Bali is one of the most famous islands in Indonesia.

Bali Information

Bali Info

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“Island of the Gods”, “Heaven on Earth”, “Treasure of the Indonesian Archipelago” – what epithets are adorned the island of Bali in Indonesia with all kinds of travel guides. For 40 years, experts are trying to unravel the mystery of the island. It lies in the fact that after a few decades of uninterrupted tourism Bali is not destroyed as any other resort, but on the contrary, is becoming more and more attractive.

Information about Bali in 2022

“Island of the Gods”, “Earth Paradise”, “Treasure of the Indonesian Archipelago” – what epithets do not adorn the island of Bali in Indonesia with all kinds of guides. For 40 years, experts are trying to unravel the mystery of the island. It lies in the fact that over the decades of uninterrupted tourism Bali is not destroyed as any other resort, but on the contrary, is becoming more and more attractive. Experts of the theory of Feng Shui argue that the creative charge of energy this island draws in the fact that all the locals are at night with his head towards Mount Agung, and thus creates the effect of group meditation and directed flow of energy, which “takes away” all the negative. There are other theories, but we leave you the opportunity to put forward your own version, having been on this amazing island

History of Bali

There is very little information about the people who lived on the archipelago 5,000 years ago, but some experts believe that the migration to these islands from the southern part of the Asian continent has existed since 2500 BC.

The penetration of the Hindu-Buddhist religion into Java is evidenced by the emergence of principalities, whose influence spread to such islands as Sumatra and Kalimantan, Srivijaya (9th century), Mataram (864) and the Hindu principality of Majapahit (13th century). Beginning in the 16th century, the spices for which the country was famous and its convenient location on important trade routes attracted seafarers from many countries of the world.

The first were the Portuguese, who established themselves in the eastern part of the archipelago. The Dutch, in search of cloves and other spices, discovered Indonesia in 1604 and ruled there until 1780, when under Napoleon the French demanded that all the Dutch colonies be given to them. In 1811 control of these territories passed to Great Britain, and in 1816. Holland managed to regain control, and Indonesia remained its colony until World War II. During Dutch rule, the disparate islands were a single country that began a national liberation struggle toward the end of World War II, under occupation by Japanese forces.

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On August 17, 1945 the independence of Indonesia was declared, which the Netherlands recognized only in 1949. From December 27, 1949 to August 15, 1950 the country was called the United States of Indonesia. In the Dutch-Indonesian Union, the country was a member until August 15, 1954, when the Union was dissolved. Since August 17, 1950 Indonesia is an independent unitary republic. Today Indonesia is a member of OPEC, the United Nations and all of its specialized agencies.

Geography of Bali

The island of Bali is part of the Indonesian archipelago in Southeast Asia and is under the jurisdiction of the Republic of Indonesia, which has a population of approximately 198 million people, of which 9 million live in the capital, Jakarta. The population is divided into 365 ethnic groups. To the west of Bali is the island of Java. The total area of Bali is 5,600 square kilometers. The island stretches 150 km from west to east and 80 km from north to south. The main city and capital of Bali – Denpasar – is located in the southern part of the island.

Bali, Indonesia – the earthly paradise – is located in the southern hemisphere, an hour’s flight from Jakarta. Bali is called the Island of the Gods for a reason. Traveling to Bali is a luxurious nature, warm coastal waters of the ocean, and exotic beaches.

Most of the beaches in the north and northwest of Bali are covered with black volcanic sand, in the south, southwest and southeast of the island are white sandy beaches. The island of Bali is about 100 km long, it is located south of Singapore, just east of Java and in close proximity to them. The island of Bali is adorned not only excellent resorts with blue lagoons and dense tropical jungle, but also the rich sensual culture that came to Bali from Java in the 15th century with the Majapahit dynasty. Even today, this culture is still fascinating with its unique architecture, exoticism of music, dance, and painting.

