Biebrza National Park in Poland

Biebrzanski National Park

The Bialystok National Park

In the northeastern part of Poland there is the Biebrzanski National Park, which is considered the largest in the country. Its directorate is located in Osowiec-Krepost. The purpose of the reserve was to protect the vast peatlands of the Biebrzanska valley.

What is interesting about Bebrzanski Park?

This national reserve was established in September 1993. It occupies an area of nearly 593 square kilometers and is located on the banks of the river Bebrza. Its main part is marshes, which are the habitat of numerous species of birds of prey and wading birds. In the spring, during the flood of the river, the lowland area becomes inaccessible, but at this time a lot of migratory birds gather here, forming a real bird markets. About 180 species of birds nest in the park, including:

Flora and Fauna

The park is famous for its lowland peat bogs, which are preserved here in their pristine form. More than 1,000 plant species grow in the reserve, 70 of which can be seen in the lowland river. There are about 20 different species of unique jatrons among them alone. Bebezhan national park is home to about 50 species of different mammals: moose, wolves, foxes, beavers, otters.

Moose in the park

Opportunities for tourists

This reserve, which is included in the Ramsar List of Wetlands and is of international importance, is an excellent place for photo hunting with a camera and microphone. The park has many observation towers for this purpose. There are about 600 km of biking and hiking trails. Especially interesting is the bicycle route called “Podlaska Stork Trail”.

You can go canoeing on the Bebrza River. The water route is about 140 km long and ends near Wisni. You can walk it from the beginning to the end in 7 days.

What to see in the park in 1 day?

Those tourists who come to Bebrzanski Park for 1 day can go for a 3-hour walk on the walking paths of the local Educational Center. In addition, it will be interesting to examine the museum of the fortress of Osovets.

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What to see in the reserve during the week?

With 7 days at your disposal, you can plan your stay in this interesting natural park in the following way:

  1. 1 day is usually spent as described above.
  2. Day 2 is reserved for a 4-6 hour walking tour “Groblya Goncharovska”, during which you can walk along the Tsar Road to the observation tower located on the Lavka bog. The trail winds through thickets to an open area of sedge vegetation.
  3. Day 3 . Barvik-Gugny excursion, for which 4-5 hours are allotted. The trail passes through the river valley and leads to the forest outpost Barwick, near which there is a parking lot. Here you can set up camp and make a fire.
  4. Day 4 . Excursion “Red Swamp”: hike from the forest gatehouse to the observation tower, located on Wolf Mountain.
  5. Day 5 . Canoeing on the Bebzhe river. The water route is divided for beginners and more experienced kayakers.
  6. Day 6 . Car or bicycle tour starts at Osovets-Tverdza. Along the Tsar’s road tourists go to the viewing points in the village Budy, on the Lavka Swamp, on Strenkova Góra, in Bużyn, on Biały Grąd.
  7. Day 7 . The excursion takes place in the southern part of the Bebzhi River. First it is the Folk Craft Route, then rafting to Yalovo.

How to get to the Bebža National Park?

You can get to this reserve by bus from Zielona Góra, Szczecin, Gorzów Wielkopolski, Białystok. If you want to go here by train, get off at the Warta Rota station.

Biebrzanski National Park

The Bialystok National Park

The Biebrzanski National Park, founded in 1993, is the largest in Poland. It is located in the northeastern part of the country, in the Podlaskie Voivodeship. The forest area of the national park occupies an area of 15547 hectares, the arable land – 18182 hectares, and the wasteland – the famous Biebrzanski bogs, the most valuable ecosystems of the national park – 25494 hectares.

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Bebzhan national park protects vast and almost unchanged valley peatlands with a unique diversity of plants, birds, other animal species and natural ecosystems. Bebzhan valley is a very important nesting, feeding and resting place for a variety of wetland birds. In 1995 it was included in the Ramsar Convention as a wetland of international importance. Especially as a habitat for the birds of these wetlands. The total area of the protected area, including a small fragment of the Sokol Hills, is 59,223 hectares.

Biebrza National Park – Google Maps panorama

The most valuable asset of the park is a wide valley of the meandering Biebrza River of natural origin with the largest complex of peat bogs in Poland, called the Biebrza Bogs. This place has preserved rare and endangered species of plants, birds and other animals. Biebrzanski National Park is also characterized by vast landscapes, ecosystems and habitats that have been irreversibly damaged elsewhere as a result of the drainage of bogs and peat bogs.

The park can be divided into three parts:

  • The North Basin – the smallest and least visited area of the park.
  • The Middle Basin – distinguished by a combination of wet forests and swamps.
  • The South Basin – where most of the area is marshes and peatlands.

A prime example is the Red Swamp (Czerwone Bagno), which includes a wet alder forest that is home to about 400 moose. Fauna is rich and diverse, represented by mammals such as wolves, wild boars, foxes, roe deer, otters and beavers. However, the king of the park is considered a moose. About half of the country’s moose population (600 individuals) live within the park’s boundaries. Bird watchers flock to Biebrza to see about 270 species of birds, more than half of all species registered in Poland.

The Bialystok National Park

Permanent exhibitions

Biebrza National Park has organized two permanent exhibitions located at the address of its headquarters. The educational center and administration of the park is located at Osowiec-Twierdza 8, 19-110, Podlaskie Voivodeship.

