Amalienborg is one of the most beautiful palaces in all of Denmark. This is not only a calling card of its capital, Copenhagen, but also a house of residence. And live in it the most important people in Denmark – Queen Margrethe and her family. The complex of palatial buildings in the Rococo style arranged facades facing each other.
Frederiksborg Palace was built at the turn of the 16th-17th centuries, and is located in the town of Hillerød, not far from the Danish capital Copenhagen. The first buildings of the castle were laid here in 1560 by King Frederick. When the king died, his throne was taken by Christian the Fourth – he ruled the country for 59 years.
All Danish castles are very picturesque, but Kronborg in Elsinore stands out most of all. Kronborg owes its fame to its mention as the main setting for Shakespeare’s famous tragedy Hamlet.
Egeskov Castle in Denmark is one of the most picturesque places in the country. Its round towers and spires look as if they were recreated in a fairy tale from the distant past, and the gardens surrounding the castle are worthy of a poem of their own.
Copenhagen City Hall
One of the tallest buildings in Copenhagen – City Hall. The building got its present appearance in 1905, and the height of its tower today is more than 105 meters – not every city can boast such a height.
Legoland in Denmark
The world’s first Legoland theme park was opened in Billund (Denmark), the birthplace of LEGO in 1968. Nowadays Danish Legoland, built of more than 46 million LEGO cubes, is the largest in the world.
The Little Mermaid in Copenhagen
One of the most famous symbols in the world of Copenhagen is the bronze Little Mermaid. The idea for the sculpture came from the mind of Carl Jacobsen. The son of the founder of the Karlsberg Brewery, impressed by the ballet “The Little Mermaid”, suggested that the ballerina, who played the lead role, should pose for the sculptor Edvard Eriksen.
St. Knud’s Cathedral in Odense
The city’s main attraction, St. Knud’s Cathedral (or simply the Cathedral of Odense) was consecrated in honor of King Knud IV. The building admired by tourists today is an excellent example of classical brick Gothic.
The territory of Christiania consists of former military barracks and the remains of the city ramparts built in 1617 by King Christian IV. Today these ramparts, preserved only in the territory of Christiania, are some of the best military constructions of the 17th century in the world.
Lalandia Water Park
“Lalandia” is the common name of two large entertainment complexes in Rødby, on the island of Lolland, and Billund. Both parks have hotels, an ice skating rink, areas for various sports, and excellent Aquadome water parks, with Billund being the largest in Scandinavia.
Aquarium in Copenhagen
The Danes are a seafaring people, so it’s no surprise that Copenhagen has the largest aquarium in Northern Europe. It opened in 2013 in the presence of the reigning Queen Margrethe II and Crown Prince Henrik.
Odense Palace begins its history as a monastery from the 15th century, which became part of the state after the Reformation and has since served as an administrative building: the residence first of a lord, then of an amt administrator, then of a governor’s palace and finally of a municipal services building.
Christianborg is a granite palace with a greenish copper roof on the island of Slotsholmen. For 800 years it was the principal residence of the Danish kings, until a fire broke out in 1794.
On the island of Zeeland in Denmark, just 7 km from the town of Koge lies the beautiful and mysterious Wallö Castle. When it was built, it is not known reliably, the buildings on this site were in the 13th century – ancient books testify to this. Then the castle belonged to the rich landowner Eskild Krag.
Sønnerborg Castle is a beautiful and majestic castle in the center of the city of the same name, located on the island of Als in the southern part of Denmark. Despite the fact that the castle was built in the 12th century, it is strikingly different from other government residences.
Hammershus is one of the oldest castles in Denmark built in the traditional style. It is located in the northern part of the island of Bornholm and is a picturesque ruins of the walls, where are constantly organized group tours (annually Hammershus is visited by about 450 thousand tourists).
The building of Danish architectural center BLOX
Danish BLOX building is a bright example of architecture of the future. It combines not only modern forms and materials, but also an ecological approach to the use of resources. Once there was a fire on this place and nobody wanted to build there.
The first menagerie in Copenhagen was opened in 1859 by ornithologist and animalist Nils Kjarbilling in the park of Frederiksberg Palace, today occupied by the Royal Danish Military Academy. The number of exhibits was small, and most were species specific to Denmark.
Royal Library of Denmark
Lovers of ancient manuscripts will be interested in the Royal Library, a classic building with huge reading rooms and massive furniture. Here are the original manuscripts of Hans Christian Andersen.
