Belfast – one of the largest cities in Northern Ireland



Belfast is the capital of Northern Ireland, which is also one of the largest cities and industrial centers of the United Kingdom. It has a rich industrial and political history and is noted for its beautiful architecture and cozy atmosphere. A visit to Belfast provides an opportunity to get a closer look at Celtic culture and try to understand the temperament of the wayward Irish.

Geography and Climate

Due to the fact that the island of Ireland is divided into the independent state of Ireland and Northern Ireland, which is part of Great Britain, many tourists are still confused where the city of Belfast is located. It is located in the northeastern part of the island on the shores of the Irish Sea. The city is bordered to the north and northwest by the hills of Cave Hill, Blac Mountain and Divis, and to the southeast by the hills of Castle Reich. Since ancient times it has been surrounded by swampy terrain. To compensate for Belfast’s unfortunate geographical position, the government decided to raise the water level of the Lagan and Farset Rivers. To do this, in 1994 they built locks that flooded the marshes.

Belfast is characterized by a temperate climate without a pronounced dry season with warm summers. The greatest amount of precipitation (95 mm) falls here in August, while the least (54 mm) falls in February. The highest temperature (+29 ° C) is registered in June, the lowest (-14.9 ° C) – in February.

Geography and Climate

Brief History

The original inhabitants of Belfast are the Celts. This is evidenced by the ruins of a fortress founded around the Iron Age, and the henge of the Ring of the Giants, built 5,000 years ago. The English first came here in 1177, and were joined by Scots in the 17th century. In 1888 Belfast was incorporated as a city. In 1921, Protestants and Catholics began to clash regularly. The situation stabilized only in 1998.

Modern Belfast is a city with its own flag and a population of almost 340,000 people. It has a mayoral form of government and its leader is the Lord Mayor.

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Short History

Attractions and Entertainment

The main attraction of Belfast in Northern Ireland is the City Hall. The building was built in 1906 and is almost an exact copy of a similar structure in the South African city of Durban. Belfast Castle is no less interesting. It was built in 1811-1870 on a mountain overlooking the city.

Belfast is home to many museums that tell its history, culture and daily life. These include:

  • Ulster Museum;
  • Nomadic Ship Museum;
  • Irish Republican Historical Museum;
  • Northern Ireland War Memorial Museum;
  • HMS Caroline Ship Museum;
  • Orange Heritage Museum.

Most tourists come to Belfast to visit the Titanic Museum. On an area of 12,000 square meters there are exhibits describing the course of construction of the most famous liner, its interior and exterior, passengers, the first voyage, the wreck itself and the legends that envelop it.

After seeing the sights of Belfast you can go to the Botanical Gardens, which, in addition to the rich vegetation, is known for its ancient architectural monuments.

Attractions & Activities

Hotels in Belfast

Every year the capital of Northern Ireland attracts tourists who want to explore the Celtic culture and ancient monuments. They are served by expensive boutique hotels, luxury hotels and hostels. Some of Belfast’s most popular hotels include:

  • Jurys Inn;
  • Europa;
  • Grand Central;
  • Titanic;
  • Ten Square.

Their guests can use free Internet, parking and restaurant services. Belfast hotels cost from $60 and can be up to $300 per night.

Hotels in Belfast

Restaurants in Belfast

The Golden Mile is the gastronomic heart of the city. There is a huge concentration of pubs and eateries with a large selection of beers and whiskeys. It is quite crowded and unsafe from Friday to Sunday.

Tourists who prefer a quieter vacation should visit the restaurants in Belfast:

  • Nu Delhi;
  • Tal of Spice;
  • Holohans at the Barge;
  • Darcy’s;
  • Fish City.

In addition to traditional Irish cuisine, they serve English, European, Mediterranean and international dishes, as well as seafood, desserts and fast food.

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Restaurants in Belfast

Shopping in Belfast

Excursions aren’t the only fun things to do in the city. In addition to sightseeing, you can also go shopping in Belfast. That’s what George’s Market – the largest market in Northern Ireland – is all about. Here you’ll find an assortment of clothes, souvenirs, food and counterfeit goods. George’s Market is a kind of symbol of Belfast and a kind of landmark.

For tourists who love fashionable boutiques and outlet stores, you should visit Smithfield Market, Castle Court, Dublin Road and College Street.

Shopping in Belfast

Belfast’s transport links

The air gateway for the city is Belfast International Airport and J. Beck Airport. Belfast International Airport and J. Best Airport are the air gateway to the city. Flights from various cities in Britain and Europe are serviced here. Belfast also has a port and a train station. The residents themselves move around the city mostly by car.

One of the most interesting facts about Belfast is that in 1911 it was his shipyard that launched the cruise liner “Titanic”. The Olympic, Britannic and Nomadic were also built here.

Transport in Belfast

How to get there?

The map shows that Belfast is located in the northeastern part of the island of Ireland. It has rail, road and air links with the capital of the United Kingdom. There are daily flights from London by British Airways, Aer Lingus and EasyJet. Direct flight time is less than 1.5 hours. A trip from London by Avanti West Coast train takes about 11 hours.

Belfast is about 10 hours by car from the capital, travelling northwest on the M6.


Belfast (UK) – the most detailed information about the city with photos. The main attractions of Belfast with descriptions, guides and maps.

City of Belfast (UK).

