Egypt. Interesting facts and sights

Egyptian sights: the most beautiful and unusual places

The sights of Egypt are not limited to the sea, the Great Sphinx and the pyramids. This country has enough ancient and beautiful places for every taste. Castles, temples, desert and bazaars – any tourist will find something that will interest him. In addition, Egypt is quite suitable for visiting with children because of the large number of museums and amusement parks.

In order not to be confused after seeing the pyramids at Giza, not knowing where to go, it is better to make a list beforehand. In our article we will tell you what can be interesting to the tourist in Egypt, we will talk about both antiquities and natural sights and we will not forget about those who care only about the sea and service.

The best time to visit Egypt

Flights to Egypt were discontinued in 2015. It took 6 years, and in July 2021 flights to popular resorts – Sharm el-Sheikh and Hurghada became available again. And in September, non-stop flights from the regions appeared. Flights to the Red Sea can be made by both charter and scheduled flights.

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May and October are considered the high season in Egypt. During this time the coast is hot (+28 to +31 ° C), and the water is warm (temperature +26 … +27 ° C). In November it does not get colder, but begins to blow without ceasing, the wind Khamsin, the constant presence of which may not please tourists.

If you want to go sightseeing, rather than swimming, you should go in January – March. Yes, it is windy and cool (+18-20 ° C), but all better than in the “frozen” Russia. In Sharm el Sheikh in these months is warmer than in Hurghada.

The real heat in Egypt lasts from July to September: +33 ° C air temperature and +29 ° C – water. And about the desert is better to be silent. Those who can’t stand the “oven” outside in these months should not fly to Egypt, much less go on excursions.

Top 5 attractions in Egypt.

  • The Pyramids of Giza (8 km from Giza).

One of the most beautiful places on planet Earth is located in the Libyan desert, on the Giza plateau. It is the “place of power” on the continent. The complex of the Great Pyramids includes roads, temples, tombs. In fact, it is a whole necropolis. In this cemetery city, the most famous are the pyramids: the main attraction in Egypt is the huge pyramid of Cheops, or Khufu (the only one of the Seven Wonders of the World that has survived to this day) and the much smaller Khafra and Menkaura. The others are quite small. They can be called companion pyramids.

Top 5 attractions in Egypt.

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  • Valley of the Pharaohs in Luxor.

Another necropolis where Egyptian rulers and their families are buried. The complex was erected in the 16th century BC in a rocky gorge. The Valley of the Kings was a guarded and secret place. It was protected by keepers from robbery and raids.

More than 60 pharaohs, their children and wives found eternal rest in the Valley of the Kings. The catacombs are an extensive system of wells and tunnels. This is a real labyrinth. The walls are decorated with frescoes that testify to the lives of the rulers buried here.

Valley of the Pharaohs in Luxor.

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  • Luxor Temple in Luxor

A majestic and monumental religious building erected in the 14th century B.C. Given the degree of antiquity of the Luxor temple, one cannot help but marvel at its harmonious and perfect forms. It is almost the largest religious building in the country: its length is 260 m, and the height of pylons (trapezoidal towers at the entrance) reaches 20 m. Indeed, such a landmark of ancient Egypt is worth seeing.

This place is a must visit for anyone interested in the holy places or the history of Israel.

On Mount Moses (the second name of Sinai) the most important event took place after the exodus of the Jews from Egypt. On it, according to the biblical account, the prophet of God received the Ten Commandments from the Lord. They are still observed by the followers of Judaism, Christianity and Islam.

Another monumental historical monument located on the Giza Plateau. This mysterious and the oldest sculpture in the world is located next to the pyramid of Chephren. The Great Sphinx is an Egyptian landmark that is still unknown who built it and why. Its length reaches 73 m and its height is 20 m. The impressive monument in the shape of a lion with a human head was carved out of the rock.

Great Sphinx

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Egypt’s oldest temples

  • Temple of Queen Hatshepsut.

