Rocks in Bulgaria: Top 12 amazing places
Bulgaria is a country of amazing natural wonders, surrounded by ancient legends and a truly fabulous atmosphere. On its expanses there are groups of unusual stone mushrooms of impressive dimensions, looking at which you might think that they were “grown” here by giant gardeners.
There are also giant vertical stone pillars in the middle of the field. They are reminiscent of English Stonehenge and, like it, hold many unsolved mysteries of history. Below are the most amazing rocks in Bulgaria, which can be found on the territory of this country.
The rocks of Belogradchik
These rocks with curious outlines have always made an indelible impression on everyone who has seen them. They are so similar to certain figures that they even have their own names – Schoolgirl, Priest, Couple in Love. Looking at them, it’s hard to tame the exuberant imagination and imagination that dons fabulous images of the rocks.
It is best to view their bizarre outlines from the walls of Belogradchik fortress, which is partially built among these rocky formations. Ideally, it is worth visiting this Bulgarian landmark at sunset to admire the magical transformation of the cliffs acquiring scarlet and orange hues.
If the southern part of the Bulgarian Black Sea coast impresses with sandy beaches and is most popular among tourists, the northern coast of the country captivates with more wild landscapes dominated by rocks and cliffs.
The rocky coast near the village of Tiulenovo impresses with unusual arches and shapely cliffs, which are particularly popular among climbers and mountaineers. Seeing the area at sunset, it is easy to agree with the statement that this is the most picturesque coast of Bulgaria.
The pyramidal natural rocks impress with their extraordinary looks and are also surrounded by an aura of the ancient legend that this place is supposed to help people find mutual affection.
The Pyramids of Melnik are situated only 40 km away from the biggest monastery in Bulgaria – Rila Monastery. That is why you can combine your visits to two great landmarks of the country in one trip.
The Pyramids of Melnik are another astonishing Bulgarian rock formations that resemble man-made pyramids. They are situated near the small Bulgarian town of Melnik, from which they get their name.
The unusual rocks are spread along the road from Melnik to Rozhen Monastery, which is also worth seeing. The region is also famous for its fine Bulgarian wines, so don’t miss the chance to taste them during a trip to these Bulgarian cliffs.
The Embedded Rocks (The Stone Desert)
This amazing rocky landscape in Bulgaria is located just a short drive from the seaside city of Varna. According to ancient legend, huge stone blocks vertically placed in the ground in a vast area were set by a giant.
The researchers do not agree on the theories of their origin and there is no authentic scientific explanation of their origin so far. Because of the numerous secrets and mysteries, the Stone Wilderness is surrounded by a halo of one of the most mystical places in Bulgaria.
The Stone Wedding
According to legend, the lovers dreamed of having a wedding, but their parents were against it. The young couple continued to insist, and eventually it was decided to have the wedding.
But the moment the lovers were to say “yes,” the groom’s mother cursed them, and everything around them turned to stone. Now you can see this unusual rocky landscape near the town of Kardzhali in southern Bulgaria.
Sun and wind have been working for centuries to create funny giant stone mushrooms near the village of Beli Plast on the southern outskirts of Bulgaria. These unique rock formations are located near the highway, so you simply cannot pass by without noticing them.
This Bulgarian landmark is popular not only among tourists but also among locals. The two huge holes in the upper part of the cave make it seem as if someone is watching you from above. For the same reason, the cave is also known as the “Eyes of God.
Even more unusual impressions can be obtained in rainy weather, when it seems that the “eyes” are crying. A visit to Prohodna Cave is free. It is always available to hikers and climbers who prefer interesting routes to climb.
Extreme climbers exploring the Iskar River Gorge can see four nearly vertical, flat cliffs overlooking the coastline. Adding to the attractiveness of this Bulgarian attraction are two facts: the height of the rocks reaches almost 80 meters and they were formed about 120 million years ago.
That is the name of the three-kilometer-long gorge in Stara Planina. Their uniqueness is that they are the highest vertical rocks on the Balkan Peninsula.
Their height is over 400 meters. Against the background of these stone giants tiny spots look rock climbers, conquering their tops.
The Madara Rider
This UNESCO World Heritage-listed rock formation dates back to the early Middle Ages. It is a 100-meter-high rock face with an enormous figure of a horseman as tall as a man.
The significance of this rock art is unknown. The question of who and how created it remains the same mystery. The unique rock is located in the north-eastern part of Bulgaria, near the town of Shumen.
This mystical place in the Rhodope Mountains impresses not so much with the rocks themselves, as with the amazing history and numerous legends that surround them. It is believed that the sanctuary of the ancient Thracians was located here.
Tales of hidden treasures and discovered UFOs still attract adventurers and esoterics. Climbing up a huge plateau, you can discover some ancient rock art and admire the impressive views of the neighboring ranges.
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Fabulous places in Bulgaria
Bulgaria is considered one of the best countries for an inexpensive and quality vacation. There is a lot to see and do even for the most discerning tourist. A large part of the cultural treasures have centuries of history. Local architectural and natural sites are protected by UNESCO. The Black Sea resort Golden Sands, the ski resort of Borovets and many others form the basis of numerous tourist routes.
