Top 15 Sights of Jerusalem
Israel or the Promised Land is home to three cultures and those religions. Colorful, multilingual streets, religious shrines, historical and architectural sights are found practically at every step, but millions of tourists annually come to the capital. Of course, tourists are attracted not only by the sights, Jerusalem is located near the natural monuments – the Judean Mountains, the Dead Sea and the Negev Desert. In this article you will learn what to see in Jerusalem on your own.
Jerusalem sights – guide, description, photos
First of all it should be noted that there are so many places of interest and tourist attractions in the capital of Israel that you can’t do without the map of Jerusalem in Russian with the sights. Start preparing for your trip in advance, make a list of places you would like to visit.
Important! You can always use the help of a guide who will tell you what to see in Jerusalem, as well as make a personal route.
Yad Vashem Holocaust Memorial in Israel
This landmark appeared in Jerusalem with one purpose – to commemorate the victims of the Holocaust and to preserve forever in the memory of people the heroism of soldiers who died in World War II.
The project of the memorial was ready in 1942, an area of 18 hectares on the hillside of Mount Herzl was chosen for its construction. The complex combines several objects, some of them are located indoors, and some in the open air.
Interesting fact! Yad Vashem has the largest collection of documents related to the Holocaust and World War II. There is still work being done here to perpetuate the memory of people who were victims of the Holocaust in Israel.
- The site can be visited every day except Saturdays from 8-30 to 17-00, on Thursdays, the museums, synagogue and exhibitions at the memorial site are open until 20-00;
- admission is free;
- Official website: https://www.yadvashem.org/ru.html.
Museum of Israel
The museum was founded in 1965 and is located near Givat Ram. The museum exhibition includes 500 thousand different exhibits, including archaeological finds and works of art. The total area of the site is 50 thousand square meters.
The archaeology wing is dedicated to the history of Israel, and the exposition is divided into seven historical periods. The most valuable exhibits: the baths of King Herod and the stele of Heliodorus.
In the Temple of the Book offers to see the most ancient manuscript. Nearby is another site where you can see the architecture of the city before the invasion of the Romans (66 AD). Here is a recreation of Herod’s temple, which covers 20 acres. The Fine Arts Wing contains art spanning a period of tens of centuries – painting, architecture, photography. You can also visit the Junior Wing and the Art Garden.
- Address: 11, Ruppin Boulevard, Hakyria;
- Opening hours: Monday, Wednesday, Thursday, weekends – 10 am to 5 pm, Tuesday from 4 pm to 9 pm, Friday from 10 am to 2 pm;
- cost – full ticket 54 ILS, student ticket – 39 ILS, for children under 17 years old – 27 ILS, children under 5 years old admission is free;
- Official website: imj.org.il
On a map of Israel with Jerusalem sights with photos and descriptions of the Wailing Wall – the main holy place of Judaism. Millions of pilgrims come here every year. The age of the site is more than 2 thousand years, it is located near the Temple Mount. This is the surviving part of the Second Temple of Jerusalem, which was destroyed in 70 AD (the era of King Herod).
An interesting fact! The blocks that made up the wall were not held together in any way, just tightly packed together and overlapping.
Before you visit the site, be sure to learn how to write a note, as well as a set of rules and recommendations for tourists.
The Mount of Olives or Mount of Olives
The landmark is located to the west of the Old City of Jerusalem. The mountain has three peaks, where are:
- Hebrew University;
- Church of the Ascension;
- Lutheran Center.
At the foot of it there is an ancient cemetery. Here are: the Church of All Nations, built on the place where Jesus came to pray, the Church of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary, the Orthodox Church of Mary and Magdalene.
Church of the Holy Sepulchre
All tourist itineraries with photos and descriptions in Jerusalem necessarily marked this shrine – the place where Jesus Christ carried his cross. Besides Golgotha, there is a tomb where the Son of God was buried and then resurrected.
Good to know! One of the wonders of the world that thousands of pilgrims come every year to see is the descent of the Holy Fire.
- Admission is free;
- modest clothing is a must;
- Opening hours: from April to September from 5-00 to 20-00, from October to March from 4-30 to 19-00;
- The best time to visit is from 4 p.m. to 5 p.m;
- Address: Old Town, 1 St. Helena St.