Aggersborg is one of the most visited sights in Denmark, a large fortification, supposedly built in the 10th century. Aggersborg belongs to the six so-called circular castles or ring fortresses of Denmark, built by the Vikings.
Denmark, without a doubt, one of the most beautiful and interesting countries in Scandinavia. Here everyone will find something attractive for themselves. Cities of Denmark are rich ancient monuments of architecture and impressive innovations. Numerous museums in Denmark allow everyone to get in touch with art of the country and its rich history. Even more lovers of antiquity can be fascinated by visiting castles and ancient monuments of Denmark, reminiscent of the glorious era of the Vikings. Unique amusement parks will be a great place for recreation for the whole family. And, of course, the amazing nature of Denmark will not leave anyone indifferent.
The fabulous capital of Denmark – Copenhagen
It is fair to begin the description of the key attractions of Denmark with its cities, more precisely with Copenhagen, the Danish capital. Because Copenhagen’s capital status is largely due to the popularity of its key attractions – City Hall, Rosnenborg Castle, Christianborg Palace and Amalienborg Palace. The history of these buildings is inextricably linked with the history of the Danish monarchy. The Amalienborg palace complex has been the official residence of the royal family since the late 18th century. It is near this palace that everyone can witness the spectacular ceremony of the daytime changing of the guard.
Of course, when talking about Copenhagen, it is impossible not to mention the statue of Little Mermaid, which has become a recognized symbol of the Danish capital.
Cities of Denmark
The capital of Jutland, the city of Aarhus, is the second largest in Denmark. Aarhus is especially popular because of the delightful Old Town, which has a collection of restored houses from all over Denmark. A trip to the port city of Odense, the capital of the island of Funen. This city is also known as the birthplace of writer H.H. Andersen, as well as the world’s second-longest suspension bridge across the Great Belt. Special attention should be paid to the old city of Roskilde in Western Zealand, famous for its Cathedral, the first in the history monument of brick Gothic.
Museums in Denmark should be mentioned separately, despite the fact that many of them are located in the above-mentioned cities. In addition to the well-known Royal Museum of Fine Arts and the Carlsberg New Glyptotheque, visitors to the Danish capital may be interested in visiting the Louis Tussauds wax museum. Contemporary art is extremely popular in Denmark. One of the most striking collections is the collection of museums “Arken”, located 20 km from Copenhagen and “Louisiana” in Humlebek. In Odense, everyone can visit the open-air museum “Funen Village”, which recreates the life of a Danish village with precision. If you liked the “Funen Village”, you will also like the exposition of the museum “Old Town” in Aarhus. Anyone who likes fishing is recommended to visit the Fisheries Museum in Esbjerg.
Speaking about Copenhagen, it is impossible not to mention the statue of Little Mermaid, which has become a recognized symbol of the Danish capital.
Numerous castles of Denmark and even more ancient monuments, preserving till our days the Viking Age evidence, possess a special attraction. Total known about a dozen of Danish castles. Most of them were built in 16-17 centuries and are often no more than a palace stylized as a castle (Frederiksborg in Hilderød) or a later rebuilding of an old fortification (Sønderborg on the Island of Als). But there are also old fortresses which served their intended purpose, such as Hamersus on Bronholm Island or the Danish circular castles used by the Vikings, which have survived in various parts of modern Denmark and Sweden. Viking heritage is also widely represented throughout the country. For example, in the city of Roskilde there is a museum of Viking ships, an impressive exhibition devoted to the Vikings and is located in the National Museum in Copenhagen.
The rune stones from Jelling, commemorative tokens of Denmark’s baptism in the 9th century, which marked the end of the Viking Age, also enjoy unfailing interest.
Holidays in Denmark are hard to imagine without entertainment. And according to a tourist survey in 2008, 6 out of 10 most popular attractions were amusement parks! Of course, right away we want to note the uniqueness of the park Legoland, created from 50 million pieces of Lego constructor. However, in the list of amusement parks it is not the first: the leader among Danish attractions confidently holds Tivoli Park, located in Copenhagen. Known for its amazing fountains and rides, Tivoli Park is one of the three best amusement parks in Europe. The Copenhagen Zoo, the largest in the country and the oldest in Europe, is extremely popular.
