Agrigento: an Italian city in the region of Sicily

Agrigento

Agrigento is a city of undeniable charm, preserving archeological sites of unforgettable beauty and memories of the people who have imprinted its name in the centuries.

Acragas for the Greeks, Agrigenta for the Romans, Kerkent Herment for the Arabs and Girgenti for the Normans: the name Agrigento was officially given to the city during the Nazi occupation, due to the mispronunciation of the Latin name “in Italian”.

Agrigento is situated on a hilltop, in the very spot chosen by the Arabs who completely rebuilt the city after its conquest and total devastation. The historical evidence of the primordial Akragas and of Greek domination remains only in the Valley of the Temples, located at the very base of this hill.

The panorama that Agrigento offers will surely captivate everyone: the immediate proximity to the sea, the hilly landscape with an endless array of olive, orange and almond trees and flowers, the cobblestone alleys and small courtyards that make up the city center. It all has a mysterious charm that increases dramatically in the pre-dawn hours.

Panorama of the temple of Juno. Photo flickr.com

Agrigento is without a doubt a city that will not leave its visitor disappointed, because it is simply impossible to get bored here. Churches, palaces, museums, archaeological sites, fountains, squares and streets: this city, located in the southwest of Sicily, has preserved many sites of historical, artistic and archaeological heritage of different cultures and peoples.

It is worth mentioning that in the province of Agrigento was born one of the leading writers of Italy, Luigi Pirandello, winner of the Nobel Prize in 1934.

A brief history of Agrigento

Founded in 581 B.C. by Greek settlers from Rhodes and Crete, Acragas quickly became one of the most important cities of ancient Greece, the second most important Greek colony in Sicily after Syracuse.

The urban area of Greek Akragas consisted of 456 hectares and was surrounded by fortress walls with nine gates. It had a population of about 300,000 and was considered by Greek poets as the “most beautiful city of mortals”. The city reached its heyday in the fifth century BC, under the reign of the tyrant Theron, who expanded his holdings to the northern coast of Sicily. During this period, art and culture flourished in Akragas: the temple of Zeus and most of the temples that can still be seen today in the Valley of the Temples were built.

The remains of the Temple of Zeus in the Valley of the Temples of Agrigento. Photo flickr.com

In 210 BC, the city was conquered by the Romans and annexed to the Roman Empire, but in the following centuries Agrigento, still under Roman rule, survived the Arab invasion. The conquerors destroyed the city almost completely and then founded a settlement on a hilltop, where today it is possible to admire the historic city center of typical Arab form, with small alleyways and courtyards that converge on the Via Atenea, which continues to this day to be the most important “artery” of the city.

Via Atenea crosses the entire historic center of Agrigento and houses many beautiful palaces and churches, which in architectural style are sometimes quite different from each other. The temples and churches of the city contain treasures often unknown to the general public, for example, numerous works of Serpota and Gagini can be seen here. In the heart of the old town, as many centuries ago, there are small private inns where wine is poured and anchovies and Sicilian olives are served.

In 1087 Agrigento was conquered by the Normans. The Normans gave new impetus to the development of art and Christian culture and built numerous churches and fortifications that protected Agrigento from the Saracen pirates.

In the 18th century, it was under the Bourbon domination until 1860, when Sicily was annexed to the Kingdom of Italy.

Today it extends over an area of 245 square kilometers and is located at 230 meters above sea level, with a population of about 55,500.

What to see in Agrigento?

Historic center

The historic center of Agrigento is rich of historical monuments and palaces which tell the story of the city’s glorious past, but today, unfortunately, the old town is in a state of disrepair. Still, this fact does not prevent tourists to walk its streets and admire many places of historical and artistic interest.

The central street of Agrigento is Via Atenea. Feast of San Calogero. Photo flickr.com

Churches

In Agrigento you will find many religious buildings worthy of your attention: from the church of “Addolorata”, famous for its underground crypts, to the church of San Francesco di Paola, with two beautiful bell towers; from the “representative” Baroque church of San Giuseppe to the 16th-century Greek-Albanian church of “Del Itria”. In addition, interesting churches, from an architectural and historical point of view, are

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– The Church of San Lorenzo, Baroque in style, with a facade adorned with numerous statues;

– The Basilica of the Immaculate Conception, with its beautiful interior, housing the marble tombs of nobles and clergymen;

– The Church of St. Nicholas, where there is a wooden crucifix of which Pirandello’s short story is narrated.