The Tunnel of Hezekiah and the Pool of Siloam
The tunnel is 533 meters long and its origin (early 7th century BC) is associated with the reign of Hezekiah of Judah and is part of the waterworks. According to one version of the scientists, the tunnel was dug by two groups from opposite ends, the workers met in the center. At the entrance of the tunnel there is a plaque with a commemorative inscription telling the history of the creation of the landmark.
Today, tourists walk through the tunnel accompanied by a guide, having to walk knee-deep in water and illuminate the way with a flashlight.
There is a theory that Hezekiah’s tunnel is an additional aqueduct, whose main purpose is to keep the entire volume of water inside the city and prevent enemy troops from accessing it. Water from the tunnel flowed into the Pool of Siloam or the Pool of Siloam, where Christ advised the blind man to wash, after which the man gained his sight. According to one legend, every pilgrim going to Jerusalem had to perform ablutions.
Good to know! The Siloam baptismal font in Israel is the only structure that survived since the time of Jesus Christ.
- Address: Shiloach village;
- Opening hours: Sunday to Thursday 8:00 am to 7:00 pm in summer, 9:00 am to 4:00 pm on Friday, Sunday to Thursday 8:00 am to 5:00 pm in winter, 9:00 am to 2:00 pm on Friday.
The site is located near the Old City, near the western slope of the Mount of Olives. In the distant past, the garden occupied a much larger area, today it is 2,300 square meters.
It is a site revered by pilgrims and Christians as it was the place Jesus Christ came to pray on the last night before his arrest and crucifixion. You can always see the olive trees in the photos of the site in Jerusalem. Some historians claim that they may well have witnessed Jesus praying.
Churches were built on the grounds of the garden, which were later destroyed. At the end of the 17th century, the garden was taken over by Franciscan monks who built a wall of stone around the site. Other places to see in Gethsemane are:
- Temple of All Nations;
- Temple of Mary Magdalene;
- The grotto of Gethsemane.
The Kidron Valley, also located here, is shrouded in a dusky glory, for according to tradition it is here that the trumpet that will raise the dead will sound. For this reason, the territory here is entirely covered with graves.
- Daily schedule: from 8-00 to 12-00 and from 14-00 to 18-00;
- free admission;
- Take a bus to the Lion’s Gate, then walk about 500 m in the direction of the Church of All Nations.
The site is located north of the Old City of Jerusalem near Damascus Gate. In the 19th century the Protestant Church venerated this cave tomb as the true tomb of Jesus. General Charles Gordon was the first to make such a suggestion. However, some historians refute this version because the shape of the cave indicates that it appeared in the 9th century BC. Consequently, at the time of the crucifixion of Christ, this tomb was not new, and the Gospels indicate that Christ was buried in a “new tomb.
The area is beautifully landscaped, come here to see the amazing park with flower beds, alleys, relax on the benches. In addition, there are ancient artifacts – an oil press, a watershed, a mountain, the shape of which resembles a skull. In the garden with special attention is equipped with places where a person can retreat and pray to God.
Important: It is better to visit the attraction on a weekday, when there are few tourists. On weekends there can be a huge number of pilgrims.
David’s Tower Museum
The landmark is a fortress located between Old Jerusalem and the modern city. It was built to protect the settlement and today there is a museum inside, where cultural events are also held.
The fortress was built in the 2nd century BC, and then the structure was destroyed many times, but each ruler restored and completed the defense of the city. When the Romans settled in Jerusalem, there were barracks in the citadel. Later, a moat was dug around the fortress to protect pilgrims on their way to Jerusalem. The fortress received the status of a peaceful attraction in 1967.
Today you can see in the museum: archaeological park, exhibition area, light and music shows. The minaret, mosque and cannons defending the main entrance are reminders of the reign of the Oman Empire.
- Address: Jaffa Gate, Jerusalem;
- Opening hours: Sunday to Thursday, 9 am to 4 pm, Friday 2 pm, in the summer months the museum is open until 5 pm;
- the audio guide can be downloaded from the website: https://www.tod.org.il/en/
- Ticket prices depend on the number of sites the tourist plans to visit.
City of David
It is from this site that Jerusalem began, it was the origin of the state founded by King David, located on an elevated site to the east of Old Jerusalem.
The ancient settlement has been studied by archaeologists very carefully. The area is divided into sections, each with unique buildings and utilities. The most interesting and famous section G, where the houses have been preserved.
As a tourist attraction, Grad David is represented by two parts:
- Archaeological, the oldest part of Jerusalem;
- the Warren Well, which was part of the city’s water supply system, which was organized in such a way that the inhabitants of the city remained with water during periods of siege.
