Bor city (Serbia) – what to see the tourist
Bor Serbia. In the modern world the major part of the habitable territory is occupied by the “stone jungle” – the cities with masses of high-rise buildings and constructions, while the nature and recreation outside the city are slowly being replaced. Among such massifs of real estate most of the population of the world live almost all their lives without a normal holiday in nature, but with a lot of day and night entertainment, such as the city of Cacak. And every year the number of city dwellers is increasing.
In times immemorial, communion with nature and recreation in nature was very important for man, but with the development of technological progress, this relationship has been, in fact, interrupted and lost. Recently, however, more and more popular ecotourism – travel and recreation, designed to devote time to communion with nature and with minimal civilization. It is this kind of recreation as an ecotourism and offers the city of Bor.
Lovers of active recreation trip will be to their liking, so plan a long vacation – from a week or more. The natural beauty of this region will leave a lasting impression. And for a comfortable stay, take the most luggage – a large suitcase on wheels will be most appropriate. For excursions suit a city backpack with comfortable shoulder straps.
Bor is located in the eastern part of Serbia. It is the administrative center of the district of the same name and the center of the district ecotourism, as well as the municipality of Bor. The municipality consists of 14 towns and villages, where the average population density is 61 people per 1 km, which is very favorable for the ecotourism, although the total population is more than 50 thousand, and the town of Bor itself is about 40 thousand.
The majority of the population is composed of Serbs – over 82%, the Vlachs account for almost 6%, and the Roma who live in this area constitute 3% of the total. Consequently, it is rare to find a non-indigenous Serb or a permanent resident of another nationality in the center of ecotourism.
The town of Bor itself is relatively young – in 1945 the construction of high-rise buildings began, and in 1947 the settlement was given the title of city. But the territory of the modern center of ecotourism was settled in the early 19th century.
The main industry in the city is copper smelting, and there is also a copper mine – the largest in Europe, which began to be developed in 1903 (before the founding of the city). Nature has generously endowed the area with minerals.
This mine was formed thanks to natural, volcanogenic-sedimentary and copper-pyrite deposits. The average content of copper ore is 1.5%, and its reserves in pure form are about 3 million tons. Ore is extracted by both open-pit and underground mining methods. Industrial activity in no way affects the ecologically pure nature.
The geographic region where Bor is located is called Timochka Krajina, and it is translated to Russian as Border Timoch. This area is famous for its beautiful and pristine nature, and recreation here is the most fulfilling and saturated. That is why the ecotourism is quickly developing and there are famous health resorts and spas around the town of Bor. The capital of Serbia is a little further north.
These include Bansko Polje and Brestovacka Banja (apart from the resort it is also a town), charming and charming village Brestovac, well known to lovers of ecotourism and recreation. The lake Borsko with turquoise water will gladly meet fans of fishing and rest by the water.
Not far from it there are mines, and therefore you will not find here a sandy shore, equipped for recreation, but those who like eco-tourism with a genuine pleasure to rest on the lake.
Fans of this type of recreation as ecotourism is well known picturesque view of Mount Stol. The way to it leads through the plains and small forest belts. The region is a bit hilly, but the sunset from some areas of Bor fans of ecotourism can be seen completely. This is a very beautiful and romantic spectacle – not many other places you can see the Sun hiding behind the horizon.
Fans of eco-tourism should visit Bor in the fall, when the leaves on the trees begin to turn yellow and red. Numerous forest belts with a variety of vegetation colors the neighborhoods around the town of Bor in red, orange and yellow. And somewhere through this fiery wilderness is some green, not yet had time to change color. And such landscapes of nature are worthy of an artist’s brush.
In spite of the industrial slope of the city and municipality, large areas are occupied by nature in all its beauty. This can not fail to bribe, and if you prefer the noise of the city and highways eco-tourism-lands and hills, forest belts and reservoirs. Holidays here contribute not only to physical relaxation, but also greatly relieve psychological stress.
Bor City, Serbia.
Bor is the town of mining and metallurgy, city of copper, located in the Carpatho-Balkan region in southeastern Serbia.
The municipality of Bor, with an area of 856 km 2 , is one of the largest municipalities in Serbia, but with a smaller population of 60,000 people. There are 12 rural settlements in the municipality of Bor (Brestovac, Zlot, Slatina, Krivel, Donja). Bela Reka, Metovnica, Charbanovac, Ostrelj, Gornjane, Bučje, Luka and Tanda). It is also home to one of Europe’s largest copper mines.
Nature has been generous here, and people have almost always managed to find a way to smelt copper from rocks and turn it into tools or weapons, or incorporate it into a number of devices and machines.
Bor City, Serbia.