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Exhibition hours:

  • During the season, April 20 to September 10, daily: 8 a.m. to 5 p.m.
  • Out of season, from September 11 to April 19, Monday through Friday: 07:30 – 15:30.

Main exhibition

After crossing the threshold of the exhibition hall, guests will be transported to the mysterious world of wetlands. A visit to the exhibition begins with the guide’s invitation to walk on a wooden bridge. Exactly the same ones are located in the wetlands of the Biebrza National Park. In the center of the platform is a screen that shows a series of multimedia shows. Visitors will see films showing the dynamics of changes in the landscape of the Bezhan valley during the year, the variability of its flora and fauna, the peculiarities of life of the inhabitants of the reservoir. The video sequence is accompanied by a spatial soundtrack, creating the illusion that the guests are in a real swamp.

At the exhibition you can see a variety of samples of stuffed animals and showcases with smaller representatives of fauna, displayed in glass cabinets. Admission to the exhibition is free, but no more than 25 people can visit at a time. The exhibit hall is the perfect solution for exploring the national park during bad weather.

The Bialystok National Park

“Birds of the Beeban Swamps.”

The exhibit features more than sixty wooden bird exhibits – exact replicas of those that live in Bejean National Park. These sculptures were created by local sculptor Bogdan Tuszynski from the village of Dzivionier near Monek. The birds are carved in their real size and painted in such a way that they are very similar to the real ones.

Tourism in Bebžanski National Park

There are almost 460 kilometers of different hiking trails created in Bebjan National Park. The most attractive in terms of nature are the trails around the village of Gugni and Barvik forest, as well as near the ranger’s lodge Gjenda. On some of them observation towers and platforms have been built, as well as footbridges to facilitate crossing the wetlands.

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The train station in Osowiec has a Training Center with observation towers and platforms, footbridges and information boards. The campsites located in Osovets-Tverdze, Barvik and Gržach have special rooms for tourists. Camping near the village Osovets-Tverdza is the best developed, it is equipped with toilets and showers. List of viewing platforms, towers, campsites, parking lots and other infrastructure is available on the official website.

Canoeing routes along the rivers Bebrza, Sidra, Jiegnie, Brzozówka, Wissa, canals Augustowski and Rudzki have a total length of 223 kilometers. The main waterway starts from Lipsk, downstream, along the Biebrza River to the village Wisna. You can cover this 140-kilometer stretch at a leisurely pace in seven to nine days. You can stay overnight at campsites along the river, and buy provisions and water in nearby towns.

The Bialystok National Park

The bicycle route connects the five provinces of Eastern Poland: Świętokrzyskie, Podkarpackie, Lubelskie, Podlaskie and Warminsko-Mazurskie. Through the national park lies a part of the route, a length of 38 kilometers. Through the park there are 7 more biking trails.

Despite the general boggy character, large parts of the park can be explored on foot and by bicycle. There are about 250 kilometers of such trails through the most interesting areas, including almost 50 kilometers through the Red Marsh alone. The hills, boulders, and dunes scattered among the marshes provide access to some places great for birdwatching.

There are 13 hiking trails in the national park, ranging in length from 2 to 85 kilometers. Some of them are accessible by bicycle. The trails are divided into levels of difficulty and are color-coded accordingly.

The Bialystok National Park

Access to the inner roads of the national park is only possible with a guide. Hiking groups of more than 7 people are also required to use the services of licensed guides of the national park. For foreign tourists can be accompanied by a guide who speaks English, German, French or Russian. You can book a tour by contacting the tourist information offices of the Bebžany National Park in Osovce Tverdze and Gržach. Opening hours: Monday through Friday, 7:30 a.m. to 3:30 p.m. From April 20 to September 10: daily, from 8:00 to 17:00.

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Visiting costs

There is a fee to enter the national park. You can buy a ticket through the website biebrza.eparki.pl. Thus purchased ticket or season ticket can be printed out or saved on a mobile device.

The cost of entrance tickets to the park for one person:

  • One-day ticket – 8 zlotys. A discount ticket – 4 PLN.
  • Weekend ticket – 16 zlotys for 3 days. Privileged ticket – 8 PLN.
  • One-week pass – 40 PLN, Privileged – 20 PLN.
  • Two-week pass – 72 PLN. Premium package – 36 PLN.
  • Yearly subscription – 120 PLN. Privileged season ticket: 60 PLN.

The Bialystok National Park

How to get there

There are 3 ways to get from Bialystok to the Biebrzanski National Park: by train, cab or by car. The train goes from the Białystok railway station to the village of Osowiec-Krepost. Trains leave every 4 hours, travel time is about 50 minutes. You can buy tickets and see the train schedule on the website of PKP Intercity S.A. – the largest Polish rail operator specializing in domestic and international long-distance transportation. The way by car from Bialystok is to go to Goniądz, the distance is about 53 km.

How to get from Bialystok to the Biebrza National Park

You can order a cab in Bialystok by using a mobile app from one of the local operators: Moja Taxi Bialystok, Cooltura Taxi Bialystok, Komfort Taxi Bialystok, LITE Taxi Bialystok.

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