Cities of Bavaria, Germany: list of the best, photos, description, interesting facts
Surely everyone knows where Bavaria is located. It is one of the proudest and most distinctive regions of Germany. The region combines different areas of tourism. It is also a colorful “portrait” of the whole country. In Bavaria you can see romantic castles, Alpine beauties, “gingerbread” houses as well as famous historical monuments. Bavarians believe that there is something for everyone. For a list of towns in Bavaria, see the article below. Let’s explore!
Briefly about Bavaria
Tourists and travelers from around the world have long loved this land for its attractions, nature and culinary works. Bavaria is the largest region in Germany. It is diverse not only in terms of landscape, but also in its historical heritage.
Where is Bavaria located? The land is located in the south of the country and borders the Czech Republic, Austria and Switzerland. Travel itineraries in the area are quite varied. In the north of the region you can see small, picturesque towns, thermal spas and an incredible natural phenomenon – the Danube Rift.
The southern areas are full of alpine landscapes with crystal lakes, mountains and waterfalls. It’s also home to one of a variety of ski resorts, where any tourist in Bavaria can forget what country he or she is in.
Western destinations are full of world famous majestic castles. Thanks to them, many people know where Bavaria is. This is a distinctive feature of the region, because not every European country has such monuments of architecture, which specifically here there are about forty. The popular Lake Constance is also located here. In the east of the region you can visit the national nature park “Bavarian Forest”. It is very beautiful!
Well, the central areas of Bavaria are mainly Munich, the capital of the region, as well as its attractions.
Munich is the administrative center of Bavaria as well as one of the largest cities in Germany. It is also considered one of the main cultural and tourist centers not only the country, but Europe as a whole. Munich is constantly of great interest to tourists and travelers. There is a large number of preserved historical monuments, cultural sites, museums and impressive architectural structures. Many visitors to Bavaria begin their trip to the region with the capital, as it is the first port of call to explore other cities. Here you can see a large number of natural attractions, which are popular far beyond the borders of the state.
Munich is the city of Bavaria, which is rich not only in historical and natural sights, but also modern ones. Among the monuments of different times and eras meet new complexes and museums, developed parks and gardens. One of the largest zoos in Europe is located here.
There is always something to do in Munich, regardless of the number of tourist groups. You can always interrupt your historical sightseeing with a visit to the modern automobile museum, and after the museum you can take a walk in the park or go to a bar. It is worth noting that Munich should be explored on a large scale, covering its famous surroundings, where you can enjoy nature as well as views of castles and palaces.
This German city in Bavaria is located at the confluence of two rivers, the Danube and the Regen, so you should prepare for an abundance of scenic promenades. If you look at the map, you will see that this place is the northern bend of the Danube, which gives a certain significance. Also worth visiting in this part of the region is the Bavarian Forest National Park, which is located in the east of Regensburg. This place is recognized as one of the most beautiful in the country, so not for nothing here liked to visit many of the Dukes, built here their residences.
Regensburg is one of the oldest cities not only in Germany but also in Europe. It was founded in 1245, so it is not surprising that most of the houses and buildings, as well as every monument here is filled with its unique history. Many of the cultural and architectural sites are on the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Walking around the city, you can very easily plunge into the amazing atmosphere of the Middle Ages. Here you should spend some time not only to enjoy nature and architecture, but also to get into the heart of authentic Bavarian life.
Another famous city in Bavaria is Nuremberg. Its popularity is quite controversial, especially when you consider the event that made it famous. We are talking about the Nuremberg Trials of 1945. Despite this, many travelers do not deny themselves the pleasure of wandering through the picturesque streets of the city. Sure, the country’s typical half-timbered facades are fairly modern, and Nuremberg Castle was rebuilt practically from scratch after the devastating effects of Allied bombing, but history is still here, and the air is heavy and bitter with it.
In the city you can get a detailed overview of the tour “Where Nuremberg begins,” which provides structured information, packed into the allotted two hours. Thanks to it the impression of Nuremberg forms a single picture, although the history of the city is complicated, and in some cases, to understand a fact, not do without a guide. But it is worth it!
Most of the attractions in the city of Bavaria are historical monuments, dating from the Middle Ages to the twentieth century. Nuremberg features fascinating museum collections, and has developed a special tourist route, bearing the name “Historical Mile”. This sightseeing route gives a complete overview of the thirty important sights of the city. This includes objects such as fortress walls, temples, bridges, towers, places of famous people, monasteries, museums and so on.
