Air extreme tourism

Air extreme tourism

Parachuting is a serious business, and all the following disciplines require serious training. But first we need to understand what each of them is.

Classic parachuting includes two exercises. The first is a jump on the accuracy of landing. The task is to hit a target 3 cm in size. The second exercise – a set of figures in freefall. The competition is for time. Rather conservative kind of sport: the complex of figures does not undergo changes for many years. Requires honed skills and consistency of results.

Skisurfing is ski jumping to perform various freefall figures. Having appeared in Russia not long ago, skisurfing immediately became very popular.

BASE jumping. For doing what you love – skydiving – Base Jumper does not need an airplane or other flying apparatus. He manages with an ordinary elevator, and often their own hands and feet plus climbing equipment.

BASEASE athlete climbs to the roof of a building, preferably a skyscraper, a TV tower, a mountain or a rock and jumps down.

Even enthusiasts of the sport say that it is one of the most dangerous types, even at the extreme.

In Russia, jumping from high-rise buildings and structures is considered petty hooliganism and punishable in full accordance with the Criminal Code.

Hot air ballooning for the common man is available at various festivals that take place in our country. Range of the balloon flight depends on the wind force (of course no one will fly in a hurricane), with an average wind force is 20-30 km. The place of landing depends entirely on weather conditions.

Hang gliding is among rapidly developing world famous sports. There are about 90,000 hang-gliders around the world today, and about a thousand new hang-gliders take to the skies every year. Modern hang-gliders are incredibly stable and durable, and their flights are limited only by weather conditions and pilot’s experience. [5, p. 76 – 79]

Exotic kinds of extreme tourism

Space tourism is the most expensive and perhaps the most exotic kind of extreme tourism – a trip to the orbit of the Earth. While space tourists can be counted on the fingers of one hand. The pioneers were the American millionaire Dennis Tito and South African citizen Mark Shuttleworth. A week’s stay on the International Space Station cost at least $20 million each.

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Kitesurfing. The essence of kitesurfing is that a person standing on a board, accelerates with the help of a kite, a rope from which is in his hands. Kitesurfing can be done both in the mountains and on flat terrain, the prerequisite is wind. You can even ride on any field, however flat or bumpy. But special chic is to ride on a board on the bodies of water covered with ice crust and covered with snow. In addition, the beds of rivers or lakes are usually the windiest places. The amazing off-season versatility allows you to use kites in both winter and summer. And some professionals make jumps up to 100m in length and 30m in height. The kite allows you to reach speeds that are more than twice the speed of the wind.

Jailoo tourism is one of the types of exotic extreme recreation – life in a primitive tribe with all the charms of nomadic life. This fascinating kind of tourism is successfully developing in the high mountain pastures of Kyrgyzstan. You are offered to sleep right on the floor of shepherd’s yurt, next to the hearth’s smoke, fresh mutton and koumiss, as well as horseback riding in the mountains and pastures. A great opportunity to take a break from the big city.

Tourism on the North and South Poles. Quite recently cruises to the Arctic and Antarctica began. And more and more eager to visit the extreme climatic conditions and see the exotic animals, such as penguins.

There are also such exotic tours as a trip to Chernobyl or a trip through the jungle.

Willing to go to Chernobyl for obvious reasons, not a lot. After all, even after two decades, the ecological situation in the area is far from optimal. Of course, send there thrill-seekers in special suits, accompanied by specialists with dosimeters.

When hiking in the jungle tourists have an opportunity to literally blend into nature and still be cut off from the civilized world. Even if such a tour group has modern means of satellite communication, it may take hours or days for help to arrive, so any emergency could have serious consequences.

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To summarize, it is obvious that adventure tourism is a very interesting, exciting form of recreation and every year is becoming more and more popular among different segments of the population, despite its cost. It is noteworthy that the Russians are some of the biggest fans of extreme tourism, although in Russia the average income of the population is low. Russian extreme tourists participate in many international competitions, and often Russian representatives are among the strongest.

Compared to Russia, extreme tourism in other parts of the world – in East Asia, Europe, North America – is developed to a fairly high degree. Residents of Europe and especially North America even include extreme tourism to the most popular sports. In addition, the income of the population of these parts of the world is much higher than in Russia, so almost everyone can engage in extreme tourism.

The most promising places for extreme tourism in Russia are Kamchatka, Sakhalin and Altai, because the nature itself is created for extreme sports. In these areas you can build a lot of upscale ski resorts. There are also many places for mountain climbing, speleology, mountain biking, kayaking and rafting. If the problem of financing the development of tourist infrastructure is solved in these areas, not only Russians but also residents of neighboring countries (Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia, Korea, Japan) will come here.

