Erlangen (Germany) – the most detailed information about the city with photos. The main sights of Erlangen with descriptions, travel guides and maps.
Erlangen is a city in Germany in the state of Bavaria. Known for its university and the headquarters of the medical division of the famous German company Siemens. Erlangen is a typical student city that was planned in the late 17th century by the Huguenots. It has a modern layout, wide streets and mostly baroque historic architecture.
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Geography and climate
Erlangen is situated in Southern Germany in the historical region of Middle Franconia, 15 km north of Nuremberg. The River Regnitz and the Main-Danube Canal run through the city. The climate of Erlangen is temperate, characterized by warm summers and mild winters.
- Population – 107 thousand people.
- Area – 129.88 km 2
- Language – German
- Currency – euro
- Visa – Schengen
- Time – Central European UTC +1.
Erlangen was first mentioned in the early 11th century. Until the 14th century, the settlement was actually a small village. At the end of this period Erlangen was given the status of a city. In 1431 it was destroyed by the Hussites.
The modern city was founded at the end of the 17th century by Huguenots who had fled France. At the end of the 18th century, Erlangen was incorporated into the Duchy of Bayreuth. After the Napoleonic wars the duchy became part of Bavaria.
How to get there
The nearest international airport is located in Nuremberg. Erlangen can be reached by train and bus from Munich, Frankfurt, Cologne, Bamberg, Berlin and Stuttgart.
The Huguenot Church is a 17th-century Baroque stone church with an imposing 52-meter tower built in the first half of the 18th century. Inside you can see the elegant pulpit from the early 18th century and the baroque altar from 1764.
The Castle Garden is one of the first Baroque gardens in Franconia. It was planned in the early 18th century. A Huguenot fountain from 1706 and the unfinished equestrian statue of Christian Ernst, carved from a huge solid block of sandstone in 1712, can be seen here.
There is also a greenhouse from 1706, which is housed in a striking Baroque horseshoe-shaped building. To the north is a magnificent botanical garden with about 4,000 plant species.
In the western part of the castle garden is the Margrave’s Palace from the beginning of the 18th century, which is considered the first baroque building in Franconia. The building was built by the Margrave of Bayreuth, Christian Ernst, and is now one of the buildings of the local university. In front of the palace is one of the main squares of Erlangen, on which is built a beautiful 19th century neo-Renaissance fountain.
Erlangen has a Siemens Museum of Medical Technology, which features interesting exhibits from the 19th century.
The art museum is located in the southern part of the Market Square (Marktplatz) and occupies a beautiful baroque building built in the first half of the 18th century.
New Town Church
The New City Church was founded in the late 17th century at the same time as the Huguenot Church for the growing Lutheran population. It is an imposing Baroque building with a 60-meter tower, which is the highest in Erlangen. The church is built of unplastered sandstone blocks, has a simple facade and a rich Baroque interior, decorated with magnificent 18th-century ceiling frescoes by Leinberger.
Old Town Church
The Old City Church is Erlangen’s third most important sacral building and dates back to the 13th century. The present building was built between 1709 and 1721 in the Baroque style. The church is a five-nave structure made of sandstone blocks and has a relatively simple interior.
Lutheran Church of Saints Peter and Paul
The Lutheran Church of Saints Peter and Paul is the oldest building in the district of Bruck in Erlangen. The church is an imposing Gothic building built in the 15th century. It is interesting that during archaeological excavations in 1958 the foundations of an ancient Romanesque structure were discovered, which indicates that the church was here as early as the 12th century or even earlier. In 1726, the interior of the church was reconstructed in the Baroque style.
Church of the Heart of Jesus
The Heart of Jesus Church is the oldest Catholic church in Erlangen, founded in the late 18th century and located on the northeastern edge of the old city. It acquired its present neo-Romanesque appearance at the end of the 19th century.
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Erlangen, Germany: Points of interest, top 5 things to do and see, best restaurants, reviews
Erlangen – the city with 1000 years of history
On the banks of the river Regnitz in the Free State of Bavaria (Freistaat Bayern) lies the dynamic city of Erlangen (Erlangen). This is an ancient settlement, which counts more than one millennium (the first mention of Erlangen dates back to 1002). Today the city is one of Europe’s largest centers for the development of medical technology.