All historical monuments in Nuremberg are from one period or another, such as Pilate’s House with biblical motifs, medieval architectural ensembles recounting the period of the Early Middle Ages, as well as monuments to the victims of World War II.
Bamberg is a very small town in Bavaria, but an interesting one. It earned the title “Cultural Heritage of Humanity” in 1993. The ideal mode of transport to explore this town is the bicycle, given that the local Bavarians are recognized as some of the most athletic people on the planet. The car is not in vogue here, so walking, if you do not have a two-wheeled “horse” will also do.
Bamberg is divided into three distinct neighborhoods: the bishopric, the city and the garden. In the first you can see the Cathedral, the second will offer to enjoy the views of half-timbered neighborhoods and canals, in the third area is the famous fountain.
Travellers who prefer beautiful cities with a history and find in them a special comfort and charm, will be delighted with Bamberg. Here you can catch the largest preserved city of historic Bavaria. Delightful patrician houses, baroque buildings, palaces and ancient churches are its main attractions.
Tourists come to Bamberg to see the historical sites as well as to taste authentic Bavarian beer. Where else to try the drink, but not in the homeland of its preparation. Get acquainted with the technology of brewing and traditions of joyful drinking the “pride” of the Bavarians, you can visit a tour of one of the factories, of which there are about twelve in the city. Also in Bamberg is a museum of beer, where you can learn a lot of interesting things about this drink.
In the north of Bavaria is the city of Würzburg, which is one of the largest cities in the region, arranged on both banks of the Main River. Its history dates back to the eighth century, when it was still the residence of various dukes and bishops. Its significance remains important because tourists continue to flock here regardless of the season, enjoying the baroque architecture, the majestic fountains and the promenade. It’s worth noting that the view of the river here is truly magical.
Würzburg is famous for its historical sights. The city is a beautiful example of Baroque, in which the main residence, which is included in the list of UNESCO. Würzburg lies in a fertile valley with surrounding hills that are home to vineyards that have made the city the center of regional winemaking.
The Second World War did not pass unnoticed here – many historic districts were severely damaged. Most of them were restored, some of the buildings survived by a miracle. Modern Würzburg is a typical Bavarian town with bright colorful buildings and festively decorated center.
The Würzburg Residenztheater is one of the most important sights in the city. In the whole region the building can be called the best representative of baroque. The construction of the architectural work dates back to the eighteenth century. The interior is also made in the sumptuous Baroque and Rococo style. The residence has about 400 rooms, which are decorated with frescoes, marble and panels. The courtyard of the structure is decorated with a Franconian fountain and a landscaped park.
Rothenburg ob der Tauber
The Bavarian city of Rothenburg is situated on the river Tauber. Narrow streets and roads paved with cobblestones, ancient fortress walls and houses with tiled roofs, old wrought iron lanterns and doors – all this already from the words saturates the imagination with medieval pictures and fairy tales. Rothenburg is popular not only because of its “facade”. One of the most colorful and beloved by locals and tourists is the Christmas market, which is practically a year-round event. Christmas tree ornaments, sparklers, and a variety of holiday goodies are sold here daily. For travelers who can’t get enough of the holiday spirit, the doors of the local Christmas Museum are open.
Rothenburg offers many sightseeing tours of Rothenburg, most of which are devoted, oddly enough, to the holiday city.
This beautiful city in Bavaria is home to one of the largest and most exhilarating castles in the world, Harburg. Many travelers from all over the world also come here to visit the Jewish cemetery, which has become a kind of landmark here. Harburg is not a tourist center, but those who like quiet and relaxing holiday will certainly appreciate this place. You can visit the old town, one of the many gourmet restaurants and beautiful surroundings. Harburg is an integral part of Bavaria, so this place is a bit popular among knowledgeable and everywhere travelers.
Augsburg is probably one of the most modern Bavarian towns that do not reach the “title” of a major population center. A well developed transport network and a compact and convenient center make it even more welcoming. The first thing that greets visitors to this city is the Renaissance town hall, built in 1620. The ninth-century tower is one of Augsburg’s symbols, and the cathedral, can be found without a guide. In fact, compact cities are a definite plus in Bavaria and an advantage of friendly Germany.