Period of rule of the woman-pharaoh lasted from 1503 to 1482 BC Hatshepsut built a temple in her honor at Deir el-Bahri, near the religious structure of the founder of the XVIII dynasty Pharaoh Mentuhotep I. In this way the queen showed that she had the right to the throne, even though she had seized it from the one who was the direct heir. The construction of the building began during Hatshepsut’s lifetime. The work was supervised by the architect Senmut, who was rumored to be the lover of the woman pharaoh.

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The Temple of Queen Hatshepsut

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Construction of this structure lasted more than 100 years: from 180 to 47 B.C., all while the pharaohs of the Ptolemaic dynasty ruled. The temple site was once the site of another, older religious building. Kom-Ombo is dedicated to several gods: Horus and his wife Hathor (the first is the lord of sky and sun in the form of a falcon, the second is the patroness of beauty) and Sebek (deity of spill and water in the form of a crocodile).

  • Temple of goddess Hathor in Dandara

The construction of the shrine lasted more than 200 years: from about 300 to 14 B.C. Hathor was the goddess of beauty and the protector of dancers and lovers. The temple in her honor was several times rebuilt and reconstructed. The last time it was changed in the 1st century BC. The Roman emperors Nero, Claudius, Tiberius, and Augustus donated several wall sculptures at different periods.

  • Temple complex of Philae, or the Temple of the Goddess Isis

According to the beliefs of the ancient Egyptians, the goddess Isis is the ruler of wind, fertility, water and navigation. She is a symbol of marital fidelity and femininity. Isis is depicted as a woman with a disc above her head. By the way, it is from her came the tradition, to indicate halos over the saints. The temple of the goddess, built during the Ptolemaic dynasty, is near Aswan on the island of Philae. Isis was worshipped even in the sixth century CE, that is, already after the adoption of Christianity by Egypt.

The Temple of Philae, or Temple of the Goddess Isis

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  • Medinet Abu Ramses III in Luxor

This is the funerary temple of the pharaoh who ruled from 1185 to 1153 BC. The building is located in Luxor, on the west bank of the Nile. Medinet Abu is similar to the temple of Ramesseum, built by Ramses II, but the structure lacks scale and luxury.

Architectural attractions in Egypt

  • The Fortress in Cairo

This is the main attraction of the capital of Egypt. In the citadel there are palaces, mosques, ancient buildings. The interest in this place among tourists does not wane. Especially it is popular among Muslims, because inside the complex is the Mosque of Muhammad Ali – the largest in all of Cairo. On its roof there is a clock that was once donated by a French monarch. Now they do not work, but serve as decoration.

The Fortress in Cairo

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If it seems like you’ve seen everything in Egypt, check out this fortress. The citadel was built on the orders of Sultan Al-Ashraf by Seif-ud-Din Kayt Bey in 1477 in northern Egypt, on the Mediterranean coast. This fortification served as a reliable fortification during important battles. It is located on the ruins of the Alexandria Lighthouse – one of the 7 wonders of the world.

These are giant sculptures of Amenhotep III. Their creation dates back to 1350 BC. Pharaoh is depicted sitting on a throne, his hands resting on his knees. The monumental colossus on the throne has been greeting the dawns for several millennia.

Statues of Memnon

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It is considered the oldest in Egypt, but that is a mistake. The mosque was erected at the end of the tenth century. Every day, dozens of tourists admire the wall paintings, interior and exterior decorations. At night under the light of the moon al-Azhar mosque attracts the eye with its unusual silhouette.

  • Royal Residence of Montaz

One of the late creations of Egyptian architects. The Palace of Montaz was the residence of the ruler Farouk. The attraction is next to a delightful park in the east of Alexandria. In the garden are planted ficus trees and date palms.

  • Ibn Tulun Mosque

The building was built on the spot where legend says Abraham wanted to sacrifice his son Isaac. The Ibn Tulun Mosque takes the form of a rectangular fortress, surrounded by a battlemented fence with an ablution fountain. Quotations from the Koran are written on it, reminding us of the importance of purification before praying to Allah.

Ibn Tulun Mosque

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Natural attractions in Egypt

  • Colored Canyon (Nuweiba City)

This natural landmark in Egypt is near Mount Gebel el-Beraka in the east of the Sinai Peninsula. The depth of the canyon is 30 m, width 10 m and length 5 km. The coloring of the walls strikes and delights at the same time. It has purple, maroon, red, yellow, green and even steel hues.

