8 important monuments of ancient Egypt, which you should not miss

And not just the pyramids: top 10 places you can’t miss in Egypt

Some tourists deliberately look for non-trivial destinations to surprise their subscribers with exotics. But often new experiences can give quite mastered by tour operators countries, such as Egypt. The basis for the itinerary can be any list of 10 places to see in Egypt. Here is a variant of the top ten most popular must-see locations.

Pyramids of Giza.

Egypt’s most famous place and probably the most hyped attraction in the whole world. But let’s leave the snobbery behind and look at the pyramids through the eyes of a curious tourist.

These massive structures were built between 2550 and 2490 BC. The insides of the pyramids are still being explored by archaeologists, and there is an ongoing debate in the scientific community as to whether there is anything of value and interest left inside.

Some Egyptologists believe that the tombs of the pharaohs were looted almost immediately after burial. That is, within a year after the death of the ruler everything of value was taken from the tomb chamber. And even the internal security systems did not stop the treasure seekers.

Grand Egyptian Museum

When the institution opens in November 2022, it will be the world’s largest collection of ancient Egyptian treasures. It will display ancient Egyptian treasures, including a collection of objects from the tomb of Tutankhamun, discovered in 1922 by Englishman Howard Carter.

The mysterious premature death of the persons who had opened Tutankhamun’s tomb was reported in every newspaper of the time. By 1935 there were more than twenty “victims” of the pharaoh. The circumstances of many of them died in superstitious horror: some died of a poisonous insect bite, and the scar on their cheeks resembled a wound on the face of the mummy, some died of sudden illness, and some died of an accident.

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Valley of the Kings in Luxor

Another must-see location for those familiar with Egyptian history. Here are the tombs of the ancient rulers of the country.

What is now Luxor was part of the ancient city of Thebes and the burial place of almost all the kings of the 18th, 19th and 20th dynasties, from Thutmose I to Ramses X.

And they ruled, by the way, a thousand and a half years before the legendary Cleopatra – Mark Antony’s beloved was a member of the Hellenistic Ptolemaic dynasty, which had nothing to do with the pyramid builders.

The Temples at Abu Simbel

These are two massive temples carved into the rock in the village of Abu Simbel. The site is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The twin temples were originally carved out of the mountainside in the 13th century BC.

With the onset of the Christian era, the temples fell into disrepair and were covered with sand. It was only in 1813 that Swiss traveler Johann Ludwig Burkhart accidentally stumbled upon them. By the early twentieth century, the structures had been completely cleared, and the scientific world recognized the value of the magnificent find.

Four 20-meter-high stone pharaohs sit at the entrance to the main temple, with their hands on their knees. Their eyes are slightly downcast, either looking at the mighty river or at the mere mortals, insignificantly small in comparison to these colossi.

The Temple of Karnak

Don’t know what to see in Egypt other than the Giza pyramids? Go to the Karnak Temple. The structure is a complex of many temples, pylons (massive gates in the form of a truncated pyramid), chapels and other buildings. It was included in the World Heritage List of UNESCO in 1979.

Among other things, there is a stone statue of a scarab, a walk around which is believed to bring wealth.

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But the attractions of Egypt are not limited to places associated with the pharaohs. In the second part of the review is a very different Egypt, Arab and Christian, medieval and modern, colorful and eye-catching.

Khan el-Khalili Bazaar

What is the East without a noisy market where you can eat, buy souvenirs, and just stare at all kinds of treasures, as if taken from the tales of the “Thousand and One Nights”? The shouting of the traders has been going on ever since the Mamelukes.

And now the bazaar is also a tourist attraction, where you can plunge into the atmosphere of the East. The main thing – do not be afraid to haggle and watch the purse.

Reserve “Ras Mohammed”.

What to do in Egypt, a tourist if the pyramids are examined and a ride on a camel is done? Go to the south of Sinai. Here, the desert meets the sea, and the mangrove jungle next to the lifeless dunes. By the way, there is a salt lake, where it is impossible to drown, as in the Dead Sea.

Ras Mohammed is located on the Sinai Peninsula, that is, in Asia, not Africa (the border between the continents is usually carried out by the Suez Canal).

You can easily get here from Sharm el-Sheikh and look at the graceful stork in their natural habitat. The fauna is not limited to birds only: there are crocodiles, for example. And for the divers are of particular interest corals – there are up to 150 species.

“The Hanging Church

This Coptic shrine is located in Old Cairo. The building is considered one of the oldest Christian churches in Egypt and the entire Middle East. From the 7th to the 13th century the church “hanging” (we prefer the term “gated”) served as the residence of the Coptic patriarch.

Restorers distinguish at least three different “hands” in the murals here. The fresco The Nativity, dated XII-XIII centuries, probably, was created by a local master in the manner, which today would be defined as “primitive”: ruddy-faced round-faced Virgin Mary with “oriental” black eyes-suns reminiscent of folk art.

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The composition “Twenty-four Elders of the Apocalypse” betrays a much more sophisticated school: judging by the silvery palette and the elongated proportions of the figures, its author was from Byzantium. And the roof of the building is in the shape of Noah’s ark.

Al-Azhar – Mosque and University

Religion and education in Islam are inextricably linked. According to the tradition, one can read the Koran only in the original, otherwise the content gets distorted. Not surprisingly, all Muslim universities have traditionally been founded in mosques.

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