Another of the best towns in Bavaria is Lindau. It is located on the shores of Lake Constance, which has become a favorite German resort for locals and visitors from nearby countries alike. Hotels and hotels make up a large part of the architectural stock of this city. The views of the lake, the saunas, the variety of spa services and other wellness treatments all make Lindau a very tempting Bavarian offer. A busy trip through the region will make you pause in this “center” of relaxation. Here you can briefly forget about sightseeing, medieval legends and gruesome pictures of World War II, and take a break and enjoy the nature and the silence.
Passau is rarely included in the list of attractions in Germany, and for good reason. After all, the history and culture of not only Bavaria, but the neighboring Czech Republic and Austria, thanks to its neighboring location, are collected. The city is located on an island surrounded by three rivers. It is worth noting that it is considered one of the most beautiful cities not only in the region, but also the whole country. Photo here can not turn out bad because of the incredible local scenery and architecture.
Some of the best cities in Bavaria can be toured in just eight hours. The aforementioned places add up perfectly to a convenient tourist itinerary, which is only a thousand kilometers long.
Of course, long stops should be made, and some cities require attention for several days. A trip through Bavaria, which includes the most beautiful and best cities, will be an unforgettable vacation for the solo traveler as well as for families.
Bavaria – the largest region in Germany
Bavaria is one of the most visited regions in Germany. Bavaria has an area of 70.5 thousand km2, making it the largest of Germany’s 16 federal states. The population is approximately 12.8 million people. There are plenty of very interesting places, monuments, natural beauties and amusement parks to visit.
Bavaria’s capital city Munich
Bavaria’s capital city Munich
Munich has a number of places of interest. Start with Marian Square, the center of the historic city, where there are many interesting buildings. Another famous place, the English Garden, which includes an area of 3.7 km2 for the largest urban parks in the world. The impressive Allianz soccer arena, famous all over the world.
One of the most beautiful buildings in Bavaria, Neuschwanstein Castle, located near Füssen on the border with Austria . Despite the fact that it is a relatively young building, it was built between 1869 and 1887, here comes a huge number of tourists. The monumental building on a high rocky hill in the Bavarian Alps looks really spectacular.
The Würzburg Residence in Würzburg is once again one of Germany’s most famous landmarks. This huge building was built in the first half of the 18th century and offers not only a beautiful chapel and the Imperial Hall, but also beautiful gardens in the courtyard. It is no coincidence that it was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1981.
Legoland is located not only in Denmark, but also in other places. One such place is Günzburg, Bavaria. Children and adults alike will love it here. Legoland not only has many buildings from the popular set, but also other attractions such as roller coasters, a flying boat and underwater tunnels.
Following in the footsteps of Nazism
Bavaria also has two world-famous places that remind you of the darkest side of European history. One can visit the Kelsteinhaus, better known as the Eagle’s Nest, which was the refuge of Adolf Hitler and his associates. Then you can see what their xenophobic and blatantly racist policies led to by visiting the Dachau concentration camp.
In Bavaria you can climb Germany’s highest mountain, the Zugspitze, 2,962 meters above sea level. The summit, Germany’s only Schneferner Glacier . There are three cable cars to climb, but physically fit people can take one of the three hiking trails and conquer the summit on their own.
Another natural attraction in Bavaria, the Partnachklamm Gorge can be visited all year round. This gorge is 700 m long, with a maximum depth of 80 m. Above all, it crosses a clear stream and consists of a series of hanging bridges and tunnels, the longest of which is 108 m. Partnachklamm thus offers a truly unique experience for the most demanding tourist.
The most interesting lake is Lake Kimsee, which is of glacial origin. It is sometimes called the Sea of Kimsee because of its size. Its area is almost 80 km2, making it the third largest lake in Germany. Tourists are also attracted to the four local islands and the beautiful surrounding nature.
Places of interest
In the north of Bavaria is Thuringia, which is called the Green Heart of Germany. So, nature lovers can go here as well. Next to Thuringia is Saxony. Bavaria is bordered on the west by Hesse, but above all by the third largest federal state, Baden-Württemberg. Here is the historic metropolis of Stuttgart, as well as Hidelberg, where Germany’s oldest university stands. Because of the huge number of interesting cities, breathtaking buildings, beautiful natural places full of fun, a day visit to explore this federal state is far from enough.