Faisalabad Urdu فیصل آباد English Faisalabad z.-pange فیصل آباد
Faisalabad (before 1977, Layallpur ; Urdu فیصل آباد , English Faisalabad , z.-pange فیصل آباد ) is a city and the administrative center of the district of the same name located in the Punjab province of Pakistan. It is the third largest city in Pakistan after Karachi and Lahore.
Faisalabad was founded by the British in 1895. The city was originally called Layallpur, after its founder Charles James Layall. Prior to the founding of the city, several nearby villages existed here. Several canals were built to supply the city with water. From the central square with a clock tower, eight streets departed, which then became eight independent marketplaces. Residents of other parts of the country were invited to move to Layallpur, promising them land. Thus, Lyallpur quickly became a large city.
In 1977 the city was renamed Faisalabad in honor of King Faisal of Saudi Arabia, highly respected in Pakistan.
On March 8, 2011, Faisalabad was the target of a terrorist attack targeting a natural gas filling station and nearby government buildings. The attack killed 27 people and injured up to 100 more with varying degrees of severity. Buildings of Pakistan’s ISI and Pakistan International Airlines were damaged .
The city is located in Punjab Province, between the rivers Chinab (on the eastern side) and Ravi (on the western side). During the rainy season the Ravi often overflows its banks and floods the surrounding areas, damaging crops and nearby villages. The main source of irrigation water is the Chinab Canal. Distance to major cities: Karachi (1,135 km), Lahore (128 km), Islamabad (350 km). The center of the city is 171 m above sea level  .
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- Faisalabad University of Agriculture
- University of Faisalabad
- Agriculture Research Institute
- Punjab Provincial Medical College
- Princeton University affiliate
- National Textile University
Economy and Industry
Since Pakistan’s independence, the city has developed a well-developed textile industry. Textiles are produced by both industrial enterprises and thousands of small family businesses and account for 68% of exports. The chemical, food, and pharmaceutical industries are also well developed.
Due to the good irrigation of the soil, the land of Faisalabad is very fertile. It is one of the most developed agricultural regions. Wheat and cotton are grown. Faisalabad is famous for its fruits: oranges, bananas, apples, mandarins, mangoes, guavas and sugar cane.
Near the city is one of the largest rice mills in Pakistan.
The climate of Faisalabad is very hot in summer, and in winter the temperature can drop below freezing. Summer lasts from April to October, with average temperatures of 27-39 ° C, but temperatures can reach +50 ° C. May, June, and July are the hottest months of the year. Winter lasts from November to March, with average temperatures of 6-21°C.
Newly built highways connect Faisalabad with Lahore, Multan, Sargodha and Islamabad.
The railroad, built during colonial times, connects Faisalabad to major cities in Pakistan.
Faisalabad is often referred to as the “Manchester of Pakistan. While Lahore is tourism-oriented, Faisalabad is primarily an industrial and agricultural center.