Mumbai, what to see Russian of the sights in 2, 3 days – expert tips
Mumbai, the city center – looking at photos is not enough, you have to be!
The capital of Bollywood, the cosmopolitan city of Mumbai is a bizarre mixture of cultures, traditions, beliefs. Of course, in such a contrasting metropolis is something to do tourist. A little spoiler news: from December 09, 2019 airline Ural Aerolineers began selling tickets for direct flights from Moscow, here “Ticket to Mumbai” you can see the current prices and seats.
Mumbai, formerly Bombay, is the place where the past and the present peacefully coexist, where night clubs neighbor ancient temples and palaces, the Eastern architecture gets along with the Western trends, and expensive villas are built against the background of slums.
Despite the fact that the settlement on this site existed in the Stone Age, as such city emerged with the Portuguese in the 16th century. From them, he received his past colonial name of Bombay, from which the Indians hastened to get rid of, after independence.
A little history of Mumbai before we tell you: how to spend two or three days exploring the city.
Throughout history, Mumbai has changed ownership more than once – the Portuguese who colonized the territory promptly gave it to the British as a royal dowry of Princess Catherine, and the British had already built a more or less planned city in the 17th century.
Perhaps for this reason, it was here that the ideas of Indian independence were born and the national liberation movement began.
The city got its modern name from the goddess Mumba Devi, the patroness of fishermen, although many people habitually call it Bombay. Today Mumbai is a symbol of a bright future, wealth and opportunities, in search of which more than 21 million residents have gathered here. Many find long-awaited success and financial solvency, those who are less fortunate, settles in slums – miserable barracks without facilities and communications, built from improvised materials.
However, visitors to Mumbai are interested, above all, the historical districts of the city, woven from exquisite palaces, austere mosques, colonial mansions, gingerbread temples, museums and galleries that can be seen in one, two or three days as a tour.
The main his monuments metropolis is obliged to the British, which the Indians do not like, to put it mildly, and do not like so much that renamed most of the attractions in their manner, to forget about the colonial past of the country.
Victoria Station, the Prince of Wales Museum, the Municipal Council Building – these and other sites have been decolonized, resulting in the Chhatrapati Shivaji Museum, the station with the same name, etc. But this process has not affected the beauty of monuments – they are the same fine examples of English classicism and neo-Gothic architecture in which architects have managed to weave Indian and Saracenic motifs.
Mumbai’s most interesting architectural landmark is Victoria Station (Chattrapati Shivaji).
The Chattrapati Shivaji railway station was built at the end of the 19th century and is the largest in India, with about three million people departing daily from its platforms. By the way, there is a direct train from Goa (try to buy a ticket on this website), as well as several direct flights from Dobalimi Airport. The building is impossible not to notice and not only because of its huge size. The facade of the station resembles a birthday cake decorated with a myriad of pointed arches, balconies, galleries, carved pillars, cornices, turrets, pediments, spires, sculptures and bas-reliefs. In the center of the roof rises a massive stone dome. Inside, visitors are treated to contrasting asceticism and functionalism.
India and Mumbai Expert Tip – Find three hours to visit the museum in Mumbai.
Formerly named after the Prince of Wales, the museum of the same name is now India’s largest museum collection with over 50,000 pieces of art, everyday objects, sculptures, tableware, coins, flora and fauna specimens. The museum occupies a magnificent building that combines neo-Gothic and Saracenic features. The lower tier of the three-story building has arcaded galleries, while the upper tier has arched windows, towers with an onion roof, and a large central dome.
If you plan to visit the museum, expect to take at least a few hours to tour its grounds. Porcelain, ancient vessels, dishes, hookahs, weapons, samples of stones and minerals, costumes, fabrics, folk art, figurines, ivory and woodwork, paintings, jewelry, cult objects – all this was painstakingly collected all over the world.
It is logical to continue your acquaintance with the exhibitions of Mumbai in the Jehangir Gallery, the more so because it is only a few meters away from the museum. The institution focuses on contemporary art; four halls exhibit not only paintings, but also sculptures and installations that are current today. The gallery’s holdings are regularly replenished, and the halls often host temporary exhibitions of local and international artists.
The temple architecture of Mumbai is represented by mosques and Hindu shrines, one of which is dedicated to the mistress of the city, the goddess Mumba Devi. In appearance, it somewhat resembles an orthodox temple because of the domes and the general structure of the facade. Inside, guests are greeted by the goddess herself, carved out of black stone.
Hajji Ali Mosque looks a little careless and even neglected, but all due to the peculiarities of its location – during the tides the Muslim shrine is hidden under water, hence the peeling paint on the facade and other defects. And what is the point of making repairs if the elements will soon wash away all the beauty again?
