Egypt is home to the most ancient civilization known to world history. The mysterious sands of Egypt cut the beautiful Nile, the river, which symbolizes the very life. On the banks of the Nile majestically rises the most ancient sights of Egypt, including temples, tombs, pyramids, etc. And the ancient cities of Khartoum, Asuar, Cairo still delight civilians and tourists. In the depths of boundless sandy expanses, under the scorching sun is the greenest place in Egypt – Oasis Fayoum, which resembles a Garden of Eden. This and many other wonders of the mysterious civilization, which keeps many secrets, will open the eyes of travelers who dare to see the main sights of Egypt.
What to see in Egypt?
24 best and most famous tourist spots. Photos and descriptions.
1. The Valley of Kings
The Valley of the Kings is one of the most visited places in Egypt. The attraction is divided into western and eastern parts. In total there are about 64 royal tombs. All the tombs have an almost identical layout: first, tourists go down a long corridor sloping downward, and it ends in three or four rooms. On the way to the main rooms you can see beautiful wall paintings that speak of the exploits of the ruler buried in this tomb. One of the richest tombs is considered to be that of Tutankhamun, where much gold and jewelry was found. After its discovery, rumors began to spread about the curse of the pharaoh, as the scientists who were doing it were killed. However, the rumors did not deter the masses of visitors who decided to delve into the mysterious and mystical tombs. In the Valley of the Kings is not an impressive language barrier – in Russian spoken by almost everyone, except that the mummies continue to remain silent.
2. The Great Sphinx
The Great Sphinx is the oldest extant monumental Egyptian landmark. The sculpture resembles in appearance a lion lying majestically on the ground, and its face depicts Chephren. The sculpture is 72 meters long and 20 meters high. The statue faces where the Nile can be seen and the sun rises. Since ancient times pharaohs have been depicted in the form of lions, glorifying the sun and fearlessly destroying their enemies. The amazing thing is that the Egyptians did not leave a single document noting the builders of the Sphinx and the exact time of its erection. Around this place hangs a lot of mysteries that have not been solved yet.
3. temple of Luxor
Luxor Temple is called the largest open-air museum. Visiting it, the tourist gets to see the remains of the temple complex of Karnak. Luxor Temple was built in the 14th century BC, when Luxor was the capital of Egypt (later renamed Thebes). This place holds the ruins of the most ancient temple and the city, which absorbed the commonplace and the great achievements of a bygone era.
4. Cairo Museum
Cairo Museum is a repository of the oldest works of art and relics of Egyptian civilization. There are more than a thousand valuable artifacts, which absorbed all the mysticism and majesty of the ancient Egyptian era. Among them are the artifacts found under the head of the Great Sphinx, the statues of Cheops and Chephren, and the hall of royal mummies. Here you can see wall paintings of rulers left by artists of a bygone era, as well as get acquainted with the most ancient household items of the Egyptians. To visit this place in Egypt will be very interesting.
5. Karnak Temple
Every year the largest complex of the temples of Ancient Egypt gathers an unimaginable number of tourists, as the popularity of this Egyptian attraction is second only to the great pyramids. Its size is enormous, and the size of the temple complex resembles a whole city. It is conventionally divided into three parts: the first is dedicated to Amun-Ra, the second to Queen Mut, his wife, and the third to Honus, their child and the moon god. In addition to the shrines built in honor of Amon-Ra’s family, there is a hall of columns. The 134 huge columns are propped up by clouds these days because of a massive earthquake in 27 B.C. that collapsed the roof of the temple. Here you will find a Botanical Garden with incredible animals and flowers. Tourists walk around the sculpture of the scarab, located in the garden – according to the belief, this ritual gives a person good luck for life. Looking at such a majestic structure, which has stood for many centuries, you involuntarily wonder if all this could really be built by people?
6. Khan el-Khalili
Every traveler who has been to Cairo should visit this market. It attracts like a magnet! This is not surprising: the attraction has a sinister history and an unusually interesting “stuffing”. Centuries ago there was a cemetery of the Caliphs, which was destroyed by order of Emir Khalili. He threw the bones of the buried Fatimids and built a caravanserai in place of the mausoleum for the caravans who came to Cairo. This led to the creation of large-scale buildings, and in the 16th century on the site of the old cemetery is a huge marketplace built on the Turkish prototype. Since then, this place has not changed much: hundreds of stalls in the open air, and smiling sellers are happy to invite tourists to their shops. An array of souvenirs, trinkets, clothes, cooking utensils and more is accompanied by laughter and cheerful chatter from visitors, some drinking a cup or two of coffee and smoking a hookah. Masses of coffee shops will delight the visitor not only with aromatic coffee and sweet dessert, but also any other traditional dish.
