Olomouc (Czech Republic) – detailed tourist guide with photos and map. Olomouc main sights, useful travel and leisure information.
Olomouc – old town in eastern Bohemia, in the heart of historic Moravia, one of the most beautiful cities in the country. This is a city of students, ancient streets and squares, interesting sights. Olomouc is very similar to the Czech capital of Prague, but it is cozier and quieter.
Information about the city
- Population – more than 100 thousand people.
- Area – 103 km².
- Currency is the Czech Crone.
- Language – Czech.
- Time – UTC +1, in summer UTC +2.
Olomouc is a student city. There are almost 10 thousand students per 100 thousand inhabitants. One of the oldest universities in the Czech Republic is situated in Olomouc. In addition, Olomouc is a very beautiful, cozy town, popular among tourists. Its features are beautiful old streets, spacious baroque squares, built in the 18th century. It is also quite a lot of parks and green areas.
Olomouc has always been one of the most important royal cities in Bohemia. Thanks to its convenient location, the presence of an ancient university and its spiritual, cultural and handicraft traditions for centuries the city has been the center of Moravia, which attracted artists, intellectuals and merchants.
Olomouc historic center
In the 10th and 12th centuries, Olomouc existed as a fortress. But already in 1253 the city was granted the status of a royal town. Until 1641, it was the capital of the Moravian margraviate. After the Thirty Years’ War Olomouc was occupied by the Swedes for 8 years. During the occupation, the city suffered a lot. After that Olomouc lost its position in Moravia and the status of the capital of the region passed to Brno.
In 1848 the Austro-Hungarian emperor’s court temporarily moved to Olomouc, and Emperor Ferdinand I abdicated the throne here in favour of Franz Joseph.
The city’s close proximity to Austria was largely responsible for the strong German influence. In the 19th century the German-speaking population of Olomouc was three times larger than the Czech population. The situation changed after World War I, when Olomouc became part of Czechoslovakia. Today Olomouc is an important economic, tourist and cultural center of the region.
How to get to Olomouc
The best way to Olomouc is to get to it from Brno, a distance of only 80 km. From Prague the city is located at a distance of 280 km. Timetables and tickets can be bought here – http://jizdnirady.idnes.cz/vlakyautobusymhdvse/spojeni/. You can also go to Olomouc from Krakow.
The food of Olomouc region beckons to visit local restaurants and try all the specialties of Moravian cuisine. Olomouc cheeses and a glass of good beer is the highlight at any Olomouc restaurant. Of the rich selection of beers we recommend “Moritz” and “Vašek”, which are brewed in small breweries right in Olomouc. Fans of sweets will surely enjoy the dumplings made of yeast dough, filled with fruit and sprinkled with cottage cheese.
Average prices in Olomouc restaurants
- all-inclusive dinner – around 90 CZK
- a portioned meal – around 150 CZK
- ready meal – about 120 CZK
- beer 0.5 l – about 33 Kč
- glass of wine – about 40 CZK
- non-alcoholic drinks and coffee – about 35 CZK
In Olomouc you can choose a hotel, guesthouse or apartment. There are hotels as well as pensions and hostels available for accommodation. If you plan to stay in a hotel, you will pay around CZK 2000 per night for a double room. If you are looking for a cozy guesthouse, the price for a modest double room will be around 700-800 CZK per night and 1500-2000 CZK for a guesthouse in the city center. A night in a hostel costs from 300 CZK.
In the center of Olomouc there are lots of stores and outlets where you can buy both Czech and foreign goods. If you want to spend a whole day shopping, you can go to one of the Olomouc shopping centers, where there are many cozy cafes and good restaurants, where you can spend a good time after a busy day. Credit cards are accepted almost everywhere: in hotels, in large restaurants, at gas stations, in supermarkets and many other stores. Cash can be withdrawn from ATMs.
Small stores are open weekdays from 8:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. Some stores have a lunch break from 12:00 to 13:00. Larger stores and supermarkets close at 20:00. The exceptions are the so-called “vespers”, which are open until late at night. On Saturdays, stores are open until lunchtime and Sunday is a day off. Shopping centers are open all days of the week from 9:00 to 21:00 hours.