Mahatma Gandhi Monument in Mumbai.
Mumbai is inextricably linked with the name of Mahatma Gandhi. Here the ideologist of Indian independence spent a lot of time, so the house where he stayed, grateful descendants turned into a museum. All of Gandhi’s belongings have been carefully gathered in one place, the interior has been restored as much as possible, so that today everyone can visit the hero’s house.
Jainism is represented by several temples, one of them bearing the name of Valkeshevar. The temple is very beautiful, with miniature lattice balconies on the outside and garlands of flowers on the inside. On the walls you can see images of local saints and gods, on the second floor the interior is decorated with images on an astrological theme. The temple’s inhabitants are also quite an interesting sight: they wear bandages on their faces so as not to inhale the air with some critter. No, they are not obsessed with cleanliness and fighting germs, just by the precepts of their religion should not harm any living creature, even those that can only be seen with a microscope.
The Gateway of India – be sure to see it so you don’t have to go to Mumbai again.
It’s strange to be in Mumbai and not see the Gateway of India, another symbol of liberation. The fact is that it was through this arch that the last British invaders left the city. Ironically, they, that is, the British, built it. The gate was erected at the beginning of the last century, timing the construction for the visit of King George the Fifth. Externally, the arch is a classic Indian-style gate: take any local palace or mausoleum, separate everything in the back and side plans from it, and you get this very gate with a large central opening, two smaller entrances, and turrets and stone carvings.
Once you are near the arch, it is not a sin to go down to the water and, having hired a boat or a boat, take a ride around the water area, admiring the evening Mumbai from the water.
Do you want to see the most expensive houses in the world? Then it’s time to head to Malabar Hill, the abode of the rich and famous. The elite from government officials to movie stars and music celebrities live here. The opulence of individual houses is off the charts – next to such magnitude, the most ambitious sultans stand modestly in the sidelines. Along with the villas-palaces in the area towers skyscrapers with indoor greenhouses and mind-boggling apartments.
Do you know what the most luxurious house on the globe looks like? It’s a 27-storey mansion of local oligarch Mukesh Ambani. The owner himself proudly called the dwelling Antilia Tower. Yes, the Indian rich know how to live in a large scale: huge premises for all occasions and whims, swimming pool, garden, helipad, and for all this only six tenants. And they are serviced by as many as 600 people. By the way, 27 floors are only the visible part of the iceberg, if the rumors and guides are not lying, underground the tower goes down 60 levels more.
Advise your relatives and you – Global Vipassana Pagoda in Mumbai.
It is definitely worth seeing the Global Vipassana Pagoda, simply put, the meditation hall. Meditate here is not necessary, much more interesting the building, the architecture is exactly like Burma Shwedagon Pagoda. The pagoda is a huge stone dome more than 96 meters high. At the complex operates an art gallery, library, two small pagodas.
The Mumbai slums are a separate attraction.
In addition to the box-houses, there are stores, bazaars, craft shops, and there is the famous laundry Dhobi Ghat. It is staffed exclusively by men. In stone containers they wash clothes, which are then hung directly above the laundry.
If science is not your thing, the Jawaharlal Nehru Science Center, which has a planetarium, an art gallery, and a historical exhibit on India, is worth a visit. The center constantly hosts performances, seminars, temporary exhibitions, conferences, festivals and all kinds of scientific shows and presentations.
Another attractive place for tourists in Mumbai is the Kanheri Caves. It is a huge cave complex created by Buddhist monks. More than a hundred caves contain wall paintings, sculptures, inscriptions in the ancient Brahmi language, you can also see stone beds, on which the hermits took shelter.
All the attractions of Mumbai is simply impossible to remember. Temple of Fire, the Supreme Court, the promenade of Marine Drive, Hotel Taj Mahal, which by its luxury has made its way into the guidebooks, the Hanging Gardens, Mahalakshmi Temple, University, Elephanta Island with its caves, the mosque Jama Masjid and dozens of sites, worthy at least a cursory acquaintance.
There is a rare world landmark near the city – Harihar Fort – read how to get there from Mumbai.
Mumbai’s top 25 attractions
Mumbai used to be called Bombay. It stands on islands which were connected by crossings and bridges during the colonial period. Its location on the coast of the Arabian Sea made Mumbai an important transportation hub in the country and the largest port in the country. The city is the first in India in terms of the number of inhabitants. Poverty and wealth can easily coexist in the neighboring urban areas.
Tourists can get to know the different sides of Mumbai. For example, Europeans often stay in the hotels in Colaba and take excursions to Dharavi, a vast slum with crowded buildings and a million inhabitants. The contrast of these areas is obvious. In terms of architecture, there is a great legacy left behind after the colonists left. Most of the sites have been renamed, but externally they have retained their original features.
