Croatia. General information about Croatia

General information about Croatia

Croatia borders Italy to the south by sea and Hungary to the north. The republics of Yugoslavia, Slovenia, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Montenegro are the neighboring states.

The Adriatic Sea washes the country from the west. There are 1185 islands, of which 66 are inhabited. The sea washes the Balkan and the Apennine peninsulas, its average depth is 252 meters, and the north-west part is shallow (maximum 23 meters in the Gulf of Trieste), while in the south its depth is 1200 meters. The waters of the Adriatic Sea off the Croatian coast are clear and transparent, because the mountain rivers do not carry silt and sand into it. In August the water heats up to 25-27 ° C. In addition, its characteristics meet all the strictest standards of the World Health Organization. The salt content is 34 milligrams per liter. This means that the Adriatic Sea is twice as salty as the Black Sea.

The Croatian Adriatic coast is one of the most rugged in the world. It has 1185 islands and islets, with a total coastline of 4058 kilometers. The length of the coastline of the mainland in a straight line is 600 kilometers, and taking into account its ruggedness – 1778 kilometers.

Mountains. The highest point is Dinara Mountain (1831 meters) is located near the city of Knin. Most of the territory of Croatia is more than 500 meters above sea level, but there are no mountains higher than 2100 meters. Adriatic coast is separated from the inland areas by mountain ranges (Gorski Kotar, Velebit, Velika and Mala – Kapela, Pleševica, Dinara). The highest peaks – Cincar (2085 m), Velika peak (1890 m), Dinara (1830 m), St. Jure (1762 m), Waganski (1757 m), Pleshevica (1648 m), Risniak (1528 m), Kula (1534 m), Ucka (1396 m).

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Rivers. The Danube (188 km) and its tributaries the Sava (562 km) and the Drava (505 km) flow in the back of the country and flow into the Black Sea. Few rivers carrying their waters to the Adriatic Sea through narrow gorges have strong drops throughout its length, forming a large number of waterfalls.

Lakes. The largest lake of Croatia, Vransko (30.7 sq km) is located near Biograd. The most attractive are Plitvice Lakes (chain of 16 lakes with the Korana River), Red and Blue Lake near Imotski, a freshwater lake on the island of Cres and Lake Vizovacko and Proklansko. Well-known artificial lakes are Lokve and Bayer in Gorski Kotar, Trakošćan in Croatian Zagorje and Peruca on the Cetina River in Dalmatia. Lake Kopačevo and the wetlands around it are the habitat of birds in the largest ornithological reserve in Europe – Kopački – Rit.

The area of Croatia

The mainland is 56,542 km2 and the territorial sea is 31,067 km2 .

The population of Croatia

4,437,460 inhabitants.

The national composition of Croatia

The majority of the population is Croatian; while the largest national minorities are: Serbs, Bosnians, Albanians, Slovenes, Hungarians, Italians and Czechs.

State system

Croatia is a parliamentary republic with a presidential form of government. The legislative body is bicameral parliament (the House of Constituencies and the House of Deputies).

The capital of Croatia

Zagreb (779,145 inhabitants) is the economic, transport, cultural and academic center of the country.

Length of the Croatian sea coast

5,835 km, with 4,058 km of coastline of islands, sea cliffs and reefs.

The number of islands, cliffs and reefs of Croatia

1,185; the largest islands are Krk and Cres; 50 inhabited islands.

The highest point of the country

Dinara, 1,831 m above sea level.

Climate of Croatia

In Croatia two climatic zones are distinguished; inland moderate continental climate, partly mountainous, prevails, while the Adriatic coast is characterized by a pleasant Mediterranean climate with lots of sunny days; summer is dry and hot, winter is mild and wet; the average temperature inland: January – 0 C to 2 0 C, August – 19 0 C to 23 0 C; average temperature on the coast: January – 6 0 C to 11 0 C, August – 21 0 C to 27 0 C; sea temperature in winter 12 0 C, summer about 25 0 C.

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Currency

The kuna is the official currency of Croatia (1 kuna = 100 lira). Coins in denominations of 10, 20 and 50 kuna and 1, 2 and 5 kuna and banknotes in denominations of 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 500 and 1000 kuna are in circulation. Banks accept customers from 7 a.m. to 7 p.m. without a lunch break; small towns have a lunch break.

Foreign currency can be exchanged at banks, exchange offices, post offices, and most travel agencies, hotels, and campsites.

Credit cards (Eurocard/Mastercard, Visa, American Express and Diners) are accepted at almost all hotels, marinas (marinas), restaurants and stores, and ATMs.

  • January 1 (New Year);
  • Easter and Easter Monday;
  • May 1 (Labor Day);
  • Corpus and Blood of Christ holiday;
  • June 22 (Anti-Fascist Day);
  • June 25 (Statehood Day);
  • August 5 (Victory and Thanksgiving Day);
  • August 15 (Dormition of the Mother of God);
  • October 8 (Independence Day);
  • November 1 (All Saints’ Day);
  • December 25-26 (Christmas).

Time is 2 hours behind Moscow time.

Croatia telephone and postal services

The most advantageous way to call from a payphone, which work only on the phone cards (telefonska kartica). Telephone calls from the hotel are at least twice as expensive. The cheapest rates for calls outside of Croatia are between 10 p.m. and 6 a.m.

The international code of Croatia is 385. The directory service throughout Croatia is dialed by 989.

Post offices are open Monday through Friday from 7 a.m. to 7 p.m., on Saturdays from 8 a.m. to 1 p.m. Postage stamps (postanska marka) are sold at post offices, tobacco (duhan) and newspaper (tisak) kiosks.

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