterpiece of art.
In Rottenburg there is a Christmas Village, serving guests all year long, where you can always buy a Christmas tree, Christmas toys and a variety of holiday decorations. The atmosphere in the village is specially stylized for Christmas: in the middle there is a tall, festively decorated Christmas tree, surrounded by artificial snow, twinkling stars and Christmas toys lying around, which gives the atmosphere an element of holiday and fairy tale.
Few of us have not heard of the beautiful German town of Baden-Baden. This small town, situated on the banks of the river Os, is very popular far beyond Germany. The reason is the thermal springs located here. In the 19th century Russian aristocrats spent a lot of time at the spa.
In Baden-Baden kept two castles, which are called the old and new. Old Castle, Hohenbaden, was built in the 12th century at an altitude of 400 meters on the cliffs. From the tower of this castle offers a beautiful panorama of the entire city and its surroundings.
A natural attraction of Baden-Baden is the Lichtenthaler Allee, laid out in a picturesque park with about 300 species of trees and shrubs.
The Kurhaus, meaning “holiday home” in German, is an entertainment center and a legend in the city. This luxurious building was built in the 20s of the 19th century and since the mid-19th century many famous, rich and noble people of Europe visited the casino. The casino is still open today and is located in one of the chic halls. Kurhaus is the center of the cultural life of the city: numerous concerts, balls and soirees are held there.
Nuremberg is not only one of the most important technological centers in Germany, but also a beautiful city with a lot of history and traditions located in Bavaria and able to save the atmosphere of the Middle Ages. Nuremberg is first mentioned in history in the 11th century and its name translates as “stone cliff”. It was in this city that Albrecht Dürer, the world-famous Renaissance painter and graphic artist, lived and created his masterpieces, whose well-preserved house houses a museum.
After walking through the picturesque streets of the city with colorful houses, you will see a beautiful castle located on a small hill. It was once one of the main residences of the Holy Roman Emperor, and today it is the main historical landmark of the city. It was in this castle that the attributes of imperial power were kept: the crown, the emperor’s sword and the sacred spear. In the castle’s watchtower there is an observation deck, from where you can get a great view of Nuremberg with its surroundings.
St. Lawrence Church – 15th-century building in Gothic style, a magnificent monument of the Middle Ages and a jewel in the crown of Nuremberg, one of the first Lutheran churches. This church with its two Gothic towers with sharp spires is considered the most beautiful church in the city.
Among the most beautiful cities in Germany can also include Frankfurt, Dusseldorf, Cologne, Berlin, Potsdam, Bohn, Weimar and others. After all, almost every city in this country, large or very small, has its own history and its own special cultural traditions, which are carefully preserved.