Australia’s 30 Top Cities
Australia is a country that occupies an entire continent. Its cities are divided into two categories: coastal and having no access to seas and oceans. Moreover, bodies of fresh water are unevenly distributed across the continent, and some states have shortages of the resource for short periods of time.
All Australian cities, in one way or another, are sharpened for tourism. This industry is a big part of their economic potential. Sydney and Melbourne welcome travelers the most. They have a lot of architectural sites, entertainment, beaches and natural beauty. Still stand out cities in the state of Tasmania, located on a separate island. Also lucky is Bundaberg and other places within driving distance of the Great Barrier Reef – a real tourist magnet.
Australia’s biggest cities
Here’s a list of the country’s biggest cities by population.
The oldest city on the continent is located on the southeast coast. Architecture is mixed: high-rise buildings in the center and the private sector on the outskirts. The view of the Opera House is Sydney’s most recognizable image. It is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Other important landmarks: Harbour Bridge, Australian Museum, Taronga Zoo, Woollumulu Bay pier, Virgin Mary Cathedral.
Population – 5,131,326 (2017)
Covers a vast area of Port Phillip Bay. The world’s most southerly city among “millionaires”. The tourism industry is developed and offers a variety of leisure activities, from high-end travel to backpacking – trips with little cost and minimum necessities. Melbourne has Victorian buildings, including the Royal Exhibition Center. The Crown Casino, the Aquarium and the Eureka Tower are also worth a visit.
Population – 4,196,201 (2016)
Based on the river of the same name and also has access to the Pacific Ocean. Australia’s fastest growing city. Excessive rainfall causes flooding. Scuba diving and reef tours are among the most popular tourist attractions. Brisbane has many parks and green spaces, including a large botanical garden divided into themed sections.
Population 2,360,241 (2016)
Capital of the state of Western Australia. Perth began to be called the City of Lights after 1962. That’s when all residents turned on their lights as a spaceship flew over them. The Swan River frames the central area to the south and east. Animals are allowed to be picked up at Cone Koala Park Preserve. There are numerous museums, including the Western Australian and Fire History.
Population 2,059,484 (2018)
Occupies the coastal areas of the Gulf of St. Vincent in the south of the mainland. The city is home to important national government and financial institutions. The development plan is a grid pattern, which is convenient for orientation and for traffic. Botanical sods, parks, and surrounding valleys make the area picturesque. Adelaide is home to the National Wine Center of Australia.
Population 1,333,927 (2017)
The center of water tourism in the country. It stretches along the eastern coast for 60 km. Swampy areas of the Nerang River have been partially drained. In their place appeared artificial reservoirs. Resort infrastructure began to appear in the 1980s before last century. Surfer competitions are held on local beaches.
Population – 638,090 (2016)
Sprawling at the mouth of the Hunter River and on the shores of the Tasman Sea. The port of Australian Newcastle carries the most hard coal in the world. The city hosts annual cultural events, such as a festival called “It’s Not Art.” More than 10 theaters and studios are open, giving regular performances. Of sports, rugby, horse racing, and cricket are popular.
Population – 481,183 (2017)
The capital of Australia, and the largest city founded not on the coast. The area was chosen as the capital at the beginning of the last century to end the rivalry between Sydney and Melbourne. Although the county’s landmarks are mostly recent, they are already recognizable. The most popular are: The Australian War Memorial, the Academy of Sciences building, and the National Museum.
Population 410,199 (2019)
Location – the shore of the Tasman Sea. The city is musical and theatrical: small stages have been created for amateur artists, professional troupes are also assembled, and festivals, both genre and theme, are held. In and around Wollongong there are more than 20 beaches. Attractions: rainforest center, botanical garden, Illawarra Lake and the Buddhist temple Nan Tien.
Population 261,897 (2016)
Sunshine Coast .
Coastal area in the state of Queensland. The influx of tourists and temporary workers increases the population by 50,000 in season. Beach infrastructure is developed, with hotels being built right by the water. The typical leisure resort: surfing, skydiving, yachting. There is a zoo, an oceanarium, golf clubs, amusement parks, five national parks.
Population – 243,377 (2016)
Capital of the state of Tasmania, the second oldest city on the mainland. Antarctic expeditions start from Hobart. The architecture is mixed: there are different styles and trends, although they blend well. Colonial-era buildings have been preserved and high-rises are evident. The main museum of the city is called “Old and New Art”. Among the natural beauties stands out Mount Wellington.
Population 240,342 (2019)
Built around Corio Bay. The Aboriginal translation of the name is “valley” or “slopes.” The town hosts traditional events, including the soon to be 100th anniversary Gala Day parade. Pubs, nightclubs and live music venues can be found on almost every street. Geelong is connected to other communities by a network of roads, but its airport is also in demand.
