Berlin – Germany’s Capital City

Berlin – Berlin

It’s a very interesting city known for its difficult and long history. It has preserved the features of its medieval buildings until this time. Squares and cathedrals, theaters and museums, as well as other sights are very popular among tourists.

Berlin is an extremely fast paced center, it is one of the most famous and interesting places in the European Union. It is incredibly diverse: parks and the newest buildings, parties, various eateries and expensive restaurants, lots of young people and employees.

Today it is a metropolis of about 3.4 million people and the economic center of the European Union. At the same time Berlin remains the most comfortable and beautiful corner of Europe.

The area of the capital is about 890 kilometers squared. Tegel Airport and Schönefeld, as well as bus and train stations, all operate in the capital. The public transportation system offers easy access to all parts of the city – for visitors and tourists there are streetcars and buses available practically around the clock, as well as the subway.

Modern Berlin in Germany

Modern Berlin

History

Most of Berlin’s current architectural history is defined by its troubled past, as the city has changed dramatically over the course of its existence. The results of many wars, in which Berlin played a major role, are also reflected in its appearance.

At the site of today’s capital there were originally Berlin and Cologne, which served as trade routes. Cologne was mentioned as early as 1237, which is the year it was founded. And after 70 years, these territories were united, becoming one whole. Each of these territories at the same time had self-government.

By 1432 the two self-governing territories had effectively become one, but at the official level, the final unification was not carried out until 1709.

The Thirty Years War in Germany.

The Thirty Years’ War

During the Thirty Years’ War, which took place in 1618-1648, it was incredibly devastated and the population was significantly reduced – too many people died in the war.

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In 1701 the Elector of Brandenburg was crowned, he became King of Prussia, and Berlin became the capital of the Kingdom of Prussia. A significant contribution to the development of the capital was made by Frederick the Second. As a result, in the 18th century Berlin became one of the main centers of the European Enlightenment.

1871 – Berlin became the capital of the German Empire, in 1919-1933 the capital of the Weimar Republic, and directly in 1933 the capital of Germany.

After the World War in 1945, the capital was divided into four parts, it subsequently led to the formation of the two opposing ideologies of the GDR and FRG.

The capture of Berlin

The capture of Berlin

In 1961 – the famous Berlin Wall was erected, which was demolished in 1989. The country and the city united again.

Berlin Wall in Germany

Berlin Wall

Climate

The capital is located in the temperate climate zone. Precipitation averages 582 mm. The average temperature for the year is -9 °C.

The warmest months are July and August, with average temperatures of 18.6 and 17.8 °C, and the coldest are February and January, with -0.4 and -0.7 °C. The largest amount of precipitation should be expected in July – about 71 mm, the least – in March (about 31 mm).

More than 40% of the territory of the city is covered with different greenery, more than 400 thousand trees are planted in the streets. There are a huge number of small open spaces in the city, including extensive urban park areas, which are nicknamed “islands of cold”, they form a very useful climate for citizens and visitors.

Attractions

Berlin can be talked about at length, and also endlessly sing about its sights, but it’s much better to see everything with your own eyes.

But once in Berlin, start with the Brandenburg Gate, the city’s main landmark, which for centuries has represented the unification of east and west.

Above the gate stands the famous statue of the goddess of victory on a chariot with four horses. Imagine how the famous Napoleon liked this symbol of the city, that on his orders they had to tear it down and move it to Paris.

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But it took a long time until this statue could be returned to its original place.

Brandenburg Gate in Germany

Brandenburg Gate

One of the memorable places in the city is the Berlin Wall. It is considered to be Berlin’s most famous structure, the memory of which continues to live on year after year.

Wondering where the famous Berlin Wall is located? But you can hardly see all of it, but it is quite possible to see some fragments and even take a picture near them.

Berlin Wall in Berlin

Berlin Wall

Reichstag – one of the organs of central power in medieval Holy Roman Empire of German nation witnessed turbulent German history. But whatever history the country has preserved for us, tourists can get to this place through the west gate, then take an elevator up to the dome.

From the vantage point you can see a wonderful panorama of Berlin. And from this point you can see the city and admire the vast view.

Reichstag in Germany

Reichstag

And you can walk along the boulevard Unter den Linden. This stroll has become Berlin’s most famous and huge street. It concentrates all the best buildings of the city area – the German State Opera, the Russian Embassy, the building of the former guardroom.

Unter den Linden Boulevard in Berlin

Unter den Linden Boulevard

Potsdamer Platz combines all of Berlin’s history. Once it was a wasteland, but after the fall of the Berlin Wall, it became a beautiful center of the city. There are casinos, hotels, shopping malls, cafes, restaurants, cinemas, and theaters on the square. In 2010 it opened its own boulevard of stars.

Potsdamer Platz in Berlin

Potsdamer Platz

Other landmarks include famous architectural structures such as the TV Tower, Charlottenburg Palace, and the Memorial Church.

Charlottenburg Palace

Charlottenburg Palace

Berlin is not called the cultural capital of the world for nothing – the city has a huge number of monuments, theaters, concert halls and museums. The city plays host to leading music festivals like Jazzfest.

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Theaters

The most famous and popular theaters among residents and visitors include the Volksbühne, the Berliner Ensemble, and the Theater of the West.