The longest waterway on Earth is 6.8 thousand km long. Since ancient times, the Nile was the center of agriculture in Egypt, its regular floods fed the land around it, making it fertile. In fact, without this river, there would not have been such a developed state at the time. It was the Nile that made Egypt a powerful power, flourishing in spite of the vise of the desert around it.

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It is a karst sinkhole in the eastern part of the Sinai Peninsula near the Red Sea coast. The Blue Hole is 130 meters deep. If you descend to 52 m, you can find an arched tunnel lined with coral that leads directly to the Red Sea.

Blue Hole in Dahab

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Egypt’s best museums

  • Egyptian Museum

The Egyptian Museum was built in Cairo in Tahrir Square. It contains all the artifacts found during the excavation of temples, cities, and pyramids. There are over 150 thousand treasures of antiquity in the numerous halls: jewelry made of gold, ceramic utensils, sarcophagi of pharaohs, weapons, mummies, art objects. All this vividly describes what life was like for the ancient Egyptians.

This is a small building located in Giza. Everyone can learn how papyrus was made. All the steps: drying the reeds, beating them with a hammer, soaking them in water, and pressing them to obtain thin sheets are visually represented. Both texts and paintings were written on papyrus.

The museum has samples of both ancient and modern papyrus. Drawing master classes are periodically held in the building. You can take the papyrus masterpieces you’ve created with your hands as a souvenir.

  • Museum of Marine Biology

This is a research station, which aims to study the Red Sea. It is located in the north of Hurghada. Visitors can get acquainted with the inhabitants of the sea, see aquatic plants. All of them are presented in aquariums, among the specimens are shells, algae and tropical fish. There are also quite rare specimens, they are preserved and installed in a separate room.

This exhibition is entirely dedicated to the artifacts found during the excavation of the pharaoh’s tomb. The Tutankhamun Museum was opened in 2014 in Sharm el-Sheikh. Since then, interest in it has not waned, both among adult tourists and among children.

The exhibits presented are copies. But they are of such high quality that they cannot be distinguished from the originals. Guests can see jewelry, three sarcophagi, a death mask and other items. In all, the museum has 100 exhibits that can be photographed and even touched.

Tutankhamen Museum

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It was opened in Cairo by collector Marcus Simaik. The theme of the museum is Copts, descendants of ancient Egyptians. At the core of the exhibition are exhibits from a private collection, which was gradually replenished with new items. In total, the museum has 29 rooms, where you can see the frescoes, papyrus, textiles with gold embroidery, church utensils and early Christian icons.

Located in Upper Egypt. In the Assuan Museum you can get acquainted with the history and culture of the Nubian civilization. The complex consists of a beautiful large garden, a library, an information center and a three-story building. Prehistoric exhibits and artifacts about the Islamic, Roman, Coptic and Pharaonic periods are available to visitors.

Egyptian National Parks

  • Ras Mohammed National Park (Sharm el Sheikh).

This place is the pride of the Egyptians. Ras Mohammed National Park is located in the southern part of the Sinai Peninsula. The name of the reserve translates as “Cape of Mohammed. Each year it is visited by thousands of tourists. The reason for such an influx of visitors is simple: Sharm el Sheikh is located just 25 km from the park.

The state protects an area of 480 km 2 . Of these, 345 km 2 is occupied by the Red Sea. The remaining 100 or so km 2 is reserved for beaches. And they are not just sandy strips, but the best places for swimming, sunbathing and recreation. They are distinguished by their unique nature.

Ras Mohammed National Park (Sharm el Sheikh)

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  • Nabq National Reserve in Sharm el Sheikh

This area is home to many unique animals. The variety of vegetation is also striking: over 130 species. For example, mango trees. They were used by the locals to get fresh water, because the roots of this plant remove the salt from the seawater.

In the Nabq National Reserve you can see gazelles, foxes, desert badgers, camels and various representatives of the amphibian class. Varanas and giant tortoises come out on the coast to bask in the sun. All these animals are almost not afraid of people and allow themselves to be photographed at close range.