Population 191,440 (2016)
Located in Queensland near the Great Barrier Reef. The town has an aquarium with samples of its flora and fauna. Nearby is Magnetic Island. Its national park is a popular tourist destination. People also come here to wander the surrounding jungle. The economy relies on shipping minerals through the port of Townsville.
Population – 178,649 (2016)
It occupies the eastern coast of Cape York Peninsula in Queensland. In addition to hotels, vacation homes are built. The sandy beaches are wide and long. Developed themed excursions. Tourists should be careful when walking out of town. In the vicinity of Cairns are poisonous species of snakes and spiders, and in coastal waters you can meet a shark or crocodile.
Population 144,733 (2016)
The capital of the federation entity of Australia, which is called the Northern Territories. The city has been completely rebuilt twice in its history: after air raids by the Japanese during World War II and after the 1974 cyclone. This made Darwin architecturally the most modern and elaborate city on the mainland. Kakadu National Park is the most popular part of the county.
Population 136,828 (2016)
The second most populous of the non-coastal cities after the capital. Occupies land in southeast Queensland. There is a problem with fresh drinking water, as there are no sources nearby. The airport works, although it is small and not fully loaded. A festival of flowers is held in September. The main sport of the city is rugby. A full stadium gathers for league games.
The population is 135,631 (2017).
A Victorian city with no access to the coast. Bendigo’s development coincided with the gold rush period. Attractions include the Golden Dragon Museum, the Great Stupa, a pottery workshop, and old streetcar tracks. Abandoned sites associated with gold mining are also actively used. Among them is the central mine, equipped for visits by tourist groups.
Population 95,587 (2016)
Located in the foothills of the Great Dividing Range. There are no national parks in the vicinity of Ballarat, which is of concern to environmentalists. The history of the city is closely associated with gold mining, and next to such mining is always pollution. The most visited place of the city is Souvenir Hill, an open-air museum.
Population – 93,761 (2016)
The region belongs to the state of New South Wales. The area is rich in natural beauty, including Lake Hume and the Great Dividing Range. Tourists fish, boat, and rent canoes. A large art museum is open, as well as a library museum. The locals prefer varieties of soccer and cricket as a spectacle.
Population 83,102 (2016)
Occupies the coastal area of the Coral Sea. It is 50 km to the Great Barrier Reef. The construction of the Eungella Dam created a deep lake, which has now become a popular destination for recreational fishermen. The coast is broken into 30 small sandy beaches. A national park was founded nearby, much of which is covered with tropical forests.
Population 75,704 (2016)
Stands at the confluence of the North and South Esq Rivers in Tasmania. The resulting Teymar River is very wide. Such an unusual location is reflected in the city’s flag. Launceston is called the “Garden City of the North” for its abundance of parks. The center is built in the Victorian style buildings. In the surrounding area there is Cataract Gorge, leading to a waterfall and a lake.
Population 75,328 (2016)
Located on the southwest coast. The main attractions: the Rose Hotel, the old pier, St. Mark’s Church, and the King’s Cottage Museum. The Art Gallery has been open since 1987. It occupies a building built in 1897. Tourists traditionally do not bypass the dolphinarium, Fitzgerald’s Irish Bar, wildlife park and local beaches.
Population 71,094 (2016)
This area of Queensland is called the Capricorn Coast. Like some other towns in the state, short-term freshwater outages are felt. The tourist season is long, lasting more than 300 days a year. Downtown Rockhampton has preserved 19th- and early 20th-century buildings. Clean beaches stretch along the Coral Sea. Tourists should visit Heritage Village Museum, Capricorn Caves, and Mount Archer.
Population 61,213 (2016)
Established on the Marrambidge River in New South Wales. Population is over 54,000. More than 2,000 identify themselves as Aboriginal. And the average age of residents is only 33 years old. Visitors to Wagga Wagga are increased because of its good location – just midway between Melbourne and Sydney. As a non-coastal city, it lives off agriculture and transportation.
Population 54,411 (2016)
A city in Queensland with a population of over 52,000. Harvey Bay separates mainland Australia from an island called Fraser. Tourism is the mainstay of the local economy. People come here to watch whales as they migrate and for photo-hunting. The beaches are sandy, clean and wide. The coastal area is practically not built on, which attracts lovers of nature.
Population – 52,075 (2016)
The location is the east coast of Queensland. The city developed from sugar cane processing and the sugar trade. The economy is still very much oriented on this sphere. Since 1888 a special kind of rum has been produced here named after the city, the country’s calling card. Bundaberg is the gateway to the Great Barrier Reef: it is the most convenient place to sail to the wonder of nature.