However, the Danish nature is no less appealing. Countless uninhabited islands scattered along the coast, the white cliffs of Stevns, the protected forests of Kogernes in North Zealand and the endless sand dunes cannot fail to impress with its beauty.
Denmark – the most detailed information about the country with photos. Attractions, cities of Denmark, climate, geography, population and culture.
Denmark – the country of Denmark
Denmark – a state in Northern Europe, located mostly on the Jutland Peninsula. It is the southernmost country in Scandinavia, washed by the North Sea and the Baltic Sea and bordered by Germany in the south, separated from Sweden by the Kattegat and Eresund Straits in the north and from Norway by the Skagerrak Strait in the north. Denmark is a member of the commonwealth of the kingdom of the same name, which also includes the Faroe Islands and the island of Greenland. The state is constitutional monarchy and a member of the European Union.
Denmark is one of the leading countries of Northern Europe with interesting history, rich culture and remarkable architecture. It is known for its Viking heritage, gorgeous beaches, beautiful fairy tale castles, dense forests, comfortable temperate climate, and friendly citizens. Denmark is one of the most progressive and developed countries in Europe, home of LEGO, the famous storyteller Hans Christian Andersen and the legislator of many trends in architecture and design. This is one of the cleanest and most beautiful countries in Europe, which is often considered one of the benchmarks of modern civilization.
Flag of Denmark
Useful information about Denmark
- Population – 5.7 million people.
- Language – Danish.
- Area – 43,094 km2 .
- Currency – Danish krona.
- Time – UTC +1, summer +2.
- The country’s visa is Schengen.
- The capital is Copenhagen.
- Tipping in Denmark is included into the bill. Therefore you do not need to leave anything extra.
- Popular shopping: LEGO, glasses and watches, silverware and jewelry, ECCO shoes, Danish cheese and other traditional products.
- On Danish beaches be careful at high tide and stay close to the shore.
- Denmark is one of the most expensive countries in Europe. The average hotel price for two people – about 80 – 100 euros. Dinner for two persons – 50 – 70 euros.
- Traffic is on the right side.
Geography and nature
Denmark is located on the Jutland Peninsula and a number of islands in the Danish archipelago: Funen, Zealand, Falster, Lolland, Bornholm, etc. The Kingdom also includes the Faroe Islands and Greenland Island. Denmark is southwest of the Scandinavian Peninsula and is separated from Sweden and Norway by straits.
North Sea Coast
In terms of relief, Denmark is a country of plains and lowlands. The highest point of the country is the elevation of Iding Skovhoe (173 m). The west of Jutland is occupied by moraine plains and sandy beaches. The northern and eastern part is a hilly plain with small rivers and lakes of glacial origin.
Nature of Denmark
Despite the fact that the nature of Denmark has been heavily influenced by human activity and farmland occupy most of the territory, the Danish landscapes are quite picturesque. Forests occupy only 13% of the area and are represented by broad-leaved wood species with a mixture of pine and spruce. In Denmark’s forests, roe deer and red deer are preserved. On the coast of the North Sea, you can meet Baltic seals and seals.
Denmark has a temperate maritime climate. Winters are fairly mild with unstable snow cover and light frosts. The average temperature of the coldest month is from 0°C to – 1°C. Summers are cool, with average temperatures of 15 to 20 °C.
Winter in Copenhagen
Best time to visit
The best time to visit the country is in late spring, summer and early fall, when it’s warm and relatively low rainfall. In the off-season and winter, Denmark is quite cool and windy.
The first human settlements on the territory of modern Denmark date back to the Upper Paleolithic. In the first millennium B.C. the tribes of the Cimburians and Teutons lived here. In the 4th century A.D. the Jutes and Angles tribes came to the Danish lands. During the Great Migration they eventually occupied Great Britain, and they were succeeded by the tribes of the Danes. The first mentions of the Danes date back to the 7th-8th century. In the early Middle Ages they were united in tribal unions headed by konungs.
During the Viking Age, the Danes actively participated in the campaigns against Great Britain and France, established settlements in Greenland, Iceland and even in North America. Danish konungs fought with Charlemagne and even captured Paris. In the 9th and 10th centuries the Christianization of Denmark began. In the early 12th century, the first archbishopric was formed in Scandinavia. By 1028, Cnud the Great had united Denmark, Norway and England under his rule. However, this state fell apart immediately after his death, and until the 12th century the country was plagued by a series of feuds.
