Amazing facts about the Netherlands

111 interesting facts about the Netherlands

111 Interesting Facts About The Netherlands (Holland), Which Cover Its History, Geography, Famous People, Food, Culture, Economy, Famous Monuments and Much More.

The Netherlands, often referred to as Holland, is a country located primarily in Northwest Europe. It has an area of 41,543 square kilometers. The country’s capital and largest city is Amsterdam. Its official language is Dutch. Its official currency is the euro (€) (EUR). It has four bordering countries – Germany, Belgium, France and the United Kingdom.

The Netherlands is a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, which includes Aruba, Curaçao, Sint Maarten. The Netherlands contains approximately 98% of the area and population of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, and handles the affairs of the Kingdom. With these facts about the Netherlands, let’s learn more about its history, geography, people, culture, government, and the like.

1. The Netherlands literally means “low country.” Because 50% of the country’s land is just over 1 m above sea level. Moreover, 21% of its population and 26% of its area is below sea level. Belgium and Luxembourg are other examples of low-lying countries.

2. The port of Rotterdam is the largest port in Europe and the second largest in the world. It was also the busiest port in the world from 1962 to 2004. Shanghai, China, has the largest port in the world.

3. the Netherlands remained neutral in World War I, but Germany was invaded and occupied in World War II.

4. After World War II about 500,000 Dutch left the country in search of better opportunities.

5. it was the first country in the world to legalize same-sex marriage in 2001. The Netherlands is also home to Wim Hof, also known as the Iceman. Video below to learn more about his amazing technique of bringing out the best in a man.

6. It is also a founding member of the EU, NATO, OECD, WTO, and is also part of the Schengen Area.

7. The Hague is called the legal capital of the world because it has Europol, Eurojust, and the UN UPR.

8. The Netherlands is classified as a densely populated country. In 2017, its population density is 504 (17084719 people living on 33893 square kilometers of land area.) Other densely populated countries include Bangladesh (1212 people per square kilometer of land area) and Taiwan (728 people per square kilometer of land area).

9. After the United States, the Netherlands is the second largest exporter of food and agricultural products.

10. The Netherlands Economic Freedom Index is at 75.8 in 2017.

11. The 5 largest cities in the Netherlands are Amsterdam (the capital), Rotterdam, The Hague, Utrecht and Eindhoven.

12. According to the World Happiness Report – 2017, the Netherlands is the sixth happiest country in the world.

13. The country’s official websites are and Holland is so effectively used in the country, so the names of the sites are still used the old way.

14. Hooten, a municipality of the Netherlands, province of Utrecht, is considered the safest place in the world. I wonder why? Because no one drives cars in the city, and today all its residents use bicycles to commute to work.

15. The Netherlands is the undisputed world leader in water management. They are home to ten of the world’s best engineering firms in water project management after the U.S.

16. The country is famous for its cheeses, windmills, sabots and plains.

17. The Netherlands is a constitutional monarchy, divided into 12 provinces: North Holland, South Holland, Zealand, North Brabant, Utrecht, Flevoland, Friesland, Groningen, Drenthe, Overseas, Gelderland, and Limburg.

18. The Dutch queen argentine.

19. The country is an ideal place for cycling as it is mostly flat. It is also known as the “bicycle capital” of the world because it has more bicycles than people. It is expected to have 18000000 bicycles and a population of 17000000.

20. The Netherlands is generally liberal and one of the most progressive countries in the world. Abortion, prostitution and euthanasia are legal in the country. Dutch prostitutes pay taxes to the government.

21. The country has many rivers, lakes and canals. About 99.9% of the country’s households have access to clean drinking water without chlorine.

22. It rains every month in the country, and people use umbrellas instead of umbrellas to resist the strong winds blowing.

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23. The best time to visit the country is from May to September. Germans visit the Netherlands in large numbers.

24. the largest international airport in the Netherlands is Schiphol airport. It is 4 m below sea level.

25. Vincent van (1853-1890) Gough was a famous Dutch painter. Amsterdam has a museum dedicated to this famous painter. The museum has a collection of over 200 paintings, 500 drawings and 750 written documents. The museum is visited by about 1.5 million visitors annually.

26. The most important sectors of the Netherlands include – public administration, education, defense, human health, social work activities, wholesale and retail trade, transportation, accommodation and food, and industry.