Population 50,150 (2016)
Refers to the territory of the state of New South Wales. Bananas and blueberries are grown around town. Another economically important industry is fishing. Thanks to the presence of an airport, tourism is booming. The most popular attraction, the Big Banana, has been in operation since 1965. Travelers also choose Coffs Harbor because of the national parks, of which there are more than 10 in the county.
Population – 48,221 (2016)
Stands on the shores of the Coral Sea. Thanks to the nearby islands of Curtis and Facing, Gladstone Harbor is protected from the winds. The third largest port in the country is built here. There are no reservoirs nearby, so there are occasional drinking water outages. The main attraction of the area is the Great Barrier Reef, which is about 50 km away.
Population 33,417 (2016)
Located in the northwest of the state of Victoria. The population combined with Wentworth with other suburbs is more than 50,000 people. One-third of tourism is accounted for by Australians spending weekends in Mildure or visiting relatives. Rowing competitions are held on the river and trips on small cruise ships are popular. A hot-air balloon flight, a service much sought after by tourists, is also on the market.
Population 32,738 (2016)
The population of the agglomeration is 49.5 thousand people. Ten percent of them are natives. The city promotes dairy products in an interesting way. For several years now, artists have been working on a project called “Moooving Art”: they create “portraits” of cows and put on exhibitions. The local SAM museum has the world’s largest collection of Australian ceramics. The predominant denomination is Catholicism, and the main religious site is the Church of St. Benedict.
Australia’s most beautiful cities
Australia arouses awe and awe in many as a developed and highly cultural country. Advances in modern technology echo the architectural genius embodied in the cities. We take a look at Australia’s most beautiful cities with a detailed tour of the attractions of each.
Top 10 most beautiful cities in Australia
- Canberra. A capital city rich in cultural attractions.
- Beechworth. City of beautiful waterfalls and master potters.
- Esperance. A haven for the famous Cape Le Grand National Park.
- Adelaide. Delightful, cultural and resort center.
- Hobart. Secluded and intimate.
- Brisbane. City for families.
- The Gold Coast. Gold Coast.
- Perth. Australia’s most active city.
- Sydney. Most popular and vibrant.
- Melbourne. Most prestigious.
Canberra is the young capital.
In many capitals of the world you can see big skyscrapers, massive temples and cathedrals, and Canberra is famous as a city of gardens. There are many parks and streets, with many travelers noting that they were built as if every stone had been taken care of. The genius architect Walter Griffin had a hand in creating many of the sites in Canberra.
The botanical garden, which occupies 50 hectares, has become the most popular tourist attraction. In the botanical garden is a eucalyptus grove, guided tours about the Australian aborigines, which will help you learn all the details of their lives. Next to the capital is the national park, which spreads over 1 thousand km². Family tourists will love Canberra. There are beautiful architectural projects, such as the Changi Chapel or the Dinosaur Museum.
Adelaide is a picturesque city.
Adelaide is known for its vineyards, which produce an amazing impression: multicolored bunches of grapes are sure to put you in a positive mood. Every tourist should visit the Barossa Valley, home to some of the largest vineyards in the country.
The center is full of green spaces, beautiful buildings, parks and squares. Thanks to the lack of traffic, you can comfortably enjoy your stay in central Adelaide. Sadly the beaches here are not too comfortable to swim in because of the cool water. However, natives of the CIS countries find the water temperature quite comfortable. Others prefer cruises. Convenient for a small trip steamships pass by the most interesting places of the city. Each steamer plunges into the atmosphere of the past thanks to the appropriate setting.
Adelaide is famous for Kangaroo Island, which is not far from the city. The botanical garden, built in the nineteenth century, has hundreds of different species of plants brought here from all over the world. Some of them are over a hundred years old. Safari lovers will appreciate one of the largest zoos in Australia. There are over 300 species of animals, some of which cannot be seen anywhere else in the world except Australia. The main feature of the Adelaide Zoo is the decoration, which makes it ideal for walking. Tourists are particularly impressed with the Elephant House.
The open-air museum is the Tandania Center, where you can see many workshops and look at interesting exhibits. Finally, it is worth a trip to the Adelaide Hills, which offers a wonderful view. There are exotic plants, trees, and plenty of picnic areas in this area.
Brisbane – Colonial City atmosphere
In Brisbane you can see many skyscrapers and Victorian style churches. They are all surrounded by trees and parks. Brisbane’s gardens and public gardens are literally at every turn. The city has the status of a resort, which, above all, will appeal to lovers of yachting.
There are many shopping malls and souvenir shops in the business district. The Street Mall offers plenty of nightclubs, and for beach lovers, Brisbane has an unprecedented variety of beaches. No matter where you stay, they are everywhere.