Don’t forget to visit the Cathedral, now known as the Cathedral of St. Geraldo, the patron saint of the city. This building was built in 1100 and took over 200 years to build!

Agrigento Cathedral. Interior. Photo flickr.com

These are just some of the basilicas and churches that the city of Agrigento offers to see. In addition to taking photos in front of each of the city’s temples, we recommend that you go inside and appreciate the heritage of great significance housed in each of them.

Palaces and other interesting architectural objects

In addition to religious monuments, Agrigento offers many beautiful buildings and structures for the tourist. These include the town hall that was built on the ruins of an ancient Dominican monastery from the XVII century, the Prefect’s Palace built in the second half of the XIX century, the post office building from the Fascist era and the Palazzo del Genio Civile. The list of interesting buildings should also include the Pirandello Theatre (formerly dedicated to Queen Margherita and only after 1946 to a famous writer) and the Municipal Theatre of the city, built by Giovanni Battista Basile and Dionisio Chacha.

Piazza Pirandello. Agrigento. Photo flickr.com

Luigi Pirandello’s parent’s house

Everyone who comes to Agrigento is sure to go to the parental home of Luigi Pirandello, where the Nobel Prize winner was born in 1867.

Squares and avenues

Much of Agrigento’s beauty is born in its avenues and squares. Start your walk on Via della Vittoria, where you’ll find Villa Bonfiglio, the most beautiful park in the city with its greenery, then stroll through Piazza Vittorio Emanuele, crowded with beautiful buildings, don’t miss also Piazza Cavour and Marconi and of course Via Atenea, which runs through the entire city.

Piazza Municipio. Agrigento. Photo flickr.com

Museums

Agrigento’s museums are certainly worth seeing. Among all the regional museums, the Archaeological Museum of Agrigento stands out as the most visited in all of Sicily: its collections take you on a journey through the history, art and ethnography of the region. Do not miss the Museo Civico, located in Piazza Municipio, where some medieval and Renaissance sculptures and paintings of great artistic importance are preserved.

Province of Agrigento

Beach lovers must go to San Leone beach, the most famous and famous beach in the province of Agrigento, located at the foot of the Valley of the Temples. In summer, this beach is always crowded with vacationers. Another obligatory stop in the province of Agrigento is Porto Empedocle, the birthplace of Pirandello and the contemporary Italian writer Andrea Camilleri. In addition, in this seaside town there are the ruins of an ancient Roman villa.

San Leone beach. Sunset. Photo flickr.com

Valley of the Temples

Although the city of Agrigento cannot compare in beauty to Florence, Venice or Rome, it has a lot to offer the tourist. Travelers from all over the world come to Agrigento to admire the calling card of this Sicilian city: the picturesque Valley of Temples, which is nothing else than the ruins of the ancient Akragas, that is the primordial Greek Agrigento. Located to the southeast of the center of Agrigento, this valley allows us to imagine the period of prosperity and greatness of the city under the Greek Empire. Here the ancient Greeks built a series of Doric temples in the fifth century B.C.; some of them are still perfectly preserved, some have only remains, but even the sight of the ruins makes every tourist speechless.

Admission is paid and the valley is open from 9:00 am until sunset.

The main attractions of the Valley of the Temples:

Temple of Concordia (Tempio della Concordia)

This is one of the most impressive and best preserved temples. Built around 430 BC, the Temple of Concordia or Concordia is a ritualistic building in Doric style and is almost 100% reminiscent of the famous Parthenon Temple in Athens. The temple has a quadrangular shape, its width is 20 meters and 42 meters wide. Its columns were built by ancient Greek architects in such a way as to give everyone an optical illusion: the temple looks higher and more majestic than it really is.

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Temple of Concordia. Photo flickr.com

Temple of Zeus (Tempio di Zeus)

Executed in rows of seven columns, unlike all other temples which rest on six columns, the Temple of Zeus is one of the largest buildings in the Valley: it measures 113 meters long and 36 meters wide. Unfortunately, the temple was not completed. The temple in honor of Zeus, the god of Olympus, was built to commemorate the victory of the Carthaginians, but all that’s left of this temple today is a row of columns. Next to this temple is the Atlantean, which once supported the vaults of the temple (now in a reclining position), 8 meters in height.

