Berlin’s 37 best sights – descriptions and photos

Berlin sights

Berlin Zoo Treptow Park Galeries Lafayette Museum of Photography Museum of Homosexuality

This site contains Berlin sights – photos, descriptions and tips for travelers. The list is based on popular travel guides and presented by type, name and rating. Here you will find answers to questions: what to see in Berlin, where to go and where are the popular and interesting places in Berlin.

Reichstag

Reichstag (photo)

The Reichstag (state assembly building) is the most important building in Germany, which is also one of its main attractions.

The building is 137 meters long and 103 meters wide and was designed by Paul Vallot in 1894 in the style of the Italian Renaissance. Four 46-meter high towers represent the four German kingdoms. Above the entrance there are three letters: W, W, F, which stand for the initials of the Prussian emperors Wilhelm I, Wilhelm II and Friedrich III. It was during their reign that this building was built. Later, during World War I, the inscription “Dem Deutschen Volke”, which means “For the German people”, was embossed on the building.

The Reichstag building was the seat of the Reichstag of the German Empire and the Reichstag of the Weimar Republic, and since 1999 it has been home to the Bundestag. Thanks to the renovation and the glass dome, the parliament building has become a tourist attraction.

Spiraling steps lead up to the top of the dome. It has a wonderful view over the city and the new Government quarter.

Coordinates: 52.51914600,13.37546800

Brandenburg Gate

Brandenburg Gate (photo)

The Brandenburg Gate is a famous symbol of Berlin and the whole country. At one time the gate was a symbol of the divided Berlin and Germany, but since 1989 it has become associated with the reunification of the country.

The gate was built by Karl Gottgard Langgans in 1791 in the style of classicism. The prototype was the Athenian Acropolis Propylaeum. The quadriga with the goddess of victory was built by Johann Gottfried Schadow.

During World War II, the gate was almost completely destroyed. They were rebuilt in 1956. Today the gate perfectly blends in with the architecture of buildings of Berlin’s Paris Square.

Coordinates: 52.51624000,13.37768900

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Berlin Zoo

Berlin Zoo (photo)

Berlin’s zoo is the largest zoo in the world. There are more than 15,000 species of animals, 1,500 species of birds, as well as numerous fish, reptiles, amphibians, insects and invertebrates.

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The Berlin zoo first opened its doors in 1844. The joint-stock company “Berlin Zoological Garden”, headed by Heinrich Bodinus, was actively collecting animals from all over the world. Elephants, ostriches, antelopes and flamingos were brought here. Over a hundred years the animal population increased greatly, but during World War II most of the zoo was destroyed, and of the 3,715 animals only 91 survived. It cost tremendous effort to rebuild the zoo.

Today, Berlin Zoo receives over 2 million visitors a year. It offers excellent living conditions for the animals, as well as for observing them.

Coordinates : 52.50739300,13.33635800

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Treptow Park

Treptow Park (photo)

Treptow Park is located in the former Johann Boucher Garden. Previously there were just trees planted here in a geometric order, but in 1876 a full-fledged park was laid out here according to the design of the director of city gardens, Johann Mayer. After the completion of all the work, for which one and a half million marks were spent, Treptow Park became the first public park, always open to citizens.

In the center of the park is a large meadow, in the center of which on a special hill installed a monument to the Warrior-Liberator. It appeared here in 1946 near the burial site of more than five thousand Soviet soldiers killed during World War II. The monument depicts a real war hero, Sergeant Nikolai Masalov, who saved a German girl.

A sunflower garden and a rose garden with 25 thousand rose bushes are laid out in different parts of the park. There is a fountain in the center, and sculptures are installed along the paths. In memory of the author of the park’s design, his bust is also installed here. The park is located on the bank of the river and it has its own pier for pleasure boats.

Coordinates: 52.48871300,13.46902400

Berlin Cathedral

Berlin Cathedral (German: Berliner Dom) is the largest Protestant church in Germany.

Berlin Cathedral has never been a cathedral in the actual sense of the term, since Berlin, not to mention the cathedral, has never been the seat of a Catholic bishop. When the Holy See first established a Catholic diocese in Berlin in 1930, the Berlin Cathedral had long been a Protestant church. St. Jadwiga’s Cathedral serves as the seat of the Metropolitan of Berlin. The bishop’s functions and office include regular Protestant sermons in St. Mary’s Church, which is the bishop’s residence. The Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church is his second residence.