Belfast is a city in Great Britain and the capital of Northern Ireland. It was once a powerful shipbuilding center whose shipyards were used to build the legendary Titanic. Belfast is a city with a wonderful Irish atmosphere, a rich history, a vibrant cultural life and a charming provincial charm. Despite the scars of recent military conflicts (between government troops and Irish nationalists), now the capital of Northern Ireland lives a peaceful life and is one of the safest places in Britain. Belfast attracts more and more tourists with its sights, beautiful Victorian architecture, natural scenery and interesting cultural attractions.

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Geography and Climate

Belfast lies at the mouth of the River Lagan on the east coast of Ireland. The city is bounded by a series of hills to the north and northwest. Belfast has a temperate maritime climate, markedly influenced by the warm Gulf Stream. It is characterized by cool summers, rainy autumns and mild winters.

Belfast Panorama

Belfast Panorama

Tourist information

  1. Population – more than 340,000 people.
  2. Area – 115 km².
  3. Currency is pound sterling.
  4. Language: English and Irish.
  5. Time – UTC 0, in summer UTC +1.
  6. Britain is not a member of the Schengen Agreement. Visas can be obtained by personal visits to accredited visa centers, which are located in Moscow, Novosibirsk, St. Petersburg, Rostov-on-Don and Yekaterinburg.
  7. Belfast has two airports: city and international. The air ports of the capital of Northern Ireland host many regional and intra-European flights: London, Liverpool, Manchester, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Alicante, Amsterdam, Barcelona, Berlin, Geneva, Krakow, Nice, Paris, Prague, Rome and Venice.
  8. Tourist Information Center is located in Donegall Square North in front of City Hall.
  9. Markets and shopping centers in Belfast: St. George’s Market on May Street is the largest covered market in Northern Ireland, Victoria Square is a large modern shopping complex, Smithfield Market is an interesting authentic market.
  10. Belfast is famous for its restaurants and pubs. The most popular areas to explore are Cathedral Quarter and Dublin Road.
  11. Modern Belfast is one of the safest cities in the United Kingdom. Although we recommend abandoning the soccer and national symbols of England and Scotland.

St. George Market

St. George’s Market


The name Belfast comes from the Irish Béal Feirsde, which can be translated as “ford at the mouth of the river. In fact, the area of the modern city was inhabited more than 5000 years ago. In fact, the history of Belfast began in the 12th century, when the British built a castle here. The city itself was founded in 1609 by English and Scottish settlers.

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In the 17th century, Belfast was a small provincial town that traded in wool and agricultural products. The rapid development of the city occurred with the beginning of the transatlantic trade. By the end of the 19th century, Belfast had become one of Europe’s largest shipbuilding centers. The city was also one of the largest industrial centers in Ireland.

Belfast Christmas Market

Belfast Christmas Market

In the early 20th century Belfast shipyards carried out a number of ambitious shipbuilding and engineering projects, among them the construction of the Titanic. Belfast was affected by the following military conflicts: the Irish War of Independence (1920-1922), World War II and the Troubles (1970-1972).


Titanic Museum

Titanic Museum

The Titanic Museum is one of Belfast’s most famous cultural sites, commemorating the construction and sinking of one of the largest ocean liners of the early 20th century and the city’s maritime history. Here you can take tours of the slipway and the huge dock where the Titanic (the second Olympic-class liner) was built more than a century ago. The interesting modern star-shaped building houses many interesting artifacts and offers interactive exhibits.

The Titanic was wrecked on its maiden voyage when it collided with an iceberg 600 km off the coast of Newfoundland. The catastrophe took the lives of 1,496 passengers and crew.

St. Anne's Cathedral

St. Anne’s Cathedral

St. Anne’s Cathedral is the main Anglican church in Ireland. This beautiful neo-Romanesque basilica was built in the late 19th century. Interesting features include beautiful sculptural portals, stained glass windows, a mosaic ceiling, and decorative wooden elements in the interior.

Grand Opera House

Bolshoi Opera House

The Grand Opera House is one of Belfast’s most beautiful buildings, built in 1895. At the height of the military conflict in 1972, the theater was nearly destroyed. Fortunately, the building was rebuilt in the 1980s of the 20th century and is now considered a masterpiece of Georgian architecture.

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Belfast Castle

Belfast Castle

Belfast Castle is one of Belfast’s oldest structures, with a history that began in the 12th century. The current structure dates back to 1870 and looks more like a country mansion. The castle is located 6 km from the city center.



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Town Hall

Town Hall

The Town Hall is a fine example of early 20th-century architecture and one of the main symbols of the capital of Northern Ireland. The building has a beautiful Renaissance facade and a lavish interior.

Crumlin Road Gaol

Crumlin Road Gaol

Crumlin Road Gaol is a Victorian-era prison that closed in 1996. It is now a museum filled with dark secrets.

Big Fish

Big Fish

The Big Fish is one of Belfast’s most famous compositions. It is a 10-meter statue that was unveiled in 1999.

St. Malachy Church

Church of St. Malachy

St. Malachy’s Church is a Catholic church built in the 19th century in the architectural style of the Tudor era.

Church of St. Patrick

Church of St. Patrick

St. Patrick’s Church, a Gothic Revival style Catholic church built in the second half of the 19th century.

St George's Church

Church of Saint George

Church of St. George – a religious structure in the Classical style built in 1816.

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