The Holy Trinity Column (Sloup Nejsvětější Trojice) is a plague pillar, one of the main attractions of Olomouc. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Holy Trinity Column is a unique Central European Baroque work.
The Holy Trinity Column
The column of the Holy Trinity is primarily a religious monument. It was built in gratitude for the deliverance of the city from the plague. The construction began in 1716 and lasted 38 years. The column was started to be built by the architect Wenzel Reder and finished by Johann Ignatius Rokicki.
The column is decorated with a spire with the image of the Holy Trinity. Near the Holy Trinity are sculptures of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary and the Archangel Gabriel. The base of the column consists of three levels decorated with 18 stone sculptures of saints and 14 bas-reliefs.
On the upper level are sculptures of people associated with the earthly life of Jesus Christ. On the middle level are Moravian and Czech saints. The lower level contains sculptures of St. Maurice and St. Wenceslas.
Address: Horní nám. 779 00 Olomouc How to get there: Tram 1 7, Okresní soud or streetcar 4 6, Náměstí Hrdinů.
Town Hall (Radnice s orlojem) – the town hall in Olomouc with a tower on which there is an astronomical clock (eagle). A symbol of economic and political power of Moravia. The town hall building was built 6 centuries ago. Town Hall dominates the architecture of the historic city center. Next to the town hall there is the column of the Holy Trinity. The town hall now houses the Olomouc Municipal Authority.
St. Maurice Church (Kostel svatého Mořice) – Catholic Gothic church. History of the temple begins in the mid 13th century. Church of St. Mauritius – national cultural monument of the Czech Republic and the largest Late Gothic church in Moravia.
Church of St. Mauritius
The new Romanesque-Gothic church was built on the site of an earlier Romanesque structure from the 11th century. The southern tower with the bell tower was built in 1403, the northern one in 1412. In 1540, after the reconstruction, the church acquired a modern look. The largest organ in Central Europe is located in the church.
Olomouc Castle (Olomoucký hrad) – architectural complex on the Wenceslas Hill in Olomouc. National Monument of Culture of the Czech Republic. The complex also includes St. Wenceslas Cathedral.
Nowadays the most important parts of the castle are the Gothic St. Wenceslas Cathedral and the partially preserved Romanesque palace. There are even remnants of the Roman wall to the south of the cathedral. On the north and north-east sides on a rocky cliff there are remains of stone walls, a Romanesque palace. The first mention of the castle dates back to 1055. In 1302 the Czech king Wenceslas III was killed there. In the Middle Ages the castle was inhabited by the church nobility. In 1767 the young Mozart visited the castle.
Address: Václavské nám.,779 00 Olomouc
St. Wenceslas Cathedral (Katedrála svatého Václava) is a cathedral in Olomouc dedicated to St. Wenceslas – the patron saint of Bohemia. Originally St. Wenceslas Church was built in Romanesque style in 1140. In the 13th and 14th centuries, the cathedral received a Gothic appearance. In 1883-1892, architect Gustav Meretta added Neo-Gothic details to the central tower. The tower of the cathedral is 100 meters high. It is second in height only to the tower of St. Vitus Cathedral in Prague. Many details of the cathedral are perfectly preserved (Romanesque crypt, Gothic arcade, Baroque chapel).
St. Wenceslas Cathedral
Hradisko Monastery (Klášter Hradisko) – monastery in Olomouc, Czech national cultural monument. The monastery belonged to the Catholic monastic order of Premonstratensians. It was founded in 1078 and is considered one of the first in Moravia. It was founded by Benedictine monks who were expelled from Olomouc in the middle of the 12th century. The monastery was handed over to the Premonstratensians. Throughout its long history, the monastery was repeatedly destroyed. In the XVII-XVIII centuries, the monastery was restored and rebuilt in Baroque style. Now there is a hospital in the building of the monastery.