Aladzha is located near the resort of Golden Sands. The monastery is carved into a sheer cliff, so it is difficult to determine the style of its architecture. Among all the attractions of Bulgaria, it is one of the oldest sites. The time of its foundation is considered to be the IV century. Until the attack of the Ottoman invaders the monastery was active and ceased to function in the XIV century.
The medieval cloister will be of interest to those who decide what to visit in Bulgaria. The unique complex welcomes tourists from May to October.
The Christian hermits, once located here, lived on the first level of the building. There is a kitchen, a temple and monastic cells. There is a chapel on the second floor of the monastery. The rock is quite large with many narrow gorges in which it is easy to get lost. Legend has it that these are where the monks hid from the cruel Ottomans.
This Monastery of Rila is located in the Rila Mountains about 120 km from the capital Sofia and is the main holy place of Bulgaria. The time of its foundation is considered to be the XX century, and its founder is called St. John of Rila. The reverend father settled in one of the caves of the mountain Rila and his disciples and followers began the construction of the shrine here.
The monastery went through many ordeals: earthquake, severe fire, it was even looted by the Turks, but it was always revived by the inhabitants of Bulgaria.
Nowadays there are relics of St. John of Rylski and the miracle-working icon of the Virgin Mary “Hodegetria” (“Guide”). People come here to see also the cross of Raphael, which depicts 104 religious scenes and 650 figures. This place is also famous for its magnificent wall frescoes. The monastery has a rich library and museum.For tourists there are restaurants, souvenir shops and comfortable hotels
You can make an excursion to Rila Monastery from any Bulgarian resort. So, if you go from Albena, the trip takes two days. During this time tourists usually have time to visit the sights of Sofia, the house of prophetess Vanga in Rupita, the Memorial Church of the Nativity.
The Old town of Nessebar
Nessebar is one of the oldest towns in Europe, situated on the Black Sea coast. The first mention of it was found in a manuscript dating back more than 3 thousand years. The town is very quiet, its narrow cobblestone streets and small wooden buildings create an atmosphere of antiquity.
Today Nessebar is divided into two parts- Old Nessebar on the island and New Nessebar, which was built not so long ago near the resort of Sunny Beach. There is no traffic on the island, it is a pedestrian zone. Since 1983 the old town of Nessebar is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. The city attracts crowds of tourists every season. There are 40 churches on the island.
Tsarevets Fortress was built in Veliko Tarnovo in 1185, when there was still the Second Bulgarian Kingdom. At that time Veliko Tarnovo was the capital city, and in the entire Bulgarian kingdom it was the largest administrative center. In addition, during the same period, Tsarevets Castle became the residence of the royal nobility.
The town and the fortress of Tsarevets were captured by the Ottoman Empire in 1393. During the battles some parts of the fortress were seriously damaged. Restoration work on the site began only in 1930.The fortress was built with thick walls, ringing the castle, and three gates. The fortified complex included: the royal palace, the Cathedral of the Holy Ascension, the palace church, houses of commoners and artisans. Archeologists found about 400 residential constructions. Also once there were more than 20 churches and 4 monasteries. We can say that the entire life of the city was concentrated behind the walls of the fortress.
Today, only fragments of walls, temple, towers and gates have survived. In the evenings the castle is illuminated by a large number of laser beams as part of a musical show that tells the story of the fall of the great Bulgarian kingdom.
The majestic RomanAmphitheatre in Plovdiv, built by Emperor Trajan in the second century, was discovered during a landslide in 1972. The upper part of the structure had a capacity of about 6,000 spectators. Currently, after extensive restoration work, the Roman Amphitheater is once again hosting spectacular events and concerts. Visitors can admire it from various points on Helmus Street and from the cafes above.
Every year in June the amphitheater hosts the Plovdiv Verdi Opera Festival, as well as summer opera, ballet and musical productions.
The Bulgarian town-reserve Veliko Tarnovo
Veliko Tarnovo is the ancient capital of the Second Bulgarian Kingdom and the cradle of Bulgarian literature, painting and architecture. Veliko Tarnovo is also one of the most ancient towns in Bulgaria, as well as a national pride and a symbol of statehood. The ancient settlements in the region date back to the Neolithic Age. There are traces of Byzantine, Roman and Thracian settlements.
The exact date of the foundation of Veliko Tarnovo is unknown, but it is a historical fact that in 1185 the Bulgarian brothers Asen and Petar revolted and overthrew the Byzantine dominion and established the Second Bulgarian Kingdom.
The sights of Veliko Tarnovo are very interesting and diverse. One of the main ones is Tsarevets Hill – a place of royal palaces and patriarchal churches. From there you can get a wonderful view of the old town. After the Second Bulgarian Empire came into being, a fortification wall was built on Tsarevets Hill that washed by the waters of Yantra River from three sides. And in its southern part rises the magnificent Balduin Tower (Balduin’s Tower), which is associated with the ancient legend of the Latin ruler Balduin of Flanders.
One of the most interesting objects worth seeing is the Palace of the Kings of Bulgaria, which is a fortress in its own right. Equally attractive is the Palace of the Bulgarian Patriarchate, situated at the highest point of the hill.
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