Nine of the most beautiful and unusual botanical gardens of the world
There are many beautiful and amazing botanical gardens, they are located in the most unusual corners of the world and present every visitor with incredible scenery and a chance to relax. Below is a list of nine beautiful gardens, once you learn about them, you will want to make every effort to visit at least some of them:
1. Kirstenbosch, Cape Town, South Africa
Tucked away in the foothills of South Africa’s legendary Table Mountain, these gardens are widely regarded as some of the most beautiful botanical gardens in the world. Celebrating its centennial in 2013, the Kirstenbosch Gardens delight the visitor with a spectacular collection of virtually every variety of plant and tree in South Africa, as well as varieties imported from Europe. It is a popular spot for picnics, concerts, and weddings.
2. The Lost Gardens of Heligan, UK
These gardens are, without a doubt, not only some of the most magnificent gardens available to the public, but also some of the most unique. The gardens have been kept in poor condition for a long time and got that name because they were literally lost for several decades. After a team of amateur gardeners gained access to the gardens, beauty returned to these places.
3. Claude Monet’s gardens in Giverny, Normandy, France
Right in the heart of the very places that inspired impressionist painter Claude Monet is a beautiful botanical garden that is a must-see when getting out of bustling and crowded Paris. Resting on the banks of the Seine and admiring the beautiful scenery, you will have an experience that the great artist once had.
4. the Byodo-in Temple, Oahu, Hawaii
The magical, mystical and romantic place of Oahu, Hawaii is home to one of Japan’s most beautiful gardens. This Buddhist temple was designed as an exact replica of the temple that sits in the center of Kyoto, Japan. The lush green lawns, through which stone-lined paths intricately meander, and traditional Japanese artificial ponds create a tranquil and relaxing atmosphere.
5. Villa Lante, Bagnoia, Italy
The gardens at this place belonged to the Lante family who owned them from the 17th to the 20th century. Having purchased the gardens in the 17th century already, the family improved them and they were opened to the public in their excellent condition in the 19th century.
6. Kew Gardens, London
Perhaps the best of the best botanical gardens in the world are the Royal Botanic Gardens of Kew, in northwest London. Home to 30,000 varieties of shrubs, plants and flowers, complemented by an exhibition of seven million plant species in the local herbarium. Gorgeous trees, meticulously manicured lawns and lawns, and a greenhouse make this a truly wonderful place.
7. Francisco Alvarado Park, Zarcero, Costa Rica
The surreal extravaganza created by the extraordinarily interesting shrubbery makes the gardens one of the most intriguing and unique places in the world. Located in downtown Zarcero, the gardens are decorated by numerous artists who transform shrubs into fantastic faces, strange creatures, and abstract shapes, and have been doing so daily since the 1960s.
8. Las Pozas Gardens, Gilitla, Mexico
The incredible imagination and efforts of the legendary poet Edward James, former patron of strange art forms, created this work of art. What could be more unique than a surreal art park full of stone statues hidden beneath the lush foliage of a rainforest? This park is the result of five years of work and a lot of money invested. Terraced pools and natural waterfalls – a wondrous world can be found beyond the garden gates.
9. The Garden of Cosmic Reflection, Scotland
This garden in Scotland is a place truly hard to believe exists: it is dedicated to all the scientists and mathematicians of the world. This is Charles Jensk’s private garden, you can only visit this garden once a year. The rest of the time it is for the owner’s personal use. The incredible approach to landscape design makes the garden live up to its name.
Even if you are not a fan of botanical gardens, after seeing some of the examples given in the article, you may want to visit one yourself.
GARDENER.RU LANDSCAPE DESIGN AND GARDEN ARCHITECTURE
The British edition of The Telegraph published a list of the most unusual gardens in the world, which are recommended for a mandatory visit. The presence or absence of some gardens in it looks rather strange, so in our opinion the list can hardly claim to be objective. Nevertheless, for keen gardeners, travelers and photographers, we recommend this material for the closest scrutiny.
1. Las Pozas (Gilitla, Mexico)
This garden in the heart of the Mexican jungle was created by English poet, artist, surrealist collector and philanthropist Edward James. In 1949, he purchased a plot here, which he first used as a kind of menagerie. Subsequently, he began to create a fantastic landscape with suspended roads, strange towers and decorative elements made of gray concrete. Now they are covered with lichens and climbing plants-the workers of this tropical garden spend most of their time battling the encroaching jungle.
