6 of the best preserved medieval cities in Europe

Back in time: 7 preserved medieval cities

On the map of Europe there are many small towns and villages unknown to tourists, which still retain the spirit of the Middle Ages. Visiting them usually does not take much time, but gives a lot of impressions. Have you heard about them?

Rothenburg ob der Tauber (Germany)

Rothenburg ob der Tauber is a tiny “toy town” located in Bavarian Ansbach. It is known for its medieval architecture, which has been preserved in the Old Town almost unchanged. Tourists should note not only the town hall tower, St. Jacob’s Church, and Gerlach’s smithy, but also the Reder Gate and Arch, the Ratstrinkstube with its clock, and the Nativity Museum. Locals are attentive to the preservation of the city and do not allow modern signs, phone booths, or vending machines to be installed there.

Sant’Agata de Goti (Italy)

Another small town steeped in the spirit of the Middle Ages is located in the Italian region of Campania. Sant’Agata de Goti sits on the steep bank of the mountainous Martorano River. The photos that tourists take from the bridge over the river have become the city’s calling card: the houses built on the edge of the gorge on them seem to grow out of the rocks. In Sant’Agata de Goti there are many arches, picturesque cozy streets and temples. You can go to the local cathedral, the Church of St. Mennato or the Gothic Church of Annunziata. In addition, tourists can visit the Norman castle with frescoes by the artist Tommaso Giaquinto.

Eze (France)

Eze is a medieval village rather than a city. From here you have a fabulous view of the Mediterranean Sea. The village is located between Nice and Monaco. There are the ruins of an ancient fortress and an exotic garden. The German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche once lived in Eze. The path, which he used regularly, has been preserved to this day and bears his name. The oldest building in the village is the Church of the Penitent Sinner of the White Brotherhood, erected in the XIV century.

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Besalú (Spain)

Founded by the Romans, Besalú is located in the Spanish region of La Garrocha. Although the city has changed drastically since its founding, the most significant architectural landmarks have remained unchanged to this day. The seven-span defensive bridge has become the most popular place for tourists to photograph. In the historic center of the city there is also an impressive monastery of St. Peter, a grand example of Romanesque architecture. By the way, Besala can be seen in the movie “Perfumer. The Story of a Murderer”.

Monsanto (Portugal)

The village of Monsanto in 1938 received the title of “The most Portuguese village in Portugal”. It is located in the central part of the country and is located among the giant cobblestones, which have become full-fledged components of urban architecture. Sometimes it’s hard to tell where the stone ends and the house begins. Tourists can climb the mountain and admire the view of the surrounding area. Also in the village you can see the remains of the fortress wall (pictured) and the chapel of San Miguel. In Monsanto itself there are several noteworthy churches and the Lucano Tower, built in the XV century, towering above the other buildings.

Gruyere (Switzerland)

The Swiss town of Gruyere is known primarily for the cheese of the same name. Here you can not only taste the cheese, but also observe the procedure of its preparation. In Gruyere there is only one street, so it is impossible to get lost here. The main attraction of the town is the local castle, more like a fortress. Near it there is a small French garden. In addition, in the town there is a museum of Swiss artist Hans Rudi Giger, whose works were used in the movie “Alien.

Hallstatt (Austria)

Another village in Upper Austria with picturesque views and spirit of old times is Hallstatt. The village looks like something out of a picture. Its fabulous appearance is so striking that in 2012 in southern China created an exact replica of Hallstatt. The history of the village is closely linked to the mining of rock salt. What is most striking about the village is its calm, peaceful atmosphere and unhurried pace of life. History buffs will enjoy the 13th century tower Rudolfsturm, the Church of the Assumption and the House of Bones with its collection of skulls.

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