7. Cairo Citadel
Cairo Citadel is considered the main attraction of the capital of Egypt. Here you can find several mosques, palaces, and ancient structures – no wonder that this place has gained widespread popularity among tourists. Inside the Cairo Citadel is the Mohammed Ali Mosque, the largest Muslim building in Cairo. On its roof is a clock presented by the King of France. Nowadays the clock serves only a decorative function.
The Al Ghawrah Palace contains monuments left by ancient rulers. The War Museum includes weapons used by the Egyptians during battles. Karen Museum will show you the carriages and chariots of the pharaohs, and the Police Museum delights tourists with the uniforms of the law officers of ancient Egypt, the attributes of the “police” of those times, as well as criminals.
8. Al-Azgar Park.
One of the most beautiful places in Cairo is a real green oasis in the center of the city, Al-Azgar. It was formerly a landfill, but the efforts of people over a period of eight years have managed to turn the former landfill into a famous landmark in Egypt. This park covers an area of three dozen hectares. It accommodates every possible feature of the landscape: hills, a small lake, and items typical of Islamic gardens. There are ornamental, fruit trees, as well as many beautiful arches. In the composition of the park is very well integrated into the fortress wall, running almost the entire area. On the west side of the garden you can find the ancient Cairo with all the mosques. Fountains, a concert hall and a playground make this park an ideal place to relax with children. Truly, this is paradise in the desert!
9. Kayt Bey Citadel.
If you don’t know what to see in Egypt, don’t miss the Citadel of Kait Bey. The defensive fortress is located on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea in northern Egypt. It was built in 1477 at the command of the ruler Al Ashraf Seif ad-Din Qait Bey and served as an important fortification during the great battles. Because of its white stone and imposing size, this fortress is visible from afar. Walking around the walls and turrets is an unforgettable experience, as it is hard to remain indifferent to a majestic structure that defended against enemies. The most important part of world history, shrouded in legends and the atmosphere of the most important wars is accessible to tourists.
10. Pyramid of Djoser
The Pyramid of Djoser is one of the most famous landmarks of Egypt. It gained popularity as a step pyramid. It is located in Saqqara, three dozen kilometers from Cairo. The builder of the greatest pyramid was Imphotep, a talented and revered member of the nobility. The structure features frescoes depicting Imhotep’s titles and the great events of Egyptian history. The pyramid has six steps: this symbolizes Pharaoh Djoser’s ascent to heaven. Inside the pyramid there are branching mines where the sarcophagus was found. The mines draw the most attention of scholars and archaeologists to the site.
11. The Colossi of Memnon
The Colossi of Memnon are sculptures of Amenhotep III of enormous size created in 1350 BC. The sculptures show the seated pharaoh with his hands majestically placed on his knees. The statuesque figure, seated calmly for centuries on his throne, greets the rising sun. Touya and Matemouya, the pharaoh’s wife and mother, are depicted at his feet. The statues are made of quartzite. At one time, because of the incredible gravity of the structures, they had to be carried over land, as no sea vessel could have withstood the weight.
12. Chephren’s pyramid
The Pyramid of Chephren is the second largest pyramid on the Giza plateau. Despite the fact that it is smaller than the Cheops pyramid, visually it looks higher due to the impressive ten-meter plateau. Inside the structure there are several rooms and corridors, and most importantly – a real sarcophagus of the pharaoh, made with incredible skill. This is a must-see place to visit in Egypt.
13. Pyramid of Mikerina
The Pyramid of Mikerina is the smallest and youngest on the Giza plateau. Its peculiarity is that the pyramid was previously built of red granite and white limestone, making it two-tone. As a result of the wars this feature was destroyed and it no longer stands out from its brethren.
14. Al-Azhar Mosque
The mosque was built at the end of the tenth century, but many mistakenly consider it the oldest in Egypt. Every day tourists from all over the world come to admire the interior of this Egyptian landmark, the wall paintings and the incredible facades. At night, the strange silhouette of the building, reflected by the moon, captures the attention.
15. Giza Zoo
Giza Zoo includes a huge list of animals, including endangered species. Thanks to the conditions, the animals feel great within the walls of this zoo. Here you will see felines such as lions, tigers, and panthers, admire the amazing birds, and have fun with the funny monkeys. For those who do not know what to visit in Egypt with children, the Giza Zoo is a great place where you can admire the exotic beauties and take a lot of pictures that will give good memories of the trip.