2. Sacro Bosco (Lazio, Italy)
Sacro Bosco, or, Monster Park in Bomarzo is a woodland garden inhabited by fantastic and frightening creatures and structures carved into the rock at the end of the 16th century. A giant face with its mouth open invites visitors to come inside for tea or wine, while stone monsters and strange sea creatures lurk in the shadows. At the same time, the garden is surprising and delightful, quite unlike the rational Renaissance gardens that are ubiquitous in Italy. The garden with such strange decorations was built by Prince Francesco Orsini, who loved to surprise his many guests.
3. The Museum of Modern Art Roof Garden (New York, USA)
Conceptual garden designer Ken Smith was hired in 2009 to create two roof gardens on the roof of New York’s Museum of Modern Art as part of its renovation. As is often the case in such places, the main problem was the low load capacity of the roof. In addition, the funds allocated for the renovation were also quite limited. Smith decided to create a garden inspired by 17th-century Baroque parterres, and in part, he said…by a pattern he once noticed on his wife’s pants. The garden consists of 560 artificial boxwoods, 300 pounds of shredded clear glass and four tons of recycled rubber mulch. Partitions made of Styrofoam allow this man-made garden to extend around the many vents and windows in the roof. Of course, all of these materials will decay over time and need to be replaced.
4. Rock Garden (Chandigarh, India)
This amazing sculptural garden is the greatest example of “guerrilla gardening” the world has ever known. In the late 1950s and 1960s, Nek Chand was a civil servant involved in the creation of one of India’s most beautiful cities, Chandigarh. Returning after work, he created sculptures in the state forest reserve, from concrete and other building materials left over from the construction process. Since he was not the owner of this land, his actions were officially illegal, I the first letter from the city authorities decreed the demolition of this sculpture garden. But the colorful angular figures were already gaining a reputation, and in 1976 the Garden of Stones was officially recognized as an important work of folk art and was given financial aid. Today it is visited by thousands of people a day, covers about 40 acres and includes waterfalls, various structures and abstract sculptures of animals or fairy creatures.
5. West Wycombe Park (Buckinghamshire, UK)
This is probably the roughest garden in the world, maintained nevertheless by the National Trust of Great Britain. Its owner in the 18th century, Sir Francis Dashwood, is widely known as the founder of the infamous Hellfire Club, whose members practiced paganism, indulged in orgies and held black masses. The club’s motto was the Rabelaisian phrase “Do what you will,” and Dashwood followed that dictum in both private and public life. He filled his West Wycombe estate with various structures with sexual overtones. First and foremost is the Temple of Venus, a rotunda on the hill that “narrates” the peculiarities of the female anatomy.
6. Lotusland (Santa Barbara, California, USA)
This amazing garden was created by one person, Polish opera singer Ganna Walska, who became famous in California in the 1950s and ’60s for the extravagant, decadent performances she gave in her own garden, which she spent half her life creating. Lotusland is notable for its sliding decorations, extraordinary sheared forms and unusual sculptures, but it’s not just a garden of curiosities. The garden is made up of many separate areas where certain plants are concentrated – succulents, cycads, ferns … in all, there are about 3,000 species in the collection. The tree topiary garden has a huge flower clock, 25 feet wide, which is filled with low-growing succulents, and houses a veritable “clipped circus” – 26 animal figures, including a camel, gorillas and giraffes. Perhaps the most memorable pool in the garden is the blue pool at the center of the Aloe Garden – it’s surrounded by a border of large sea shells, with two giant shells above, molded into the water cascades.
7. The Dunmore Pineapple (Stirlingshire, Scotland, UK)
This quaint but extremely elegant pineapple-shaped building was built by Lord Dunmore in 1761. Rising above the walled garden, Dunmore’s Pineapple was apparently designed as a giant status symbol. Pineapples and other greenhouse fruits, including peaches, were considered a rare delicacy in the 18th century. Dessert in the form of fruit on the table was seen as an indicator of the success and wealth of any aristocratic landlord. And where better to eat a pineapple than inside a pineapple? The circular room inside the fruit house served as a reception area. You can rent this building for a week or a weekend, as it is now owned by the Scottish Landmarks Trust.
8. Le Palais Ideal (Autrive, France)
One can only wonder if this garden by letter carrier Joseph Cheval was not the inspiration for Nek Chand, who created his Garden of Stones in India (see above). Both gardens are done in the same manner. In 1879, inspired by the oddly shaped stones he encountered on his way delivering mail, Cheval decided to build for the “perfect palace.” He collected more and more stones, first bringing them to his site in baskets and then bringing them in wheelbarrows. Working at night for more than 33 years, Cheval pieced the stones together to create a fantastical landscape replete with mysterious symbolism. Artists including Picasso, Max Ernst and André Breton praised his work, which was declared a cultural landmark in 1969. The plantings Cheval made around the base of the structure have recently been restored.