The City of Viborg
The period of internecine strife was ended in 1157 by King Valdemar I the Great. He and his descendants greatly expanded the borders of the Danish kingdom, conquering Pomerania, Mecklenburg and Holstein. In the 14th century, dynastic marriages brought almost all of Scandinavia under Danish rule. In the 14th-16th centuries, power in Denmark belonged to the Royal Council (Rigsrod), which elected the king. Since 1468 began to convene the Rigsdag (an assembly of representatives of the different estates), which had little real power.
In 1536 the Reformation was formalized and Denmark became Lutheran. In 1563 the war against Sweden began, which was the first of a series of military conflicts between the two countries. In the 17th century Denmark became an absolute monarchy and one of the leading powers in Europe. In 1788 serfdom was finally abolished. During the Napoleonic Wars Denmark acted on the side of France. In 1813 – 1814 years the Danish army was defeated by Swedish troops. As a result, the country lost Norway and lost its status as a powerful European power. In the 19th century during the wars with Prussia Denmark lost Schleswig and Holstein.
In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, social and economic changes were made in the country, which greatly improved the lives of the Danes. In foreign policy, Denmark adhered to neutrality. In 1939 the Danish government signed a non-aggression treaty with Germany, but in April 1940 the Germans occupied the country anyway. Denmark was liberated in 1945 by the British. The country has been a member of the EU since 1973.
Denmark is divided into five regions: Hovedstaden, Zealand, Northern Jutland, Central Jutland and Southern Denmark. The regions, in turn, are divided into cities and communes.
The Faroe Islands and Greenland are autonomous regions, although they are part of the Kingdom of Denmark.
Most of Denmark’s population is ethnic Danes. Large diasporas: Germans, Frisians, and Faroese. The official language of the state is Danish, which belongs to the North German branch of the Indo-European language group. Danish language is rather similar to Norwegian and Swedish, but has excellent pronunciation. Many Danes speak excellent English and German.
Danes themselves are polite, punctual and modest. Here it is customary to call each other by name immediately after acquaintance, and there is a certain ease of communication. Also the Danes are law-abiding, have a high sense of social responsibility and appreciate comfort. At the same time, they do not use polite addresses and often omit “please”, “thank you” and “excuse me”. But that doesn’t mean they don’t respect you.
The largest airport in Denmark and Scandinavia is located in Copenhagen. It is located 8 km from the capital of the state and connected to it by train. The second largest airport in the country is Billund, located in Central Jutland. Other major international airports are located in Aalborg and Aarhus.
Denmark has rail connections to Germany and Sweden (Hamburg, Stockholm, Malmo, Gothenburg). You can easily get here by car on German motorways or from Sweden by the bridge over the Øresund Strait. Also Denmark has a regular ferry connection to some cities in Northern Germany and other Scandinavian countries.
Cities of Denmark and popular destinations
Copenhagen is the capital of Denmark and one of Europe’s most beautiful cities
Popular cities in Denmark:
– The capital of the Danish kingdom and the country’s largest city. Known for its historic center, dotted with church spires, historic buildings, narrow alleyways and great shopping. It was once a small fishing village and is now a modern metropolis with a cozy atmosphere and a rich cultural and nightlife scene. – the largest city on the Jutland peninsula and the second largest city in Denmark, which offers an elegant combination of friendly atmosphere and small-town charm with great pubs, restaurants and romantic spots. – A picturesque city in Northern Jutland. (Elsinore) is a beautiful city in the northeastern part of the island of Zealand with a picturesque historical center. Known primarily for the impressive Cromborg Castle, which is the setting for Shakespeare’s famous Hamlet.
- Esbjerg is a city on the west coast of Jutland, a center of fishing and offshore industry. – Denmark’s oldest city, located in its southwestern part. Known for its well-preserved medieval center.
- Herning is a small town located on the picturesque beaches of the west coast of Jutland. – an ancient city with medieval brick houses, the ruins of two ancient castles and the magnificent Church of the Virgin Mary. – the main city of the island of Funen and the third largest city in Denmark, as well as the birthplace of H.K. Andersen. – The old capital of Denmark, located in the eastern part of Zealand. Here is the largest Christian cathedral in the country and the famous Viking Museum.
- Silkeborg – the main city of the Lake District, which many Danes consider the most beautiful city in the kingdom.
