20 most ancient sights from all over the world
Ancient architecture is often striking in its enormity and raises many questions about how it was possible to create such masterpieces, not having modern technology. In our selection you will see the oldest surviving buildings from all over the world.
An ancient fortress near the Dead Sea was built in 25 B.C. and is now a UNESCO site.
The ruins of an ancient military colony have been preserved in the Turpan Depression since the 1st century BC.
It is a whole ancient city founded in the II century B.C., which was once one of the six largest cities in the world.
Another ancient city, built in the II century BC, is now located in Pamukkale.
Construction of the ancient partition wall lasted almost 2,000 years, and began as early as the 3rd century BC.
The burial of 8100 terracotta warrior statues found near Sian was created as early as 210-209 BC.
Of course, it is impossible not to mention the Acropolis, speaking of the most ancient sights. The fortification was created as early as the 5th century BC.
Mamertine Prison, Italy
Located in the northern part of Rome, the dungeon is considered the oldest building of the city, because it was founded around 578 BC.
Today Pompeii is an open-air museum city. The city existed for almost 700 years before it was destroyed by a volcanic eruption: it was built in VII B.C.
The city was built in the 10th century B.C. and was constantly mentioned in the ancient chronicles, but due to the economic decline the city was destroyed.
Founded after the Trojan War in the XII century BC, the city of Perge was one of the most important cities of the Roman Empire. Today its ruins are part of Antalya.
Temple of Queen Hatshepsut, Egypt
The temple of Queen Hatshepsut was built in the early 15th century BC and despite much destruction, scholars have been able to recreate its original appearance.
Delphi was considered the religious center of Ancient Greece and was also the site of the Pythian games. The first mention of the city dates back to 1600 BC.
Another striking monument is the complex of pyramids near Cairo – it was built in XIV-XIII centuries BC.
The monumental sculpture is amazingly preserved: it was erected as early as the 25th century BC.
The ancient settlement on the Orkney Islands is the best preserved of all the monuments of the Neolithic Age. According to archaeologists, these buildings were inhabited in 3100-2500 BC.
Pyramid of Djoser, Egypt
Pharaoh Djoser’s tomb was built around 2650 BC and is believed to be the oldest surviving stone building in the world.
One of the most mysterious structures in the world has many reconstructions, but no one knows exactly what it was built for about 3000 BC.
The legendary fortress city from Homer’s Iliad was founded more than 5,000 years ago — in the 20th century B.C.
Indian village with numerous caves and castles is an amazingly preserved example of ancient architecture. Scientists estimate that the village was founded between 6,000 and 10,000 B.C.
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7 the oldest buildings in the world, which are associated with unsolvable mysteries and unsolved mysteries
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Until now, our planet is still finding amazing structures that number more than a thousand years old. Especially impressive are those findings whose origin is still not solved, ranging from the materials from which they were built, the technology of creation, incomprehensible, bizarre architectural forms, and ending with mysterious inscriptions and incredible images, painted by our ingenious ancestors on the stones.
1. Bru-na-Boin Valley burial mound complex (Ireland)
One of the central burial mounds at Bru-na-Boine Royal Cemetery, Ireland.| Photo: tripadvisor.fr.
Just 40 kilometers from Dublin, Ireland, a large prehistoric complex has been discovered called the “Royal Cemetery of Bru-na-Boin,” consisting of 40 necropolises. So far burials have been found on an area of 10 square kilometers, but according to scientists it is not the limit. The oldest building is more than 5 thousand years old and it is much older than many well-known attractions of the world, and Newgrange is not just the largest and oldest in Europe funerary mausoleum, but also a real temple.
The entrance to Newgrange and the mysterious corridor leading to the tomb and the altar (Royal Cemetery of Bru-na-Boin, Ireland). | Photo: zen.yandex.ru.
This mystery was solved most recently when they found the altar at the end of a 19-meter corridor, illuminated by the rays of the sun once a year – the day of the winter solstice. In the remaining 39 megalithic structures there are no less mysteries and riddles, which still have to be solved, because such large-scale excavations require quite a lot of time for scientific research.
2. “Jug Valley” in the suburbs of Phongsavan, Laos
More than 500 carved stone vessels have already been found in the territory of the present-day Laos (South Asia).| Photo: ru.depositphotos.com
Not far from the city of Phongsavan (Laos) on the undeveloped territory is a unique place called the Valley of Jugs. On its expanses were found amazing stone structures in the form of jugs of gigantic size. Some pieces reach a height of 3.5 m. with a diameter of more than one and a half meters, weighing 6 tons. A total of just over 500 strange stupas have been found in the valley, and scientists are still debating about their origin. The only thing they managed to establish is the age of unusual stone formations – about 2.5 thousand years.
“Pitchers of the dead” is one of the most mysterious archaeological sites in the world.| Photo: gazeta.spb.ru/ Live Science .
The rest is shrouded in mystery, which gives rise to the most incredible legends, from the bowls for the giants who lived in this valley in ancient times to the funerary structures in which the ancient inhabitants cremated the dead. The situation is aggravated by the fact that the jugs are carved from stone, which does not exist in this area and never has been, and the finishing of the edges, ornaments and drawings depicted on the walls and lids of some objects indicate that they were not made here.
3. Carved columns of the ancient temples in Shravanabelagola (India)
The carved columns of Shravanabelagola are one of the most beautiful and mysterious creations that have survived to this day (India). | Photo: zhiznteatr.mirtesen.ru.