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Bali, Indonesia

Bali’s Climate and Weather

Bali’s climate is equatorial and tropical. Bali has two distinct seasons: the dry season (June through October) and the wet season (November through March). The greatest amount of precipitation falls, as a rule, in January and February. The rains are fairly frequent during this time, but as a rule, they are short and fall mainly at night. The tourist season on Bali Island continues all year round. The middle of the dry season, however, is considered the least favorable time to visit the island, due to the extremely high temperatures (up to 35 degrees). The average annual temperature on Bali is 26 degrees, and the average annual temperature of the ocean is 26-28 degrees.

Bali’s population

The island of Bali has a population of over 3 million people. From an ethnic perspective, it is a mix of nationalities, such as Malaysians, Melanesians, Indians, Chinese, and others. The locals are very hospitable, welcoming, and helpful. The main part of the island’s population is concentrated on the south coast.

A characteristic feature of Balinese society is a clear division into castes. There are 4 of them in total: Brahmans, Kshatriyas, Vesyas, and Shudras (the latter make up 80% of the total population). The first, the highest, caste is responsible for all matters relating to religion. The Kshatriya are princes, i.e. historical warlords. The Vesheya are a kind of hereditary petty nobility. Shudras are ordinary commoners. This division is not as strict as, for example, in India, but it determines a lot in the social life of the Balinese. Tourists might not take it at all if there were not four different types of treatment according to his caste. So if you use the local language with the Balinese be careful not to offend a high caste person.

Languages of Bali

The national language of Indonesia is Indonesian (Bahasa Indonesia), but local dialects derived from the indigenous languages of the island are also widely spoken in Bali. Among them stands out Balinese (Bahasa Bali), which is the national language of Bali. However, in large numbers you can also speak English, especially in the touristy parts of the island.

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Religions of Bali

The main religion on the island is Hinduism. Because it has developed many individual characteristics that reflect the local culture, you can consider Balinese Hinduism. Hinduism on Bali has been greatly influenced by local cults that combine elements of the cult of the ancestors, Buddhism, spiritualism and other religious-philosophical complexes.

Time

There are three time zones in Indonesia: Sumatra, Java, Western and Central Kalimantan are 4 hours ahead of Moscow, Bali, South and East Kalimantan and Sulawesi are 5 hours ahead of Moscow, the Maluku Islands are 6 hours ahead of Moscow.

Bali telephone service

You can get excellent phone service on Bali. You can call from an international pay phone, from special intercom centers, as well as from a hotel room (which on average is three times more expensive).

Telephone numbers for emergencies

  • Ambulance – 118
  • Police – 110
  • Fire Department – 113
  • Visitor’s Police – 763753
  • Russian Consulate in Indonesia – 021-5225195/5222912 (Jakarta)

Bali, Indonesia

Entry rules for entering Bali

Russian citizens need an Indonesian visa to enter Bali. A visa may be obtained at the Indonesian Embassy. Required documents:

  • A passport valid for 6 months;
  • 1 picture 3х4;
  • questionnaire data;
  • hotel booking confirmation or return ticket.

You may bring with you:

  • items of personal use (within reason)
  • up to 2 liters of alcoholic beverages
  • up to 200 cigarettes / 50 cigars
  • photo, cinema and video equipment at the rate of one item of each category per person.

Importation is prohibited:

  • drugs
  • weapons and explosives
  • fruits
  • pornographic materials
  • printed materials on Chinese medicine.

Import and export of foreign currency is unrestricted.

Health

If you intend to spend more than a month in Indonesia, typhoid and hepatitis vaccinations are recommended. You should not drink raw water, and use boiled or bottled factory water for cooking and hygiene procedures. You must be prepared for a digestive disorder – a trip to Asian countries is rarely without this scourge. We advise you to take a standard set of appropriate medications.