The pet kangaroo zoos are a particular fascination of Brisbane. At almost every zoo, you can feed the animals and watch them jump funny. And on the Sunshine Coast, there’s an orchard of tropical fruits. Thanks to the mild climate, they are pleasing to the eyes of tourists all year round. To see the whole city, it is worth going to the Story Bridge. Here is an observation deck from which you can view the entire city. At Lawn Pine Nature Preserve, you have the opportunity to see the cute koalas. It is considered the largest sanctuary in the world dedicated to these animals. There are more than 130 species of other fauna at Lawn Pine. You can pet some of the animals and even take photos with them in your arms. The South Bank neighborhood is home to some of the city’s most scenic spots. There are beaches, parks, and recreation areas where you can meet many athletes. All conditions have been created for roller skating and biking. And you can use all the services absolutely free. For laid-back romance, there are fountain terraces and beautiful lagoons throughout Brisbane.
Hobart – Tasmanian Surprise
A little-known city, Hobart may be sparse but it offers plenty to do. Hobart’s very appearance is the result of a rivalry between the English and the French.
In the era of relentless colonization, the British were able to create the first colony on the island of Tasmania. Hobart sits on the harbor, is rapidly developing, and is already a well-known port. And again thanks to the botanical garden there is always somewhere to walk. The botanical garden itself is divided into several areas, including tropical and Japanese. There is a lily pond and sub-arctic plants. A tulip festival is held in the spring, attracting thousands of tourists.
Hobart hosts an exhibition of silverware that was made by prisoners. Some works amaze even experienced craftsmen. The city has a cave complex with underground halls and corridors. In Hastings (that is the name of the complex) you can also take a dip in a thermal spring.
Gold Coast – The Gold Coast
The Gold Coast is known for its beautiful beaches. The city is compared to Miami, Los Angeles and other world-famous metropolises.
There are sporting events in the metropolis, and at least one can be seen almost every day. Guidebooks position the Gold Coast as the ideal place for family fun, all thanks to the large number of parks and entertainment complexes. And there is plenty of shopping to keep you entertained.
The Gold Coast has become a luxury resort, so the beautiful sites are becoming more and more abundant:
- Surfer’s Paradise, designed especially for surfers, is recognized as the best beach.
- In Lamington National Park, you’ll find wilderness areas that are home to all kinds of wildlife.
- And Dream World is packed with activities for adults and kids.
Perth – the capital city
Western Australia has its own capital and it’s Perth. The steady flow of people has allowed the city to become a major port and industrial center. But across Australia, the government’s policy is that every city sooner or later becomes a great place to live and relax. Perth is already appreciated by millions of tourists.
They are especially fond of Nambang, a wonderful national park with a petrified forest of Pinnacle. There is no analogues of this forest in the world, and so far it remains one of the mysteries of our world.
Perth is home to colonial-style mansions. The city is rich with various events held in large pavilions and skyscrapers.
Diving, too, has found its fans – Perth has plenty of space to see coral reefs and contemplate other underwater sights. Nightlife is also popular, as there are plenty of clubs, fashionable venues, restaurants and bars. Wine tours are popular in Perth. People are sent to special vineyards where you can visit the cellar and taste the best wines in the world. And if you want to taste Italian cuisine, you should go to Fremantle, a suburban community built by Italian colonists. Here they make pasta and lasagna to original recipes, as well as serving delicious desserts.
Sydney – a blooming metropolis
The city is perfect for walking, family and outdoor activities. Travelers note the relaxed atmosphere that reigns around it. Sydney is beautiful from every angle, with the Opera House alone attracting hundreds of thousands of tourists every year.
The merit is not only in its architectural forms, but also in its decoration. Now you can regularly see the magical beauty of the lighting, which shimmers in all shades of blue. In the historic part of the city there are shopping centers and many places for gastronomy lovers. Sydney’s most popular neighborhood is Darling Harbor. Located in the center of the city and is able to delight you with a giant aquarium, a life-size ship, a monorail railroad and beautiful skyscrapers. Such an amazing collection will delight any visitor to Australia’s most famous city. In Sydney are held major exhibitions and conferences, so there is something to do every tourist, and there are beautiful botanical gardens, the most popular of which is The Domain.
Melbourne – Australia’s Best City
Melbourne has been voted the world’s best city to live in. There’s life inside the high-rise buildings and in the streets.
It is a city of creative people, where the main attraction is Melburnians themselves. Dozens of street artist shows take place every day, Federation Square is full of monuments, there are unique neo-Renaissance representatives, and Melbourne is home to St Paul’s Cathedral, built in the Gothic style. You’ll enjoy beach holidays, picnics in the park and a bit of culture – Melbourne offers a kaleidoscope of entertainment.