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The cathedral was built from 1894 to 1905 to a design by Julius Raschdorf as the main church of Prussian Protestants and the court church of the ruling Hohenzollern dynasty. The cathedral is in the Baroque style. Originally, the richly decorated building of Silesian granite reached a height of 114 meters with its dome. After the Second World War, the heavily damaged cathedral was reconstructed and is now at a more modest height of 98 meters. At the ceremonial opening on June 6, 1993, the cathedral astonished visitors with its magnificent interior, which was more like the decoration of a Catholic church. The vault of the Hohenzollern dynasty, which contains 70 of the 89 surviving tombs, including the magnificent sarcophagus of the Great Elector and his wife Dorothea, is also open to visitors.

The cathedral organ was built by the famous German organ master Wilhelm Sauer in the era of Romanticism.

The Lustgarten park, which over the centuries has changed constantly, can be found in front of the cathedral. The park got its present appearance on September 24, 1999, after reconstruction. Now Lustgarten is a green lawn with a lawn, as it was conceived once by Karl Friedrich Schinkel, in the center of which there is a fountain.

Galeries Lafayette

Galeries Lafayette (photo)

On Friedrichstrasse is the Galeries Lafayette department store – not as chic as in Paris, but very noteworthy from an architectural point of view. Its architect, Jean Nouvel, built Berlin’s Galeries Lafayette in the form of a glass funnel. The most spectacular view opens from the first floor, where cosmetics and accessories are sold. You can stand right there, or you can go to a cafe to gawk at the public in a glass anthill. As for the range of brands, unfortunately, there is not much to feast on (especially if compared with Paris). The department store is relatively small. There are not many bags and glasses – Michael Kors, Fendi, Salvatore Ferragamo, Burberry, Chanel. Cosmetics and perfume, yes, there is also a variety. On the women’s floor there is American Vintage, Burberry, Karen Millen and a little bit of designer jeans like 7 for all Mankind. There is a department with an inexpensive cashmere Jodhpur (just like in Galeries Lafayette in Paris). I advise to go to the youth department. Overall, the shopping experience at Galeries Lafayette Berlin is a bit of a fluke, but the place deserves a visit.

Photography Museum

Museum of Photography (photo)

The Photography Museum in Berlin opened in 2004, and it immediately attracted art lovers from all over the world.

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The museum collection occupies an area of 2,000 square meters in the City Museum of Berlin. The museum is organized by the Helmut Newton Foundation, located on the two lower floors, representing a large number of photographs, including Newton’s work, and the Photographic Collection of the Art Library. In the museum you can see many beautiful photographs by world famous photographers.

Coordinates: 52.50773200,13.33184200

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Museum of Homosexuality

Museum of homosexuality (photo)

The Museum of Homosexuality, founded in 1985 by Andreas Sternweiler and Wolfgang Theiss, is dedicated to the history of homosexuality and the LGBT movement in Germany and is located in Berlin’s Kreuzberg district.

The idea for the museum goes back to 1984, when the first themed exhibition on the culture and life of homosexual men and women in Berlin was a resounding success. A year later the museum was opened by activists in order to break down the negative stereotypes about homosexuals and to promote tolerance.

The museum is the only organization in the world that studies all aspects of homosexual life: history, culture and art, and of course everyday life. The museum currently has 127 exhibitions, including temporary displays of magazines and newspapers, articles, posters, films and photographs, letters, costumes, and much more. By visiting them, you can learn the moving and stark history of homosexuality over 200 years, with an emphasis on gay culture in Berlin.

There is also a library with more than fifteen thousand thematic publications (mainly in German and English) available for everyone.

Coordinates: 52.49080000,13.38715100

The most popular attractions in Berlin with descriptions and pictures for every taste. Choose the best places to visit famous places in Berlin on our website.

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Berlin sights – Top 40 popular sights

Berlin sights – Top 40 popular sights

Are you planning a trip to the German capital and haven’t decided which sights in Berlin are worth seeing first? In this article, you will find information about the forty most interesting corners of the city that deserve the attention of every tourist.

Berlin’s historical sights

The Berlin Wall

Berlin Wall

The wall once struck terror into the hearts of people who were separated by it for thirty years. The stone wall was destroyed in 1989 by a revolting population and its ruins have become a symbol of freedom for thousands of families whose unity has been restored. Now the wall is being reconstructed in an effort to give it a natural appearance.

