Nowadays, tourism is actively developing in all parts of the world, in Africa, it is a special field of activity, as it provides the economy of many local countries.
On the Black Continent, a variety of types of tourism are available, because the African nature is very diverse and at the same time rich in unique features. In this regard, eco-tourism is now incredibly popular among today’s travelers who are not just looking for recreation, but for unusual memories.
It is worth noting that not every tourist fully understands the meaning of such a rest, putting it in its own context. Ecological does not always mean just nature tourism, where people want to visit those areas where the ecosystem is preserved as naturally as possible.
Ecological tourism in Africa means finding in those places on the continent where there are special objects of nature that are not subject to any distortion or pollution. The purpose of such a trip is to get acquainted with the unique natural conditions and their subsequent improvement.
From such tourism the objects visited receive the maximum benefit, because:
- tourists pay for their trips, replenishing the local treasury;
- they do not interfere in the life of nature and natives;
- they also help to improve the state of nature.
In eco-tourism, not profit is the main thing, but other principles:
- conservation of nature;
- packing for travel in small groups;
- tourist visits to places of cultural heritage;
- implementation on site of special projects aimed at environmental protection;
- the use of all the resources of the visited nature in a rational measure.
Every tourist going on an eco-trip through the national nature parks in Africa should be conscious and responsible for any of his actions, because eco-tourism is not just a fashionable trend, it is a kind of philosophy.
Therefore, the International Organization of this type of tourism has developed some precepts, which should be adhered to by every conscious eco-tourist:
- Understanding the vulnerability of the planet;
- to take with you only photos, and leave – the traces;
- constant knowledge of the world around on vacation – the local culture and geography;
- a deep respect for the local people;
- following the trails that people have walked before;
- refraining from purchasing goods whose manufacturers are detrimental to the natural environment;
- participation, when possible, in conservation programs;
- Supporting those organizations involved in such programs;
- practicing methods that help conserve nature’s resources;
- choose eco-tourism firms to organize their travels.
Eco-tourism in Africa
Since the development of tourism in Africa has been active for decades, the pressure on nature from mass visits is only increasing. In this regard, natural resources are used irrationally.
Other global changes associated with human activities and various irreversible phenomena are also negatively affecting the world’s nature.
To preserve the available wealth, humanity promotes eco-tourism, which is now the most demanded and needed.
The African continent was the first to move from nature tourism to ecological tourism, which happened in the 1980s, when the government of many countries became concerned about the deteriorating state of local nature.
Then the Maasai tribe was expelled from their habitat in order to preserve nature in the created national parks. However, the “refugees,” who were constantly eating cattle, began to hunt extensively, poaching their own food. This situation could have led to more trouble if these inhabitants were not brought back. Thus, two types of tourism were combined:
- Nature tourism;
And although most visitors as the main purpose of their visit put the observation of natural resources, almost all of the most striking impressions get from communicating with the indigenous people.
Now, organizing eco-tourism in Africa, tour operators are interested in what kind of tribes wants to meet people on vacation, because it is always a real trip for anyone.
Going to Africa to explore nature, we will have to give up the usual entertainment and special comfort, because usually in a natural setting there is no organized infrastructure and plenty of stores. However, in return the foreigner will get much more:
- the opportunity to view unique objects;
- a great vacation in nature;
- the knowledge of ancient cultures;
- new experiences and incredible impressions.
The popularity of eco-tourism in Africa has another side – the attractiveness of such tours is increasing every year, so the number of tourists is also increasing proportionately.
Only the numerous visitors frankly harm the local cultures, so their flow must be constantly limited. Some destinations are even closed, which happened to the Hadzabe tribe.
Tourists are no longer allowed to come to their villages, as the natives are not able to withstand their influence like the Maasai. In addition, the money brought by such tourism more often than not did not go for the benefit of these people and the preservation of their culture, because it fell into the wrong hands.
After the numerous visits of foreigners, the Hadzabe acquired two ills:
With properly organized eco-tourism, only small groups of travelers can be harmless for the sites they visit, because the masses contradict the main principles of such a philosophy.
For modern tourists who are willing to give up certain comforts, there are now safari hotels, built in the national parks themselves. Therefore, you can observe the representatives of protected flora and fauna directly from the place of accommodation.
All such hotels are designed harmless to the unique nature, and at the same time in them achieved the conditions usual for Europeans, so that such a vacation will be pleasant in every way.