27. The Netherlands is also a member of the Benelux Economic Union. The other two members are Belgium and Luxembourg.

28. The highest point in the Netherlands is the Walserberg, which is 321 m above sea level.

29. The national anthem of the Netherlands Wilhelm is the oldest national anthem in the world. It was written in 1568 and made official in 1932.

30. According to a 2014 Oxfam report, the Netherlands is also one of the healthiest countries in the world.

31. Dutch men are the tallest men in the world with an average height of 183 cm. Dutch women, on the other hand, are on average 171cm tall.

32. The Netherlands has the highest level of English proficiency in the world. Nine out of every ten residents speak English as a second language.

33. It is also one of the best countries in the world for children to learn a new language in school.

34. The Netherlands is the world’s leading exporter of tulips. The country is expected to export $2 billion worth of tulips in 2017 However, it is important to note that tulips, which do not grow in the Netherlands and were imported from Turkey in the 16th -mth century.

35. Zuidplaspolder is the lowest point in the country. It is seven meters below sea level. The point near Lammefjord in Denmark is the lowest point in Western Europe and the European Union.

36. The Netherlands is also the second largest exporter of beer in the world. In France, Germany, the Netherlands, they serve beer at Mc Donalds.

37. On average, Dutch people travel 1,000 km during the year. A teenager in the country circles 2,000 km a year. There are 16 bicycle stores per 100,000 people in the Netherlands.

38. Riding a bicycle while intoxicated is illegal in the country, and interestingly, the country also has the lowest rate of serious injuries per million bicycles ridden.

39. Schiphol Airport serves more than 60,000,000 passengers annually.

40. Almost 20% of babies are born at home in the Netherlands. Residents promote/ cherish this act and do not over-populate hospitals when the opportunity arises.

41. The Dutch are also the world’s first proud producers of orange carrots. And orange is their national color.

42. CDs, DVDs, and Blu-rays originate in the Netherlands.

43. Amsterdam has the world’s oldest stock exchange. The Dutch East India Company is the first truly multinational company in the world. It issued shares in 1602 and was the first company to do so.

44. the first compound microscope was built in the Netherlands.

45. Despite the country’s large population, high-rise buildings are not common.

46. The Netherlands is a secular country. Almost 40% of the population are not religious, 30% are Catholic and 20% are Protestant.

47. The Dutch are also the most physically active people in the world. More than 50% of the population plays some kind of sport at least once a week.

48. Randstad is home to about 40% of the country’s population. It is a megalopolis with four zones, including Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague and Utrecht.

49. Amsterdam is built almost entirely on pillars, which are buried almost 12 meters in a layer of fen and clay.

50. The Netherlands is also the largest consumer of licorice in the world.

51. The country is also lucky to have the lowest incidence of lactose intolerance in the world. Only 1% of the population suffers from it.

52. Amsterdam has 1,281 bridges.

53. The Netherlands has 20 national parks. See the list here.

54. There are still more than 1,000 traditional windmills working in the country. The second Saturday and Sunday in May is National Mill Day in the Netherlands.

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55. KLM, the world’s leading airline company, has Dutch roots. It was founded in 1919 and is also the oldest national airline in the world.

56. Amsterdam is also in Europe 5 – and a busy fare processing more than 4200,000 passengers per year destination.

57. The Netherlands is the world’s largest producer and exporter of tulips. Over 20,000,000 flowers and plants are sold daily at Royal FloraHolland. The growing season tulips peak from April 25th to May 5th.

