Amazing Facts about Mexico
Mexico is a unique country.
The Spanish conquistadors who came to this land once stubbornly imposed their traditions and customs on the local Indians, but despite this, the Mexicans managed to preserve their culture. Nowadays Mexico is a wonderful blend of European and American cultures, making it one of the most remarkable and original places to live in the world.
1.Mexico City is the oldest city in North America and one of the largest cities in the world.
2. Mexico ranks 14th in the world among the countries with the largest land area.
3. The first humans appeared in what is now Mexico by at least the 20th millennium B.C.
4. The Mayan city of Chichen Itza, one of the “7 New Wonders of the World”, is located on the Yucatan Peninsula.
Mexico is one of the world’s largest exporters of oil, though the country itself has very poorly developed oil refining.
6. Nowadays a large number of Indian tribes live in Mexico. Because of this, languages and dialects predominant in Europe are spoken in the country.
7. Iguanas of different colors and sizes are very common in villages and small towns in Mexico.
8.In the city of Guanajuato there is a mummy museum with 111 exhibits. All the bodies displayed there were mummified naturally because of the peculiarities of the local climate.
9. The word “Mexico” (“Mexico” in Spanish pronunciation) means “in the belly of the moon” from the Aztec Nahuatl words “Metztli” for “moon” and “xictli” for “belly”. The inhabitants of these lands pronounced the word as “meshiko.
10.The Mexican national sport is bullfighting. Most likely, it was at one time brought here by the Spaniards.
11. The official name of Mexico is Estados Únidos Mexicanos (United Mexican States).
12. In ancient times, Mexico was populated by powerful tribes, the most prominent of which were the Aztecs and the Maya.
13. Mexico is the fourth most biodiverse country in the world. Five types of climate and 9 of 11 types of ecosystems are represented here.
14. Health care for the people of Mexico is free, but of very poor quality.
15. Heavy things, especially basins, are often carried by women on their heads.
16.The two most famous volcanoes in Mexico that surround Mexico City are Popocatepetl and Istaxihuatl.
17. Mexico City is the city with the largest number of museums in the world.
18. Mexico has the second highest number of mammals with 491 species.
19. the Aztecs sacrificed from 10,000 to 50,000 people a year. During the reign of Montezuma II, 12,000 people were sacrificed in one day.
20. Only ten countries in the world have a larger population than Mexico, which has 109,955,400 people.
21. Tequila (full name Santiago de Tequila) is the name of the Mexican city where the main production of the drink of the same name is located.
22. The beaches of Cancun and Tulum are among the ten best beaches in the world according to TripAdvisor.
23. Double names are the norm for locals (e.g., Addy Maria or Carlos Antonio). It has nothing to do with the parents, just at birth they give not one name, but two.
24.In Mexico, the tricycle is the most common mode of transport in small villages. One wheel is on the back and two are on the front and they have a big basket in which they carry everything from firewood to people.
25.The Mexican capital, Mexico City, is the largest Hispanic city in the world.
26.Mexico is home to the only volcano on the planet whose emergence and end of growth has been recorded by scientists. In 8 years the volcano Paricutin, which emerged in the middle of the field of a local resident, reached a height of 424 meters.
27. When the Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortez arrived on Mexican shores, he was received as a god and presented with his sacred drink, cocoa.
28.More than 200,000 different species can be found in Mexico, which, according to various data, represents between 10% and 12% of the living things known to the world.
29. The capital of Mexico, Mexico City, is located in a basin surrounded by volcanoes.
30. Mexico is the largest producer of silver.
31.In Mexico, the inhabitants of very poor villages live in thatched huts. Often the only “piece of furniture” inside such a hut is a hammock.
32.There are ten archaeological parks in Mexico City. One of them was arranged around the Aztec pyramid, built in the 14th century.
33.Mexico holds the first place for the number of reptiles living on its territory – 707 species.
34. The part of Mexico known as the Yucatan Peninsula has been described since the time of the Conquista. A Spaniard asked an Indian what the place was called, and the answer he heard was “Yucatán.” But he had no idea what the native answered him, “I don’t understand you.”