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This is aided by the surviving towers from which sentries shot people when they tried to cross the border. Tourists from all over the world come to the Berlin Wall to see the power of the national spirit.

More places to see in our article “sights in Germany – Top 40”.

2. Checkpoint Charlie.

Checkpoint Charlie.

The only checkpoint that survived after the fall of the Berlin Wall. Checkpoint is considered a symbol of the confrontation between the superpowers during the Cold War. You can still see the inscription: “you are exiting the American sector”.

The spirit of history helps to feel the uniformed soldiers of yesteryear, with whom you can take a photo. Nearby are stores with themed souvenirs, and an abundance of cafes will come in handy if you need a snack.

3. Reichstag

Reichstag

Parliament building in Berlin is the most important historical monument in the city. Its majestic appearance was created by craftsmen in 1894 with stylistic elements of Italian Renaissance architecture.

The landmark has survived fires, the skirmishes of World War II and finally a complete renovation, which has been completed with a fascinating glass dome. At the observation deck you can enjoy a view of Berlin from a height of 40 meters. The walls of the building have traces of Soviet soldiers’ bullets.

4. Bebelplatz

Bebelplatz

This square in the capital remembers the burning of “anti-German” literature by the Nazis in 1933. To commemorate this sad event the empty shelves go right under the paving of Bebelplatz. This symbolizes the loss of the works of great cultural figures such as Freud, Marx, Dreiser and Hashek. On Bebelplatz there is also the beautiful St. Jadwiga Cathedral with its majestic green dome, the old library, the Opera House, built in the seventeenth century.

5. Museum Island

Museum Island

Architectural complex, including the six best museums in Berlin. Located on the island of Spreinsel and is protected by UNESCO as a world heritage site. The exhibitions take visitors back in time and take them back in time 6,000 years in the history of mankind. Here you will discover the secrets of bygone eras, magnificent sculptures, weapons, jewelry and literature of past times. You can get to the island by foot bridge or by train.

6. Potsdamer Platz

Potsdamer Platz

Once part of a deserted city from the time of the Berlin Wall, Potsdamer Platz today symbolizes the history of the capital of a new era. A small memorial to the wall is the only thing that remains here from the dark past.

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Today Potsdamer Platz features stylish modern high-rises, shopping malls, and cafes and restaurants. At the north end of the square is the Kolhoff Tower with its spectacular observation deck. If you go up there, you get a unique opportunity to admire the best panorama of Berlin!

7. Charlottenburg

Charlottenburg

In former times, the medieval Charlottenburg Castle was the residence of the Prussian monarchs. It was named after the wife of Frederick I, at whose will it was built.

It is now a palace complex with a park and conservatories, open for visitors. Here you can admire the elegant yet understated Baroque decoration of a German castle. On the territory of the palace neat alleys, lots of benches and few people, which will make your vacation truly peaceful.

8. Brandenburg Gate

Brandenburg Gate

This structure stands apart in the list of attractions in Berlin. The gate is located next to the famous Linden Alley and is an architectural monument of the late eighteenth century. It was built to symbolize peace and harmony between the inhabitants of Germany.

Crowned by the sculpture of graceful Irena, goddess of peace of ancient Greece. The only gate in the capital that was never demolished. After the destruction of the Berlin Wall it became a symbol of the reunification of the German parts.

9. German Cathedral

German Cathedral

Located on Gendarmenmarkt Square, it is a church whose first stone was laid during the reign of Friedrich II in the early 18th century. In fact, the cathedral was built on the Swiss cemetery, at that time in the distant past few people cared about the moral side of the issue.

The architectural style of the cathedral includes elements of Italian Baroque. The presence of massive columns gives imposing appearance of the church. Today the cathedral is a museum and is open to the public.

10. Warrior Liberator

Warrior-Liberator

This memorial commemorates the victory of Soviet troops over Nazi Germany. The sculpture depicts a soldier with a sword and a little girl in his arms. It is located in Treptow Park, where thousands of Soviet soldiers who stormed the German capital in 1945 are buried. The monument was cast in Leningrad in record time (7 weeks). Looking at the monument one cannot remain indifferent, the symbol of peace towers over the park as a constant reminder of the value of human life.

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