1. The Republic of Colombia is a Latin American nation.
2. It borders 10 other countries.
3. Colombia has not only a rich history, but also a unique geographical location. It is the only country on the continent to be washed simultaneously by the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean. It lies in a mountainous area and its territory is crossed by the equator.
4.Colombia is one of the most fascinating and distinctive countries in the world, which has preserved both the spirit of the colonization era and the ancient traditions of the local population in equal measure.
5. The beautiful country of Colombia, a former Spanish colony, still looks the same in some places as it did centuries ago.
THE CAPITAL OF COLOMBIA – BOGOTÁ
6. The Colombian capital Bogota was founded by the Spanish conquerors on the ruins of the Chibcha Indian civilization in the 16th century.
7. The capital of Colombia, Bogota, year after year ranks among the ten most dangerous cities in the world.
8. Panama was once part of the Republic of Colombia.
9. Colombia is about the size of Spain, Portugal, and France combined.
10. Colombia is named after Christopher Columbus.
11. The population of the whole of Colombia is twice as large as the population of Shanghai, China’s largest city.
12.More than 90% of the Colombian population speaks Spanish, the language of newspapers and television. Such a rate does not exist even in the homeland of the conquistadors.
13. Colombia is a very colorful country with a huge number of attractions. There are national parks, ancient ruins, Catholic cathedrals, and many natural beauties – volcanoes, botanical gardens, deserts and mountains, attracting hundreds of tourists.
14. Bogota Airport is the largest in Latin America.
15. Colombia is often called a summer country because the tropical sun shines here almost all year round.
16. A visit to Colombia’s waterfalls will be a great adventure if you are a nature lover, ecotourist and scenic sightseer.
17. A trip to these unexplored places can be quite dangerous, but the opportunity to take unique shots is worth it.
18. Most Colombians are devout Catholics. They regularly attend church, pray, and fast. Every conversation among the locals ends with the phrase Bendiciones, which means “Blessing.
19. There is a great respect for age in Colombia, so the older a person is, the more influence he has.
20. In Colombia abortion is forbidden, so it is not uncommon to become a mother here at the age of 14-18. The birth of a child is considered a divine blessing and is never condemned.
21. underage girls usually raise their children themselves, and there is no punishment for the father who refuses to raise the child.
THE CAÑO CRISTALES RIVER IN COLOMBIA
22. The country is home to the unusual Caño Cristales River, which is considered a natural wonder of the world. It’s all about the fact that, thanks to its unique composition, its water is colored in 5 different colors.
23. Colombia has 15 active volcanoes.
24. Almost all Colombians address each other as “you”, such as parents to children, brother to sister, and even pet owners to their pets. The exception is the Caribbean region. This is not a sign of respect for one’s interlocutor, just a habit developed from childhood.
25. Women in this country did not get the right to vote until 1957.
26. The symbol of Colombia is the condor, one of the largest birds in the world. Its wingspan can exceed three meters.
27. According to experts’ calculations, the average Colombian drinks about 400 billion cups of coffee every year.
28. The economy of Colombia is the fourth most developed country in Latin America.
CITY OF CARTAHEN
29. Local towns are a paradise for lovers of antiquities and fans of colonial architecture, because despite the fact that they live here is not rich, Colombians still have preserved many historic buildings.
EL PEÑÓN DE GUATEPE ROCK IN COLOMBIA
30. In the mountainous areas of the country, some settlements are separated from the main land by cliffs and rivers, so you can get there only with a steel cable. Not only adults, but also children rushing to school ride these devices. This design can reach speeds of up to 65 km/h, and even teenagers can use it.
31. Colombia has the largest salsa festivals on the planet, a parade of horses and flowers, and a large-scale carnival.
32. Colombia is home to more than 3,500 species of orchids.
33. The second largest city in Colombia is Medellín. It is known for crime and the giant escalator, which is 385 meters high.