58. More than 17% of the country’s land is mined from lakes and seas.

59. The Dutch make cheese from 400g. Э

60. The country also boasts the world’s oldest tricolor, the national flag of the Netherlands.

61. Belgium and the Netherlands were awarded the best countries for bicycles in 2013.

62. Through land reclamation, the area of the Netherlands is increasing every year.

63. The microscope was invented in the Netherlands in the 16th century.

64. Amsterdam is home to Europe’s only auxiliary clinic for the treatment of gambling, video games and drug addiction.

65. Seventy percent of bacon comes from the Netherlands.

66. Nearly 40 percent of the country’s population works part-time, the highest percentage in the European Union.

67. Amsterdam is the capital of the Netherlands, but the government is in The Hague.

68. Friesian is the only regional language, which is also among the official languages of the country.

69. The Rhine, Meuse, and Scheldt are the three main rivers that cross the Netherlands before reaching the sea.

70. Major Dutch companies include Shell, Unilever, Philips, Aegon, ING, Heineken and TNT.

71. There are 12 provinces in the Netherlands. Holland is made up of two provinces, including Nord and Zuid.

72. The country has over 4,000 km of navigable rivers, canals, and lakes.

73. The Dutch, after the Scandinavians, drink the most coffee per person per year in the world, almost 140 liters.

74. The Netherlands is vulnerable to flooding because it is a low-lying country.

75. Phillips, a major electrical appliance company, began obediently in “Eindhoven.” Thus, the city is also called the “city of lights.

76. Heineken is the third largest brewer in the world.

77. The Netherlands is also the world’s largest cheese exporting country.

78. There are many museums in the Netherlands. Rijksmuseum, Van Gogh Museum, Anne Frank House are the three most popular museums in Amsterdam.

79. The country’s favorite snack is French fries dipped in mayonnaise.

80. The country also has a 300-year-old cheese market, Verden and Gonda. The average Dutch person eats a whopping 15 kilograms of cheese a year.

81. Wooden mills were used in the Netherlands to divert water from the land. They were used for 600 years. Nowadays, other methods of flood control are used. The Dutch are also turning their attention to the development of renewable energy sources to power their country.

82. Methods of flood control include the use of pumping stations, canals, lakes, and dams. Because the country is low-lying, they have to be very smart to avoid flooding in the event of a flood.

83. More than 2,400 kilometers of levees protect the country from water. If these dams were removed, almost 65% of the Netherlands would flood every day.

84. the country is known for bicycles and comparatively, they have three times as many bicycles as they have cars. They have about 35,000 kilometers of bike lanes in the country.

85. The countrymen are also blessed with the most average life expectancy in the world. Thanks to their healthy eating habits and other factors.

86. The Dutch fought a war for more than 80 years before they gained independence from Spain in 1648.

87. About 4 million people in the country live below sea level.

88. The metric system is the legal standard for measures and weights in the country.

89. By 2025, the authorities are going to ban the sale of gasoline, as well as cars with a diesel engine.

90. The country has three natural topographic divisions-the dunes, the lowlands, and the higher east.

91. The average annual rainfall in the Netherlands is – 76.5 cm. And the country has limited sunshine throughout the year. There are a lot of winds, and so they use wind turbines to produce energy.

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92. There are no roads in the village of Githorn in the Netherlands. There are just canals that are used for transportation. The village is also known as the “Venice of the Netherlands.”

93. The soft drug policy in the Netherlands allows coffee shops to sell drugs allowed by the authorities, but in limited quantities.

94. The Dutch dress in orange on April 27 to celebrate the birthday of their king.

95. According to the United Nations, Switzerland, Sweden and the Netherlands were the most innovative countries in the world in 2017.

96. The country is the fourth largest investor in the United States

97. They were also the first to develop an artificial heart.

98. The Netherlands does not stray dogs in its street.

99. The country built the world’s first solar-powered bicycle path.

100. Another interesting fact to note is that the toilet hole in Dutch houses is toward the edge of the seat, not toward the center. This position of the hole helps to conserve water, and the Dutch also have a good view of their deposit when sitting on a small shelf before going to the hole. This helps them inspect the feed so they can monitor their health.

101. The country is devoid of deforestation. In 1952 there were 260,000 hectares of forest land, which has now grown to 360,000 hectares.

102. Basic health insurance is compulsory for everyone, and the cost of the package starts at 100 euros per month.

103. Children move out of their parents’ home when they turn 18 years old. If they do not move, it is considered strange.

104. The Netherlands lost to Spain in the 2010 World Cup finals.

105. The country won 24 medals at the Winter Olympics in Sochi, their best result ever.

106. The country uses electric trains, powered by wind. Trains displace 600,000 passengers daily.

107. Residents of the Netherlands also drink a lot of milk for breakfast and lunch.

108. The country is also famous for DJs. Armin Van Buren has been voted the world’s best DJ five times.

109. The Dutch also care about their animals as much as they care about people. They have wildlife crossings for animals living in the woods so that animals can cross the roads safely.