  • Abu Galoum Reserve in Dahab

Another area filled with unique flora and fauna. The landscape of the area is also impressive. The reserve is located between the cities of Dahab and Nuweiba and covers an area of about 500 km2 . Abu Galum is home to 167 animal and plant species, 44 of which are endemics.

Tourists are attracted by the splendor and variety of landscapes. They are unique in their incredible contrast, which is found nowhere else on earth. There are sand dunes and picturesque valleys, lush greenery and granite rocks, the rich underwater world and vegetation. All this beauty is mesmerizing. And the Sinai mountains on the horizon make you feel as if you are at the edge of the world, beyond which there is nothing.

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Reserve Abu Galum in Dahab

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  • Gebel Elba Reserve.

This huge national park is spread out in a mountainous area, its main peaks being Gebel Shandib (1,912 m) and Gebel Shnditday (1,527 m). At one time the territory was claimed by Sudan, but in 1986 Egypt put an end to the issue and declared the reserve to be part of the state.

The consequence of the conflict between the two countries is a pristine nature that has been virtually untouched by civilization. Here you will not find any stores or roads to drive by car. Gebel Elba Reserve in Africa is unique in its pristine and wilderness. And only once you are here, in peace and quiet, you fully understand how rightly the Egyptians did, making this area a protected place by the state.

Egypt’s 5 unusual sights

  • El Kaf Cave, or Gara.

This hard-to-reach natural formation is located in the Western Desert. To reach it, you need to start from Asyut, then drive through the oases of Farafra and Bahraya. The Gara Cave is several million years old and is not very popular with Egyptians and tourists. The reason is its inaccessibility. In the summer, you have to wade through a desert hell to get to El Kaf.

Al Kaf Cave

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A wide crevice serves as the entrance to the cave. It leads to a narrow corridor that leads to a large hall, 30 meters long and 8 meters wide. Next to it there are several other rooms. These halls are full of white stalactites of many different shapes. Legend has it that soldiers once hid in the cave from the enemy. They could not find a way out and were petrified for eternity.

Attractions in Egypt

Luxor Temple in Luxor

Land of sun and deserts, lush oases and ancient things. Ancient monuments of this country attract millions of tourists from all over the world every year. There are priceless objects in Egypt in abundance, and some of them are more than 6,000 years old.

On the territory of the country are the real “wonders of the world” – they come in different sizes and shapes, and are scattered throughout the country. These are the pyramids – huge temple buildings, which have preserved statues, paintings on the walls and obelisks from the reign of the pharaohs. The main attractions of Egypt are located near the capital – the Great Sphinx and the pyramids of Giza.

Ancient monuments for thousands of years keep a lot of legends and mysteries that people have not solved until now. Therefore, thousands of travelers go for the mystery hidden in the bowels of the giant pyramids. Pristine nature, coral reefs and exotic nature – this country still has something to surprise. One thing is to see the ancient artifacts on the photo, and quite another thing is to experience the great legend for yourself, to touch the historical treasures.

Where to go on your first trip to Egypt? Where are the largest pyramids? Why the country has so many ancient monuments? We will tell you where to go and what to see, and most importantly, when is the best time to visit Egypt. And now let’s hit the road!

Where to go in Egypt in spring

A great time to relax on the beach and explore the local attractions. Traveling around Egypt in early spring is even profitable, as the prices of accommodation and food are lower than winter rates. So, where to visit the land of the pyramids in the spring?

Although at this time it is a little cool and windy, tanning and swimming in the sea is still possible. Usually there are strong winds in the depths of deserts, and the resorts on the Red Sea coast offer a pleasant beach holiday.

However, the sights, too, should not be forgotten, because they are enough in Egypt. In March it will be interesting to visit the Village of the Pharaohs – a theme park near the capital. The site is located on the small island of Jacob on the Nile. Here are different historical eras of ancient Egypt, sculptures of all the gods and pharaohs, specially created houses, streets, gardens and canals.