34. Colombia is the 2nd most diverse country in the world, with more than 54,000 different species. The first place in this category belongs to neighboring Costa Rica.
35. Colombia mines about 90% of the world’s emeralds.
FAST Buses in Colombia
36. There are no subways in Colombia. But there are modern buses in the cities that run in dedicated lanes.
37. Because Bogotá, Colombia’s capital, is about 2,600 meters above sea level, it is quite cool. In the history of observations the temperature has never risen above +25.8 degrees, and once was even recorded frost of -6.4 degrees.
38. Here it is customary to give bouquets with an even number of flowers, not with an odd number, as we have in Russia.
39. It is not customary to take your shoes off when you enter a house in Colombia. The floors here are usually made of tile, which is always cold and easy to clean.
40. The walls of all houses in Colombian cities, like those in Venezuela, are covered with graffiti.
THE CULTIVATION OF COFFEE IN COLOMBIA
41. Colombia is the world’s third largest coffee producer, behind only Brazil and Vietnam.
42. Cocoa is also grown here, which is enjoyed not only by the Colombians, but also by tourists.
43. About 70% of all flowers sold in flower stores in the United States come from Colombia.
44. The natives here are very fond of soccer, so on the days when the national team plays, Colombians walk down the street in yellow t-shirts. Many network companies require their employees to wear them on race days.
45. Colombia has its own Armenia, is the name of the city, it is called the “City of Wonders. Here every year they hold an unusual festival, which is a race in American jeeps, created during the Second World War. Drivers perform a variety of stunts on the cars, while filling the interior with all kinds of junk.
JACK: KITTY, KITTY, KITTY.
46. Colombians call their dogs by saying “kitty, kitty, kitty.
47. Colombians don’t usually carry cell phones for fear of being robbed. But there are people at almost every intersection who will give you a phone for a fee. Of course, they are guarded by their comrades.
48. Drug lord Pablo Escobar, who was once the richest man in the world, was Colombian.
49. An asteroid, a mountain and a cape in Canada, and a river flowing through North America also bear the name “Colombia.”
50. Colombian cities beckon with fascinating excursions, natural parks with a wealth of fauna and flora, and coasts with magnificent beach vacations
Top 10 most beautiful places to visit in Colombia
Colombia has long been a center of drug trafficking, cartels and crime, but over the past two decades, this Latin American country has undergone significant changes for the better. The country has embraced tourism and economic development. Even in spite of previous problems, Colombians are regularly rated as the happiest people in the world.
Many travelers enjoy discovering this underrated country. The passing equator provides seas of sunshine and warmth. The coast is dotted with beautiful tropical beaches like a picture. There are many other attractions as well. Today most-beauty.co.uk brings you a look at 10 places in Colombia that are really worth visiting.
El Peñón de Guatape is a huge natural rock that towers over the beautiful town of Guatape, two hours from Medellín. The unusual rock is located near an artificial lake created in the 1960s for the needs of a hydroelectric power plant. It rises above the lake to 220 meters and has steep walls. This unique natural object is about 70 million years old. To climb the rock you can only by a single crevice, along the whole length of which, like a seam seamstress, built a ladder. The peak was conquered only in 1954 by two local residents. They wanted to write on the steep wall of the rock the name of the city of Guatape, but only had enough strength to write the letter G and the unfinished U. These letters can still be seen today. After climbing over 600 steps, the tourists are welcomed at the top of the observation deck, which offers a mind-blowing view of the lake and the surrounding area.
In the early ’90s Medellín was only mentioned in criminal reports and was the capital of murder and robbery. The notorious drug lord Pablo Escobar was the mastermind of the city. The authorities were mired in corruption. Any resident who dared to earn an honest living had to pay tribute. Pablo Escobar was arrested in 1993. Things have changed since then. Only memories of crime and lawlessness remain, which the locals are happy to share with tourists. Now it is a quiet city with beautiful architecture and a mild climate. The climate is the main treasure of the city. The average annual temperature is around 24 ° C. Medellin is also called the “City of eternal spring.