In addition, the city has three opera houses: the Comische Oper, the Deutsche Oper, and the Oper Unter den Linden.

Festivals

In February, the Berlinale, an international film festival considered to be the largest public festival, is held annually.

Berlin is a place that quite often hosts major festivals, which are very popular among citizens and visiting tourists alike.

Festivals, all sorts of parades and processions that are organized outdoors are very exciting. These are carnivals of cultures, all sorts of carnival processions, various festivals and the like.

Festival of Light in Berlin

Berlin Carnival

Museums

All the attractions of Berlin is very difficult to list, because just the museums on its territory there are more than 200.

But among them there are record-breakers – museums that are most often visited by tourists. And they are: The Pergamon Museum, the Old National Gallery, the Egyptian Museum, the Museum of Security Services, the Museum of Natural History, the Bauhaus Archive, the Grunewald Palace and the world’s grandest Museum of Erotica. Be sure to take a look at all the beauty on display.

Bauhaus Museum, Berlin

Grunewald Palace in Berlin

Museum of Erotic Art in Berlin

Symbols and landmarks

The Germans themselves call the Bradenburger Gate, often referred to as the Gate of Peace, Berlin’s central landmark.

No less important landmark for tourists will be a TV tower in the Mitte district, which is present on postcards with views of Berlin.

Television tower in Berlin

Television Tower and Bode Museum

Excursions

If you decide to take a walk around Berlin, experienced guides or people who live in the center of Germany can help you. With Tripster, you can choose a tour that interests you and enjoy the beauty of the city.

And here are the interesting facts about Berlin that you can not learn from a classic tour, you can read here.

Tips for tourists

Berlin is one of the most “alive” cities in Europe, which fell into the soul of many tourists. There are so many clubs, styles, trends, and subcultures. The shopping is good and the quality of service reverberates throughout Europe. Berlin is famous for its cultural heritage, there are many galleries and museums.

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Berlin has a very large number of cultural attractions. Consider how to save money on them.

  1. Walking around Berlin is necessary to have a hotel card or a copy of your passport.
  2. Tickets for concerts is better to book on the service eBay. Many people who for some reason can not do it, sell them on private ads for next to nothing.
  3. For frequent travel around Berlin you should buy a card “Berlin – Potsdam Welcome Card”. It allows you to save in public transport and with it comes a discount on visits to museums and theaters. Buses run even at night, they are marked with the letter N. It is worth taking a day pass, so as not to use the expensive cab service.
  4. Stay in Berlin, despite the fact that it is the capital of the country, it is possible cheap. To do this you need to use the German services Airbnb, Studenten-wg.de and Wg-gesucht.de. It often happens that students rent out their housing when they are not at home. Usually these dates fall on holidays. Their absence can even last up to a month.
  5. If you want an unforgettable overnight stay, spend a night in one of the most unusual hotels in Germany.
  6. With the international student card ISIC you will have a lot of discounts to visit most sights, galleries and museums. On Mondays all cultural institutions are closed, the best time for excursions will be Tuesday and Wednesday.
  7. Stores in Berlin are at every turn, you can find them everywhere as souvenir shops and fashion boutiques. Most accept credit cards, so you don’t need to carry a large amount of money. There are also many cafes with free Wi-Fi access.
  8. Residents of this city are very scrupulous, they will never allow themselves to be late for a meeting.
  9. To address a stranger on the street you can use the phrase “Herr Doctor”. It is the word “doctor” in Germany has a broad meaning and refers to many types of professions.
  10. Cheap supermarket chains in Berlin are Lidl, Aldi, Kaufland, Netto. Also by visiting them, you can find many promotions and sales.
  11. Most young Berliners speak English, so tourists should not have any problems. Proved that when you address the locals in German, they will be more willing to answer you.
  12. When visiting cafes or bars, you should say hello to everyone at the entrance, using the phrase “Mahlzeit”, which means “Bon appetit”. In the center of Berlin food is expensive, but you can go to eat at any supermarket.
  13. All the attractions in the German city are within one radius. See them on foot or rent a bike.
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Where to stay in Berlin

Decided to go to the capital of Germany and do not know which hotel is better to choose. We will show you the best options, close to the city center.

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Hotel Sidestar Discount Price before discount Choose dates
Classik Hotel Alexander Plaza ★★★★ -27% 16 059 11 712 View hotel
Hotel Nikolai Residence ★★★ -29% 13 946 9 901 View hotel
Adina Apartment Hotel Berlin Hackescher Markt ★★★★ -18% 15 636 12 859 View hotel
Lux 11 Berlin-Mitte -60% 25 054 10 082 View hotel
Radisson Collection Hotel, Berlin ★★★★ -9% 19 258 17 447 View hotel
Park Inn by Radisson Berlin Alexanderplatz ★★★★ -48% 33 808 17 447 View hotel
Holiday Inn Express – Berlin – Alexanderplatz, an IHG Hotel ★★★ -26% 12 074 8 935 View hotel

Take a Walk Around Berlin

See the beauty of Germany’s capital with the help of Google.

Natural History Museum

Reichstag

Brandenburg Gate

If you don’t know your way around a foreign city, Tripster can help. Experienced guides take you to the most beautiful parts of the city.

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