The park offers a glimpse into the life of the ancient Egyptians, played by over 500 people. The actors are dressed in the clothes of ancient times and are engaged in traditional activities of past centuries – herding flocks, creating sculptures, plowing fields and making wine. You can watch the Village of the Pharaohs from the deck of a boat that goes around the island in a circle. Or you can go ashore and explore the interesting places of the park on your own.

April

It gets hotter in mid-spring and the flow of tourists increases. But the evenings can be chilly, so it’s best to bring a couple of warm sweaters. During this time, there are festivals that symbolize spring and nature’s awakening from its winter sleep.

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In April, a great option for a holiday is the suburbs of Cairo with the pyramids, which is worth seeing in Egypt for every tourist. In the center of the Giza complex is the largest pyramid – the tomb of Pharaoh Cheops and his family. Construction took more than 20 years, and the structure was completed in 2260 BC.

The construction consists of 2,3 million rectangular stone blocks. The height of the pyramid reaches 146,5 m. Inside the tomb are three burial chambers which are on different levels. Between the rooms is a network of corridors for guided tours.

At the end of spring there is a high season. The weather is dry and sunny. Now you can relax on the beach and the Red Sea, and the Mediterranean. Remember that at this time should go out in the street in a hat and use protective cream. In May tourists go to Luxor to explore the interesting sights.

In the southern city on the banks of the Nile is a museum of mummification. Here are exhibits that clearly show how the inhabitants of ancient Egypt prepared the dead people and animals for burial.

The museum contains substances and tools that were used during the mummification process, as well as mummies of animals and humans. The most important artifact is the mummy of Masahart – the first priest of ancient Egypt.

What to see in Egypt in the summer

The sun is picking up, so holidays with children and people with health problems should be postponed. And if you can stand the heat well, then the vacation in Egypt in the summer will please you. Where to go in the warmest season to enjoy the beach and see the sights of Egypt?

The sultry sun beckons to visit the resorts of the country, which are located on the west coast of the Red Sea. A light sea breeze will make it easier to endure the heat and enjoy your vacation. In June, it will be nice to spend your vacation in Hurghada. In addition, there are interesting attractions in the ancient city.

Near Hurghada in the middle of the desert Bedouin Village is spread. Here congregate crowds of tourists to see the settlement of indigenous people of the country. You have to drive an ATV to get there.

In the village you can observe the Bedouin way of life, ride a camel, buy souvenirs from local artisans and visit a small zoo. The main “chip” – a performance of a real fakir, who walks on hot coals.

In the middle of summer in Egypt the thermometer mark reaches record heights, so for the rest is worth choosing cooler resorts. In July for a vacation suits Dahab.

The eastern city on the Sinai Peninsula is famous for its excellent resorts. The main attraction and a beautiful place in Egypt – an underwater gap “Blue Hole. The round depression reaches 130 m in depth, and 50 m from the surface is a tunnel – it connects to the Red Sea.

The unique beauty of the coral reef has made this place incredibly popular and there are always a lot of divers. By the way, the Blue Hole is one of the top 10 most dangerous dive sites on the planet.

August

The last month of summer, but the sun does not think to hide. It rains rarely and the whole area is hot. In August, it is worth choosing cooler resorts for a vacation, not only to lie on the beach, but also to see interesting places.

In the capital of Egypt, there are dozens of attractions that can’t be seen in a week, and one of the most important is the citadel of Saladin. The oldest fortification in the world, which survived during its long life hundreds of attacks of enemies.

Externally, the building looks like a fortress of the Middle Ages – towers, walls and gates. On the territory of the citadel there are mosques and museums. Here is the Palace of Treasures and the famous mosque of Mohammed Ali. From the observation deck you can enjoy an incredibly beautiful view of Cairo and the pyramids of Giza.

What to see in Egypt in the fall

The tourist season is upon us again. The temperature drops and summer still reigns in the land of the pyramids. The wind season does not come until late fall, but already in September the evenings are cool. Be sure to bring a warm sweater or windbreaker. Autumn is the perfect time for a perfect beach holiday, so you’ll have time to see the sights.