By the way, you can read on our website most-beauty.ru a list of the most dangerous cities in the world in this article.
Tired of lounging on paradisiacal beaches or lying in a hammock in the rainforest? Want to relax and get your stagnant blood flowing a little? Then we can recommend the once colonial mountain town of San Gil in Colombia. This is one of the centers of all tourism in the country. Active recreation is well developed here. Tourists are offered mountain biking, rock climbing, rafting, kayaking, canyoning, paragliding and much more.
In addition to sports, tourists can enjoy the architecture of the times of the Spanish colonizers, visit the ancient cathedral and the local covered market.
Bogota is a very colorful and beautiful city. Before the arrival of Columbus there was an ancient indigenous settlement. The Spanish conquistadors began to develop it in 1538. And it is also one of the highest capitals in the world. The city is almost 3,000 meters high in the Andes. Bogota today has a very vibrant nightlife. The city never sleeps. Street artists seem to rainbow over the streets and buildings, making it a whole work of art.
Tyrone National Park
Near the seaside town of Santa Marta is Tyrone National Park. It’s hard to imagine a more beautiful and picturesque place in all of Colombia. It’s an enchanting combination of wild Caribbean beaches and rainforests that go straight to the foothills of snow-capped mountains. You just want to grab a tent, some gear and food and just get lost in all this beauty for a while. Every tourist here will feel like a discoverer, exploring the remains and ruins of ancient cities. In this corner of paradise time seems to stand still.
Another tourist spot on the northern coast of Colombia is the city of Cartagena. The city is in constant motion, the days are replaced by the nights and the nights fly by in a constant atmosphere of festivity. It is significant because it was the first settlement founded in 1534 by Spanish colonists. And it was also the first place from which the emancipation of slaves and the fight against the slave trade throughout North America began. There are themed exhibitions for tourists about that harsh time.
Popayán is one of the southernmost major cities of Colombia. It is located between two mountain ranges about 140 km south of Cali. This location means the rains. It rains almost half the year. So if you are going to this city, you should bring an umbrella. Despite this, the climate here is quite favorable. The ancient colonial city has unique features. It is also called the “white city” because of the color of the buildings, which are all painted or have a natural white color.
Capurgana and nearby Sapzurro is the last piece of Colombian land before entering the Panama Canal. It is truly a paradise with stunning beaches that transition into the gorgeous reefs of the Caribbean Sea. It’s just like the picture of an advertisement. Soft sand, dense jungle behind you and the sound of waves. Wildlife is simply teeming with all kinds of strange creatures. It is here you can easily feast on seafood delicacies, freshly caught from the sea. But beware! Local monkeys can easily steal something from you. And as an extra – why not try to go or swim to the other continent? It’s a stone’s throw from here.
Santa Rosa de Cabal
A city with a population of only 60,000. Santa Rosa is famous for only two things: the ancient silk industry and the Termales. It is a thermal pool combined with a waterfall, which as a work of art can no longer be called a work of art. This place is located 200 km south of the city of Medellín. It is very convenient for any traveler to pop in and take a dip in the water with perfect temperature. In the evening you can order drinks and enjoy them right in the water.
By the way, our website most-beauty.ru has an interesting article about the most beautiful Colombian women in the world.
Santiago de Cali
This city has long been known as the capital of salsa. This passionate Latin American dance is everywhere – in homes, cafes, and just on the streets. People here don’t dance for the money or the performance, but just for the fun and enjoyment. If you go there, be prepared to dance the night away. Good and comfortable shoes will come in handy. The surrounding area is unique in the number of exotic animals and birds. This is where you can watch the birds of paradise. Do not miss such a chance.
Pictured: Las Lajas Church, built over an exquisite arched bridge.
This is just a small part of all the wonderful places to visit once you’re in Colombia. And what sights do you know of in this country? Write about them in the comments.