As part of a standard tour of 2.5-3 hours, you can see the watchtower, the archaeological site, David’s palace, and tour the city’s water supply system.
- The entrance to David’s Castle is through the Garbage Gate;
- Opening hours: Sunday through Thursday from 8:00 am to 7:00 pm in the summer months, and until 5:00 pm in winter; on Fridays the entrance is open until 4:00 pm in summer and until 2:00 pm in winter;
- Ticket prices: adult – 62 ILS, reduced price – 42 ILS.
The attraction is located in the Old City of Jerusalem, namely in the southeastern part. Its second name is Mount Moriah, where, according to legend, Abraham sacrificed his son Isaac. It is noteworthy that you have to go up from the right side of the mountain and down from the left.
On the Temple Mount offer to see the buildings of different purposes – temples, arches, mosques, fountains, pavilions. Here you can see the entire Old Jerusalem from above.
- Sight available to visitors five days a week, weekends Friday and Saturday.
- Non-Muslims are allowed to enter through a special checkpoint established at the foot of the mountain (Garbage Gate).
- It is forbidden to smoke, walk with shoes on, take pictures and videos.
- Cost: 30 ILS, single ticket for the Dome of the Rock Mosque, Museum of Islamic Art and the Al Aqsa Mosque.
- Opening hours: 7:30 to 11:00 a.m. and 1:30 to 2:30 p.m.
This area of Old Jerusalem is located between the Temple Mount and Zion Gate. This area used to be a lively place, but today it is a museum that recounts the history of its inhabitants. During the Arab-Israeli war a lot of people were killed here, it was thought that the Jews would never live in this part of Jerusalem again. In the future, the authorities decided to restore the quarter and perpetuate the memory of the dead Jews. As noted by tourists, there is a lively atmosphere of Old Jerusalem, there are ancient synagogues, the streets are narrow and winding, the houses as if overhanging them. There are museums for tourists to visit, and a park to the south of the neighborhood.
Mahane Yehuda Market
A colorful, grocery market, where you can buy and try many different delicacies. It offers national dishes and a wide variety of treats to suit all tastes. Haggling here is reluctant, so the price is unlikely to get down, but leave hungry and without shopping.
The locals say that if you don’t go to Mahei Yehuda, you won’t see the real Jerusalem. It is noteworthy that the market is more of a night market, with bars, restaurants, and pubs open late in the evening. Vendors prefer cash, cards are not accepted. Do not rush to buy the first item you see, walk around, look, probably find cheaper. Be sure to try seasonal fruits, they are presented in abundance here.
Good to know! Friday afternoons are the most crowded time at the market and parking spaces are hard to come by.
Temple of All Nations
The Jerusalem landmark in Israel was built by Franciscan monks. The funds for the construction were collected all over the world, the money was sent by the Catholic communities. The author of the project was the Italian architect Antonio Barluzzi. It is noteworthy that the temple on this site appeared much earlier, in the 4th century. The second name of the church is the Temple of Agony, the interior decoration corresponds to the gloomy name. For the construction was used stone, purple glass, and the ceiling is painted a rich blue color, which imitates the night sky.
The temple is active and Catholic, Christian services are held here. Above the altar there is a mosaic picture of Jesus Christ praying in the Garden of Gethsemane. Attracting attention is the vaulted dome, which depicts the coats of arms of the states from which the Catholic communities remitted money.
The temple is open from 8-30 to 11-30 and from 14-30 to 16-00. Admission is free.
The first station is Jerusalem.
The attraction is located near Old Jerusalem and the Amin Moshe neighborhood. Station was built in 1892. Today it hosts cultural events – sports, culinary and musical events. In the gallery presents exhibitions, and in numerous kiosks you can buy clothes, food, small souvenirs. Tourists can take part in a zumba, yoga or Pilates workout or rent a bike. After a walk and activity, you can have a delicious and nourishing meal in one of the restaurants or bars.
Useful information! The guest center offers a large selection of hiking trails.
The sights of Jerusalem are, above all, several thousand years of history, a mixture of cultures and religions. Many call this city a spiritual center, because here everyone feels a particularly strong connection to God.
All attractions of Jerusalem described in the article are marked on the map in Russian.
Tours of the main attractions of Jerusalem with a guide:
Author: Julia Matyukhina
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Jerusalem is one of the oldest cities on earth. Historians claim that it is more than 3000 years old. The capital of Israel is visited every year by thousands of tourists and believers. It is the holy center of three religions: Christianity, Islam and Judaism.