What to see and where to go in Mumbai?
The most interesting and beautiful places to walk. Photos and brief descriptions.
Gateway of India
The mixed style triumphal arch was built in honor of King George V and Queen Mary’s visit to India. The work was delayed until 1925, so that the monarchs had time to see only a model of the project. The height of the building is about 26 meters. The gate is located in the city harbor, away from the access road and comes close to the water. It is flanked by identical halls, each accommodating up to 600 people.
Formed as a colonial district because it attracted Europeans to settle. Majestic and massive mansions, standing against the background of skyscrapers, impress visitors. Budget and decent quality hotels are popular with travelers. This part of town is relatively quiet and full of greenery. In the evenings, the streets are filled with shopping stalls with souvenirs, clothes, jewelry.
Marina Drive .
The promenade is built along the Bay Back Bay. Its length is about 4 km. In this area live wealthy people. The state governor’s house is also located here. In 1961, Marin Drive opened the aquarium, which remains one of the best in India to this day. In the evening, it becomes clear why the promenade is also called the “Queen’s Necklace”: thousands of lights are lit, and they look like little pearls.
Chhatrapati Shivaji Station
The main railway station of the city was built for 10 years, until 1888. At the same time the station became operational earlier. The design by architect F.W. Stevens was inspired by the English railway station at St. Pancras. The building was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1994. Two years later the station, originally named after Queen Victoria, was renamed after the national Indian hero.
Taj Mahal Palace Hotel
It has existed since the beginning of the last century. The height is 7 floors, the total number of rooms is 500. The interiors of each room are unique. European materials were used in the decoration. Part of the design of the building was made by Gustav Eiffel. The hotel overlooks the Arabian Sea. In the courtyard there is a swimming pool. The Taj Mahal is home to Mumbai’s best restaurants. The place is iconic: India’s independence was declared here.
The slum is located in the center of the city. The population is approaching a million people. The buildings literally stand on top of each other. The density is very high, which already threatens the city with serious consequences. The neighborhood is very poor and colorful. In the past, the area was inhabited by fishermen and those who worked on the mango swamps. When the bodies of water dried up, the active population left and their shacks were occupied by migrants from other states of India.
This is the world’s largest laundromat. The area is 10 hectares, there are several levels. The washing process takes up to 3 days and includes drying and ironing. There are about 700 families working at Dhobi Ghat. The father passes on the skills and position to his son. The labor is physically demanding, so only men are involved. They hammer the laundry against concrete tubs, then spread it on rooftops or hang it up. Only charcoal irons are used.
Sanjaya Gandhi National Park.
Bears the name of Indira Gandhi’s deceased son. The park is spread over a hilly area with about a thousand plant species. The animal life is also diverse. There are predators like leopards, herbivores like hares, and many snakes. The most popular entertainment of the park is the lion safari. And the main attraction is the Kanheri Caves, a Buddhist pilgrimage site.
In the past, the island on which the caves are located was called Gharapauri. The current name came about when Portuguese explorers found an unusual statue of an elephant in one of the caves. A ferry runs from the pier to the island. On the other shore you can walk to the natural beauty on foot or use special carriages. The paintings in the cave halls are dedicated to Shiva. In the inner temples there are stone sculptures.
The temple-monastery cave complex is considered the largest in the world. Buddhists have created it in the III century BC. Subsequently, the premises were expanded and new ones were added. The images of the Buddha were carved right on the walls. A total of 109 known caves connected to each other. Tourists are not shown all. Especially noteworthy are the large prayer hall, the hall sandwiched between stones, hall #34 with paintings on the ceiling.
Prince of Wales Museum
Located near the Gateway of India. Both projects share the same architect, D. Whittet. The first foundation stone was laid by George V. The building was completed by 1915. During World War I, however, it was home to a hospital and a children’s center. The exhibition opened in 1922. The exhibition has three main themes: art, archaeology and natural history. In the XXI its official name was the name of the founder of the Maratha Empire.
Gandhi Museum in Mani Bhavan
The house housing the museum collection was often visited by Gandhi during his lifetime. It belonged to a friend of the nation’s leader, and key issues concerning the country’s independence were decided here. Later, the building was given to the national Gandhi Memorial Foundation. A monument to him was erected near the entrance. The first floor was set aside for photos and press materials, and part of the office was recreated. On the second floor the interiors of the past have been preserved.
The main museum of contemporary art in the city. The exhibition is on display in four halls. The collection includes paintings by artists, sculptors and photographers from India. To have the opportunity to present your work in the gallery is a chance to become famous. Some young masters wait several years for an opportunity to have an exhibition at Jehangir. Next to the entrance and along the street are vendors of paintings and souvenirs.