Although the temples themselves are the main attraction of the Indian town of Shravanabelagola, it was the columns that made them so famous. It is hard to imagine, but in this city, craftsmen who lived about 1.5 thousand years ago could carve from stone giant with incredible forms of columns, which had a smooth surface, decorated with a variety of motifs and patterns.
Impressive creations of ancient architects, which even now are difficult to surpass (Shravanabelagol, India. | Photo: indoman-info.ru.
So no wonder that millions of travelers go to such distant lands to see with their own eyes the beauty and grandeur of temples, unique decorative elements filigree carved from rough stone and elegant columns, which even in our time can be done only with high-precision machines. Until now the secret of technology and skill, with the help of which the ancient masters, having neither chisels, nor machines, nor special equipment managed to create such a carved miracle, is still not revealed.
4. “Fairy Houses” in Sardinia (Italy)
“Fairy houses” are the most amazing megalithic stone structures found in Italy.| Photo: orangesmile.com.
On the land of Italy there is a huge number of world famous monuments of architecture, but the amazing stone structures found mainly in Sardinia, called “Houses of fairies” (Domus de Janas), are considered the most mysterious and unexplored. Their tiny outlines with small windows and doorways really do look more like a fairy house than a full-fledged dwelling, because to inhabit at least one person the room must be twice as big. At the moment about 2.8 thousand such amazing structures, solid age which ranges from 4 to 6 thousand years, have been found.
“Fairy houses” in Sardinia do not have the same outline and for many centuries are considered to be magical structures (Domus de Janas, Italy). | Photo: mir-i-mi.ucoz.ru.
In addition to their diminutive size, they have several other oddities that scientists still cannot explain. Not only were these objects carved into huge boulders or steep cliffs in an unknown way (which was problematic at the time), but their walls bear incomprehensible symbols which are never repeated in any of the found structures, nor have we found a single identical shape of the “Fairy House” itself. Now these fabulous buildings, sometimes called the “House of Fairies” have become a tourist attraction, so going on a trip to these magical places, the authors of Novate.Ru advise to take something beautiful or tasty with a camera, because the legends revered in these places, require to leave gifts for each of the fairies living in strange stone dwellings.
5. Polygonal masonry in “Cities of the Gods” in India, Japan, Egypt and Peru
Ancient “Cities of the Gods” are located in several countries around the world at once, these sites are still considered one of the major mysteries of ancient civilizations that have survived to this day. And the main attraction is not considered to be the found cities, but the masonry walls – the so-called Inca polygonal masonry, which were used to create fortifications and entire settlements.
The walls that the Incas made a few thousand years ago have remained in perfect condition (Ollantaytambo, Peru). | Photo: travelask.ru.
Until now, there are a huge number of illogical and unbelievable versions, none of which has never been confirmed. The most fantastic are the suggestions that such masonry was performed by alien nanorobots, who built these cities, as well as the version that ancient people created these walls from the molten lava at a time when the mass began to solidify and become like plasticine.
In India and Japan you can also find examples of such robust masonry that can withstand even the most powerful earthquakes. | Photo: mir-i-mi.ucoz.ru.
Due to the fact that the mystery has not been solved, even more interest among tourists, who are trying to see such a grandiose buildings, created without any mortar, standing for more than a millennium, withstanding all the natural and man-made disasters.
Interesting: the Inca polygonal masonry is stacked without any mortar, stone blocks of irregular shape and fit together so that it is difficult to stick even a needle through. Not only the density of masonry is surprising, but also the massiveness of the blocks of stone and their unsymmetry, because it is very difficult to lift such weight of stone without equipment, not to mention laying the rocks as tightly as possible. The technology of creating Inca polygonal masonry is considered many times more complicated than building the pyramids.
6. Skara Brae settlement in Skyle Bay, Scotland
The ancient site of Skara Bray on the territory of Skyl Bay is the largest in Europe today (Scotland)| photo: incomartour.com.ua.
On the shore of the Bay of Skyle, located in Scotland. discovered an ancient settlement, which was established in 3180 BC. The ancient complex “en:Bay of Skaill” includes 8 megalithic sites, combined into blocks, which are made and arranged in a special way and is the largest settlement among similar structures in Europe.
Scara Bay is one of the oldest well-preserved Neolithic sites in Europe (Orkney Islands, Scotland. | Photo: ru.newsner.com.
Scientists have not yet determined what this discovery means and whether the discovered site is just an ancient settlement. This unique site, called the “Scottish Pompeii,” is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and attracts millions of tourists.
7. Tomb of Gavrinis in the Gulf of Morbihan (France)
The corridor tomb of Gavrinis found in the Gulf of Morbihan dates back to the Neolithic period. | Photo: tripadvisor.fr
A megalithic mausoleum has been discovered on the uninhabited island of Gavrinis in the Gulf of Morbihan in Brittany. Scientists believe that its creation fell on the period 4500-3500 BC, because that’s when this piece of land was connected with the mainland. The fact that the tomb was built in a corridor type is the most surprising, as such structures are located far from water and, as a rule, on high hills.
The richly decorated walls inside the mausoleum are the largest monument of megalithic art in Europe.| Photo: patrimoine-environnement.fr
Inside the tomb, researchers have discovered symbols and patterns carved in stone, whose meaning has largely been deciphered, but in the depths of the structure remain unique plates, forcing scientists to still puzzle over their motives. But be that as it may, the discovered mausoleum with its richly decorated galleries and corridors is the most significant European monument of megalithic art.
There are many ancient structures in the world which are perfectly preserved till nowadays, but, as a rule, they are devoted to gods or famous rulers of men. Although among them you can find and a few amazing objects that are still striking for their beauty and grandeur, which were erected and in honor of the fair sex.