In this ancient city there are many interesting sights, including religious buildings, museums, parks and unique modern buildings. So, below in the article are listed the main attractions of Jerusalem.
What to see in Jerusalem?
The main and most interesting places of the city with photos and descriptions.
1. Mount Zion
Mount Zion is an important shrine for believers all over the world. It is a hill in the southwest part of Jerusalem. According to scripture this is where the first church was built. Here also took place the Assumption of the Virgin Mary, the Last Supper, the interrogation of Jesus Christ and the descent of the Holy Spirit.
Mount Zion is revered not only by Jews but also by Muslims and Christians. On top of the hill is a structure that unites the largest religions in the world. There is the chamber of the Last Supper and the tomb of King David. The roof of the building consists of remnants from an ancient mosque.
In ancient times there was a city on a hill. In order to protect it from uninvited guests, the city was enclosed by huge stone walls on all its borders. Their southern part was located at the very peak of the mountain. At present this building is a small museum. Nowadays excursions to this historic site in Jerusalem are in great demand by tourists.
2. The City of David
The next Jerusalem landmark that will be interesting to visit is the City of David. It is now a national park where you can see the ruins of the city of Jebius, which eventually became Jerusalem. Jevius is located on the south side of the Temple Mount. The city was located on the border of two states. Over time it helped to unite the separated regions.
The most interesting attraction of the ancient city is the unique underground world. There are a number of archaeological sites here. On the outskirts of Evius is the Gihon Key. Legends say that in this place King Solomon was anointed. During the tour everyone can visit the tunnel by which the city was conquered. Over time, the capital of the country was moved to Evius.
3. Golden Gate
If you do not know where to go in Jerusalem, try not to miss the Golden Gate. It is one of the major attractions of the city. According to holy writings, it was through the Golden Gate that the prophet entered the city. It is one of the oldest in Jerusalem. The Golden Gate has two entrances. One symbolizes repentance and the other mercy.
Their construction took place during the first Roman-Jewish war. At the end of XII century it was decided to open the gates 2 times a year: on the day of the Holy Passover and the day of Christ’s Entrance into the city.
After the capture of Jerusalem, the Turkish conquerors stoned the gate. Such measures were taken by the sultan to prevent the return of the Messiah. In addition, churches were built inside the defensive structure, and a cemetery was placed outside. As is well known, the kohen are not allowed to pass through it. All these actions were aimed at preventing the prophet from entering the city through the gate and informing everyone of the arrival of the Messiah. For the time being, the Golden Gate of Jerusalem remains closed.
4. The Lion’s Gate
The history of this landmark of Jerusalem began during the reign of Sultan Suleiman. There are many legends that tell the story of the appearance of the Lion’s Gate. According to one of them Sultan demanded high taxes from inhabitants of the city and one day he had a terrible dream. In it, two tigers came to Suleiman and wanted to tear him to pieces. When he woke up, he went to a dream commentator. He asked him what the Sultan had been thinking about before he went to sleep. He answered that he had been thinking of what to do with the townsfolk, who were refusing to pay their taxes. The wise man thought and replied that God was angry with him because he was doing wrong. Suleiman decided to erect a gate to protect the city from uninvited guests. After the gate was erected, four figures of leopards were placed near the horse carriage. Because of ignorance, people began to call the gate the Lion Gate.
5. Al Aqsa Mosque
The Al-Aqsa Mosque belongs to the largest shrines of Muslims. It was built on the Temple Mount. The mosque can accommodate up to five thousand worshippers.
The mosque was originally a small prayer room built by Umar. Soon Abdul-Malikon ibn Mervan issued a decree enlarging the area. In 746 the mosque was destroyed by an earthquake. Thirty-four years later, the landmark was rebuilt again. However in 1033 there was another earthquake, and 2 years later the mosque was rebuilt again by the order of Ali al-Zihir. This temple to this day receives parishioners.
6. Dome of the Rock Mosque
One of the most beautiful architectural landmarks of Jerusalem is the Dome of the Rock mosque, located on the Temple Mount near the Al-Aqsa Mosque. The structure is the hallmark of the city. From anywhere in the capital of Israel you can see the golden dome, which is 20 meters in diameter. At the moment the mosque does not accept people. It is a monument of architecture. The sacred structure protects the mountain from which the prophet ascended to heaven.