9. Isola Bella (Lago Maggiore, Italy)
This garden can only be reached by boat, because it is located on an island. But you clearly won’t regret your visit here, and you’ll rub your eyes for a long time to make sure that everything you see here is real. This is a baroque garden, which began to be created in 1632 by order of Count Carlo III Borromeo, who wanted to build a luxurious country residence for his wife Isabella. The garden was only finished by his son in 1690, who fortunately did not try to change his father’s original plan. The five terraces that form the unique hanging garden are decorated with obelisks and sheared forms.From a distance it looks like a giant whimsical ship, although the constant wonders when you end up actually on the island. At the foot of the palace is a series of six connected grottoes, while at a height of 34 meters rises a unicorn, the symbol of the Borromeo family.
10. Tarot Garden (Capalbio, Italy)
Located in a sparsely populated marshy area on the border between Tuscany and Lazio, this amazing sculpture garden has been made for over 20 years since 1978 and is the culmination of the work of French-American artist Nikki de Saint Phalle. This garden can look pretty freaky in photos, with a huge red rocket and a figure of Mother Earth with a giant bust. The artist lived in a room whose interiors were decorated with mirrors. But in fact, this “crazy” garden shows great mosaic work, good landscaping, and each figure has its own story and meaning. One interesting aspect of the garden is that its pieces are intentionally placed very close together, so that the entire space can easily be covered by the eye. It breaks the cardinal rule of landscape design – don’t squeeze in.
11. Garden of Cosmic Speculation (Dumfries, Scotland, UK)
Charles Jenks’ incredible experimental garden is based on modern scientific theories and the history of the place where it is located. A water cascade of steps tells the story of the universe, while a terrace shows the distortion of space and time caused by the proximity of a black hole.
12. Jardin de Cactus (Lancerote, Canary Islands, Spain)
The age-old construction quarry is filled with a huge number of cacti, according to the idea of the artist César Manrique, who was born in Lanzarote and had a great love for the island of Lancerote all his life. The garden is arranged on several levels, connected by winding paths. In the center of the quarry, in its crater, there is a pond.
13. Sezincote Garden (Morton-in-Marsh, UK)
This unusual garden looks like a colorful extravaganza, like a set for one of the high-budget Indian movies. The Mughal Rajstan-style mansion was built by Samuel Cockerell, and Humphrey Repton himself had a hand in creating the garden, which incorporates many Hindu elements in the landscape.
14. The Gnome Reserve (Devon, UK)
This garden gives visitors gnome hats and fishing rods at the entrance and boasts more than a thousand gnome and elf figurines, which are surrounded by woods throughout the reserve.
15. Bekonscot (Buckinghamshire, UK)
A famous model of a rural village which is actually a garden with bonsai-like trees and clipped shrubs. It is the oldest model village in the world and was created by local accountant Roland Callingham in 1920. He was assisted in his work not only by a personal gardener, but also by a chauffeur, cook and maid.
16. Hearst Castle (California, USA)
A National Historic Landmark on California’s Pacific Coast that has become world-famous thanks to the considerable investment of its owner, media mogul Randolph Hearst. Thanks to the architect Julia Morgan, who was brought in, the styles of different periods of European history are fused here.
17. Vizcaya (Florida, USA).
A little piece of Venice on the outskirts of Florida, a marvelous Italian masterpiece commissioned by the American industrialist James Deering to serve as his winter residence in 1916. The gardens are artfully designed in the style of the Italian Renaissance – today it is the Museum of Fine Arts, declared a National Historic Landmark in 1994.
18. Hawkstone Park (Shropshire, UK)
Perhaps the most dramatic landscape garden in existence today, with atmospheric castles, cliffs and grottoes. The natural landscape has been created over the years by the different generations of the Hill family who lived at Hawkstone Hall. After more than a century of decline, the park was restored in 1993.
19. parc de la Villette (Paris, France)
This park was created from 1983 to 2000 on the site of a former slaughterhouse and cattle market in the northeastern part of Paris, on the border with the suburbs. The largest green spot in the city, the park encompasses 55 hectares, 35 of which are directly open spaces. This unique complex combines nature and architecture, places of leisure and recreation of citizens, numerous pavilions for exhibitions, performances, concerts and other mass spectacles.
20. The Red Garden (Sydney, Australia)
This private garden in Sydney is a typical example of the unusual creativity of the landscape designer Vladimir Sitt. Five sloping platforms were made of sandstone in 2003-2004.
A nature-inspired garden has many advantages. When considering different plants in terms of their use in the garden, remember that pruning and shaping are not n .