35. The drink most consumed by Mexicans is… No, not tequila. It’s Coca-Cola.
36. Mexican cuisine is also recognized as World Heritage. Mexico gave the world chocolate, chili, and corn.
37. Mexico has the second longest coral reef, which is located 200 meters from the island of Cozumel, in the state of Quintana Roo.
38. Mexico hosted the Olympic Games, so it was the only country in Latin America where such a significant sporting event took place, and even twice.
39.In Mexico, corn is a universal product – it is eaten raw, boiled and grilled, tortillas, chowder, yoghurt and even corn ice cream with pieces of corn are made from it.
40.Believers from all over the world come to Mexico City to see the main shrine of Latin America, the cloak with the image of St. Mary of Guadalupe.
41. Mexico ranks fourth in amphibians with 282 species and plants with 26,000 species.
42. Mexico has 26 sites recognized by UNESCO as World Heritage Sites. This is more than in other countries – Egypt, Greece, Peru and the United States.
43. Mexico City is built on the ruins of the great Aztec city, Tenochtitlan.
44.One of the oldest trees, the Arbol de Tul, grows in Mexico. Its history began 2 thousand years ago, the tree reaches a height of about 40 feet.
45.There are about 60,000 cabs in Mexico. This is a world record.
46. Mexico is home to the very rare tailless rabbit (or “volcano rabbit”), which lives near Mexican volcanoes.
47.Tequilero is the name of a tequila specialist.
48.Dogs of the Chihuahua breed are named after the Mexican state of Chihuahua, where the species was first discovered in the mid-19th century.
49. Just over 77% of the cactus species growing in Mexico are endemic, meaning they cannot be found anywhere else in the world.
50. In Mexico, many cars do not have license plates – instead, they have a “data sheet” hanging on the back window.
55 interesting facts about Mexico
The blue agave plantation from which Mexican tequila is made
- In the past, Mexico was much larger, but after the U.S.-Mexico War, the states of Texas, New Mexico, and California were annexed to the United States.
- The Mexican city of Ciudad Juárez, infamous as the “murder capital of the world,” is listed year after year as one of the most dangerous cities in the world because of the constant drug cartel wars in its streets. Interestingly, it sits on the banks of the Rio Grande River, on the opposite bank of which stands the American city of El Paso, one of the safest cities in the United States.
- About a third of the entire border between Mexico and the United States is sealed off by a wall designed to stop illegal Mexican immigrants from entering. The wall is 1,078 kilometers long.
- The American company that built the above wall was fined many millions of dollars for the fact that it was found to have hired illegal Mexican migrants in the U.S. for the work.
- Mexicans like very, very spicy food. In every bag of chips here, you’ll find a bag of spicy (even to the point of tears!) sauce. And the ice cream vendors on the street will kindly offer to pour chili sauce on your ice cream.
The wall between Mexico and the U.S.
- The north of Mexico is much less safe than the south. Various drug cartels control it to a greater extent than government troops and police.
- Mexican villagers often block intercity highways with trees or chains, and demand tolls from all motorists.
- Of all the Spanish-speaking countries in the world, Mexico is the most populous. For the vast majority of the local population, Spanish is the native and primary language.
- In English and Spanish, the name of the country (Mexico) and its capital (Mexico City) both sound and spell the same.
- Many Mexicans do not like Americans, so a foreigner of Caucasian appearance trying to speak to locals in English may cause a negative reaction. Before you go to this country, it is highly desirable to learn at least a little Spanish.
Read also: 25 interesting facts about Mexico City.
- Despite the fact that Mexico is a poor country and generally quite criminal, the vast majority of Mexicans are extremely friendly. They themselves suffer from rampant banditry, and therefore do not sympathize with all sorts of thugs and robbers.
- If you are walking through the streets of a Mexican city and happen to stumble upon a bad neighborhood, the locals are likely to tell you right away.
- Mexico City, the capital of Mexico City, is over 2200 meters above sea level. Foreigners may initially feel dizzy here, because the atmospheric pressure is much lower than we are accustomed to.
- Mexico City and its suburbs have a population of over 20 million people, making it one of the largest metropolitan areas in the world.
- Mexico is washed by two oceans, the Pacific and the Atlantic.