Bhau Daji Lad Museum
The oldest museum in the city. It was founded under the names of the Victoria and Albert. In 1975, it was renamed in honor of a famous local physician and antiquarian. The collection is extensive and includes: maps, rare photographs, and examples of applied art. The museum has a library with a collection of old books in several languages. In front of the entrance is a statue of an elephant from the 6th century.
Hadji Ali Mosque
Interesting first of all the location. The mosque was built on an island near the coast of Mumbai. It is named after its founder. Haji Ali, a merchant, renounced everything and went on a pilgrimage. He could not make it to Mecca, his body was returned to the mosque and buried there. At low tide, the mosque can be reached from the city by a narrow road. The structure is slowly deteriorating due to natural features.
Construction was completed in the early years of the century before last. However, the temple acquired its present appearance later. Almost 100 years after its founding, additional rooms were added, including a guest house and resting places for workers. There was also a small artificial pond. Siddhivinayak is dedicated to the elephant-headed god, Ganesh. In one of the halls installed his statue, made of monolithic stone.
Built in 1785. Dedicated to the goddess of prosperity, wealth and good luck. With the appearance of the temple associated legend. Allegedly British engineers and their Hindu helpers failed to connect all the islands of Mumbai. Goddess Lakshmi, through a dream, indicated the place where her statue was buried. As soon as the artifact was dug out, luck returned to the project. The goddess received the temple in gratitude for her help with the work.
Mount Mary Basilica.
A house of worship on this site was first built by the Jesuits in 1570. The altar was adorned with a statue of the Virgin Mary, which was brought from Portugal. Later the building was converted into a chapel, the sculpture was lost and rebuilt again. The current basilica appeared by 1904. It has Gothic features. The interior and exterior decoration is rich in fine details. On holidays the bells are rung around the area.
World Vipassana Pagoda
An exact replica of the Shwedagon Stupa in Yangon, it was built over 11 years. In one of the stones bricked up a piece of Buddha’s relics, donated by Sri Lanka. The pagoda opened its doors to all interested parties in 2008. The complex includes several other facilities. Among them: a hall for meditation, art gallery, lecture halls, library. Eight thousand people can pray and meditate here at the same time.
Sri Sri Radha Gopinath Temple
Built by 1988, allegedly so was fulfilled one of the prophecies. In the temple installed a number of statues – dedications to the deities. After some time it was necessary to urgently strengthen the foundation and make several important changes in the structure. On major holidays here gathers Kryshnaite pilgrims from all over the country. Next to the temple there is a garden, a restaurant and a souvenir store.
Bombay High Court Building
It was built until 1840. This building is an example of colonial architecture in the neo-Gothic style. German castles were taken as a basis for its design. They are distinguished by monumentality, reliability and clear lines. All these things are symbolic for the supreme court. There are some peculiarities in decoration. For example, the bas-relief: a one-eyed monkey playing with the scales of justice.
Bandra-Worley Sea Bridge
Cable-stayed bridge with tolls. Length – more than 5.5 km. By this measure the longest in India of the overwater. It connects two urban areas. The opening of the bridge has reduced travel time for some routes by a factor of 10. It is claimed that the structure is capable of withstanding an earthquake of 8 points. Because the bridge is windblown, it cannot be traveled by two- or three-wheelers.
Water Kingdom and EsselWorld
The water park was built in 1998 and is part of an amusement park. “Water Kingdom” is divided into the following sectors: “Vetlanic”, “Lagoon”, “Miss Fisley’s Hill”, “Adventures in the Amazon” and the children’s area. They are differently styled, and some allow children to be supervised by adults only. “EsselWorld” opened in 1986. There are extreme rides, as well as a kind of merry-go-round for the little ones.
The second most popular beach in the city. At the same time in some periods it is even busier than Chowpatty. It is about 6 kilometers long. The coastal area is built with first class hotels and mansions. The owners of some of them are Bollywood stars who have long chosen this beach for recreation. Cricket games are arranged on the sand. The area is famous for picturesque sunsets. There is a Krishna temple complex nearby.
The film industry of the city, the term refers to the films produced in Mumbai. There are 14 studios and 44 sites concentrated in a huge area. Two types of tours are available for tourists. The “Mumbai Filmcity Tour” bus trip can teach you a lot about the history of Bollywood, while the “Live Show Tour” is more for those who want to visit a movie set.
Complete the article by describing your impression of the city (country) or individual attraction.
The modern appearance of the city began to take shape during the Mughal rule. The abundance of cultures and religions made
Rajasthan state capital is known as the “pink city” – the facades of most historic buildings have a terracotta-pink
India is the largest state in South Asia. It has a large area and a very large population. Included
Gelendzhik is considered one of the best resorts on the Black Sea coast. First, it is very well located on the