7. The Church of the Holy Sepulchre
If you have been to Jerusalem it is necessary to visit the temple of the Holy Sepulchre. According to the Holy Scriptures, it was built at the place where Jesus Christ was crucified. Here every year on the day of the Holy Pascha they hold the ceremony of the descent of the fire.
This shrine has a unique architecture that consists of: Calvary, Kuvukia, the cathedral shrine of the city, the Church of the Finding of the Life-Giving Cross and the Church of St. Helena. It should be noted that the Church of the Holy Sepulchre is shared by six denominations of the Christian Church. Each of them can pray at a set time. Because of the constant division, conflicts between believers occur very often. It is for this reason that the keys to the shrine are always in one family, while the right to open the doors of the temple belongs to the other.
According to the scriptures Akeldama is a plot of land, bought with the money paid to Judas for betraying Christ. Even from that time until the beginning of the nineteenth century, it was the place where wanderers were given over to the land without compensation. At the moment, on the territory of Akeldama there is a temple of Great Onuphrius.
This piece of land is located in the southeastern part of Jerusalem, and the temple of the Great Onufrius is located in the rock. There were special funerary niches. At the moment, the tomb of Christian pilgrims is destroyed and is located on the west side of the gate of the monastery. Visit this place in Jerusalem will be very interesting.
9. The Garden of Gethsemane
Another interesting attraction in Jerusalem is the Garden of Gethsemane. Believers revere it as the place where Jesus Christ spent his last night before his arrest. The Garden of Gethsemane is located in the Kidron Valley, which is located at the foot of the Mount of Olives.
At the moment the garden is 47 meters wide and 50 meters long. There are many old and exotic trees growing in it. Eight very ancient olive trees can be seen here. Researchers claim that these are some of the oldest trees on the planet. Scientists have managed to establish that the oldest tree was planted in 1092.
It should be noted that there are several legends that tell about completely different places where Jesus was on the last night before his arrest. Some sources assert that events took place near the Tomb of the Virgin, others – near Maria Magdalena Church. Some sources state that all of the events took place in the eastern part.
10. The Wailing Wall
The Wailing Wall in Jerusalem is one of the most sacred places of Judaism. It is located on the slope of the Temple Mount. The wall is more than 480 meters long. Most of it is hidden behind the buildings. The main part, known as the Western Wall, is 55 meters long. The height of this section is 30 meters. The defensive structure consists of more than four dozen layers of stone, and 17 of them are underground. Each stone weighs between 2 and 6 tons, and some of them are much larger. The largest is the Western Rock. Its length is 13 meters, and weighs more than 500 tons.
Near the Wailing Wall you can always see people praying. One of the traditions is to place paper notes with requests in the crevices of the wall. It appeared more than 300 years ago.
11. Damascus Gate
This gate is one of the most beautiful in the world. They are located in the northeastern part of the city of Jerusalem. The very first version of the Damascus Gate was built in the first century BC. The modern version of the gate was built by order of Sultan Suleiman on the site of the Hadrian’s Gate.
The Damascus Gate is located between the towers with hinged loopholes. They allow you to enter the Muslim quarter. The steps leading to the gate downwards have been built recently for convenience.
12. the Biblical Zoo
Also among the best attractions in Jerusalem is the Biblical Zoo. It is located in the western part of the city, in the Malha neighborhood. The zoo was founded in 1940. On its territory live animals that are described in the Holy Scriptures. Thanks to the breeding of endangered species, the zoo has become famous all over the world.
The exposition of the zoo has about 250 species of animals. At the moment it covers 25 hectares, which will be expanded to 400 hectares in the future.
The Jerusalem Biblical Zoo consists of 2 main levels: the upper and lower. On it you can travel by special train. It should be noted that all signs that contain information about the animals are written in English, Arabic and Hebrew.
13. Israeli Museum
Israel Museum is a complex of museum buildings. This landmark of Jerusalem is located in the neighborhood of Givat Ram. The museum was opened in 1965. The total area of buildings is about 80,000 square meters. You can see more than 500,000 exhibits in the museum. Some of them are located under the open sky.
A large part of the Israeli museum is a wing devoted to fine arts. It contains unique exhibits from around the world. Here you can find drawings by Picasso, Chagall and many other talented artists.
Israeli museum is one of the largest museums in the world. Its contribution to the development of world culture is priceless. The museum’s collection is very often shown at exhibitions in other countries.