Cancun is one of the most popular Mexican resorts
- One theory has it that the name of the country comes from “Meztli,” one of the names of the Aztec god of war. If this theory is correct, then the name “Mexico” means roughly “land of war.
- There are no safe cities here at night. In the daytime, crowded places are usually safe, especially where the police are on duty. And there are a lot of police here.
- Mexico owns a number of islands with a total area of about 6,000 km².
- In the winter, it can be chilly in the highlands, and the thermometer is close to zero.
- Several million Mexicans are direct descendants of the Maya.
Celebration For the Dead
- The Day of the Dead in this country is somewhat similar to Halloween. Everything is decorated with skeletons and skulls! In Mexico, however, the Catholic religion is mixed with Native American beliefs, and so it is somewhat altered, and Death as an image is generally respected here.
- As archeologists have established, the primitive people in territory of modern Mexico have appeared not less than 22 thousand years ago.
- Officially the country is called the United States of Mexico.
- The American-Mexican border is the second longest in the world, as much as 3201 km. It is second only to the U.S.-Canadian border.
- It is estimated that about half a million Mexicans cross the border illegally every year. Not only Mexicans but also people from other Central American countries who come to the United States through Mexican territory.
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- The city of Mexico City is on a lake, and because of its enormous mass, it is gradually sinking, and at an impressive rate of 10-12 cm annually.
- Mexico was a Spanish colony for exactly 300 years, and was part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain.
- It has also been an empire twice. The first Mexican empire lasted two years, the second lasted four.
- Several thousand Mexicans here are parishioners of the local branch of the Orthodox Church in America.
- About 5 million people in this country are Africans, or rather their descendants, mostly emigrants from Belize.
The Mayan pyramids attract hundreds of thousands of tourists every year
- Mexico is the third most powerful economy in the New World, behind only the U.S. and Canada.
- Along with Colombia, it is one of the world’s leaders in the production of illegal drugs. The fight against drug cartels is complicated by corruption – many government officials have their own interests in this dirty business.
- It was in this country that chocolate was invented. True, Mexico itself did not exist then.
- The Great Pyramid of Cholula, located here, is the largest in the world. It is larger than any of the Egyptian pyramids.
- Mexicans, by and large, had a sweet tooth, and carbonated beverages were more popular than any other. Statistics show that excessive consumption of sodas of all kinds kills more people here each year than crime.
One of Mexico City’s main pedestrian streets
- About 3 percent of all currency in Mexico comes from Mexicans working in the U.S. and sending money to their relatives back home.
- Mexico is famous for its tequila. The main production of this drink is in the city, which is called Santiago de Tequila.
- Corn is included in most Mexican dishes. They even make ice cream out of it! And pieces of corn are also added to it.
- On the beaches of the Caribbean coast of Mexico, the sand is not heated above the tolerable temperature, even in hot weather. It is mainly of coral origin, very white and very fine.
- Near the popular Mexican resort of Cancun is the world’s only underwater sculpture museum. A great place for diving.
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- In Mexico, it is customary to give a child not one name, but several at once, most often two. For example, Diego Carlos or Anna Maria.
- Since most Mexican cities are dominated by narrow streets, traffic is usually one-way.
- Mexicans often carry heavy things on their heads. However, you don’t see this in the big cities, only in the villages.
- The ancient Mayan city of Chichen Itza, located in Mexico, is recognized as one of the Seven New Wonders of the World.
- Mexico has the second highest number of Catholic citizens in the world. In first place is Brazil.
The police on the streets of Mexican cities are usually very numerous
- Snake meat in this country is part of several traditional dishes.
- In 1913, Mexican President Pedro Lascurian went down in history as the most “transient” president in the world. He held the position of head of state for less than one hour, after which he resigned.
- On average, 4,000 to 5,000 kidnappings occur each year in Mexico. These kidnappings are mostly for ransom purposes.
- There is only one legal gun store for all of Mexico. But in fact, all of the criminal underworld is heavily armed, and 90 percent of the illegal weapons are smuggled in from the United States.
- Armed guards are routinely stationed at the door of every decent place, from the supermarket to a restaurant. Banks and currency exchange places are out of the question.
One of the cenotes, the sinkholes for which Mexico is so famous