110. The Netherlands has a fake village for people with dementia.

111. In Dutch houses, the stairs are narrow. Sometimes you may have to lift furniture outside the window as you move them to the upper floors above the first floor and up above.

112. Also, traditional Dutch houses do not use ceiling lights, but they do use wall lights.

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1. The Dutch are famous for their excellent health. Almost everyone wears very light clothes even in winter, at -3 degrees no one, not even small children, wears hats.

2. most of Holland is below sea level. The lowest point is 6.7 meters below sea level.

3. The bicycle is the most popular means of transport in the country, there are about 16 million of them. Every inhabitant of the country has one. In Amsterdam, the number of bicycles exceeds the number of inhabitants of the city.

4. Bicycles are often stolen, especially in Amsterdam. That’s why a bike lock often costs twice as much as the bike itself.

5. The Dutch do not eat hot lunches. They make do with a couple of cheese or peanut butter sandwiches.

6. Almost all Dutch people speak good English. Movies on central and cable channels as well as in cinemas are shown in the original language with subtitles. In addition to English, many Dutch people speak German and French, the languages of the neighboring countries.

7. Contrary to popular belief, the Dutch are not big fans of weed, it’s mostly a tourist pastime. However, the Dutch government is trying to combat the use of weed and since 2012, in one of the cities, introduced a pilot program, where only locals can buy weed in a coffeeshop.

8. In Holland it is allowed to grow up to 5 cannabis bushes at home for personal consumption.

9. Flowers in Holland are very cheap and of excellent quality. You can buy a fresh bouquet of 50 tulips for only 5 euros (about 200 rubles).

10. Holland exports 2/3 of the world’s living plants, flowers and roots. Holland’s agricultural sector is the 3rd most profitable in the world after the U.S. and France.

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11. Prostitution in Holland is legalized and members of this ancient profession are obliged to pay taxes equally with other citizens.

12. The Dutch are the tallest nation in the world. The average height in Holland is 182 centimeters.

13. The locals do not close the curtains and you can always see what is going on in their homes. 14. people in the country live by the rules and do not break them under any circumstances. Even if the bus is still standing, but the doors are already closed – you are unlikely to get in.

15. The Dutch are a very sporty nation. So many run or do cycling almost all year round.

16. Schools and universities use a 10-point grading scale instead of the 5-point scale we are used to. A 10, however, is almost impossible to get, so a 9 is the equivalent of our A’s.

17. The weather in Holland is very rainy, windy and very changeable. Therefore, talking about the weather is one of the favorite topics of conversation among the locals.

18. Almost all stores (except some grocery stores) in Holland are open until 6 pm. Once a week, however, on so-called shopping night (koopavond) stores close at 9 pm and you have a chance to buy everything you need.

19. In addition to taxes on house and land, the Dutch pay an annual tax to maintain and build systems against flooding.

20. The highest point in the country, which the Dutch call “the mountain,” is only 323 meters.

21. Holland has the highest density of museums. There are about 1,000 museums per country of 16 million inhabitants.

22. Holland’s population density is also the highest in Europe at 391 people per square kilometer.

23. The Dutch live on a schedule. Even close relatives plan meetings weeks and sometimes months in advance. If you happened to be in the neighborhood and decided to “drop by” a Dutch friend for half an hour, you’re unlikely to succeed, because her day was probably planned long before that.

24. One of the local delicacies is herring. You can buy herring right on the street – at one of the special kiosks. The locals eat herring, generously sprinkled with onions and holding the tail, or like a hamburger – in a white bun.

25. A second Dutch delicacy is French fries with mayonnaise (Vlaamse fries). For many Dutch, it can also be an everyday meal.

26. Holland is one of the biggest beer producers in the world. Brands like Heineken, Amstel and Grolsch were born here. Heineken is the 3rd largest beer producer in the world. However, contrary to this, Dutch beer does not taste very remarkable. The best beer is brewed in Germany, the Czech Republic, and Belgium.

27. Dutch vodka is called Jenever and tastes like something between Calvados, schnapps, and cheap whiskey.

28. The Dutch are very straightforward. They don’t like to beat around the bush and will probably tell you everything as it is.

29. The Dutch are very informal in their communication. At a business meeting, for example, the director can offer to make everybody coffee.