Money & Currency Exchange in Bali

Bali is Indonesia’s national currency, the Indonesian rupiah. The banknotes in denominations of 100, 500, 1000, 5000 and 10,000 rupiahs are in circulation. As for currency, the most popular are US dollar and Euro. It is recommended to take large denominations of banknotes with you as they are easier to change. You can exchange currency in banks, special exchange offices, as well as at the hotel (the latter option is less profitable). Banks in Bali work on the following schedule: Monday to Thursday – from 8 to 14, Friday and Saturday – from 8 to 11. Currency exchange points are open until the evening.

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Bali, Indonesia

Transport in Bali

The main mode of public transport in Bali is the minibus, called “bemo”. Before boarding, it is advisable to check the route (with the driver – so as not to go somewhere wrong) and the fare (with passengers – so as not to take extra money from you “tourist fare”). There are also special buses exclusively for foreign tourists.

Cabs in Bali come in several colors: the familiar yellow, blue, green, and white. You can ask for a fare when you get in or insist that the driver turn on the counter (in order to avoid extra charge).

For short distance rides you can use a bicycle rickshaw. However, this form of transport has a number of disadvantages. It costs the same as a cab (if you count by time), but its speed is very low, and in general, it’s not very nice to watch the unhappy driver.

There are boats and traditional boats between the islands. It is worth negotiating the fare in advance in cabs.

Electricity

The mains voltage is 220 volts and the frequency is 50 hertz.

Medicine

Hepatitis A and B and yellow fever vaccinations are recommended (not required).

Holidays and non-working days

January 1, Good Friday, May 10, 25, 31, August 9 and 17, December 20 and 25, Muslim and local national holidays.

Bali, Indonesia

Excursions and Entertainment

The island of Bali is unique in its combination of relaxing and active holidays. Here, we have everything you need for a good diving: perfect water temperature, excellent visibility, numerous coral reefs, a variety of tropical fish and wrecks. You will be pleasantly surprised and delighted with fishing or rafting on stormy rivers (rafting). For those interested in the culture of Bali we can offer a wide variety of excursions.

From April to October the winds blowing in from Australia create glorious waves between Ulu Watu and Gilimanuk in West Bali, and from the east in Nusa Lembogan, where you can surf all year round.

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There are also helicopter tours around the island, bird and reptile park visits, elephant safaris, diving tours within Bali and the islands of Lembongan and Nusa Penida.

Bali Hotels

Bali hotels are located in resorts with superb blue lagoons and dense tropical jungle. In addition to the impressive nature, the island has preserved a rich and sensual culture, which even today amazes with unique architecture, exotic music, dance, and painting.

Shopping

In Bali you can buy in large shopping malls (shopping center) or in small private stores and stalls. In the first are not usually haggled over, because there are fixed prices. And in the second – on the contrary, you need to haggle. The seller will tell you the price is several times higher than the real one. Therefore, from the quoted price you can safely take from 10 to 90%. Exactly how much you can get depends on your skill at bargaining. Supermarkets or grocery stores can be found most often on the 1st floor of shopping malls, which are open from 09:00 to 21:00; many also work on Sunday.

If you want to buy traditional handicrafts such as wood carvings, batiks, gold and silverware, and exotic paintings by local artists, it is best to buy them at art centers that specialize in them. In the many shops that sell such items, you may be sold fakes.

List of major shopping centers:

In Kuta – “Discovery Mall”, address Jl.Kartika Plaza (opposite the water park), “Kuta Square”, address Jl.Bakung Sari, “Bali Mall Galeria”, address Jl. By Pass Ngurah Rai, “Plaza Bali”, address Jl. By Pass Ngurah Rai #80X, “Duty Free Shop”, address Jl. By Pass Ngurah Rai (simpang dewa ruci).

In Nusa Dua and Jimbaranga – “Tragia”, address Jl. By Pass Ngurah Rai, “Plaza Bali” address Jl. By Pass Ngurah Rai 100X, “Galleria”, address Kompleks Pertokoan Galeria Block D #1, “Keris Gallery”, address Kompleks Pertokoan Galleria Block D #6. In Sanur – “Hardys” Jl.D.Tamblingan #136

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