September

A favorable period to swim in the sea, sunbathing and then go on an interesting excursion. In September we suggest visiting the White Desert – a national park in the northern part of the Farafra oasis.

Millions of years ago there was an ocean floor in this area, and now there are white karst formations of bizarre shapes. Explorers and tourists go here to observe how time changes rocks and creates other materials.

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Before you go to the White Desert, you need to get a permit. However, there will be no difficulty in this, it is given to all who wish. The document is required as a pass to the territory of the national park.

October

If in mid-autumn you already miss the summer, then go to Egypt. Sunny weather, warm sea and the most interesting and mysterious sights are waiting for you, that you can see on your own in Egypt at any time. It is best to go on an excursion in the afternoon. For example, in the National Reserve Ras Mohammed.

The site is located in the south of Sinai near the famous resort city of Sharm el-Sheikh. There are coral reefs on the territory of the reserve, which were raised from the seabed, and they are about 2 billion years old. Near the shore there are dozens of species of fish and various fauna of the underwater world.

Especially attracted to tourists Magic Bay, where the salt springs. It is believed that the water in the bay allows to recover and improve your mood.

November

The end of autumn is not a hindrance to continue the beach vacation. This is a favorable time for a trip with the family, because both the temperature and prices go down equally. In November we advise to visit the temples on the island of Philae.

The ancient Egyptian chronicles indicate that the king of the underworld, the god Osiris, is buried on this island in the middle of the Nile River. On Philae is the temple of Osiris’s wife, the goddess Isis, and the goddess Hathor, the patroness of beauty, the sky and fertility.

The temples of the gods of ancient Egypt are the only structures of this type from the Ptolemaic dynasty that still exist. Phile Island has been on the UNESCO list of protected sites since the 1980s.

Beautiful places in Egypt in winter

Even in the coldest season in Egypt, you can swim in the sea and sunbathe. Although at this time it is colder than in summer. Beach seekers should go to the Red Sea coast, and if you are interested in walking and sightseeing, then all corners of the country will do. Where to go in Egypt in winter?

December

In early winter, tourists in Egypt are greeted by gentle sun, warm sea and golden sand. In December, excursion programs are very popular. The weather allows you to travel throughout the country. In reviews, tourists are advised to visit the mountain of Moses.

The attraction is located in the south of the Sinai Peninsula, and its height reaches 2,285 meters. It is a famous shrine of Christianity, which attracts pilgrims from all over the world. According to the Bible, it was here that God told Moses the 10 Commandments. At the foot is the monastery of St. Catherine, and at the top are several religious buildings.

The mountain is climbed at night with the stars. Pilgrims and tourists meet the dawn already at the top. This is a show that never leaves anyone indifferent and gives unforgettable emotions.

January

Are you dreaming of a holiday in a warm country, but can not stand the heat? Then in the middle of winter in Egypt you will find a perfect vacation. Plan not only to swim in the sea and sunbathing, but also to see the local attractions of Egypt.

In January we recommend an excursion to one of the main treasures of the country – the Great Sphinx. A giant statue of a lion with a human face is located near the Giza pyramids in the suburbs of Cairo. The distance from the center of the capital is about 25 km. The length of the structure is 73 m and the height is 21 m. Inside the structure is completely empty.

Egyptians believe that the Great Sphinx is a symbol of disaster and retribution that will come from the sky. This is what is stated in the ancient chronicles. The statue is also called the “father or king of terror”.

February

At the end of winter comes the cold, so long swimming and sunbathing is not possible. However, in February holidays can be even more intense because it can be very interesting: scuba diving, quad biking, or participate in jeep races.

At this time will be interesting to get acquainted with the ancient monuments of architecture. For example, with the temples of Luxor and Karnak. These are historical sites dedicated to Amon-Ra. The structures were erected more than 3500 years ago.

Cult buildings are recognized as masterpieces of world architecture. A particularly beautiful place is the Hypostyle Hall in the temple of Karnak, where there are 130 mighty columns. In the temple of Luxor there are dozens of unique wall paintings, miniature sculptures and reliefs. The artifacts tell about the life of the ancient Egyptians and their ideas about the afterlife.

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