30. If you didn’t come to work because you said you were sick, they may send a doctor to check if you are really sick.

31. Instead of the Santa Claus we have known since our childhood, every year the Dutch meet Sinterklaas (Saint Nicholas), who comes from Spain on his white horse. Sinterklaas is quite similar to our Santa Claus, but instead of the Snow Maiden, he is accompanied by black helpers – Pits. Meeting Sinterklas holiday, children put their shoes, putting there a carrot for Sint’s horse, and in return receive gifts.

32. 32. The Dutch love to sprinkle toast with a kind of chocolate shavings – Hagelslag. It refers to the shavings, which children sprinkle on ice cream, but in Holland, adults sprinkle it on bread, pre-sprinkled with butter.

33. When Dutch children leave school, they display a Dutch flag and a school bag outside.

34. The Dutch kiss each other on the cheek three times when they meet.

35. 40% of the population are atheists. There are more Protestants in the north of Holland and more Catholics in the south.

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36. In the winters when the rivers in the country freeze up, the Dutchmen like Elfstedentocht – a famous skating marathon in 11 cities of the Netherlands province Friesland which is 200 km long – is held.

37. The Dutch are one of the most traveled nations in the world. Aged 20-40, they often work/live for several years in other countries. Most of the time they return back to Holland.

38. The main reason the Dutch emigrate from the country is bad weather. Because of the maritime climate in the country, it often rains and blows cold winds.

39. Many Dutch people are not formally married, even though they are raising children together.

40. Many pets are provided with a special microchip which makes it much easier to find a pet if it gets lost.

41. 41. The color of Holland is orange, this is due to the fact that the name of the royal family literally sounds like “Orange House”.

42. April 30, Queen’s Day, is considered the main holiday of the Netherlands. Locals dress up in all orange and hold street parties. On this day, it seems that all the inhabitants of the country have taken to the streets, where one half of the population sells all sorts of orange things and the other half buys them. The streets of Dutch cities are decorated with orange lanterns. Orange garlands of balloons, ribbons, flags, and even people’s faces are painted orange everywhere.

43. Holland is the unofficial name for the Netherlands, which the locals do not like very much. Holland is the name of a region in the west of the country.

44. To see a doctor, such as a cardiologist, you first need a referral from a general practitioner. No doctor will see you without a referral.

45. Medical care in the Netherlands is not free of charge and is covered by insurance. Everyone should have insurance, which costs from about 100 euros per month.

46. The fireworks in Holland are allowed only on New Year’s Eve: from 10 am on December 31 till 2 am on January 1.

47. In Holland it is not customary for a man to take the initiative over a woman. This is partly due to the fact that women want to be independent, and they see men’s initiative as an attack on their self-sufficiency.

48. Because it rains most of the year, the Dutch have learned to enjoy even brief displays of good weather. As soon as a ray of sunshine appears, the locals pour out into the streets, drinking beer on the open roads, even if it’s only +5 outside.

49. The Surinamese, Indonesians, Turks, and Moroccans constitute a special category of the population. Their stay in the country can be described as coexistence with the local population. They have created their own self-contained subculture, read newspapers and watch movies in their own language. The official number of immigrants in Holland is more than 1 million.

50. There is one bookstore for every 2,000 people in Holland.

51. In Holland, alcohol can be consumed from the age of 16.

52. There are 1180 mills in Holland.

53. Keukenhoff Tulip Park is 32 hectares of land planted with flowers and is the most photographed place in the world.

54. Public toilets are payable (20 to 50 euro cents), even in some nightclubs, the entrance to which is also paid.

55. In Holland it is not customary to give expensive gifts. Even for weddings are usually limited to a budget of no more than 50 euros.

56. 30% of Dutch children are born at home. Do not be surprised if a few hours after the birth the neighbors will come to you to find out about the mother and to look at the baby.

57. Dutch girls do not pay much attention to their appearance. Many don’t wear makeup, don’t style their hair or wear heels. They wear whatever is comfortable. They go out in the morning with wet hair before they have had time to dry it.

58. However, unlike the British, Americans, and other Anglo-Saxons, the Dutch have a sense of taste and look very neat.

59. Dutch men pay much more attention to their hair. Most Dutch men wear their hair half-length blond and all of them have a hair styling product.

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