Atlantus. Temple of Zeus. Photo flickr.com

The other temples are even worse preserved, but worth noting are the Temple of Hercules (Tempio di Ercole), probably the oldest in the Valley, the Temple of Juno (Tempio di Giunone), the Temple of Dioscuri (tempio dei Dioscuri), the Tomb of Theron (la tomba di Theron) and the Temple of Castor and Polluce (Tempio di Castoro e Polluce).

Temple of Juno. Photo flickr.com

What to try in Agrigento?

As is customary in cities close to the coast, seafood-based cuisine dominates in Agrigento. Try sardine pasta, squid soup, cod “alla saccenese”, baked mussels with chili peppers, grilled fish or marinated raw shrimp – these are dishes you can find in every restaurant. Deviating from the “sea” theme, Agrigento offers a long series of traditional recipes. These include, for example, rabbit stew, sausages with fennel, sesame and chili, lean veal seasoned with cheese and ham cooked in the oven, etc.

Do not forget to try the sweets, which are the real gem of this province of Italy. Caponata and Cassatine, cannoli and almond dough, chocolate and pistachios are just some of the main desserts of the city. Almonds are a distinctive addition to the dough in the area: among the most famous recipes are Cubaita, with honey and roasted almonds, and MARTURANA cakes.

Festivals in Agrigento: highlights

Almond Blossom Festival

The most popular event for which the whole town gathers is the Almond Blossom Festival. This festival is celebrated in February to celebrate the imminent arrival of spring in Sicily. The almond blossom makes Agrigento a truly spectacular place this season: thousands of tourists flock to the city during this period because the Valley of the Temples turns into a musical scene overflowing with aromas and delicate pink colors. In conjunction with the almond blossoms, two international folklore festivals take place in the heart of the ancient Greek city, with the Golden Temple Award being given to the best folk band.

Almond Blossom Festival. Photo flickr.com

A whirlwind of sounds, flowers and processions is how San Calogero is celebrated for two weeks in July, despite the fact that this saint is not the city’s patron saint (Agrigento’s protector is San Geraldo). But traditionally it is in honor of San Calogero that Agrigento has a huge mass procession with the statue of the saint through the streets of the city, singing folk songs and dancing to the sound of the “Zingarella”.

Feast of San Calogero. Photo flickr.com

Feast of Persephone

Numerous exhibitions and performances take place in June in the Valley of the Temples, near the temple of Hera, to celebrate the ancient Greek festival of Persephone, daughter of Zeus, goddess of fertility.

Blues&Wine Soul Festival

Once again, the Valley of the Temples is the undisputed star of the festival, which takes place in July. The blues and soul music festival, along with wine tasting, takes place among the remains of ancient Akragas – what could be more impressive! A similar event is held in August with a festival called Moments of International Folklore.

Where to stay in Agrigento?

Agrigento offers a good selection of hotels, especially three and four-star hotels. Depending on your needs and your budget, you can choose from different categories of hotels – hotels, agriturismo cottages or bed-and-breakfasts.

Here are the top 5 hotels in the province of Agrigento, according to traveler reviews left on Boking.com.

1. Foresteria Baglio Della Luna – Via Serafino Amabile Guastella 1C – C.da Maddalusa (Valle dei Templi), 92100 San Leone, Italy

Hotel Baglio della Luna is located 5 km from the Valley of the Temples in Agrigento, 800 meters from the beach.

2. Colleverde Park Hotel – Via Dei Templi, 92100 Agrigento, Italy

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Colleverde Park Hotel is a 15-minute walk from the famous archaeological sites of Agrigento and 2 km from its center. It offers views of the Valley of the Temples.

3. Hotel Exclusive – Via Acrone15, 92100 Agrigento, Italy

Hotel Exclusive is located in the center of Agrigento, opposite the train station. It overlooks the Valley of the Temples and the Mediterranean Sea.

4. Hotel Costazzurra – Via delle Viole 2, 92100 San Leone, Italy

Hotel Costazzurra is located in the seaside resort town of San Leone, just 3 km from the Valley of the Temples.

5. Hotel Concordia – Via San Francesco D’Assisi 11, 92100 Agrigento, Italy

Hotel Concordia is located in Agrigento, a 5-minute walk from the train station.

How to reach Agrigento?