It is obvious that extreme tourism will progressively develop. The task of the state is to make it as safe as possible for the participants and to avoid uncontrolled use and destruction of natural tourist resources. Extreme tourism is one of the most dangerous kinds of tourism, its purpose is to feel the danger. All kinds of dangers in extreme tourism can be classified according to the nature of the phenomenon and the role of tourists in the emergence of a dangerous situation.

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Risk factors in extreme tourism are classified according to their nature:

– Traumatic hazards – the result of movement of mechanisms and objects (rockfalls, avalanches, etc.), unfavorable ergonomic characteristics of equipment, dangerous atmospheric phenomena;

– environmental impact – the risk of adverse weather conditions;

– biological impact – the risk of animal bites, poisonous insects, vectors of infection, ingestion of poisonous microorganisms in the human body;

– psychophysiological stress – the risk of physical and mental overload in tourists during the passage of difficult, dangerous parts of the route;

– the risk of ultraviolet and radiation exposure;

– chemical effects – toxic, irritating, sensitizing;

– specific risk factors – possibility of natural and technogenic catastrophes on the route, bad technical state of objects, low level of training of operating personnel, instructors, insufficient information support on the route.

Control over fulfillment of safety requirements of extreme tourism must be carried out before the beginning of the tourist season and in the course of current inspections by the authorized state bodies according to their competence. [8]

Diachenko O.N., Polesskaya O.P. Organization of special kinds of tourism

Parachuting is a serious business, and all disciplines listed below require serious training. But first of all it is worth to understand what each of them is.

Classic parachuting includes two exercises: the first – jumps on the accuracy of landing. The task is to hit a target 3 m in size. The second exercise – a set of figures in freefall. The competition is for time. Rather conservative kind of sport: the set of figures itself has not undergone changes for many years. Requires perfected skills and consistency of results.

Group acrobatics. This discipline aims to build a maximum number of different figures by a team of several parachutes. The classic number of parachutes in a team is 4 and 8. There are also teams of 16 athletes. A team of four can build about 30 figures during the free fall.

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Dome acrobatics is to build formations from the domes of unfolded parachutes. It is fundamentally different from other types of parachuting where the work on the result is done before the opening of the parachute (except for jumps on the accuracy of landing).

When performing canopy acrobatics figures parachutes are in direct contact with parachutes of other sportsmen and the canopies often collapse. That’s why special equipment is necessary for parachutists who are engaged in dome acrobatics.

After all figures are constructed there’s a stage when parachutists have to depart from each other and make a landing approach. This is the most difficult and dangerous part of the exercise. If the canopies are clamped to each other even activation of canopy detachment locks may not help and the canopy won’t come off. The opening of the reserve parachute in such a situation is quite dangerous. This makes the canopy acrobatics one of the most risky kinds of skydiving.

Freestyle skydiving is relatively young type of skydiving, it appeared about 10 years ago. It consists in showing different figures in the freefall by the sportsman. It evaluates the beauty and complexity of elements performed with a parachute, as well as the skill of the air operator, who shoots the athlete in the air.

Skisurfing is ski jumping to perform various freefall figures. Having recently appeared in Russia, skisurfing immediately became very popular.

Aerodynamics of the skier is very different from the simple freefall, so ski jumping is considered almost another sport. Since all elements are performed in free fall, an aerial cameraman is needed to evaluate the jump, so that members of the jury can make their marks based on the video recordings made by this cameraman. Thus, the team consists of two members – a skier and a sports cameraman. Only the first 50 seconds of the video of the jump are counted. Evaluated mvsternost and artistry performed figures, as well as the quality of the operator.

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Base jumping . Base-jumper to do what he loves – skydiving – does not need an airplane or other flying equipment. He manages with an ordinary elevator, and often their own hands and feet plus climbing equipment.

Climbing sportsman climbs to the roof of a building, preferably a skyscraper, a TV tower, a mountain or a rock and jumps down.

Even enthusiasts of the sport say that it is one of the most dangerous types, even against the extreme. In Russia, jumping from high-rise buildings and structures is considered minor hooliganism and punishable in full accordance with the Criminal Code.

Flying in hot air balloons for the common man is available at various festivals that take place in our region. Distance of the balloon flight depends on the wind strength (of course no one will fly in a hurricane), with an average wind force it is 20-30 km. The place of landing depends entirely on weather conditions.

Hang gliding is among rapidly developing world famous sports. Today there are around 90,000 hang-gliders globally, plus around a thousand new hang-gliders take to the skies every year. Today’s machines are incredibly stable and robust, and flying them can only be limited by weather conditions and the experience of the pilot himself.

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