- Skagen – one of the most famous resorts in Scandinavia, known for its yellow houses and special “light”, which attracts many artists.
- Anholt – an island in the Kattegat Strait with one of the largest seal populations in Scandinavia.
- Ertholmene is a group of islands with a bird sanctuary and old defensive structures.
- Fånö is an island in the North Sea with diverse natural landscapes.
- Bornholm is a picturesque Danish island in the Baltic Sea, famous for its fishing, arts and crafts and wonderful provincial atmosphere.
- Samsø is the most “green” island in Denmark, where heat and energy is produced exclusively by renewable sources. Also known for its annual music festival.
- The picturesque white cliffs of the island of Mön and Cape Stevns.
The Little Mermaid
The Little Mermaid is a bronze statue that depicts the character of H. K. Andersen’s famous fairy tale. It was unveiled in 1913 and is now a symbol of Copenhagen. The statue was made by Edvard Eriksen by order of the son of the founder of the Carlsberg brewery.
New Harbor (Nyhavn) is one of Copenhagen’s most beautiful places with old colorful houses, restaurants and ships. This charming quarter is known for its wonderful atmosphere and is one of the main attractions of the Danish capital.
Tivoli is one of the oldest amusement parks in Europe, established in 1843. It has a huge range of attractions, including roller coasters, merry-go-rounds, puppet theaters, restaurants, cafes, gardens and even a Moorish concert hall. Tivoli is a true symbol of Copenhagen and the inspiration for many other famous theme parks.
Christiansborg is the royal castle and residence of the Danish parliament of Folketinget. It is located in the historic center of Copenhagen on the island of Slotsholmen. In the Middle Ages there was a bishop’s castle, which was destroyed in the 14th century.
Amalienborg is a rococo palace complex in Copenhagen built in the 18th century. Its architecture combines both German and French stylistic elements. It was originally built as a nobleman’s palace, but soon became the winter residence of the Danish royal family.
Frederiksborg is the residence of the Danish kings in Hillerød and is a masterpiece of the Danish Renaissance. The palace was built between the 16th and 17th centuries. Now within its walls is a museum of national history.
Øresund Bridge is one of the most famous engineering structures in Scandinavia. This road bridge is over 10 km long and connects Copenhagen, the island of Zealand and Sweden.
Kronborg is one of Denmark’s most famous landmarks and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. This beautiful old castle is known as the setting for William Shakespeare’s tragedy Hamlet and is located in the town of Elsinore. It got its present appearance in 1640.
Egeskov is a fairy-tale castle on the island of Funen, located 30 minutes from Odense. It is one of the best-preserved castles with a moat in Europe. This superb Renaissance structure was built in 1554 and was originally used for defense purposes.
Den Gamle is an open-air museum in Aarhus that is divided into three quarters that illustrate life in Denmark in the Middle Ages, 19th and 20th centuries.
Viking Museum is one of the most interesting museums in Denmark which allows you to get acquainted with the Viking Age. The pearls of the collection are five ancient ships, which have been carefully restored. The museum is located in Roskilde.
Accommodation in Denmark is expensive. The average price for a double room ranges from 800 Danish kroner (107 €). Of course, you can always find something cheaper – a bed-and-breakfast, hostel or camping. By the way, there are about 500 camping sites in Denmark, most of them are well equipped with modern conveniences.
Hotel in Denmark
Danish national cuisine is a combination of Scandinavian and German culinary traditions. The dishes here are simple, nutritious and distinctive.
- Pickled herring.
- Stjerneskud – flounder fillet, shrimp and mayonnaise.
- Røget ål og røræg – scrambled eggs with smoked eel.
- Pariserbøf – beef tenderloin with capers, horseradish, onions.
- Dyrlægens natmad – liver pate, corned beef slices, onion rings.
- Flæskesteg – Slices of roast pork with pickled red cabbage.
- Hakkebøf – fried beef cutlets with onion, egg and pickles.
- Shrimp and other seafood.
- Old cheese.
Avoid touristy places where there are no Danes. The popularity of an establishment among locals is almost always an indication of quality.
The most popular drink is beer, which is mainly represented by lager. The largest brewery Carlsberg (which also owns the brand Tuborg) brews several kinds of beer. Also popular in Denmark are Aquavit (Snaps) and winter Gløgg (hot wine drink).