By plane

Unfortunately, the city of Agrigento does not have its own airport. You can land in Catania, Palermo or Trapani and then take a bus or perhaps rent a car (from this link). Your efforts will be rewarded when you arrive at your destination!

Palermo Falcone Borsellino Airport (PMO) serves direct flights from all major Italian and European cities. Once you have landed in Palermo you can get to Agrigento by taking the Trinacria Express train which leaves every half hour from the airport and arrives Palermo Central Station. From Palermo station there are many trains to Agrigento (travel time about 2 hours).

From Palermo airport there is also a direct bus to Agrigento (SAL company).

An alternative is The Cattana-Fontanarossa International Airport (CTA)The alternative is the Catania-Fontanarossa International Airport (CTA), where all major international airlines land.

From Catania Airport there is a direct bus to Agrigento (SAIS Trasporti). The travel time is about 2.5 hours.

By car

From Taormina, take the A18 highway to Catania, then continue on the A19 towards Palermo, exit at “Caltanissetta” and continue on SS 640 towards Agrigento.

From Palermo take the A19 in the direction of Catania, exit at “Villabate” and then continue on SS 121 for approximately 118 km till your destination.

From Syracuse, take SS 115 via Noto, Ragusa, and Gelu as far as Agrigento.

From mainland Italy:

Follow the A3 Salerno-Reggio Calabria, exit at Villa San Giovanni, where the ferry to Messina is located. From Messina take the A18 to Catania, continue on the A19 Catania-Palermo, exit at “Caltanissetta”, then continue on SS 640 to Agrigento.

By train

Agrigento has its own train station, but with the exception of Palermo, train connections to other cities in Sicily and Italy suffer. If you take the train in Taormina or Catania, you will have to make one or more transfers.

By bus

The best way to get to Agrigento remains the buses that leave/arrive at the city bus station (Piazza Rosselli).

Agrigento

Agrigento, a city and province in southern Sicily, boasts a long history. People lived here during the Copper Age, and the ancient Greeks created a powerful state. Ancient temples, castles, palaces and amphitheaters testify to its prosperity.

Geography

Agrigento is on the southeastern coast of Sicily. To the north the area is bounded by the Sicani Mountains (Monti Sicani), so much of the region is covered with hills. The highest peak of the Roses (Monte delle Rose) is 1436 m high. Here grow primrose, hawthorn, orchids. On the slopes there is an ancient necropolis (VIII century BC).

Map of the province of Agrigento, Sicily

Along the eastern border runs the largest river in Sicily – Salso, on the west – Belice. Despite this, the island cannot boast abundant water resources, so the locals need imported water. Part of Agrigento’s problem is solved by the reservoirs located on its territory – Lake Magazzolo, Lake of Orange (Lago Arancio), the dam of St. Giovanni (Diga San Giovanni).

The islands

The province includes the Pelagie Islands (Isole Pelagie) – the southernmost archipelago of Italy, located near Africa, between Malta and Tunisia.

Pelagie Islands (Isole Pelagie)

It consists of 3 volcanic islands – Lampedusa, Linosa and Lampione. The first two are inhabited by people, the last – is uninhabited. There are no rivers and lakes on the islands, so the only source of fresh water is the rain.

The unique marine life and mild climate attract many tourists. Tortoises live here and lay their eggs.

Administrative division

Agrigento was a province until 2015. Then it was granted autonomy and the region acquired the status of the Libero consorzio comunale di Agrigento (Free Municipal Consortium of Agrigento).

The region consists of 43 municipalities with more than 435,000 inhabitants. The capital city of Agrigento, which in ancient times was on the list of the main colonies of Ancient Greece, today has about 60 thousand inhabitants.

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Climate

Agrigento is one of the warmest regions of Sicily, but it doesn’t have the extremes of weather that other parts of the island experience during heat waves. In winter, the thermometer rarely drops below 7 ° C, while in summer it is around 27 ° C.

The average temperature in Agrigento ranges from:

  • January: 8…14°C;
  • February: 8 … 14,5 ° C;
  • March: 9…16°C;
  • April: 11…19°C;
  • May: 14…24°C;
  • June: 19 … 28°C; July: 21 … 30°C;
  • July: 21 … 30°C; August: 22 … 31°C;
  • August: 22 … 31°C; August: 22 … 31°C;
  • September: 19 … 28°C; July: 22 … 31°C; September: 19 … 28°C;
  • October: 16…24°C;
  • November: 12…19°C; December: 9…16°C;
  • December: 9 … 16°C.

