Altamura (Italy) – the most detailed information about the city with photos. The main sights of Altamura with descriptions, travel guides and maps.
City of Altamura (Italy).
Altamura is an important historical city located in the heart of the Puglia region of southeastern Italy. It is known for its Baroque architecture, ancient churches and an interesting archaeological museum. Altamura is the largest city on the Murga plateau and a major agricultural processing center.
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Geography and climate
Altamura is located in the central part of Puglia in the province of Bari on the Murge (Murge) plateau. It has a subtropical climate with hot, dry summers and mild, rainy winters.
The streets of Altamura
- Population – 70.5 thousand people
- Area – 431.38 km2
- Language – Italian
- Currency – Euro
- Visa – Schengen
- Time – Central European UTC +1.
The area around Altamura has been inhabited since ancient times. The settlement here was founded in the pre-Roman period and was originally surrounded by megalithic walls built in the V – III centuries BC. The first mentions of the city of Altamura date back to the 11th century.
In 1232 the city was visited by the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II and laid the basilica here. In fact, from the 13th century until the 18th century Altamura was ruled by different noble dynasties. In the second half of the 19th century the city became part of Italy.
Santa Maria Assunta Cathedral
The Cathedral of Santa Maria Assunta is Altamura’s main attraction, located on the Piazza del Duomo, which is the central and most important square of the city. The church was laid out by Frederick II in the first half of the 13th century and was built in the Romanesque-Gothic style.
The facade, dominated by two towers, is dominated by a 14th century portal with scenes from the New Testament carved into it. Above the portal is a rose window, a rare example of the 14th century Apulian style. The entrance to the cathedral is rich in decoration and sculpture, enclosed in a projecting veranda supported by two stone lions. On the vaults of the portal are carved 22 scenes from the life of Jesus from birth to death and resurrection.
The interior of the church is in the Baroque style. The internal space is divided by columns into three naves. Inside, one can admire a stone pulpit and choir from the 16th century, as well as a wooden ceiling decorated with gold moldings. The central nave ends with an impressive 18th-century high altar.
Clock Tower and the Altamuran Revolution Monument
The Altamuran Revolution monument commemorates the citizens’ uprising against the Bourbon rule which ended in their defeat and brutal suppression. Behind the monument is the clock tower of the cathedral, built in 1858 (just three years before the unification of Italy).
The Porta Bari is the old city gate built between the 16th and 17th centuries. Although almost all the city walls of Altamura were demolished in the 19th century, the gate survived (presumably because of its architectural value or because it is inseparable from the adjacent palazzo).
Church of Sant’Agostino
The Church of Sant’Agostino is a 16th-century religious structure that was part of an Augustinian monastery that closed in the early 19th century.
San Nicola dei Grecchi
San Nicola dei Grecchi is a Gothic-style Greek church founded in 1232. It is a simple hewn stone building with a beautiful portal and a rose window on the facade. The interior, with a single nave and small side chapels, has an interesting 17th century wooden ceiling with scenes from the life of St. Nicholas.
The Martyrs’ Gate is another old city gate dating from the 16th century. Today all that remains of it is the hewn stone archway and the surrounding wall that served as the foundation for the building. In the immediate vicinity of the gate, you can see the remains of fortifications from the Middle Ages and Spanish rule.
San Michele el Corso
San Michele al Corso is a small 17th-century Catholic church with a small bell tower added to the roof. Inside you can see some valuable 18th- and 19th-century paintings.
Church of San Liberatore
The Church of San Liberatore is an ancient little church from the early 16th century, built to commemorate the deliverance of Altamura from the plague. The building rests on the inside of the Porta dei Martiri (better known as the “Gate of the Martyrs”) as well as on the medieval city wall, which is now almost completely destroyed.
San Domenico is a Catholic church founded by the Dominican order in the 16th century and completed in the 18th century. It is a striking example of Apulian Baroque and is distinguished by its massive 37-meter-high dome decorated with majolica tiles.
Santa Teresa is a Baroque Catholic church built in 1712 by the Order of the Discalced Carmelites.
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