The abundance of mineral resources is the result of a complex geological history . The Bor area is characterized by a turbulent and complex geological history. Rocks of different age and petrographic composition, tectonic folds and fractures, intrusions and flows of volcanic formations and complex evolutionary phases of relief formation make this area very interesting. Moreover, the complexity of geological and tectonic relations is the main prerequisite for the appearance of metallic ores and non-metallic materials, construction and decorative minerals and thermo-mineral sources.
The ore deposits in Bora were discovered in the fall of 1902, after nearly a decade of exploration in eastern Serbia, organized by Felix Hoffman on behalf of industrialist Jorge Weifert.
The discovery itself was associated with an engineer named Franjo Schistek. He realized that the ore was very rich in copper, containing up to 19.4%. On October 13, 1903, Georges Weifert was granted a concession to open and operate mines in the municipalities of Bor, Krivel and Ostrel. Shortly thereafter (May 31, 1904) Weifert transferred the concession rights to a French bank, which established a special company to operate the site.
Bor City, Serbia.
There are a number of significant nature reserves and interesting tourist centers in the vicinity of the city.
These centers have good transport connections to Bor and offer various tourist and recreational activities: hunting and fishing, skiing, mountain hiking, bathing tourism.
Lake Bor has a large camping site and hotel “Ezero”. Crni vrh has ski slopes and a mountaineering house, and the luxurious Hyatt Regency hotel is under construction (although due to unresolved ownership issues, construction work was abandoned for several years). There is also a mountaineering house on Mount Stol, a famous meeting place for mountaineers and hunters.
Bor City, Serbia.
Bor recently got a fresh and more attractive look . The facades of the buildings have been repainted and some parts of the town are being renovated. Bor has received several new traffic circles, fountains, and several cultural and artistic monuments and statues.
Because of the unusual landscape in the vicinity of the mining operations, various film crews are increasingly interested in filming in Bor.
According to insufficiently verified data, the oldest finds of Borå and its surroundings date back to the end of the Vinca culture. These are primarily findings from old mines in Bor, Tilva Rosh and Rgotina. It is important to note the location of Rudna Glavaa and Dnevni kop, which is the oldest prehistoric mine in the central Balkans, dating back to the 4th millennium BC.
Bor and its surroundings shared the fate of the best part of Europe at the turn of the new era. This area was under Roman rule. By conquering our region, the Romans gained control of natural resources, especially mining resources.
Therefore, the settlements established in the area of Bor were, by nature, mining and metallurgical settlements.
Bor City, Serbia.
From the fourth to the sixth century, the city was part of the Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantium). In the Middle Ages, the territory of Bor was under the rule of Emperor Dusan, but after the Battle of Nikopol in 1436, the territory fell to the Turks.
The beginning of the First Serbian Uprising did not affect Timok Krajina, at least not until 1805, when organized battles began. In 1806 Hajduk Veljko Petrovic enters the war scene . After the expulsion of the Turks, a rebel government is established. In 1813 the revolt in Krach and Turkish rule is restored.
The second Serbian uprising covered the territory of Belgrade pasaluk and had no effect on events in Timok Krajina.
The Timokjak Krajina area was under Turkish rule until 1833, when the uprising began and led to the final liberation from the Turks .
Bor City, Serbia.
After the liberation, Prince Milos took an active part in the problems in this part of Serbia. He stayed in Brestovac Spa, where he built his guest house (1837). At his invitation, the waters of the spa were examined by Baron Herder, who found that the waters of Brestovacka Banja had extraordinary curative properties; he also conducted tests in Bora, and discovered that under the town there was a significant amount of mineral resources. However, the work to open the mine was not started.
Near the guest house of the prince, buildings were built to accommodate other guests , and in 1856 Prince Alexander Karadjordjevic built his palace there.
Although Baron Herder established the existence of significant mineral deposits in 1835, the mine was not discovered. It had to wait until 1903, after a period of research financed by Djordje Weifert, which was conducted under the direction of engineer Schistek.
Bor City, Serbia.
The creation of the mine was a key factor in the development of Bor and its surroundings. Since then, Bor began to develop and grow rapidly. Between 1933 and 1940 Bor had a new housing estate, the New Colony, a new hospital and school were built, and the mine became one of the largest in Europe.
With the development of mining, the town also developed . The population increased, and other factories were built to accompany the mine. Then, somewhat later, other industries began to develop. The town reached its peak in the 1980s, when there was a company with offices in Germany and the United States. Bor gets big and modern amenities: Arts and Cultural Center, Health Center, Sports Center, new city quarters, Lake Bor hotel Egoro, sports airport. Between 1981 and 1991. There were 2,679 apartments built in Bor, and the city expanded south and southwest into Brestovac and Brestovac Spa.
In the 1990s, after the collapse of Yugoslavia, the company found itself in a difficult economic situation, which would continue until 2010. Between 2000 and 2010, a series of events – projects in cooperation with other companies from the country and abroad to try to achieve economic stability was carried out.