Attractions in the capital

Agrigento was founded in the sixth century BC. The historical center is located on the western side of the hill Girgenti. There are ancient churches, monasteries, palaces and fragments of city walls. In the cemetery of Bonamorone there are tombs, statues, chapels of the past centuries, as well as a temple dedicated to the soldiers who died during the two world wars.

In Agrigento there are many houses built in the style of Arab-Norman art:

  • Palazzo Steri (Palazzo Steri).
  • Seminary building (sede del seminario).
  • The bishop’s palace (Palazzo vescovile).
  • The monumental complex of Santo Spirito (complesso monumentale di Santo Spirito).

The main attraction is the Valley of the Temples (Valle dei Templi), an area of more than 1.3 thousand hectares. Here are the remains of ancient city walls, gates, an ancient necropolis, theaters, places of worship dedicated to Zeus, Hera-Lacinia, Hercules and other gods and heroes.

The Valley of the Temples in Agrigento

  • Read the article about all the attractions of Agrigento

Top 6 temples of Agrigento

  1. The Cathedral of St. Geraldo (Cattedrale di San Gerlando) is the main temple of the city.
  2. Church of St. Calogero (Santuario di San Calogero). A 13th-century basilica dedicated to the patron saint of Agrigento. Inside mosaics, altar, wooden statues of the XVI century.
  3. Temple of the Mother of 7 Sorrows (Santuario dell’Addolorata). The building was built in limestone rock by Sicilian workers. There are crypts in its cellars.
  4. Basilica of the Immaculate Conception (Basilica Beata Maria Vergine Immacolata). The temple is famous for its beautiful interior, inside there are marble tombs of noblemen and clergymen.
  5. Church of St. Mary of Greece (Basilica di Santa Maria dei Greci). The building of the XII century stands on the foundations of the Doric temple.
  6. Basilica of St. Nicholas (Chiesa di San Nicola). The church of the XII century is in the Valley of the Temples, so you can see not only Christian but also ancient structures.

Attractions in the area

The region boasts a large number of monuments of national importance. Among them are ancient cemeteries, ancient and Christian temples, houses where famous people lived and created.

Bivona

The main attraction of Bivona is Castello di Bivona built in the XIV century.

There are many temples, monasteries, medieval towers. The city is located 63 km north of Agrigento.

Favara

Visit the Castello di Chiaramonte, the Chiesa Madre-Madonna Assunta and the Chiesa del Santissimo Rosario.

Favara Sicily

Favara is located 10 km west of Agrigento.

The main attractions of Naro are the Norman Cathedral (Duomo di Naro) and the medieval fortress (castello Chiaramontano di Naro).

City of Naro Sicily

The town is located 28 km to the west of Agrigento.

Ribera

In Ribera are the ruins of Castello di Poggiodiana and La necropoli Anguilla, where tombs and tombs from the Bronze Age were found.

City of Ribera Sicily

Ribera is located 51 km from Agrigento to the northeast.

Protected areas.

  1. The mouth of the River Platani (Riserva naturale orientata Foce del fiume Platani) attracts tourists with beaches and Mediterranean vegetation.
  2. The Monti Sicani Reserve (Parco dei Monti Sicani). There are fossils from the Paleozoic era, there are more than 60 species of birds, there are many plants, including orchids.
  3. The mouth of the Belice River and the nearby dunes (Riserva naturale Foce del Fiume Belice e dune limitrofe). Here you can see birds, lizards, marsh vegetation, wander the sandy mountains, relax on the lake shore.

Beaches: Top 3

Agrigento has access to the Mediterranean Sea, so there are many beaches here. According to tourist reviews, the best are:

  1. The beach of Siculiana Marina (Spiaggia at Siculiana Marittima) is an hour’s drive from Agrigento – it is shallow sea, clear water, a combination of white rocks, sand and pebbles. The shore boasts good service, parking.
  2. The beach in the Riserva Naturale di Punta Bianca (Punta Bianca Nature Reserve). Go here if you have a lot of free time and you like beautiful photos. The white limestone coast makes the water dazzling blue. The drive from Agrigento takes 40 minutes. The minus is the bad track.
  3. The beach in Capo Rossello (Spiaggia di Capo Rossello) is located 25 km from Agrigento. It is suitable for holidays with small children – clean and shallow sea, a view of white stone rocks, Turkish stairs. The beach is well equipped – there are toilets, showers, sunbeds, cafes.
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Holidays

Sicilians love to have fun and do it in a big way, weaving ancient Sicilian folklore into the holidays. Special attention is given to St. Calogher, the patron saint of Agrigento, the region’s capital. Festivals, costumed processions take place every year from July 6 to 14. During the procession, the saint is offered bread, which is thrown in the direction of the statue.