16. Cairo Opera House
Cairo Opera House is a venue for concerts by Egypt’s best bands. Folk ensembles, symphony orchestras, and modern dance theaters perform here. Open-air concerts can be watched by about 600 spectators, and the small hall of the orchestra pit can seat 500 spectators.
Cairo Opera has three main halls: the main one is in the central hall, used for large-scale ballet performances and major concerts by musical groups; a small hall, used for ceremonial events; and an open-air theater with a capacity of about 1,000 spectators. Art lovers will appreciate the decoration of this facility and the concerts held for the audience.
17. Abu Simbel .
The temple carved in white stone is framed by ten meter high statues of Ramses and his wife. On top of the representatives of the noble family are depicted their children; in addition, there is the scene of Nefertari’s coronation. The walls of the temple are painted with paintings of offerings to the gods of various gifts. In the 1960s, because of the construction of a dam the temple had to be moved. It was divided into many parts and then built anew. Abu Simbel is a structure built twice.
18. Kom Ombo Temple
This Egyptian landmark is unique because of its duality – the temple is dedicated to two triads of gods at once. Despite the fact that much of the structure was destroyed at one time due to the activities of the Nile, nowadays tourists have something to look at: bas-relief drawings and wall paintings can not leave indifferent. The temple has a sanctuary with fifteen columns and pedestals on which rooks used to rest. The temple has three open-air vestibules. They depict offerings to the god Sebek and scenes of the construction of the temple with Sashet, the goddess of writing, measuring the parameters of the building, preserved to this day.
19. temple of edfu
The town of Edfu stretches along the banks of the Nile and is popular for its sugar cane processing factories and pottery production. In it there is a temple, which can not leave any fan of ancient Egyptian architecture. The outside of the temple is decorated with brutal sculptures, while the interior has a soft and graceful form. The sanctuary has small prayer rooms, chambers and halls dedicated to Osiris or Mekhit, the goddess who guards the souls of men on their way to eternal life.
20. Medinet Abu
Medinet Abu is a giant complex located on the west bank of the Nile. The columns in the complex are decorated with magnificent bas-reliefs depicting the exploits of Ramses. One can enter the temple through the Migdolom, an unusual gate of enormous size. The gate is surrounded by large sand-colored columns, and the outer walls of the temple are decorated with statues of Ramses in the form of Osiris. Medinet Abu is the most magnificent building created by Ramses III.
21. Luxor Museum
Luxor Museum sits between the Luxor and Karnak temples. It exhibits masterpieces found by archaeologists during extensive excavations. The museum was officially opened in 1975. Near it is laid out a garden, which also has an exhibition in the open air. The exhibits of the museum have an average age of about four thousand years – i.e. from prehistoric times to the Islamic era. Some of the most popular exhibits include the statue of Horemheb, the restored brick wall of the Temple of Aton, the huge head of Pharaoh Ehnaton, and more.
22. Royal Palace of Montaza
The Palace of Montaz refers to the later creations of Egyptian architects. It served as the residence of King Farouk. The Egyptian landmark is located in a bay to the east of Alexandria, near a beautiful park shaded by date palms and ficus trees. The arbors and the brightest flowers attract masses of visitors, although there is a fee to enter. The Palace of Montaz includes a spacious “male” part and a small “female” part. It was built under the obvious influence of the Florentine style: it is noted, for example, in the choice of red and white stone and tower superstructure. The sumptuous interior and the expensive decoration of the room grab the attention of the visitor and cannot be overlooked.
23. The Philae
Philae is an island in the middle of the Nile in which, according to legends, Osiris was buried. In ancient times, access to this island was closed to all but the priests: it was said that even birds and fish avoided the shores of Philae. A temple of the goddess Hathor was established in the southern part of the island. Behind the propylaeum of the temple are lions made of granite, hawk cages made of stone, and obelisks 13 meters high. On the island is the tent of Trojan. In the evening in Agelika you can enjoy a beautiful light show.
24. Ibn Tulun Mosque.
The mosque was built on the site which, according to legend, served as the location of his son Abraham’s sacrifice. The mosque looks like a rectangular fortress surrounded by a battlemented fence. Behind the fence is a courtyard with an ablution fountain. The surface of the fountain carries sayings from the Koran on the importance of ablutions before prayers. In the central part of the sanctuary there is a wooden pew placed on marble columns for chanting, recitation of the Koran and the call to prayer.