In terms of tourism Erlangen is interesting with its baroque architecture and picturesque park areas. In addition, every year in the second half of spring there is a beer festival Bergkirchweih (Die Erlanger Bergkirchweih), which is the third largest such event in Bavaria after the Oktoberfest and Goebodenfest.
Huguenot Fountain and Orangery in the Castle Garden in Erlangen, Germany (Photo © Janericloebe / commons.wikimedia.org / License CC-BY-3.0)
What to see: Erlangen’s top 5 interesting sights
- Palace Square (Schloßplatz) is the heart of Erlangen. It is decorated with a magnificent baroque palace, the ancient Huguenot fountain and the statue of Margrave Christian Ernst. Nearby is the picturesque Castle Park with a magnificent orangery.
- The Markgrafentheater is the oldest baroque theater in southern Germany.
- Stutterheim Palace (Palais Stutterheim), which houses the city library and the municipal Art Gallery (Städtische Galerie) with modern themed exhibitions.
- The Old City Hall (Das Altstädter Rathaus) overlooks Martin Luther Square. It was built in the first half of the 18th century. Today you can find the Stadtmuseum in the Town Hall.
- The Burgbergkapelle (Burgberg Chapel) is the oldest surviving building in Erlangen. Supposedly the chapel was built in the 15th century.
Erlangen has several picturesque parks and gardens. The most interesting for tourists are:
- Castle Park (Schloßgarten), located next to the Friedrich-Alexander University. This is a great place for both active and for quiet and relaxing holidays. Every year in the park is held the festival of the palace garden, which is one of the largest garden festivals in Europe.
- Botanical Garden (Botanische Garten), located in the northern part of the Castle Park. Tourists are recommended to visit the picturesque pavilion with tropical vegetation.
Things to do in Erlangen: Top 7 things to do and see
- Try the local beer and traditional Franconian dishes in one of the beer houses in the city. For beer, we recommend the Franconian sausage in a marinade, baked pork shoulder Schäufele, Franconian beef roast fränkischer Sauerbraten.
- Take a bike ride along the river Regnitz.
- Relax on the picturesque Ohm square, toss a coin into the large fountain and see the German Unity Memorial (Mahnmal zur deutschen Einheit).
- Learn about the history of Erlangen at the City Museum.
- Take a tour of the Siemens Unternehmensmuseum für Medizinische Technik. Get acquainted with the history of creation and development of medical equipment Siemens. The cost of the tour is 80 euros.
Where and what to eat and drink in Erlangen
- The Greek restaurant Mythos (Hauptstrasse 54) offers its visitors a good menu at a great price. The cost of main dishes is 8-12 euros.
- Restaurant of regional and seasonal cuisine Altmanns Stube (Theaterplatz 9), which is available to visitors from Monday to Saturday. Average bill is 35 euros.
- Lennox Steakhouse (Martin-Luther-Platz 10), which serves well-prepared steaks of all types and sizes. It is worth noting that you should reserve a table here in advance for the weekend because there are a lot of people who want to try the delicious food.
You can spend time alone or with friends in Steinbach Brau Erlangen (Vierzigmannstrasse 4). This is the most famous brewery of Erlangen. Within its walls you can enjoy local beer and traditional Franconian snacks. In the summertime, the beer garden opens its doors to visitors. Here you can have a lot of fun and taste the best beer in town.
Fans of hectic nightlife can visit a stylish nightclub Paisley Park (Nürnberger Strasse 15), which offers its visitors an interesting entertainment program. The brightest events are held on Fridays and Saturdays.
Monument to Georg Simon Ohm in Erlangen, Germany (Photo © Gotanero / commons.wikimedia.org / License CC-BY-SA-4.0)
Reviews and travel tips about Erlangen
- Camping Campingplatz Rangau is located 6 km from Erlangen in Dechsendorf. You can get there by public transport or bicycle.
- Delicious ice cream can be enjoyed in the Erlanger Arcaden shopping center on the corner of Güterhallenstraße and Nürnberger.
- Every first Saturday of the month there is a flea market on Bohlenplatz.
A video about Erlangen can be seen at the link below:
The old university library building: Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg in Erlangen, Germany (Photo above© Akriesch / commons.wikimedia.org / License CC-BY-SA-3.0-migrated)
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