Another festival dedicated to Kaloger is held in Naro from June 15 to 25. It ends on the day of the saint’s death. The martyr’s statue is placed on a wooden sledge and dragged through the town on a rope from the Church of St. Calogher to the Church of the Mother (chiesa Madre).

On May 5, the people of Licata (Licata) celebrate St. Angelo da Gerusalemme (St. Angel of Carmelite). A few days before the event, the town opens a lively fair that runs until May 6. Barefoot sailors carry a 17th-century silver urn on their shoulders.

The Feast of Saint Rosalie in Bivona has been held from September 3 to 5 since 1624. There is a large procession through the streets and musicians play in the alleys. The festivities end with a grandiose fireworks display.

Although the patron saint of Favara is St. Anonius, the main feast is dedicated to Joseph, Mary’s husband. The jubilee with traditional soup with different types of pasta and vegetables is celebrated at the turn of August-September.

Winemaking

In a cave near Agrigento, archaeologists have discovered the remains of the world’s oldest wine. The scientists found the vessel and defined the age of the drink stored in it as the IV millennium BC.

Even now a lot of attention is paid to wine making. If you are planning a wine tour of the region, go to these wineries:

  1. Planeta Winery (Planeta Dispensa). It’s a family-owned and operated business that started back in 1900. Now Planeta is a large international company with 350 hectares of vineyards in 4 regions of Sicily – Noto, Vittoria, Sambuca di Sicilia and Menfi. The most famous wines are Burdese, Sito dell’Ulmo Merlot, Maroccoli Syrah. Address: Contrada Dispensa, 92013 Menfi AG
  2. Bagliesi organic farm in the town of Ravanusa. The company produces white, red, pink autochthonous wines – Maior, Syrah, Scualusu rosso or bianco, Kammut, VB59, Cataratto, Grillo.
  3. Cantina Di Giovanna winery . The vineyards are located on the slopes of the Monte Genuardo Nature Reserve, in the municipality of Sambuca di Sicilia. The first plantings appeared in 1860. The company produces both autochthonous and international brands of wine – Chardonnay, Grillo, Grecanico, Catarratto, Sauvignon blanc and others.
  4. Feudo Arancio winery. The company was founded in 2001 and belongs to Mezzacorona group. The first Sicilian wines under the Feudo Arancio brand appeared on the Italian and international market in 2003 – Grillo, Inzolia, Chardonnay, Hepo d’Abola, Syrah, Merlot.

How to get there

There are no airports in the region, except the airport of Lampedusa (Aeroporto di Lampedusa) which is located on the Pelagian Islands. Alternatively, you can fly to Palermo, the capital of Sicily. From there, you can get to Agrigento by train, car, or bus.

Railroads

The region is crossed by 3 railroads:

  • Palermo-Agrigento.
  • Caltanissetta Xirbi-Agrigento.
  • Siracusa-Canicatti.

The main station of the region is Stazione di Agrigento Centrale, located on Piazza Guglielmo Marconi. It used to be a station of national importance, trains ran even to Milan (Milano). It is now a stop for the trains that connect Agrigento with Palermo and Caltanissetta.

Other important stations are in Canicatti’ and Licata. There are direct train connections between these cities. Here come trains from Gela, Vittoria, Ragusa, Comiso.

  • Read about regional trains in Italy

By car

The territory of the region is crossed by 5 major national roads – SS 640, SS 118, SS 115 (and its branches), SS 189 and SS 624. The best road is the one that connects Palermo with Sciacca, municipality of Agrigento in the southwest. It does not pass through populated areas and railroad tracks, which allows for decent speed.

Another popular route, the SS 115, runs along the entire south coast of the island from Trapani to Siracusa, and connects most of the coastal towns of Agrigento.

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